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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine,
black no more essays No one should ever work. On Alice Of California! Work is the source of chat, nearly all the misery in Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, the world. Almost any evil you'd care to name comes from working or from living in adidas live chat uk, a world designed for work. In order to stop suffering, we have to stop working. That doesn't mean we have to stop doing things. It does mean creating a new way of life based on play; in other words, a *ludic* conviviality, commensality, and Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine, maybe even art.
There is more to Wasteform Level Essay, play than child's play, as worthy as that is. Essay On Alice Waters:! I call for a collective adventure in a major goal of the world organization is to:, generalized joy and Essay on Alice Mother Cuisine, freely interdependent exuberance. Play isn't passive. Doubtless we all need a lot more time for sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy now, regardless of my education, income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced exhaustion nearly all of us want to act. Mother Of California! Oblomovism and Stakhanovism are two sides of the of the world trade is to: same debased coin. The ludic life is totally incompatible with existing reality. Essay On Alice Mother! So much the The Perkins Act Essay worse for on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, reality, the gravity hole that sucks the Our Own Essay vitality from the little in on Alice Waters: Cuisine, life that still distinguishes it from Level Waste Essay mere survival.
Curiously -- or maybe not -- all the old ideologies are conservative because they believe in work. Some of Cuisine, them, like Marxism and most brands of anarchism, believe in Will House, work all the more fiercely because they believe in Mother of California Cuisine, so little else. Liberals say we should end employment discrimination. My Education! I say we should end employment. On Alice Cuisine! Conservatives support right-to-work laws. Kajian! Following Karl Marx's wayward son-in-law Paul Lafargue I support the right to on Alice of California Cuisine, be lazy. Leftists favor full employment. Like the surrealists -- except that I'm not kidding -- I favor full *un*employment. My Education Philosophy! Trotskyists agitate for permanent revolution. Essay On Alice Mother Of California Cuisine! I agitate for This Will Be My, permanent revelry. But if all the ideologues (as they do) advocate work -- and not only because they plan to on Alice Waters: Mother of California, make other people do theirs -- they are strangely reluctant to say so.
They will carry on endlessly about This Always Essay wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation, productivity, profitability. They'll gladly talk about anything but work itself. On Alice Mother! These experts who offer to do our thinking for us rarely share their conclusions about work, for all its saliency in the lives of Our Own Essay, all of on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, us. Among themselves they quibble over my education, the details. Unions and on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, management agree that we ought to sell the my education philosophy time of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother, our lives in exchange for survival, although they haggle over the price. Live Chat Uk! Marxists think we should be bossed by Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine, bureaucrats. Libertarians think we should be bossed by businessmen. Feminists don't care which form bossing takes so long as the bosses are women. Adidas Chat Uk! Clearly these ideology-mongers have serious differences over how to Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine, divvy up the spoils of power. Just as clearly, none of philosophy, them have any objection to power as such and Essay on Alice of California Cuisine, all of them want to kajian, keep us working. You may be wondering if I'm joking or serious.
I'm joking *and* serious. To be ludic is Waters: Cuisine, not to be ludicrous. Pengenalan Kajian Literatur! Play doesn't have to be frivolous, although frivolity isn't triviality: very often we ought to take frivolity seriously. On Alice Of California Cuisine! I'd like life to a major goal organization is to:, be a game -- but a game with high stakes. Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine! I want to adidas chat, play *for* *keeps*. The alternative to work isn't just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. On Alice Mother Cuisine! As much as I treasure the a major of the world organization pleasure of torpor, it's never more rewarding than when it punctuates other pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine managed time-disciplined safety-valve called leisure; far from it. Leisure is Act Essay examples, nonwork for the sake of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, work.
Leisure is the goal of the world organization time spent recovering from work and in the frenzied but hopeless attempt to Essay on Alice of California, forget about work. Many people return from vacation so beat that they look forward to returning to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and Critics, leisure is that work at least you get paid for on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, your alienation and enervation. My Education! I am not playing definitional games with anybody. On Alice Waters: Cuisine! When I say I want to abolish work, I mean just what I say, but I want to say what I mean by defining my terms in Always Will Be My Essay, non-idiosyncratic ways. My minimum definition of work is *forced* *labor*, that is, compulsory production. On Alice Waters:! Both elements are essential. Act Essay Examples! Work is Essay Waters:, production enforced by carol salome, economic or political means, by the carrot or the Essay Waters: Cuisine stick. (The carrot is Level Essay, just the stick by other means.) But not all creation is work. Work is never done for Waters:, its own sake, it's done on account of some product or output that the worker (or, more often, somebody else) gets out of it. This is Wasteform for Low Level Waste Essay, what work necessarily is. To define it is to despise it.
But work is usually even worse than its definition decrees. The dynamic of domination intrinsic to Essay on Alice Cuisine, work tends over time toward elaboration. In advanced work-riddled societies, including all industrial societies whether capitalist of Communist, work invariably acquires other attributes which accentuate its obnoxiousness. Philosophy! Usually -- and this is Mother Cuisine, even more true in chat uk, Communist than capitalist countries, where the state is almost the Essay Mother only employer and everyone is an employee -- work is Wasteform Essay, employment, i. Essay On Alice Mother Cuisine! e., wage-labor, which means selling yourself on The Perkins examples, the installment plan. Thus 95% of Waters: of California, Americans who work, work for The Perkins examples, somebody (or some*thing*) else. In the USSR or Cuba or Yugoslavia or any other alternative model which might be adduced, the corresponding figure approaches 100%. Waters: Of California! Only the embattled Third World peasant bastions -- Mexico, India, Brazil, Turkey -- temporarily shelter significant concentrations of agriculturists who perpetuate the traditional arrangement of most laborers in philosophy, the last several millenia, the payment of taxes (= ransom) to the state or rent to parasitic landlords in Essay Waters: Mother, return for being otherwise left alone. Even this raw deal is literatur, beginning to Essay of California, look good. *All* industrial (and office) workers are employees and carol, under the sort of on Alice of California, surveillance which ensures servility. For Low Waste! But modern work has worse implications.
People don't just work, they have jobs. One person does one productive task all the Essay of California Cuisine time on an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of kajian literatur, intrinsic interest (as increasingly many jobs don't) the monotony of on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, its obligatory exclusivity drains its ludic potential. A job that might engage the energies of carol, some people, for Essay on Alice Cuisine, a reasonably limited time, for Our Own Worst, the fun of it, is Waters: Mother of California, just a burden on those who have to do it for philosophy, forty hours a week with no say in Essay Waters: of California, how it should be done, for Our Own Critics Essay, the profit of owners who contribute nothing to the project, and Essay Mother Cuisine, with no opportunity for pengenalan literatur, sharing tasks or spreading the work among those who actually have to Waters: Mother Cuisine, do it. This is the Level Waste real world of work: a world of bureaucratic blundering, of sexual harassment and discrimination, of bonehead bosses exploiting and Mother Cuisine, scapegoating their subordinates who -- by adidas chat uk, any rational-technical criteria -- should be calling the shots. But capitalism in Essay Mother Cuisine, the real world subordinates the Act Essay rational maximization of productivity and of California, profit to the exigencies of organizational control. The Perkins Act Essay! The degradation which most workers experience on the job is the on Alice of California Cuisine sum of assorted indignities which can be denominated as discipline. Foucault has complexified this phenomenon but it is Level Essay, simple enough. Discipline consists of the totality of totalitarian controls at the workplace -- surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos, production quotas, punching -in and Mother, -out, etc. Live Chat! Discipline is what the factory and the office and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother, the store share with the prison and the school and the mental hospital.
It is something historically original and Essay, horrible. Essay On Alice Mother Of California! It was beyond the capacities of such demonic dictators of yore as Nero and Genghis Khan and Ivan the Terrible. For all their bad intentions they just didn't have the ann duffy salome machinery to control their subjects as thoroughly as modern despots do. Discipline is the on Alice Waters: Mother of California distinctively diabolical modern mode of control, it is an Our Own Worst innovative intrusion which must be interdicted at on Alice of California Cuisine, the earliest opportunity. Such is work. Worst Critics Essay! Play is Waters: Mother of California, just the opposite. Play is pengenalan kajian, always voluntary. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine! What might otherwise be play is work if it's forced.
This is adidas live, axiomatic. Essay Of California! Bernie de Koven has defined play as the suspension of consequences. My Education Philosophy! This is on Alice Waters: Mother of California, unacceptable if it implies that play is inconsequential. The point is not that play is without consequences. Literatur! This is to demean play. Essay On Alice Mother Of California! The point is that the consequences, if any, are gratuitous. Playing and giving are closely related, they are the The Perkins behavioral and Essay Waters: Cuisine, transactional facets of the Act Essay same impulse, the play-instinct. They share an Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine aristocratic disdain for philosophy, results. The player gets something out of playing; that's why he plays. But the on Alice of California Cuisine core reward is the experience of the ann duffy salome activity itself (whatever it is).
Some otherwise attentive students of play, like Johan Huizinga (*Homo* *Ludens*), *define* it as game-playing or following rules. Essay Mother Cuisine! I respect Huizinga's erudition but emphatically reject his constraints. There are many good games (chess, baseball, Monopoly, bridge) which are rule-governed but there is much more to play than game-playing. Conversation, sex, dancing, travel -- these practices aren't rule-governed but they are surely play if anything is. Carol Ann Duffy! And rules can be *played* *with* at of California, least as readily as anything else. Adidas Live Chat Uk! Work makes a mockery of freedom. Mother Of California! The official line is that we all have rights and live in a democracy. Chat Uk! Other unfortunates who aren't free like we are have to Essay on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, live in police states.
These victims obey orders or-else, no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the a major world organization smaller details of on Alice Cuisine, everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable only to my education, higher-ups, public or private. Either way, dissent and on Alice of California, disobedience are punished. My Education! Informers report regularly to Essay Waters: Mother, the authorities. All this is philosophy, supposed to be a very bad thing. Cuisine! And so it is, although it is Always Essay, nothing but a description of the modern workplace.
The liberals and conservatives and libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, hypocrites. There is philosophy, more freedom in any moderately deStalinized dictatorship than there is in the ordinary American workplace. Essay Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! You find the same sort of Is and Always Will, hierarchy and Essay Waters: Mother of California, discipline in an office or factory as you do in a prison or monastery. In fact, as Foucault and others have shown, prisons and goal of the world organization, factories came in at about the same time, and their operators consciously borrowed from Waters: Mother of California Cuisine each other's control techniques. A worker is a par-time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to leave, and Wasteform for Low Waste Essay, what to Essay Waters: of California, do in the meantime. A Major World! He tells you how much work to on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, do and how fast. He is free to carry his control to humiliating extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how often you go to the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire you for any reason, or no reason. He has you spied on The Perkins, by snitches and supervisors, he amasses a dossier on Mother Cuisine, every employee. This Is And Be My! Talking back is Essay on Alice Waters:, called insubordination, just as if a worker is Our Own Worst Critics, a naughty child, and Essay Waters: Mother, it not only gets you fired, it disqualifies you for unemployment compensation.
Without necessarily endorsing it for them either, it is Will House, noteworthy that children at home and in Essay on Alice Cuisine, school receive much the same treatment, justified in their case by literatur, their supposed immaturity. Essay On Alice Waters:! What does this say about pengenalan literatur their parents and teachers who work? The demeaning system of domination I've described rules over on Alice Waters: Cuisine, half the waking hours of a majority of women and Is and Always Will Be My House Essay, the vast majority of men for Mother of California, decades, for most of philosophy, their lifespans. On Alice Of California! For certain purposes it's not too misleading to call our system democracy or capitalism or -- better still -- industrialism, but its real names are factory fascism and office oligarchy. Anybody who says these people are free is kajian literatur, lying or stupid. You are what you do. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! If you do boring, stupid monotonous work, chances are you'll end up boring, stupid and monotonous. Pengenalan! Work is a much better explanation for the creeping cretinization all around us than even such significant moronizing mechanisms as television and education. People who are regimented all their lives, handed off to Essay Mother Cuisine, work from school and Wasteform Waste, bracketed by the family in the beginning and Essay Waters: of California, the nursing home at Wasteform Essay, the end, are habituated to Essay on Alice of California, heirarchy and psychologically enslaved. Their aptitude for autonomy is so atrophied that their fear of freedom is among their few rationally grounded phobias.
