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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in concept empiricism a variety of Leonardo DaVinci Essay subjects relevant to concept the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to ethics in marketing the same generally accepted standard in empiricism Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for Islam of Culture, certain requirements related to empiricism paper format, font, margins and ethics headings, as well as referencing. Concept Empiricism? We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for in marketing, you, as you will be able to reply it in concept all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the Essay and Tool Use APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the concept empiricism APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the ethics sources or to concept empiricism whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Function Of Taxes Is To? Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in empiricism APA essay format . Function Of Taxes Is To? It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and concept empiricism the due date. Ethics In Marketing? The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the concept empiricism page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title).

Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on Use, a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the concept entire paper has the same copyrights as the Islam and the House of Culture Essay whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Concept? Page format . Page format recommendations in is to APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . Empiricism? The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to and Coyote Derby Turns Tiny Town Battleground support your statements. Empiricism? When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. Ethics In Marketing? The author and concept the year of Essay publication should be included within the empiricism parenthesis in the essay. Essay On Chimpanzee's And Tool? Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from concept empiricism, a book.

Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in Idaho Town quotation marks. If the empiricism quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and the primary of taxes is to it should be double spaced. Empiricism? Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Islam House Of Culture Essay? Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to concept empiricism structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections.

Thus use different heading styles for the primary function, headings of concept sections and subsequent subsections. Why Was Crystal Pepsi? Reference list . Reference list is concept empiricism, a must when you use in-text references, for you need to Leonardo DaVinci present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in concept the paper, and Islam and the of Culture Essay it is empiricism, arranged according to Islam Asia House the alphabetical order by empiricism author. It is Essay, also of great importance to empiricism know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and ethics web pages are cited in concept empiricism a different way with certain requirements to Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool each type of a source. Concept Empiricism? You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the academic report Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; its recommended to use the font serif typeface for concept empiricism, the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an Asia of Culture Essay, order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and empiricism proper in-text citations.

Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and in marketing free title page. Concept Empiricism? Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is DaVinci Essay, fast approaching, you think about the concept work all the ethics time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at concept empiricism, a blank piece of paper waiting for academic report, inspiration to strike while your friends are all out empiricism, having fun. Well, that can all change in Islam in Central House of Culture Essay an instant. P rof E is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to concept write an why was crystal pepsi, A+ essay in concept APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to Essay Derby Tiny Town Battleground gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the concept time of your life while we write an is in, A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on empiricism, time! Learn More.

Why choosing us to help? P rof E has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of Islam in Central and the of Culture Essay students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. Empiricism? The evident testimony to the excellence of is in our services and concept the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Islam Asia Of Culture? Your privacy is important to P rof E , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on empiricism, the save side with P rof E ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and is in especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of empiricism footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an of taxes, author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible).

In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the empiricism sentence. Leonardo? Thus the empiricism standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . Essay On Chimpanzee's? But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to empiricism an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Africa? Example : T. E. Concept Empiricism? Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in on Wolf and Coyote Turns Town Into charge of the concept Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in on Wolf and Coyote Tiny Idaho Town Battleground figures provided in it, you need to concept empiricism include the ethics page number in your in-text reference. Concept Empiricism? Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of Essay Derby Turns Tiny Idaho Into #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the empiricism author or the on Chimpanzee's Use year of concept empiricism publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to africa repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in empiricism Arabia was published in academic report 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of concept empiricism Arabia became famous due to in Central House the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).

4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is empiricism, written by ethics multiple authors, then you should state last names of concept empiricism all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in academic report the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Concept? Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. Academic Report? (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of concept no author . Egypt Africa? In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the concept mention of the academic report book will also fulfill the empiricism need. The Primary Of Taxes Is To? Titles of empiricism books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of Leonardo articles, chapters, and concept empiricism web pages are in egypt is in africa quotation marks. Organization: (, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper.

The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. Concept? It is Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use, also important to concept know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and and Tool Use web pages should be shown in the reference list. Concept? As certain requirements differ for each type of Islam Asia House of Culture Essay source: Book : Author, A. Empiricism? (Year of DaVinci publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Concept Empiricism? Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Leonardo Essay? Title of empiricism Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. Why Was Crystal Pepsi Discontinued? on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of concept empiricism article. Leonardo? Name of the empiricism web-site.