Their obedience training at work carries over into the families *they* start, thus reproducing the carol salome system in on Alice Mother of California, more ways than one, and into politics, culture and pengenalan literatur, everything else. Once you drain the vitality from Essay Mother people at work, they'll likely submit to heirarchy and expertise in everything. They're used to it. We are so close to the world of work that we can't see what it does to us. This Will Be My! We have to Essay Waters:, rely on Act Essay examples, outside observers from other times or other cultures to Essay on Alice Mother, appreciate the extremity and the pathology of our present position. There was a time in pengenalan kajian literatur, our own past when the on Alice Waters: Mother of California work ethic would have been incomprehensible, and perhaps Weber was on to something when he tied its appearance to a religion, Calvinism, which if it emerged today instead of four centuries ago would immediately and appropriately be labeled a cult. Be that as it may, we have only to draw upon literatur, the wisdom of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California, antiquity to put work in perspective. The ancients saw work for what it is, and adidas live, their view prevailed, the Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Calvinist cranks notwithstanding, until overthrown by industrialism -- but not before receiving the Our Own Worst Critics endorsement of its prophets. Let's pretend for Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, a moment that work doesn't turn people into stultified submissives.
Let's pretend, in defiance of any plausible psychology and the ideology of its boosters, that it has no effect on the formation of character. Pengenalan Literatur! And let's pretend that work isn't as boring and tiring and Essay on Alice Mother, humiliating as we all know it really is. Our Own Worst! Even then, work would *still* make a mockery of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother, all humanistic and democratic aspirations, just because it usurps so much of our time. Socrates said that manual laborers make bad friends and bad citizens because they have no time to pengenalan kajian literatur, fulfill the responsibilities of Essay on Alice, friendship and my education philosophy, citizenship. He was right. Because of Essay Mother Cuisine, work, no matter what we do we keep looking at out watches. The only thing free about so-called free time is that it doesn't cost the Our Own Essay boss anything.
Free time is mostly devoted to getting ready for work, going to work, returning from Essay Waters: of California work, and recovering from work. Free time is a euphemism for Wasteform Level Waste, the peculiar way labor as a factor of production not only transports itself at its own expense to and from the Mother Cuisine workplace but assumes primary responsibility for my education philosophy, its own maintenance and repair. Essay Mother Of California Cuisine! Coal and steel don't do that. Ann Duffy! Lathes and typewriters don't do that. But workers do. No wonder Edward G. Robinson in one of on Alice Waters:, his gangster movies exclaimed, Work is for saps! Both Plato and Xenophon attribute to Will Be My House, Socrates and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California, obviously share with him an Level Waste awareness of the destructive effects of work on the worker as a citizen and a human being. Essay Cuisine! Herodotus identified contempt for work as an pengenalan attribute of the classical Greeks at the zenith of Essay of California Cuisine, their culture. To take only one Roman example, Cicero said that whoever gives his labor for money sells himself and puts himself in the rank of slaves. Literatur! His candor is now rare, but contemporary primitive societies which we are wont to look down upon Essay, have provided spokesmen who have enlightened Western anthropologists. The Kapauku of carol, West Irian, according to Posposil, have a conception of balance in Essay Mother of California Cuisine, life and accordingly work only every other day, the day of rest designed to adidas live uk, regain the lost power and Waters: Cuisine, health.
Our ancestors, even as late as the live eighteenth century when they were far along the Essay Mother path to our present predicament, at least were aware of carol ann duffy, what we have forgotten, the underside of industrialization. Their religious devotion to Essay on Alice Mother Cuisine, St. Monday -- thus establishing a *de* *facto* five-day week 150-200 years before its legal consecration -- was the despair of the earliest factory owners. They took a long time in submitting to the tyranny of the bell, predecessor of the my education time clock. In fact it was necessary for Waters: Cuisine, a generation or two to carol ann duffy, replace adult males with women accustomed to obedience and children who could be molded to Essay on Alice of California, fit industrial needs. Even the exploited peasants of the *ancien* *regime* wrested substantial time back from kajian their landlord's work. According to Essay of California Cuisine, Lafargue, a fourth of the French peasants' calendar was devoted to my education, Sundays and holidays, and Chayanov's figures from villages in Czarist Russia -- hardly a progressive society -- likewise show a fourth or fifth of peasants' days devoted to repose. Essay On Alice Of California! Controlling for productivity, we are obviously far behind these backward societies. The exploited *muzhiks* would wonder why any of us are working at all.
So should we. Wasteform For Low Level Essay! To grasp the full enormity of Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, our deterioration, however, consider the earliest condition of humanity, without government or property, when we wandered as hunter-gatherers. Hobbes surmised that life was then nasty, brutish and short. Others assume that life was a desperate unremitting struggle for subsistence, a war waged against The Perkins examples, a harsh Nature with death and disaster awaiting the Essay Waters: Mother of California Cuisine unlucky or anyone who was unequal to the challenge of the struggle for existence. Actually, that was all a projection of fears for adidas uk, the collapse of government authority over communities unaccustomed to doing without it, like the Essay Waters: Mother of California England of Hobbes during the Civil War. Hobbes' compatriots had already encountered alternative forms of society which illustrated other ways of life -- in North America, particularly -- but already these were too remote from carol ann duffy their experience to Mother Cuisine, be understandable. Goal! (The lower orders, closer to the condition of the Indians, understood it better and often found it attractive.
Throughout the on Alice Mother of California seventeenth century, English settlers defected to pengenalan kajian, Indian tribes or, captured in Essay on Alice of California Cuisine, war, refused to pengenalan, return. Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! But the of the world trade is to: Indians no more defected to white settlements than Germans climb the Berlin Wall from the west.) The survival of the fittest version -- the Thomas Huxley version -- of Darwinism was a better account of economic conditions in Victorian England than it was of natural selection, as the Waters: of California Cuisine anarchist Kropotkin showed in his book *Mutual* *Aid,* *A* *Factor* *of* *Evolution*. (Kropotkin was a scientist -- a geographer -- who'd had ample involuntary opportunity for fieldwork whilst exiled in Siberia: he knew what he was talking about.) Like most social and political theory, the This Is and Always House Essay story Hobbes and his successors told was really unacknowledged autobiography. The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins, surveying the data on contemporary hunter-gatherers, exploded the Hobbesian myth in Essay on Alice of California, an article entitled The Original Affluent Society. They work a lot less than we do, and Our Own Worst Essay, their work is hard to on Alice Waters: Cuisine, distinguish from Our Own Essay what we regard as play. Essay On Alice Of California! Sahlins concluded that hunters and Our Own Worst Critics Essay, gatherers work less than we do; and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is goal of the world trade organization is to:, intermittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of Waters: Cuisine, sleep in world is to:, the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of on Alice Mother of California, society. Wasteform Waste! They worked an average of four hours a day, assuming they were working at all.
Their labor, as it appears to on Alice Cuisine, us, was skilled labor which exercised their physical and intellectual capacities; unskilled labor on any large scale, as Sahlins says, is impossible except under industrialism. Thus it satisfied Friedrich Schiller's definition of play, the world is to: only occasion on which man realizes his complete humanity by Waters: Mother Cuisine, giving full play to both sides of his twofold nature, thinking and feeling. As he put it: The animal *works* when deprivation is the mainspring of its activity, and live, it *plays* when the fullness of its strength is this mainspring, when superabundant life is its own stimulus to activity. (A modern version -- dubiously developmental -- is Mother of California, Abraham Maslow's counterposition of deficiency and pengenalan kajian, growth motivation.) Play and Waters: Mother of California, freedom are, as regards production, coextensive. Even Marx, who belongs (for all his good intentions) in This Always Be My, the productivist pantheon, observed that the realm of freedom does not commence until the Essay Cuisine point is passed where labor under the ann duffy salome compulsion of Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine, necessity and external utility is required. He never could quite bring himself to identify this happy circumstance as what it is, the abolition of work -- it's rather anomalous, after all, to live chat uk, be pro-worker and anti-work -- but we can. The aspiration to go backwards or forwards to a life without work is on Alice Waters: of California, evident in every serious social or cultural history of pre-industrial Europe, among them M. Dorothy George's *England* In* *Transition* and Peter Burke's *Popular* *Culture* *in* *Early* *Modern* *Europe*. Also pertinent is Daniel Bell's essay, Work and its Discontents, the first text, I believe, to a major goal organization is to:, refer to Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine, the revolt against work in so many words and, had it been understood, an The Perkins Act Essay examples important correction to the complacency ordinarily associated with the Essay Waters: of California Cuisine volume in which it was collected, *The* *End* *of* *Ideology*. Neither critics nor celebrants have noticed that Bell's end-of-ideology thesis signaled not the end of social unrest but the beginning of pengenalan, a new, uncharted phase unconstrained and uninformed by Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, ideology. This Always House Essay! It was Seymour Lipset (in *Political* *Man*), not Bell, who announced at on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, the same time that the fundamental problems of the Industrial Revolution have been solved, only adidas uk a few years before the Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine post- or meta-industrial discontents of college students drove Lipset from Is and Will House UC Berkeley to the relative (and temporary) tranquility of Harvard. As Bell notes, Adam Smith in *The* *Wealth* *of* *Nations*, for all his enthusiasm for the market and the division of labor, was more alert to (and more honest about) the seamy side of on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, work than Ayn Rand or the Chicago economists or any of The Perkins Act Essay, Smith's modern epigones.
As Smith observed: The understandings of the greater part of men are necessarily formed by their ordinary employments. The man whose life is spent in Essay Mother of California Cuisine, performing a few simple operations. Adidas Live Chat! has no occasion to exert his understanding. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Of California! He generally becomes as stupid and my education, ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become. Here, in a few blunt words, is my critique of Waters: Mother of California, work. Bell, writing in 1956, the ann duffy Golden Age of Eisenhower imbecility and American self-satisfaction, identified the unorganized, unorganizable malaise of the 1970's and since, the one no political tendency is able to harness, the one identified in Waters: of California, HEW's report *Work* *in* *America*, the The Perkins examples one which cannot be exploited and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, so is ann duffy, ignored. That problem is the revolt against work. It does not figure in any text by on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, any laissez-faire economist -- Milton Friedman, Murray Rothbard, Richard Posner -- because, in their terms, as they used to This Be My House Essay, say on *Star* *Trek*, it does not compute.
If these objections, informed by the love of liberty, fail to Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California, persuade humanists of a utilitarian or even paternalist turn, there are others which they cannot disregard. Kajian Literatur! Work is Essay on Alice of California, hazardous to your health, to adidas live chat uk, borrow a book title. In fact, work is mass murder or genocide. Directly or indirectly, work will kill most of the people who read these words. Essay Mother Of California Cuisine! Between 14,000 and 25,000 workers are killed annually in this country on the job. Chat! Over two million are disabled.
Twenty to Waters: Mother of California, twenty-five million are injured every year. And these figures are based on a very conservative estimation of what constitutes a work-related injury. Thus they don't count the half million cases of chat, occupational disease every year. I looked at Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine, one medical textbook on occupational diseases which was 1,200 pages long. Even this barely scratches the surface. The available statistics count the pengenalan kajian obvious cases like the 100,000 miners who have black lung disease, of whom 4,000 die every year, a much higher fatality rate than for on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, AIDS, for philosophy, instance, which gets so much media attention. This reflects the Essay on Alice of California Cuisine unvoiced assumption that AIDS afflicts perverts who could control their depravity whereas coal-mining is ann duffy, a sacrosanct activity beyond question. What the statistics don't show is Essay Waters:, that tens of millions of pengenalan, people have heir lifespans shortened by work -- which is all that homicide means, after all. Consider the doctors who work themselves to death in their 50's. Consider all the other workaholics. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Of California! Even if you aren't killed or crippled while actually working, you very well might be while going to carol, work, coming from work, looking for work, or trying to forget about on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine work.
The vast majority of Our Own, victims of the Waters: Mother automobile are either doing one of these work-obligatory activities or else fall afoul of kajian literatur, those who do them. To this augmented body-count must be added the on Alice victims of ann duffy salome, auto-industrial pollution and on Alice Mother Cuisine, work-induced alcoholism and drug addiction. Both cancer and live uk, heart disease are modern afflictions normally traceable, directly, or indirectly, to work. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine! Work, then, institutionalizes homicide as a way of Our Own Critics, life. Mother Cuisine! People think the This Is and Be My House Cambodians were crazy for exterminating themselves, but are we any different?
The Pol Pot regime at Mother of California Cuisine, least had a vision, however blurred, of an egalitarian society. We kill people in the six-figure range (at least) in a major goal of the world trade organization, order to on Alice Mother of California, sell Big Macs and Cadillacs to the survivors. Our forty or fifty thousand annual highway fatalities are victims, not martyrs. They died for nothing -- or rather, they died for work. My Education Philosophy! But work is on Alice Waters:, nothing to die for. Bad news for liberals: regulatory tinkering is useless in this life-and-death context. The federal Occupational Safety and Wasteform for Low Level Waste, Health Administration was designed to Essay on Alice of California Cuisine, police the core part of the Is and Will Essay problem, workplace safety. Even before Reagan and the Supreme Court stifled it, OSHA was a farce. At previous and (by current standards) generous Carter-era funding levels, a workplace could expect a random visit from an Mother of California Cuisine OSHA inspector once every 46 years. Salome! State control of the economy is on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, no solution.
Work is, if anything, more dangerous in the state-socialist countries than it is here. Thousands of Russian workers were killed or injured building the Moscow subway. Waste Essay! Stories reverberate about covered-up Soviet nuclear disasters which make Times Beach and Three-Mile Island look like elementary-school air-raid drills. Waters: Of California! On the Worst Critics other hand, deregulation, currently fashionable, won't help and Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, will probably hurt. The Perkins Act Essay Examples! From a health and safety standpoint, among others, work was at its worst in the days when the economy most closely approximated laissez-faire. Historians like Eugene Genovese have argued persuasively that -- as antebellum slavery apologists insisted -- factory wage-workers in Essay on Alice Waters: of California, the Northern American states and in Europe were worse off than Southern plantation slaves.
No rearrangement of relations among bureaucrats and businessmen seems to make much difference at philosophy, the point of production. Serious enforcement of even the rather vague standards enforceable in theory by OSHA would probably bring the economy to a standstill. The enforcers apparently appreciate this, since they don't even try to crack down on most malefactors. What I've said so far ought not to Mother of California, be controversial. My Education Philosophy! Many workers are fed up with work. On Alice Waters: Of California Cuisine! There are high and carol, rising rates of absenteeism, turnover, employee theft and sabotage, wildcat strikes, and Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine, overall goldbricking on Level Waste, the job. There may be some movement toward a conscious and not just visceral rejection of work.
And yet the Essay Waters: Cuisine prevalent feeling, universal among bosses and their agents and also widespread among workers themselves is that work itself is inevitable and necessary. I disagree. It is now possible to abolish work and replace it, insofar as it serves useful purposes, with a multitude of new kinds of free activities. To abolish work requires going at adidas, it from two directions, quantitative and qualitative. On Alice Waters: Mother Of California! On the one hand, on the quantitative side, we have to cut down massively on the amount of work being done. Literatur! At present most work is useless or worse and we should simply get rid of it. On Alice Mother! On the other hand -- and I think this the kajian literatur crux of the on Alice Waters: Mother of California matter and The Perkins Act Essay examples, the revolutionary new departure -- we have to Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, take what useful work remains and The Perkins, transform it into Essay a pleasing variety of Wasteform Waste, game-like and craft-like pastimes, indistinguishable from Essay on Alice Waters: Mother other pleasurable pastimes, except that they happen to yield useful end-products.
Surely that shouldn't make them *less* enticing to do. Carol! Then all the artificial barriers of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, power and adidas, property could come down. Mother Of California Cuisine! Creation could become recreation. And we could all stop being afraid of each other. I don't suggest that most work is salvageable in Wasteform for Low Level Waste Essay, this way. But then most work isn't worth trying to Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, save. Only a small and diminishing fraction of work serves any useful purpose independent of the adidas uk defense and Waters: of California Cuisine, reproduction of the work-system and carol ann duffy, its political and legal appendages.
Twenty years ago, Paul and on Alice Mother Cuisine, Percival Goodman estimated that just five percent of the work then being done -- presumably the figure, if accurate, is lower now -- would satisfy our minimal needs for food, clothing, and shelter. Theirs was only an educated guess but the main point is quite clear: directly or indirectly, most work serves the unproductive purposes of commerce or social control. Right off the Wasteform bat we can liberate tens of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, millions of salesmen, soldiers, managers, cops, stockbrokers, clergymen, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards, ad-men and my education philosophy, everyone who works for Essay Waters: Mother of California, them. There is carol salome, a snowball effect since every time you idle some bigshot you liberate his flunkeys and on Alice of California, underlings also. Thus the carol economy *implodes*. Forty percent of the Essay of California Cuisine workforce are white-collar workers, most of Always Be My Essay, whom have some of the most tedious and idiotic jobs ever concocted. Entire industries, insurance and on Alice Mother, banking and carol salome, real estate for Mother Cuisine, instance, consist of nothing but useless paper-shuffling. It is no accident that the tertiary sector, the service sector, is This Always Will Be My Essay, growing while the secondary sector (industry) stagnates and Essay Waters: Mother of California, the primary sector (agriculture) nearly disappears. Because work is unnecessary except to a major goal of the world organization, those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to assure public order. Anything is better than nothing.
That's why you can't go home just because you finish early. Essay Mother! They want your *time*, enough of my education philosophy, it to make you theirs, even if they have no use for most of it. Essay Mother Of California Cuisine! Otherwise why hasn't the average work week gone down by more than a few minutes in the past fifty years? Next we can take a meat-cleaver to production work itself. No more war production, nuclear power, junk food, feminine hygiene deodorant -- and goal world is to:, above all, no more auto industry to Mother of California, speak of.
An occasional Stanley Steamer or Model-T might be all right, but the auto-eroticism on which such pestholes as Detroit and Los Angeles depend on carol ann duffy salome, is out on Alice Mother of California Cuisine of the question. Already, without even trying, we've virtually solved the Essay energy crisis, the Essay Mother of California Cuisine environmental crisis and Wasteform Waste, assorted other insoluble social problems. Finally, we must do away with far and away the largest occupation, the on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine one with the longest hours, the lowest pay and some of the most tedious tasks around. I refer to *housewives* doing housework and child-rearing. By abolishing wage-labor and achieving full unemployment we undermine the sexual division of labor. The nuclear family as we know it is an Our Own Essay inevitable adaptation to on Alice Waters: Cuisine, the division of labor imposed by modern wage-work. Like it or not, as things have been for the last century or two it is economically rational for Is and Be My House Essay, the man to bring home the on Alice Cuisine bacon, for the woman to Critics Essay, do the shitwork to provide him with a haven in Essay Mother of California, a heartless world, and for the children to Critics Essay, be marched off to youth concentration camps called schools, primarily to keep them out of Mom's hair but still under control, but incidentally to acquire the Waters: habits of Our Own Essay, obedience and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, punctuality so necessary for workers. If you would be rid of patriarchy, get rid of the Wasteform for Low Level Essay nuclear family whose unpaid shadow work, as Ivan Illich says, makes possible the work-system that makes *it* necessary.
Bound up with this no-nukes strategy is the Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine abolition of adidas live uk, childhood and on Alice, the closing of the schools. There are more full-time students than full-time workers in ann duffy, this country. Essay On Alice Waters:! We need children as teachers, not students. They have a lot to contribute to kajian, the ludic revolution because they're better at Essay Cuisine, playing than grown-ups are. The Perkins! Adults and children are not identical but they will become equal through interdependence. On Alice Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! Only play can bridge the pengenalan generation gap. I haven't as yet even mentioned the Essay Waters: of California Cuisine possibility of cutting way down on the little work that remains by automating and cybernizing it. All the scientists and engineers and Wasteform, technicians freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence would have a good time devising means to eliminate fatigue and tedium and danger from activities like mining. Undoubtedly they'll find other projects to amuse themselves with.
Perhaps they'll set up world-wide all-inclusive multi-media communications systems or found space colonies. Perhaps. Essay On Alice Cuisine! I myself am no gadget freak. I wouldn't care to live in philosophy, a pushbutton paradise. Essay Waters: Of California! I don't what robot slaves to do everything; I want to do things myself. There is, I think, a place for labor-saving technology, but a modest place.
The historical and pre-historical record is not encouraging. Act Essay! When productive technology went from hunting-gathering to agriculture and on to industry, work increased while skills and self-determination diminished. The further evolution of on Alice Cuisine, industrialism has accentuated what Harry Braverman called the degradation of Worst Critics Essay, work. Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! Intelligent observers have always been aware of this. John Stuart Mill wrote that all the pengenalan literatur labor-saving inventions ever devised haven't saved a moment's labor. Karl Marx wrote that it would be possible to write a history of the inventions, made since 1830, for Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, the sole purpose of supplying capital with weapons against the revolts of the working class. The enthusiastic technophiles -- Saint-Simon, Comte, Lenin, B. F. Skinner -- have always been unabashed authoritarians also; which is to Worst Critics Essay, say, technocrats. We should be more than sceptical about the promises of the computer mystics. On Alice Mother Of California! *They* work like dogs; chances are, if they have their way, so will the rest of us. But if they have any particularized contributions more readily subordinated to human purposes than the run of Our Own Worst Critics, high tech, let's give them a hearing.
What I really want to see is work turned into play. Essay Waters:! A first step is to discard the notions of a job and an occupation. Even activities that already have some ludic content lose most of it by being reduced to Is and Always Essay, jobs which certain people, and only those people are forced to do to Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, the exclusion of my education, all else. Is it not odd that farm workers toil painfully in Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, the fields while their air-conditioned masters go home every weekend and putter about in pengenalan kajian literatur, their gardens? Under a system of permanent revelry, we will witness the Golden Age of the on Alice Mother of California dilettante which will put the pengenalan kajian Renaissance to shame. There won't be any more jobs, just things to do and Mother, people to chat, do them. Essay Cuisine! The secret of turning work into play, as Charles Fourier demonstrated, is to arrange useful activities to kajian literatur, take advantage of on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, whatever it is that various people at various times in fact enjoy doing. To make it possible for some people to do the The Perkins examples things they could enjoy it will be enough just to eradicate the irrationalities and of California Cuisine, distortions which afflict these activities when they are reduced to Level Waste Essay, work. On Alice Waters: Cuisine! I, for instance, would enjoy doing some (not too much) teaching, but I don't want coerced students and I don't care to suck up to goal world trade, pathetic pedants for tenure. Second, there are some things that people like to do from Mother of California time to time, but not for too long, and ann duffy, certainly not all the time. You might enjoy baby-sitting for a few hours in order to share the company of kids, but not as much as their parents do.
The parents meanwhile, profoundly appreciate the time to Mother of California, themselves that you free up for for Low Level Waste Essay, them, although they'd get fretful if parted from their progeny for too long. Essay On Alice Of California Cuisine! These differences among individuals are what make a life of Wasteform Essay, free play possible. On Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine! The same principle applies to ann duffy salome, many other areas of activity, especially the primal ones. Cuisine! Thus many people enjoy cooking when they can practice it seriously at Level, their leisure, but not when they're just fueling up human bodies for work. Third -- other things being equal -- some things that are unsatisfying if done by yourself or in on Alice Waters: Mother, unpleasant surroundings or at pengenalan, the orders of an overlord are enjoyable, at least for a while, if these circumstances are changed.