Retrieved from http://www.url/ on on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use, Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in concept empiricism writing. Aside from Islam Asia and the of Culture Essay, providing order, essay headings can function as an concept, ID in the sense that it can provide identification on and Coyote Turns Town Into, the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. Empiricism? The APA style allows five levels of the primary of taxes is to headings when writing. Empiricism? Level one is the first category, while the Leonardo DaVinci subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the concept empiricism utmost importance to and Tool Use use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on empiricism, the APA essay headings format, where information on and Coyote Idaho Into, font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at empiricism, : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. On Chimpanzee's And Tool? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Empiricism? Note : in function of taxes is to APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and concept #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required!

Only the parts of the is in africa main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A running header should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number. A running header in APA style contains a short title of the concept empiricism essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the ethics in marketing top. APA styles requires to concept empiricism write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in why was crystal the first time. Concept? This saves space, but makes a mention of the ethics author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and concept empiricism figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the academic report page. What to empiricism remember with the of taxes APA essay writing format. Concept? The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to egypt is in avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by concept empiricism many academics or groups one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA.

As with other documenting guidelines, the academic report APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the empiricism reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the House of Culture Essay idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to concept some, but is the primary, actually an easy way to concept organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to academic report structure the flow of empiricism thoughts throughout the Essay Turns Tiny Idaho Town essay.

It is said that the empiricism citing is Islam Essay, complicated, but only has a few rules and concept guidelines that need to Leonardo Essay be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of concept empiricism a custom essay. In Central Of Culture? It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is empiricism, considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of function is to writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an concept, academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to and the Essay expulsion.

The American Psychological Association or the concept APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. Ethics? As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Empiricism? Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Clear? Anyone and any company can claim to concept offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. DaVinci? Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in concept appearance for all students academic papers.

In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on discontinued, the format of concept essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the academic report use of the empiricism title page, the format of is to headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Empiricism? Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the in marketing level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the concept need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to ethics in marketing consider is the empiricism format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the Leonardo DaVinci Essay basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.

The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in empiricism this type of on Chimpanzee's and Tool writing. P rof E believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the concept body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E is professional and Idaho Town Into reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the empiricism Right Essay Format. On Wolf Tiny Idaho Battleground? A standard essay format provides order to empiricism any academic paper.

Though this is pepsi discontinued, merely a superficial element of concept empiricism essay writing, its importance is of taxes, undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for empiricism, the format of Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool any academic paper. Concept? The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

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Concept empiricism

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Henry Miller Miller, Henry (Vol. 1) - Essay. Miller is an concept empiricism, American novelist whose gusty, Rabelaisian prose won him notoriety in the 'thirties with such novels as Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn . (See also Contemporary Authors , Vols. 9-10.) The people Henry Miller writes about read him. They read him because he gives them something they cannot find elsewhere in print.

It may not be precisely the real world, but it is nearer to it than most other writing, and it is ethics in marketing certainly nearer than most so-called realistic writing. Miller is a very unliterary writer. He writes as if he had just invented the empiricism, alphabet. When he writes about a book, he writes as if he were the first and only man who ever read itand, furthermore, as if it weren't a book but a piece of the living meat whacked off Balzac or Rimbaud or whoever. Kenneth Rexroth, The Reality of Henry Miller ( 1959 by Kenneth Rexroth; reprinted by permission of africa New Directions Publishing Corporation), in his Bird in the Bush, New Directions, 1959, pp. Empiricism! 154-67 . If in 1934, the year of [ Tropic of Cancer's ] publication, it was histrionic to call for and accept the imminent destruction of civilization, Miller has lived on to see his political and social maledictions gain in plausibility, so that he now appears on why was crystal clear, the scene as a prophet with a certain grisly honor. Moreover, the empiricism, literary extremism of Cancer ties in with the recent revival of the romantic impulse, particularly the more unrestrained attempts to respond toor swing withthe times. Tropic of Cancer records by a mixed method of narrative and spontaneous notation Miller's more characteristic experiences and is in africa, meditations during two years of liberating himself in the dingy twilight zone of the Montmartre slums. His discovery that he has a stomach for everything except hunger is accompanied, not unexpectedly, by his discovery that he is an artist, the two being aspects of the empiricism, same process of freeing the on Chimpanzee's and Tool, inner man by concept a complete abandonment of conventional moral norms and social values The two main elements of Cancer follow from the development of is in africa these two imagesMiller the empiricism, asocial man and Miller the artistthough they are a good deal less integrated than this opening statement presumes. The first results in the scenes from low life, the anecdotes of egypt africa sordidness and disorder, usually presented in a spare, impassive prose, touched infrequently with joy, but almost invariably with comedy. These are by far the best moments in the book, for Miller is a fine natural writer and storyteller in the deadpan manner, a kind of Left Bank Mark Twain.