This is Waters: Mother, probably true, to some extent, of Worst Critics Essay, all work. People deploy their otherwise wasted ingenuity to Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, make a game of the goal is to: least inviting drudge-jobs as best they can. Activities that appeal to Essay on Alice Mother Cuisine, some people don't always appeal to all others, but everyone at live uk, least potentially has a variety of Essay Mother Cuisine, interests and an interest in variety. Carol Salome! As the saying goes, anything once. Fourier was the master at on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, speculating how aberrant and carol salome, perverse penchants could be put to use in Essay on Alice Cuisine, post-civilized society, what he called Harmony. Our Own Essay! He thought the Emperor Nero would have turned out Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine all right if as a child he could have indulged his taste for of the, bloodshed by Mother, working in a slaughterhouse. Salome! Small children who notoriously relish wallowing in filth could be organized in Little Hordes to clean toilets and empty the garbage, with medals awarded to the outstanding. I am not arguing for these precise examples but for the underlying principle, which I think makes perfect sense as one dimension of an Essay of California overall revolutionary transformation.
Bear in mind that we don't have to my education philosophy, take today's work just as we find it and match it up with the proper people, some of whom would have to be perverse indeed. Mother Of California! If technology has a role in Act Essay, all this it is less to on Alice Mother, automate work out of for Low Level Essay, existence than to open up new realms for re/creation. Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine! To some extent we may want to return to handicrafts, which William Morris considered a probable and desirable upshot of communist revolution. My Education Philosophy! Art would be taken back from the on Alice Waters: snobs and collectors, abolished as a specialized department catering to Wasteform for Low Essay, an elite audience, and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, its qualities of beauty and creation restored to integral life from Wasteform for Low Essay which they were stolen by work. It's a sobering thought that the grecian urns we write odes about and showcase in Essay Waters: of California, museums were used in their own time to store olive oil. My Education Philosophy! I doubt our everyday artifacts will fare as well in the future, if there is one. The point is on Alice Waters: of California, that there's no such thing as progress in the world of work; if anything it's just the opposite.
We shouldn't hesitate to pilfer the past for what it has to offer, the ancients lose nothing yet we are enriched. My Education! The reinvention of daily life means marching off the Essay edge of pengenalan literatur, our maps. There is, it is of California, true, more suggestive speculation than most people suspect. Our Own Critics Essay! Besides Fourier and Morris -- and on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, even a hint, here and my education philosophy, there, in Marx -- there are the Essay Mother of California writings of Kropotkin, the syndicalists Pataud and Pouget, anarcho-communists old (Berkman) and new (Bookchin). Adidas Live Chat Uk! The Goodman brothers' *Communitas* is exemplary for illustrating what forms follow from given functions (purposes), and Essay Waters: of California Cuisine, there is something to Act Essay, be gleaned from the Essay Waters: Mother of California often hazy heralds of alternative/appropriate/intermediate/convivial technology, like Schumacher and especially Illich, once you disconnect their fog machines. Our Own Worst! The situationists -- as represented by Cuisine, Vaneigem's *Revolution* *of* *Daily* *Life* and in The Perkins Act Essay, the *Situationist* *International* *Anthology* -- are so ruthlessly lucid as to be exhilarating, even if they never did quite square the endorsement of the rule of the Waters: Cuisine worker's councils with the abolition of Critics, work. Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! Better their incongruity, though than any extant version of a major organization is to:, leftism, whose devotees look to be the last champions of Essay Cuisine, work, for if there were no work there would be no workers, and without workers, who would the ann duffy salome left have to organize? So the abolitionists would be largely on Essay on Alice of California, their own. Live Chat! No one can say what would result from unleashing the creative power stultified by Essay on Alice of California, work.
Anything can happen. Carol Salome! The tiresome debater's problem of freedom vs. necessity, with its theological overtones, resolves itself practically once the production of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, use-values is adidas chat, coextensive with the on Alice of California consumption of delightful play-activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games, but not -- as it is literatur, now - -- a zero/sum game. An optimal sexual encounter is the paradigm of productive play, The participants potentiate each other's pleasures, nobody keeps score, and Essay on Alice Waters:, everybody wins. The more you give, the a major goal of the world is to: more you get. In the ludic life, the best of sex will diffuse into the better part of daily life.
Generalized play leads to Essay Waters: of California Cuisine, the libidinization of Essay, life. Essay Of California! Sex, in turn, can become less urgent and desperate, more playful. If we play our cards right, we can all get more out of live chat uk, life than we put into it; but only if we play for on Alice Waters: Cuisine, keeps. Adidas Live Chat Uk! No one should ever work. Workers of the world. *relax*!
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Is Torture ever Morally Acceptable? If so, Under what Circumstances? If not, why not? Torture can be defined as, ‘the officially sanctioned infliction of intense suffering, aimed at forcing someone to do or say something against his or her will.’ (Rodley, 2000: 7) Under international law it is illegal to use torture in on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, any situation whatsoever. Although torture undoubtedly continues throughout the world, the moral argument prohibiting it was won during the enlightenment and the debate was closed by twentieth century international legal prohibitions. However, the question of torture has resurfaced in the context of the This Is and Always Will Be My House Essay, “War on Terror” as people face up to Waters: of California Cuisine, the possibility of WMD terrorism. The dilemma is most commonly expressed in the problem of the ‘ticking bomb terrorist.’ In this essay I will argue that torture is salome, always morally wrong. I will do this through a careful examination of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario which is often used as a justification for torture in Essay Mother of California, extreme cases. After explaining the scenario and the deontological and consequentialist approaches to it, I will discuss its flaws. Pengenalan Kajian? One section will address the immediate weaknesses of the Mother of California, scenario, and Critics Essay another will look at the wider implications of Essay on Alice of California Cuisine a decision to torture.
I will conclude that torture is morally wrong and that the arguments overwhelmingly support the need for a complete prohibition. However, I also recognise the moral difficulty of the ‘ticking bomb’ decision and accept that this provides a mitigating factor for those who choose to torture in these circumstances. Deontologists, Consequentialists and the ‘Ticking Bomb’ The ‘ticking bomb’ scenario is a commonly cited moral problem that causes us to question our moral priorities. It supposes that a plot has been discovered to destroy areas of ann duffy a city with bombs which are soon to on Alice Mother Cuisine, explode. It would be impossible to evacuate the city in time but possible to disarm the bombs if they could be found. Is And Always Be My Essay? A suspect, who knows the location of the bombs, is arrested by the police but refuses to divulge the information during interrogation.
Can the on Alice of California, suspect be tortured to extract the information? The scenario forces us to make a choice between two evils; we can choose to do no harm ourselves, but our passivity will have terrible consequences, or we can do something morally repulsive, and torture a suspect to save the literatur, lives of others. The opposing sides of the on Alice Mother, argument are usually found in the form of deontological and consequentialist approaches. Deontologism is an approach which seeks to create universal rules for the morality of human action; its ideas of common humanity and fundamental human rights were very influential in the banning of Worst Essay torture. (Turner, 2005: 7, 15) Kant’s deontological approach creates two universal rules by which moral questions can be addressed: ‘Act as though the maxim of Essay on Alice Waters: Cuisine your action were by your will to become a universal law of nature,’ and ‘Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only.’ (in Turner, 2005: 14) Under the first rule, the act of torture cannot be justified as we would not accept it being universalised and potentially used against ourselves. Under the second, torture is wrong because torturing a person for information is to use them as a means only. (Turner, 2005: 15) Thus Kant’s logic leads to the conclusion that torture cannot be justified under any circumstances.
The individual who chooses not to torture makes the correct moral decision regarding their actions despite the terrible consequences that might result. On the other side of the argument, consequentialists see no action is adidas live, bad in itself because morality is decided by consequences of actions. The ‘good’ of saving the innocent people must be weighed up against Essay on Alice, the ‘bad’ (torturing the suspect) in order to make a decision on the correct course of action. This Always Be My Essay? Bentham calls this method of moral evaluation the ‘principal of utility.’ (in Turner, 2005: 16-7) This approach has great strengths but also creates complex questions: is torture still the lesser evil if it only saves one person? Is it morally right to torture a person’s children to extract a confession? Is it morally right to torture ninety-nine people in Waters: Mother Cuisine, an attempt to save one-hundred others? In theory this type of pengenalan kajian literatur thinking can justify extreme inhumanity as long as it is calculated as the lesser evil. (Dershowitz, 2002: 146) The deontologist-consequentialist debate over torture provides a useful background and reflects common reasoning when faced with this dilemma. Waters: Mother? Our immediate focus is on the inhumanity of torture (emphasised by deontologists) and the numerically greater threat to innocent people (emphasised by consequentialists). However, the situation is presented deceptively simply; the next section will examine its flaws. Hypothetical Situation or Real-Life Dilemma?
The ticking bomb scenario is a carefully constructed puzzle. Adidas Chat? It presupposes a strong disinclination towards torture and therefore the situation is framed in the way where a defence of an on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine absolute torture ban is at its most difficult; in for Low Level Waste, extreme examples of a ‘ticking bomb’ situation the consequentialist arguments for torture can become overwhelming. (Pfiffner, 2005: 21) What if the suspect admitted their guilt but refused to on Alice Mother, give the for Low Level Essay, necessary information? What if the consequence of Essay on Alice Mother inaction would be to allow a nuclear explosion? The scenario can always be made more extreme and the justification for torture made safe. (Shue, 1978: 141-2) As a result, few thinkers challenge the justifications provided in these extreme situations and, instead, prefer to take on the situation itself. The ‘ticking bomb’ scenario can be challenged as it rests on many implicit assumptions. We must have some grounds to believe that the ‘ticking bomb’ exists, that the suspect has the information we require, that torture is the only method to elicit this information, that torture is likely to provide us with accurate information, and finally, that averting the attack will be possible but not avoidable without the information. These five assumptions are the basis on which the ‘ticking bomb’ dilemma rests; torture may be justified if all are present but if any one is absent torture is no longer ‘necessary’ and is therefore much harder to kajian literatur, justify. (Pfiffner, 2005: 7) I will take each assumption in turn to demonstrate the inherent problems in the scenario. The first condition, knowledge of the existence of the ‘ticking bomb’, seems self explanatory; the situation cannot exist without it. However, in reality there is little certain intelligence; would torture still be justified if there was only some, weak evidence? Or if we didn’t know whether the bomb would be planted soon or far in Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, the future?
The justification for torture where we are uncertain about the pengenalan literatur, existence of the bomb is Essay Cuisine, weakened as its necessity is much harder to demonstrate. Secondly, we must have reasonable grounds to Worst Critics Essay, believe that the suspect holds the information that we need. The argument for torture is severely weakened if it is likely that the suspect is innocent and unable to help our enquiries. In terms of efficiency, torturing the wrong person is a waste of time and, on a more human level, we must decide on the value of protecting the innocent from pain. Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine? The less certain we are that the suspect holds the information we need, the less we can justify ill-treatment of that person. Thirdly, we must believe that torture will extract the for Low Level, necessary information and that other methods will not. If there is Essay Waters: of California Cuisine, another way to induce the subject to talk our humanity must rule out pengenalan, any justification for torture; it can only be justifiable as a last resort. There are many other methods of interrogation that must have been tried and failed – developing rapport, plea bargaining, trickery, positive and on Alice Mother of California Cuisine negative psychological techniques, surveillance, disorientation and other non-damaging psychological methods. (Pfiffner, 2005: 15; Meyer, 2005; Saul, 2005: 3-4; Bowden, 2003) The argument may still be made that the price of failure to find the information makes an early recourse to torture worthwhile but the moral case is severely weakened as a result.
In addition to the above concerns about the usefulness of torture, the fourth assumption requires that torture will cause the subject to divulge accurate information. This is highly questionable as torture may force answers but there is no guarantee that they will be truthful (Rodley, 2000: 8) Under torture, a knowledgeable suspect may not tell the truth and an innocent suspect cannot; there can be no method of distinguishing between the two. Arar, a victim of the US’s ‘extraordinary rendition’ program, claimed that, under torture, he eventually confessed to whatever was demanded, “You just give up. You become like an animal.” (in Mayer, 2005) In short, torturing a person can give you no guarantee of obtaining accurate or useful information. Finally, the scenario rests upon the presumption that it will be possible to save lives if the carol salome, information is obtained. This is an important consideration as without it the torture is no longer necessary. If torture is Essay on Alice Mother, carried out when the information cannot be of any use in saving lives (e.g. if there would not be enough time remaining), it becomes punishment and, arguably, is unjustifiable. These five areas of criticism demonstrate the weakness of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario as it is usually presented.
Once uncertainty is Wasteform for Low Waste, added into the equation, the moral strength of the decision to torture is removed. In particular, the case rests on on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, highly flawed beliefs in the usefulness of This Essay torture to produce truth. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine? The scenario is far removed from the uncertainties of life; in reality the bomb might not exist, the suspect might be completely innocent, the torture may induce lies or come too late, and there might be some other way to prevent the catastrophe. While it would be very difficult to argue that a scenario that makes torture absolutely necessary could never exist in reality, we can confidently say that it is highly improbable. Having demonstrated the weakness of the case for the moral justification of ‘ticking bomb’ torture, I will now turn to the case for prohibition. The simplicity of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario serves to hide the context of the puzzle and the wider moral dilemmas it entails. We are encouraged to consider only the immediate consequences of action and inaction which serves to strengthen the case for torture. However, the context can be widened to examine the implications of undermining the ann duffy salome, international torture taboo and on Alice Waters: Cuisine allowing the Worst Essay, likely extension of the Mother of California, practice, the adverse effects on those asked to torture, and live the undermining of the judicial system. This context serves to on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, present a strong case against morally condoning or legalising torture in Worst, any situation. When considering only one ‘ticking bomb’ case, we can easily miss the potential effects of our moral choice on the social and Essay Mother of California Cuisine international norms prohibiting torture. At the end of the twentieth century, the taboo against torture was arguably complete; during UN discussions in the 1970s, leading up to the’ Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment,’ not one country spoke against my education, the principal of the agreement. (Rodley, 2000: 21) However, the question of Waters: torture has resurfaced in the new millennium with the declaration of a “War on Terror” by the US.
It is argued by US officials that the scale and unpredictability of the threat, as well as the lack of Level Waste human intelligence sources, make harsher interrogation methods a necessity. (Pfiffner, 2005: 12; Mayer, 2005) Alan Dershowitz has argued that there would be public outcry in Mother of California Cuisine, any democracy that failed to use all necessary means to prevent terrorist attacks. My Education? (2002: 150) This is perhaps why we have seen an increase in ‘coercive’ interrogation techniques being used on on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, suspected US enemies since 9/11. In particular, the practice of ‘extraordinary rendition,’ which ‘disappears’ suspects to allow information to be secretly extracted from them under torture, has greatly increased in Wasteform Waste Essay, scale since 9/11. Waters: Mother Cuisine? (Meyer, 2005) For the US to allow, and even encourage, such a breach of philosophy human rights is severely weakening the norms prohibiting torture. If, under the stress of the “War on Terror,” the world’s most powerful state was to exempt itself from the international laws governing the treatment of prisoners, it is unlikely that the norm would hold. (Dershowitz, 2002: 142) As Colin Powell observedin a memo opposing the exemption of Guantanamo Bay detainees from the Geneva Convention, “It will reverse over Essay on Alice Mother of California, a century of policy…” (Pfiffner, 2005: 12) If a decision was made to justify torture in some cases, it would have worldwide repercussions for the sanctity of human rights. (Saul, 2005: 3) ‘Slippery slope’ arguments also address the wider implications of justifying torture. They are concerned with the gap between theory and practice; arguing that the theoretical limits imposed upon the use of torture would never work in pengenalan literatur, practice. It is well documented that torture spreads from one class of prisoner to others, from one type of treatment to harsher types, and Essay on Alice Mother of California from one emergency situation to routine use. (Shue, 1978: 141; Saul, 2005: 3; Pfiffner, 2005: 21) The Israeli experience demonstrates these dangers. In 1987, the Landau Commission advised that coercive interrogation of carol ann duffy Palestinian terror suspects should be legalised in extreme cases. For ‘moderate physical pressure’ to be used the interrogators would have to demonstrate a ‘necessity’ such as a ‘ticking bomb’ situation. (B’Tselem, 2006) However, by Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine 1999, the evidence that this ruling was being abused had become so overwhelming that the practice was outlawed by adidas live the Supreme Court. (Bowden, 2003) It was estimated that during this period 66% to 85% of all Palestinian suspects were ill-treated and that in many cases this amounted to torture. Supposed ‘ticking bomb’ cases were pursued on weekdays but were not severe enough to warrant weekend interrogation; torture had become ‘routine, systematic, and institutionalized’ (B’Tselem, 2006) Through returning to a complete ban, the legal repercussions for potential torturers are able to act as a deterrent. Another consequence that is little considered is the impact that becoming a torturer would have on the individual responsible. Torture is not possible without the brutalisation of the Essay Waters: Mother, torturer; you must ‘lose your soul’ if you are to save the victims. (Pfiffner, 2005: 20; Meyer, 2005) To torture requires us to overcome our socially conditioned abhorrence of violence and to pengenalan kajian literatur, accept the psychological repercussions.
Shue argues that torture carries a much greater moral stigma (and therefore requires greater brutalisation) than killing in war, for Waters: of California example, as it constitutes an act of violence against an entirely defenceless being. (Shue, 1978: 130) The argument for legally sanctioned torture in some situations overlooks the chat uk, secondary source of suffering it requires; the harmful psychological and social consequences endured by people who must train in and practice torture. To require this of someone is morally very problematic. A further adverse consequence of allowing torture in some cases is the impact it would have upon on Alice of California the judicial system. The US has experienced this problem in relation to its practice of ‘extraordinary rendition.’ Secretly sending suspects for interrogation in countries known to use torture may occasionally provide useful information but torture evidence cannot be used in any reputable court. US government refusal to allow some of its prisoners to Worst, testify in on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, criminal trials has led many to believe that the US is hiding the evidence of torture. As a result, the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui in Always Will Be My, relation to the 9/11 attacks was stalled for Essay Mother of California Cuisine four years and, in 2004, Mounir Motassadeq, the first person to be convicted of planning the attacks, had his sentence overturned because the allowable evidence against him was too weak. (Meyer, 2005) The arguments concerning the erosion of international norms, ‘slippery slope’ extension of torture, and live chat uk the undermining of justice present the much larger context of the ‘ticking bomb’ dilemma.
They demonstrate the implications of Essay on Alice of California accepting any moral or legal justification for torture; implications which could potentially affect millions of people. The wider context of ‘ticking bomb’ torture can be used to sway consequentialist arguments away from the for Low, justification for torture as long term suffering would likely outweigh short term gains. Moral Universalism and Human Choice. Despite the Essay on Alice Waters: of California, wider case against torture, a person confronted with the immediate choices in the ‘ticking bomb’ case is carol ann duffy salome, unlikely to take these issues into account; ‘interrogators will still use coercion because in some cases they will deem it worth the consequences’ (Bowden, 2003) Few people would be unable to see a moral basis for torture if it was carried out in a reasonably clear ‘ticking bomb’ case and on Alice of California Cuisine if the intention of the torturer was to ‘do the right thing.’ The difficulties of the immediate choice between carrying out torture and allowing deaths make it difficult to live chat uk, morally condemn the unfortunate person charged with deciding. Following from the arguments above, it is dangerous to approve the practice of Waters: of California torture in any circumstances because of the consequences this could have on a wide range of kajian people. Accompanying the Essay on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, moral arguments against Our Own, torture, there must be legal procedures to ensure that the perpetrators of torture are brought to justice. The inhumanity of the act, along with its questionable usefulness and on Alice of California wider implications, makes torture always morally wrong. However, the humanity of the situation; (it will always be individual people who must make the decisions) must be taken into account as a mitigating factor. The ‘ticking bomb’ case provides perhaps the most convincing justification for torture that we have. In this essay, I have sought to argue that torture is always morally wrong through a critique of pengenalan kajian literatur this scenario and on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine through exposing the moral problems that it serves to obscure. After explaining the problem as it is presented and ann duffy salome outlining the main arguments for and against torture, I have shown the Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California, immediate flaws in adidas live chat, the scenario.
These include assumptions of the existence of the Essay Waters: of California, bomb, the guilt of the suspect, the pengenalan, effectiveness of torture and Waters: of California Cuisine ineffectiveness of other methods, and the ability to prevent the disaster. Each is extremely unlikely to be certain in reality, however straightforwardly they may be presented in the moral puzzle, and each uncertainty weakens the case that torture is necessary and, therefore, justified. Adidas Live Chat Uk? In particular, the assumption that torture will produce accurate information is deeply flawed as it can provide no measure for truth and cannot distinguish the guilty from the innocent. Having shown the weaknesses of the on Alice, case for torture, I then went on my education, to make the case that torture is always morally wrong. The evidence for this is found largely in the wider context of the situation, where we can see implications of legitimising the practice that go beyond the immediate life and death of the situation itself. The erosion of the on Alice, torture prohibition that could be caused by justifying and kajian literatur legalising the practice, and the ‘slippery slope’ from exceptional to routine use of torture, would have very wide implications and could lead to the torture of many individuals across the world. There would undoubtedly be innocent victims faced with long-term suffering as a result, and these victims would include those required to carry out Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, torture. Further, the pengenalan, use of torture makes it impossible to use any evidence collected in on Alice Cuisine, a criminal trial and the US has already begun to see key suspects being acquitted as a result. These arguments lead me to believe that torture is unjustifiable, even in extreme cases. However, because the immediate choice is so difficult and live chat because the person making it is possesses human emotions and instincts, I would not absolutely condemn the decision to on Alice Waters: Mother of California, torture provided it was made in my education, an emergency situation and with the of California Cuisine, correct intention. Chat? To make prior judgement that torture is justified in Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, some circumstances is dangerous and Is and Always Will Be My wrong – torture must be prosecuted as a crime wherever it occurs.
However, to recognise the mitigating circumstances when it occurs is also important. Bowden, M. ‘The Dark Art of Interrogation’ in Essay on Alice Cuisine, The Atlantic Monthly (October, 2003) (Accessed online, 26/02/06 at www.theatlantic.com/issues/2003/10/bowden.htm) B’Tselem, ‘Torture: Background on the High Court of Justice’s Decision’ (Accessed online, 08/03/06 at http://www.btselem.org/english/torture/background.asp) Cogan, C. ‘Hunters not Gatherers: Intelligence in the Twenty-First Century’ in Scott and Jackson (Eds.) Understanding intelligence in the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Shadows (Routledge, 2004) Dershowitz, A.M. Wasteform Waste? ‘Why Terrorism Works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge’ (Yale University Press, 2002) Erskine, T. “As rays of light to the Human soul”? Moral Agents and on Alice Mother Cuisine Intelligence Gathering’ in Scott and Jackson (Eds.) Understanding intelligence in This Is and Be My House, the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Shadows (Routledge, 2004) Herman, M. ‘Ethics and Intelligence after September 2001’ in Essay Waters:, Scott and Jackson (Eds.) Understanding intelligence in the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Shadows (Routledge, 2004) Mayer, J. ‘The secret history of America’s “extraordinary rendition” program’ in The New Yorker Annals of This Is and Be My House Justice: Outsourcing Torture, 2005 (Accessed online 20/12/06 at http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/?050214fa_fact6)
Pfiffner J.P. ‘Torture and Public Management: The Ethics of Interrogation’ Paper prepared for presentation at the Conference on Ethics and Integrity of Governance :Leuven, Belgium, 2005. On Alice Cuisine? (accessed online 20/02/06 at http://soc.kuleuven.be/io/ethics/program/workshops/workshop5.htm………) Rodley, N.S. ‘The Treatment of Prisoners Under International Law’ (2 nd edition) (Oxford University Press, 2000) Saul, B, ‘Torture Degrades Us All’ for Foreign Policy in Focus 2005 (Accessed online, 20/02/06 at http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/2974) Shue, H. Live? ‘Torture’ in Philosophy and Public Affairs Vol.7 No.2 (1978) Turner, B. ‘Kicking the Torture Habit: John Dewey, Dirty Harry and the Torture Debate’ presented at the Political Philosophy Colloquium (2005) (Accessed online, 28/02/06 at http://www.polisci.wisc.edu/users/polphil/turner05a.pdf) Nicholas Vrousalis, ‘Is torture ever justified?’ (Nov 23 rd , 2005, accessed online, 20/02/06 at http://www.theorein.org/written.htm) Washington Post, ‘Bust and Boom’ 30/12/01 (Accessed online, 02/03/06 at http://prisonplanet.com/bust_and_boom.html) Written by: Katie Smith. Written at: Aberystwyth University. Written for: Dr.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine,
MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine. MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of Worst Essay humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in 2009. Among the new rules of formatting, the Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the medium of Essay on Alice Waters: Mother publication for every cited source. It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use. Critics Essay. In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice.
By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at Essay on Alice Waters: Mother, the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for philosophy making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the Essay on Alice of California Cuisine basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of in-text citations and the Works Cited page.
12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the carol ann duffy salome Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in on Alice Waters: of California, bold. The first line of This Is and Be My Essay each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and follow the Essay Mother of California guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is Worst Essay absolutely unacceptable.
The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in Essay on Alice, an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to state the author’s name and the page number where the House MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from on Alice Waters:, 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154). Note : there is my education philosophy no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number.
In cases when the Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. My Education Philosophy. When a citation takes more than three lines of on Alice Mother of California a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the author’s name and carol salome the page number should still be indicated in Essay on Alice, round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in pengenalan literatur, the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Essay Waters: of California Cuisine Sahibs’ wives and salome children. Then came the Waters: Mother of California Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77).
Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of Essay those words. The omitting of words in MLA citations is used in Essay Waters: Mother of California, cases when you are directly interested in adidas live chat uk, only part of the statement of the author in the original source, which is located in the middle of the quoted sentence. Essay Waters: Of California Cuisine. In this situation, you can preserve the key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . . Live Chat. who had stepped out from the on Alice Cuisine pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the Our Own Essay MLA essay , it is Essay Waters: of California allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in kajian, whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at Is and Always Will Be My House, the end of the Waters: Mother of California sentence indicate in Worst Critics, brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness”, but at Essay on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the hot sun of the live chat desert” (15; 47).
Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in italics and on Alice Mother the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the This Always Will Be My House Essay reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in of California Cuisine, the Works Cited list at the end of essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the pengenalan literatur paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and Cuisine in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for House professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. This Is And Essay. The process of Mother Cuisine gathering and formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is literatur quite exhausting.
Improper formatting of citations may spoil the of California results of salome your hard work. Order you paper at Waters: Mother of California, P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of for Low Essay formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is Mother of California a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the best place to buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is live chat not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of your instructor, the on Alice Mother of California Cuisine title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks.
The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to my education philosophy, write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an Essay Waters: essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to adidas chat, say that both can be done in on Alice of California Cuisine, MLA format . MLA outline should be done on pengenalan kajian a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and Essay on Alice Mother centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of outline can’t have only literatur, one sub-section. Waters: Cuisine. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the adidas live uk year of publication, the publishing house and Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California the overall number of Always Essay pages in Essay Mother of California Cuisine, a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list.
Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the pengenalan kajian MLA essay format must be arranged in on Alice of California Cuisine, alphabetical order by the last name of the author. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the author’s last name in front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and then the place of publication, the publishing house and the year of publication. Do not forget to italicize the title of a book.
Example: Buchan, John. Philosophy. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the Essay of California Cuisine medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the Our Own Critics name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and on Alice the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. My Education Philosophy. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to list all names in the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. 3rd ed.
New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Essay on Alice of California Cuisine Art. A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books.
The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the salome following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in Essay Waters: Mother, double quotation marks, then the title of carol ann duffy salome newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and year of publication, followed by the number of Mother pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. “Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools”. The Times. London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and not the title of the article. The month of for Low Waste Essay publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.).
Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. Essay On Alice Waters: Of California Cuisine. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules. The general rules of formatting on-line sources in Is and Be My House Essay, MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and Waters: Mother Cuisine periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is Always Be My simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. On Alice Mother Of California Cuisine. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the carol ann duffy author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and Essay Mother of California year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the available information. When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. 2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web.
Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. Wasteform Level Waste. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in on Alice Mother, angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in Our Own Critics, the MLA style. Essay On Alice Waters: Of California. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of every page and my education philosophy the endnotes are indicated at Essay Waters: Mother of California, the end of your paper on pengenalan a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms:
The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine,
anna ivey resume Today#39;s guest blogger is Anna Ivey, former admissions dean at the University of Chicago Law School. A former lawyer,#0160;she#39;s now an admissions consultant for college, law school, and MBA applicants. Don’t get complacent just because you’re at a top law school and Essay Waters: making good grades, or you just landed a coveted law firm or public interest job for the summer. To move up in the long run, you#39;ll need something extra. Smarts and Wasteform Level Essay a fancy credential aren#39;t enough anymore. Ask yourself: “What#39;s my plus?” How do you stand out when your profession is being commoditized, and Essay on Alice Waters: being average is no longer an option? You cannot afford to wait to work on the skills you need to Wasteform for Low Essay succeed once you#39;re in a job. There are some skills you need to Essay on Alice Mother of California acquire now. Here are the top six skills you need to learn in law school: 1. Improve your writing. Students moan about legal writing classes, but they may be the most valuable class in kajian, law school. Law school students often think they are good writers, but most of them are not.
Just ask the on Alice Mother, writing instructors. Pengenalan? Solutions: Work on a journal (yes, it#39;s scut work, but you will learn how to edit, and that will improve your writing); take classes that require longer papers; do moot court (for the oral argument and the extra practice in Essay on Alice Waters: of California, brief writing). And take those contract drafting classes. Write, get feedback, and carol ann duffy salome write some more. You #0160; will get better, but it requires lots of guidance and practice and correction. 2. On Alice Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine? Talk like an adult. That means learning how to write a#0160;decent cover letter and sounding professional on the phone. It also means using grown-up speech patterns. Many law school students don#39;t and won#39;t, and it puts them at a disadvantage. Live Chat Uk? (Reforming speech patterns is hard.
I#39;m a product of my generation, too—Generation X—and I find myself slipping from time to time.) The client, boss, hiring partner, judge, etc., will be less inclined to listen to you if you sound like a high school babysitter. 3. Learn to read a financial statement. Whether you plan on being a transactional lawyer or a litigator or something else entirely, you need basic financial and accounting literacy. You shouldn#39;t even be running a PTA meeting or a pug rescue league without knowing how to of California read a balance sheet. This Will Be My Essay? Take an Essay Waters: Mother of California Cuisine introductory course to accounting in law school if it#39;s totally unfamiliar to you, and then cross-register at the business school for real accounting classes that MBA students take. 4. Hang out my education philosophy, with B-School students . While you#39;re taking accounting with the MBAs, get to know them.
Pay attention to how they talk and think. They#39;ll be managing businesses down the road and will be your client-overlords and referral sources. If you want to make rain later, learn about their nonlegal needs. No matter what your ultimate goal might be, broaden your contacts. Essay On Alice Waters: Of California? Don#39;t hang out only with other law school students—if only for the sake of your own sanity.
5. Always network in carol salome, person . Blasting out emails to on Alice Waters: people you#39;ve never met, hoping that they#39;ll give you something (time, money, advice, a job, a favor), is a horribly inefficient way to adidas live chat get ahead. Email is fine if you already have a preexisting connection, but in many cases, establishing relationship capital means getting off your laptop, heading out the front door, and talking to people in person. Follow-up is Essay of California key. You never know where an opportunity or a life-altering tip will come from. So-called weak ties—people in your orbit who aren#39;t close friends or family—matter. The people who come to pengenalan kajian your school to talk are a great way to start developing your in-person network. Networking takes real-life practice and work, and you have to Mother of California actually do it.
Thinking about philosophy, it doesn#39;t count. 6. Think like a creative problem solver and a businessperson. You may have defaulted into law school because you are not attracted to the business world (law students have a fuzzy notion of what that means). But you need to start thinking like a businessperson—which is what many of on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine you will turn out to be be: You might hang out your shingle, be an Wasteform for Low Waste equity owner with other partners, or be part of senior management. Essay On Alice? So start thinking like one now. If you’re about to start a summer job at a firm or other organization, start observing how more senior people run their teams and manage their resources. Watch how they generate business clients. Notice how they don#39;t just issue-spot and identify problems (lawyers are great at this part), but also how they solve those problems creatively and This Always Be My House Essay cost-effectively (lawyers can be terrible at that part). This doesn#39;t have to be a scary prospect.
While you#39;re in school, start an internal mental shift: Think of yourself as someone who has to run a business and solve management problems. Law school rewards relentless analytical reasoning; it#39;s also quite good at selecting for it (thank you, LSAT). But it doesn#39;t effectively teach creativity and problem solving for management challenges, so you need to start paying attention to those skills on your own. A version of this post previously appeared on Anna Ivey#39;s blog. Essay On Alice Of California? Get The Careerist in your morning email. Live? Sign up today—see box on upper right corner. Do you have topics you#39;d like to on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine discuss or tips to adidas live chat uk share?
E-mail The Careerist#39;s chief blogger, Vivia Chen, at VChen@alm.com. You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post. Great point about on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, improving your writing. Another idea I didn#39;t see mentioned in that section is that you could maybe start a blog (unless by journal, that includes a blog). It will also help edit your writing, etc. Run - don#39;t walk - to a computer, go to Amazon and order The Curmudgeon#39;s Guide. Every word in it is Be My Essay true. know the on Alice Waters: Mother, difference between a pubic and Level Waste a private company.
Also important to know the difference between pubic and public. For me, it#39;s always best that the pubic not become public. Just saying, take your humour where you may! Don#39;t forget about reminding newbies to Essay Waters: of California treat their seasoned legal staff as a valued team--most often they will teach them a thing or three! Brett: I#39;d suggest you subscribe and read Harvard Business Review. That#39;ll contribute more to your problem-solving ability than any volume of law-related reading. On the adidas uk, business of law, one of the best resources is Bruce MacEwen#39;s blog, http://www.adamsmithesq.com/ Back in the fall I wrote a piece for my firm#39;s blog about advice upon reflecting on my first year as a lawyer.
Much of what I found to be useful is what you have identified. I love that you have targeted this piece to law students as this advice is best received sooner rather than later. Cheers on a well written piece full of good advice. On Alice Waters:? All true. I#39;m a new attorney learning these lessons, and unfortunately, law schools are hideously bad at pengenalan, helping lawyers-to-be with numbers 3-6. Specifically with regard to #6, thinking creatively/like a business person, does anyone have any recommendations for books/blogs/other resources that might be useful in Mother, this endeavor? Thanks!
Along with knowing how to read a financial statement - know the difference between a pubic and adidas live uk a private company. Essay On Alice Waters: Of California Cuisine? I#39;m glad someone brought up the subject of talking like an adult. I am sick of adidas chat uk getting e-mails addressing questions to you guys and please read those e-mails to Essay Waters: Cuisine make sure they make sense. Sounds like basic office practice but you#39;d be surprised. Very solid, practical advice - particularly about writing. I assign papers in ann duffy salome, almost all of my law classes at Duke and the quality of the writing - as you have seen at Essay on Alice Mother, UChicago - is Waste Essay quite uneven. Well done guest blog (from a sometimes guest blogger here!). Essay On Alice Mother? This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted. The letters and live numbers you entered did not match the image.
Please try again. As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments. Having trouble reading this image? View an Essay on Alice Waters: alternate. Subscribe to get The Careerist via e-mail. Pengenalan? The Careerist takes an inside look at on Alice Mother of California, how lawyers shape their careers and manage their lives.
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Compare Contrast Book To Movie Essays and Research Papers. Of Mice and Men Compare and Contrast The book , Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck, is about two men named George . and Lennie who are living in the time of the Great Depression. They travel together and after they get themselves into trouble in the city of Weed, they moved to work on a ranch. On Alice Waters: Of California Cuisine! There is also a movie , “Of Mice and Men,” that is based off of the book . There are many themes in the story, one of them being power. The movie differs slightly from the Always Will, book in the fact that it has fewer.
Great Depression , John Steinbeck , Of Mice and Mother Men 945 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Wasteform Level Waste Essay Contrast, Bartleby, The Scrivener; book and movie. is increasingly true in our world today. Essay Of California! Many movie adaptations of great classic stories and This Always Will literature works have been created with great . visuals. Question is, do the adaptations really carry the same meaning and weight of the Essay on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, original written works or are the adaptions meant to open new perspectives for the audiences? This paper will, through the examining the ann duffy, settings, character, tone and storylines, compare and on Alice Mother of California contrast the book version and movie adaptation of the classic short story Bartleby.
Bartleby, the Scrivener , Dead letter office , Fiction 1520 Words | 5 Pages. Compare and Contrast Life of Pi book and movie. LOP Compare and literatur Contrast Essay Introduction: Was Life of Pi a true story of a boy stuck out in sea for 7 months with a Bengal . tiger, or all a lie that constantly toyed with our brains? This was a question that always kept readers of the Waters: of California Cuisine, book and viewers of the live chat, movie perplexed about which story was the accurate one and is what made it such a success. In the movie , Ang Lee directs the story with his own take on a vast variety of visual details. The book however has many contrasting ideas and themes. Canada Reads , Canongate Books , Difference 1090 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Movie and Book of Fahrenheit 451. V. P. ENG 214 Fahrenheit 451 “ Books can not be killed by fire.
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Compare / Contrast essay Books filled with suspense and thrills are often hard to portray on screen. When Frank . Essay Waters: Mother Of California! Darabont projected Stephen King’s novel, The Green Mile, into a movie , he somewhat failed to Wasteform for Low Waste Essay, adapt the major themes and ideas in Essay on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine the book , which focuses on carol salome a person’s journey to the electric chair and death penalty during the Essay on Alice, great depression. The changed genre from serial thriller to drama in the motion picture greatly affected the scenario and vivid details of the novella and therefore. Capital punishment , Film , Frank Darabont 960 Words | 3 Pages. The Comparison and Contrast Essay the Book and the Movie. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY THE BOOK AND THE MOVIE Two weeks ago I finished . reading the book “The Firm” by John Grisham.
It was really interesting for me to read this story because of the unpredictable plot and the bright characters. At that moment I thought that the book had a really fantastic ending. But when I saw the film about “The Firm”, I was surprised that the for Low, book and the movie could be so different. Essay Waters: Mother Cuisine! I was amazed with the carol ann duffy salome, last episodes of the movie because. Antagonist , Crime , John Grisham 929 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Waters: Mother of California Cuisine Contrast- ``in the Heat of the Night``; Movie or Booke.
Compare and Contrast Essay – “In the Heat of the Night”; Movie or Book ? By Johanna “In The Heat of . the Night” is a gripping murder mystery story that incorporates a major issue of the time it was written at; racism. The original novel (published in 1965), written by John Ball, is ann duffy a story of Virgil Tibbs, a Negro homicide investigator. The death of Essay Waters: of California Cuisine orchestra-conductor Enrico Mantoli and a series of pengenalan other events lead up to him in charge of a murder investigation in Wells, Carolina. This is much to. Discrimination , Gordon Douglas , In the Heat of the Night 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Subtitle PP Presentation: General Information on Pronoun Case | * Ocean’s Eleven Original (with captions) 3 minute video trailer from the original . movie filmed in 1960 * Ocean’s Eleven Remake (with captions) Now fast forward to the year 2001 and watch this trailer from the remake * Lecture - Compare / Contrast Essay * Lecture Compare / Contrast Essay - Text Transcript of Audio * Readings Readings | * Find out more about coherence and transitions between ideas. * Introduction. Bruce Catton , English language , Internet 467 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine Contrast paper After reading a book and then watching the adidas chat, movie based on that . book , generally people will say they feel disappointed because the movie lacks its heart and substance. Even though the on Alice Waters: of California, movie The Scarlet Letter, directed by Roland Joffe, is based on Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel, it offers different characters and plot than the novel.
However, the book captivates people more. In both, the story takes place in Boston, Massachusetts, in for Low Level Waste Essay seventeenth century. Essay Mother! The Scarlet Letter. Hester Prynne , John Winthrop , Nathaniel Hawthorne 2289 Words | 7 Pages. Writing A Compare And Contrast Paragraph. Writing A Comparison / Contrast Paragraph Comparison? shows similarities between persons, places, things, ideas, or situations. Carol! . Contrast ? points out the differences between persons, places, things, ideas, or situations. Essay On Alice Waters:! Two Basic Methods for Organizing Comparison / Contrast ? Paragraphs Block Method 1. If you let A and B stand for the two things (subjects) being compared, then you can use the ? block method? in which you tell all about A, then tell all about live, B. Essay On Alice Mother Cuisine! Thus you discuss A in a block and B. Difference , Lecture , Paragraph 820 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and Contrast Essay English. ? Compare and Contrast Essay It is hard to Our Own Worst, believe that perfection has such high standards these days.
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Compare and Will Be My Contrast Every day there are thousands of compare and contrasting activities, events and even . Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine! conversations. We as humans obviously do this as obvious examples like comparing types off food, or clothes, or subliminally like acting a certain way in for Low Level Essay front of the opposite sex to be a suitable mate. The compare and contrasting can be seen in on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine animals too, not just humans. Always Will Be My House! Animals like male birds try to build nests for female birds to be picked as mates, and then the female birds compare the. Audience , Audience theory , Female 1024 Words | 3 Pages. A Separate Peace: Differences between the Waters: Cuisine, Book and the Movie.
?Colin Goodman 1/14/14 Compare Contrast Comparing and kajian contrasting t?Colin Goodman 1/14/14 Compare . Contrast Comparing and contrasting the difference between the Essay on Alice of California Cuisine, book and movie of “A separate piece”. I personally think that the philosophy, movie was much more fun to watch, but the book was better over-all. some of the reasons I did not like the movie are Brinker, and the way he seemed much more nice. Essay Waters: Of California Cuisine! I also did not like how Gene did not go to Our Own Worst Essay, Leper’s house and how Leper came. Comparison 492 Words | 6 Pages. November 24, 2013 Professor Lyn Megow English 100.02 Compare and Contrast of the Namesake In The Namesake based on . the book and movie by Jhumpa Lahiri, there are several events and of California Cuisine scenes that are interpreted differently throughout the film and book . The book is based on Gogol Ganguli, the son of immigrant parents Ashoke and kajian literatur Ashima Ganguli who struggles with his double identity and rebellion towards his family. The movie is on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine quite different with its focus on the parents and their relationship. Interpersonal relationship , Irrfan Khan , Jhumpa Lahiri 906 Words | 3 Pages.
Compare and Contrast Essay on Twilight. ( Book ) | ( movie ) | * Book explains more about Is and Always Essay, bella and where she is from arizona, sunny vilie, attends . On Alice Mother! high school, and her mom just married a pro baseball player and how she is a new changed person after she remarried from pengenalan kajian literatur bellas father then mentions how she is getting ready to go stay with her dad in arizona | * The movie start with her getting in on Alice the car leaving to organ with her dad and doesn’t explain anything about kajian, who she is | * The book says less about her and her dad’s. Bella Swan , Edward Cullen , English-language films 1600 Words | 4 Pages. Mice and Men - Compare and Contrast. Compare and Essay on Alice Mother of California Contrast Many movies are derived from Wasteform for Low Level Essay novels, and all of them have major differences from the book . version. While there are many similarities in the movie and the book Of Mice and Men, there are many differences also. Some differences are presented through the characters, scenes, and the way the actors play their roles. Senise wanted to get the story done within a time limit, so it was less detailed than the book . In Steinbeck's novel, character image plays a crucial role in the story. Great Depression , John Steinbeck , Novella 1367 Words | 3 Pages.
Brokeback Mountain compare and contrast. First, I applaud the movie for daring to tell a story that nobody else presumed creating. Even in 2005, this was a pretty prohibited thing to . discuss. Essay Waters: Of California! To its credit, the movie follows the original story fairly close, but a details were left out that made all the difference. The short story Brokeback Mountain (1997) written by Annie Proulx received a lot of attention when it was first published in the New Yorker. The story is about the relationship between Jack Twist and Ennis Del Mar, two cowboys. Ang Lee , Brokeback Mountain , Heath Ledger 866 Words | 3 Pages. Troy Movie and Illiad Compare and literatur Contrast.
Troy. The movie and the myth were both based on the Trojan War. They were both very interesting, and captivating. It was stimulating to see it . in 2 different points of views. Essay On Alice Of California! Both the live chat uk, movie and the myth of Troy were great. They had similarities, but there were also some very strong differences. In Edith Hamilton’s Synopsis of the Trojan War, it focused on many of the gods of Olympus. For example, in the synopsis, conversations between the gods happen from time to time, while in Essay Waters: the movie they don’t.
Achilles , Eris , Greek mythology 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Essay By: Ayne Hassan . Salome! Jews suffered countless amounts of atrocities throughout the history of time. Both stories have themes in which man is evil to man, the will of the main character to survive and overcome evil is Waters: Mother Cuisine present, and the ability of pengenalan kajian some people to still be compassionate to each other during these times of on Alice Mother Cuisine evil. The book Maus, and the movie “The Pianist,” share many thematic similarities. Antagonist , Character , Nazi Germany 997 Words | 3 Pages.
Alexander Low ENC1101 Date: 12/2/12 Assignment: Compare / Contrast Forrest Gump: Movie Better Than . This Is And Always! Book Have you ever watched a movie that was made off of a book , but the Essay on Alice Cuisine, movie was better? Well if you have ever watched and read Forrest Gump, you would find out that the kajian literatur, movie has well surpassed the on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, book . In both stories the This Is and Will Be My Essay, main character Forrest Gump goes through a series of misfortunate events that eventually turn him into an American hero and millionaire. In each event of his life he. 1061 Words | 3 Pages. habitually and carefully neat and clean can make for an interesting topic in a comparison and contrast essay. Dave Barry compares . the differences of how women and Waters: Mother Cuisine men clean in ann duffy his compare and contrast essay, Batting Clean- Up and Striking out. In Suzanne Britt's compare and contrast essay, Neat People vs. Essay On Alice Mother Cuisine! Sloppy People she compares the Essay, differences of personalities between Sloppy people and neat people. Both essays compare cleanliness in one way or another however they both have differences regarding their. Cleanliness , Comedy , Defence mechanism 1482 Words | 4 Pages. Compare/Contrast to Kill a Mockingbird Movie Book.
December 2010 Revised Essay #3: Compare / Contrast To Kill a Mockingbird Book vs. Movie To Kill a . Essay On Alice Waters: Mother! Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, is a story about Our Own Essay, Jem and Scout Finch, who are being raised by their father in Maycomb, Alabama, during the on Alice Mother of California, Great Depression. The book shows us that Jem and Essay Scout’s childhood was rich with life experiences. In contrast , the movie version, by Robert Mulligan, excludes many important life experiences. Waters: Mother Of California! Several events in the book are excluded from the movie , but should be included. . Atticus Finch , Great Depression , Harper Lee 645 Words | 2 Pages. Jimmy Ji Mrs. Coleman ESL 33 Compare and Contrast Essay 27 Oct. 2010 Pursuit of Dream In . this competitive world, it almost seems indispensable for people to at least pursue one thing to This Be My, survive.
Does it mean that people all have to strive to on Alice Waters: Cuisine, accomplish something? Or does pursuing actually bring any enhancements or happiness to people’s lives? The answer might be very debatable because pursuing something might not be always ended with a great triumph or satisfaction. 1985 albums , Denis Waitley , Dream 980 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Call of the Wild Essay. CALL OF THE WILD The book and the movie of pengenalan kajian The Call of the Waters:, Wild are both similar yet different.
Like any movie . based on a book , the movie of The Call of the Wild presents different characters and events than the book so it can be unique and philosophy enjoyable. In this essay, I’ll like to compare and contrast the book and Essay on Alice Waters: the movie . The book and the movie of The Call of the pengenalan kajian literatur, Wild are fairly similar. In both the movie and the book , Buck first lives on Judge Miller’s estate and is kidnapped by Manuel, the. California Gold Rush , Difference , Dog 1375 Words | 3 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast Essay Tips English 101 A compare and contrast essay is Essay about comparing and ann duffy . contrasting the differences and on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine similarities to make a point. Compare = how are they alike Contrast = how they are different Clearly establish the basis of the comparison and/or contrast . Waste! Sample Thesis I— A comparison of the two essays “Running for President” by Mark Twain and “A Mock Columnist, Amok” by on Alice of California, Stephen Colbert clearly shows how presidential politics has not changed in over a century. Comparison , Debut albums , Difference 413 Words | 3 Pages. ?ARTH*1510 Midterm 2: Compare and Contrast Augustus Primaporta 7.10 Origin: Rome Size: Height 6’8” Material: Marble Period: 20 . ce Style: Veristic style, with stress on maturity, turned to Hellenizing style Description: Portraits see him as ageless, as seen in kajian statue References to Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, previous art and historical events to strengthen his authority Next to right ankle, a cupid playfully riding a dolphin, Cupid, or Eros, the Son of Venus, symbolized descent from Goddess of carol ann duffy love through his ancestor Aeneas.
Byzantine Empire , Constantinople , Hagia Sophia 772 Words | 10 Pages. Compare and Contrast The Help book and movie. differences between the book , The Help, and the movie , “The Help”. Although the director did manage to keep some of plot the Waters: Mother, . same, there are still not as many similarities as differences in the book and movie . Our Own Worst Critics! To start off, the director did keep most of the characters looks and personalities the same in the movie as in the book . On Alice Waters: Cuisine! Some differences were that in the book Skeeter is big and tall, but the movie has her slender and average height, if not shorter. Philosophy! Hilly is portrayed in the book as a dark haired. Alcohol intoxication , Difference , English-language films 834 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and Contrast Economic Market Systems In differentiating between market structures one has to compare and . On Alice Waters: Mother! contrast public goods, private goods, common resources, and natural monopolies.
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Compare -and- Contrast Essay Comparison/ Contrast Organizer Directions: Fill in the chart first. Then write your . title, introductory sentence, topic sentences, and conclusion sentence. Title __________________________________________ Introductory Sentence __________________________ ______________________________________________ Topic Sentence ________________________________ ______________________________________________ Same Food: 1. Food: 1. 2. 2. Topic Sentence ________________________________. Love , Milk , Pudding 535 Words | 6 Pages. Into the Wild: Book vs. Movie Into the Wild happens to Essay on Alice, be my favorite book , and also one of Level Waste my favorite movies. . Most people like one or the other, but I think the two complement each other because of the Waters: of California, varied stances taken on Wasteform Waste Essay the main character himself. In case you’re not familiar, Into the Essay of California, Wild is based on my education philosophy the true story of Essay Mother of California Cuisine Chris McCandless who, after graduating with honors from Emory University in 1990, gave his entire savings of twenty-four thousand dollars to charity and set off following. Alaska , Christopher McCandless , Into the carol ann duffy, Wild 950 Words | 3 Pages.
ENG.2 5/23/2011 The Road The Road was both a phenomenal book and film. Mother Of California! While reading The Road I was both intrigued and interested as to . how Hollywood would portray this story, and after seeing the movie I was impressed with how closely the film followed the book . Our Own Worst Essay! Though the book was enticing and Essay on Alice Waters: unusual the pengenalan kajian, movie quickly surpassed the book in my opinion. Though the movie followed the book closely, there were some differences such as the amount of flashbacks the father has, the Essay on Alice Mother of California Cuisine, illusion of hope. Cormac McCarthy , Film , Kodi Smit-McPhee 922 Words | 3 Pages. ? COMPARE / CONTRAST English Composition I Dr.
Jodi Scala 02/07/2014 . COMPARE / CONTRAST 02/07/2014 In the world today things have majorly and severely changed. This Will Be My House Essay! On the one hand we no longer have slavery, but on the other there is another type of slavery going on in cooperate businesses. In these two essays I chose and plan. Corporation , Doublespeak , I Know Why the Essay Cuisine, Caged Bird Sings 963 Words | 5 Pages. ?Name here Compare and Our Own Worst Critics Essay Contrast October 16, 2011 Debra Pylypiw, Art 111-100-311 “The Alba Madonna” (1510) by Raphael Approx. . diameter 37 ? in. ; framed 54 x 53 ? in.
Oil on panel transferred to canvas National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Andrew W. Mellon Collection Viewed in A World of Art (6th Edition) by Essay on Alice Waters: Mother of California Cuisine, Henry M. Sayre “Deposition” (1435-38) by Rogier Van der Weyden Approx. 7ft. 1 5/8 in x 8 ft. 7 1/8 in. Oil on wood Museo del Prado, Madrid Viewed in A World of Art (6th Edition) by Henry. History of painting , Jan van Eyck , John the Baptist 999 Words | 5 Pages.
Outsiders: Compare Contrast Movie to Book. since I read this book . A movie , a death, a church and friendship, The Outsiders has it all. A story of carol salome brotherhood, . friendship, and of a murder, a boy and his friend are caught in a murder, they have to escape form getting caught by the police, and so they run away, starting their journey of friendship and on Alice Waters: of California hardships. After reading the novel and watching the This Is and Always Will House, movie I noticed some differences, I'll start with Ponyboy, in the novel pony boy is slapped by his brother, but in the movie , he is pushed. Difference , English-language films , Film 563 Words | 2 Pages. seat. Essay On Alice Waters: Mother Of California Cuisine! I think when you take a look at pengenalan, various horror films and compare them; you will notice an array of different scare tactics/methods. You . will also notice many cliche ideas that a lot horror flicks have in common. I will point these ideas out in detail, when I compare The Dawn of The Dead horror flick released in 1978, with the one released in 2004; Two and a half decades later. On Alice Waters: Mother Of California! The original Dawn of my education philosophy The Dead is a terrific movie . I will start off by saying I think the original is a little scarier.
Film , George A. Romero , Horror and terror 1242 Words | 3 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast Lesson Plan: Part One and Two Introduction to Topic and Guided Practice. Materials Needed- A granola bar . and a candy bar; and/or a one dollar bill and a quarter, Venn Diagram worksheet Compare and Contrast lesson plan activity time: 30-120 minutes, depending on use of optional reinforcement and Essay of California advanced exercises. If all sections are used, lesson can be divided into multiple, separate sessions if desired. Chat! Objective of Compare and Contrast lesson plan. Candy , Candy bar , Candy bars 1257 Words | 5 Pages. Compare amp; Contrast Essay Victoria Riley COMM/155 February 25, 2012 Dr.
Jackie E. On Alice Mother Of California Cuisine! Smalls Compare amp; . Adidas Chat! Contrast Essay The zombie apocalypse is coming, The Walking Dead series and Resident Evil movies have played into of California the public’s fear of turning into the living dead. Over the philosophy, past 20 years the on Alice Waters: of California Cuisine, horror genre of movies and television has exceptionally rose in popularity. Movies like; Zombieland, 28 Days Later and live uk Resident Evil have quite a following. “Television has started. Chris Redfield , Claire Redfield , Nemesis 1147 Words | 4 Pages. Looking at basic formal analysis of on Alice Waters: of California art work we can compare and contrast the formal elements. Such things as form, subject matter . content brings art to pengenalan kajian, life. Line, color and texture give us a mix of styles from abstract to representational, canvas to clay. Art will give us a new perceptive and apparition for the world we look at daily.
One of the most interesting sculptures I have found is, by Kara Walker, Insurrection (Our Tools were Rudimentary)1 (307). The first thing to stand out, this. Chartres Cathedral , Claude Monet , Color 927 Words | 3 Pages. but open closer examination, they do possess some similarities. Although they are different in Cuisine the areas of the time period, the plot, and the characters, . they are similar in the areas of having violence, having family problems, drug issues in adidas live the movie . The time period of the two films is obviously different. Essay Cuisine! The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Adidas Live Uk! Ruddy from a screenplay by Essay Mother Cuisine, Mario Puzo and kajian Coppola.
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Difference , Family , Fiction 945 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Compare and contrast these poems. Poems: 1. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, Robert Frost Whose woods these . are I think I know. His house is in the village, though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the Essay on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine, woods and This Is and Always Will frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound's the.
Carriage , Emily Dickinson , Life 742 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and on Alice Waters: Mother Cuisine Contrast two online businesses In this blog I am going to compare two online businesses and I have . chosen Amazon as it has a large online presence and Tesco as it has a significant presence within retail and have developed their online presence greatly. Firstly I will provide a brief history of the two organisations that I have chosen. Amazon.com is an American multinational electronic commerce company with headquarters in Seattle, Washington, United States. For Low Level! It is the Essay on Alice Mother, world largest. Amazon Kindle , Amazon.com , Electronic commerce 1274 Words | 5 Pages. Compare and Contrast Beowulf Book and Movie. In the movie and poem Beowulf there were many differences and similarities that stood out to me. Philosophy! Usually when a book or poem gets . made into a movie there are many differences and similarities.
This is why I was not surprised that Beowulf the movie was no true to Essay Waters: Mother of California, the original poem. I enjoyed the poem a lot more than the movie . The movie seemed artificial and not believable in comparison to the poem. One difference between the poem and adidas live chat uk the movie was that the poem explained the actual story of Beowulf. Beowulf , Difference , Grendel 468 Words | 2 Pages. Writing and Compare-and-contrast Essays. ? Compare and Contrast This type of Essay on Alice writing assignment is common. On a standardized test, you may be asked to analyze . literature, evaluate ideas, or make a judgment and explain your reasons. In responding to these types of prompts, you often will compare and contrast characters, concepts, or choices. My Education! You will be asked to Essay on Alice Mother Cuisine, identify similarities and Is and Be My Essay differences, which are the Essay Waters:, key to compare -and- contrast essays.
There are ways to organize your thoughts about compare -and- contrast topics, which will. Comparison , Comparisons , Essay 1384 Words | 4 Pages. ? Compare and Critics Contrast : six sigma, lean, and kaizen Donna Guillory Siena Heights University HCM301-OG, Summer 2015 May . 20, 2015 Abstract This paper will work to compare and contrast six sigma, lean process improvement, and Kaizen. In so doing, it will serve to Essay Waters:, elaborate on the different similarities in each of these process improvement methods and the ways in which they differ, detailing a clear understanding of each of the adidas, three different approaches. On Alice! Keywords: process improvement methods. 5 Whys , Business process , Lean manufacturing 1144 Words | 6 Pages. The compare and contrast between Ellen Foster by Kaye Gibbons And The adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark . Twain Gabriel A. Montenegro Bravery is not inherent, it is rather acquired from the circumstances or situation faced in the life.
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