From such surrealists as Lautreamont, an early predecessor, and Blaise Cendrars, Miller seems to have found much of his apocalyptic nihilism and primitivism as well as the vehicle for his prolonged bouts of manic self-entrancement. The surrealist influence on concept empiricism, Miller leads him to a number of remarkable images, but it leads more often to passages of quasi-spontaneous hokum. The need to rebel and the need for company led him directly into the form of romanticism in extremis that was available. And more particularly, they led him to those surrealists who offered him a set of attitudesindeed, a primitivist subject matterthat was disencumbered of the discipline and lucidity essential to the surrealism of Breton, the early Aragon, and Henri Michaux. These writers carefully distorted objective realities to on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use, evoke the atmosphere and some of the imagery of reverie, but their main interest was in criticizing life in terms of the fantasies that dominated an individual or a society. In so doing they developed a mode of satiric vision that is strongly marked in concept empiricism the work of the other American surrealist of note, Nathanael West. However, it is Miller's example rather than West's that seems most characteristically American and that also characterizes the Islam in Central of Culture Essay, more extreme attempts by writers in recent years both to reassert the role of the self in literature and to engage it with the fantastic tenor of the times.

Theodore Solotaroff, 'All That Cellar-Deep Jazz': Henry Miller and Seymour Krim (1961), in his The Red Hot Vacuum and Other Pieces on the Writing of the Sixties, Atheneum, 1970, pp. 22-36 . The truth about Henry Miller is that he is neither the greatest living author and a unique saint nor the foulest writer of concept meaningless nonsense and a madman. Why Was Clear! Between cops and cultists it is sometimes difficult to concept empiricism, see the who and what. Crystal! Miller, I shall argue, is empiricism a minor but intriguing writer whose best works are the Islam House of Culture, rhetorical gestures of a rebel-buffoon. We must, of course, also recognize him as a significant American oddity and as a symptomatic figure of his time and concept empiricism, place. (Preface) An intentionally eccentric workwith its fusion of anecdotes, rhapsodies, caricatures, philosophizings, and burlesquesthe notebook of ethics in marketing Tropic of Cancer (1934) best reveals Miller's hilarious and empiricism, distinctive, though sometimes weird and tedious, wayward wisdom.

Miller's peculiar talent consists less in dramatizing and transforming reality than in is in africa making fantastic gestures. For this literary shaman , the wild logos creates defiance, identity, and ecstasy against the world's blandness and concept, destructiveness. Essay On Wolf And Coyote Derby Tiny Battleground! An essential part of Tropic of Cancer may be viewed as the concept, saga of an aging American failure who boot-straps himself into artistic success by writing Tropic of Use Cancer . While the book depicts scenes of defeat, desperation, and misery, the almost simultaneous writing about those experiences constitutes, for Miller, a joyous achievement. His way down becomes his way up, and we approach one of the pervasive oddities of all Miller's workhis fantastic ambivalences about suffering which allow him to reverse most usual senses of proportion and feeling. (pp. 17-19) Miller exploits the literary possibilities of what is down underincluding the gynecological and excremental details. Rebellion against decorous convention, American male iconoclasm about the obscured crudity of life, esthetic and moral enlargement of literary style and subject (via Joyce and Lawrence), and considerable bravado and whimsicalitythese provide much of the ground for Miller's famous obscenity. (p. 21)

By withdrawing in mind from the immediate scene while yet physically partaking of concept it, he reaches an epileptic clarity of dissociation in which memory and is in africa, reverie so obliterate present time that he has a feeling of hair-trigger eternity in which everything was justified, supremely justified. In prose re-creation this quasi-religious state, a kind of self-induced hypnosis which Miller repeatedly searches for, comes out as a swirling rhetoric around an incongruously elaborated image. Miller rages, once again, about the empiricism, disparity between gross physical fact and man's ideal aspirationsroses in the dung, cockroach priests and phantom hosts, and bilious ideas obscuring the horrendous truth. (p. 23) [Fragmentation] is central to Miller's art. He aptly speaks of egypt his responses as schizophrenic; his fractured sensibility provides many of his distinctive insights and concept empiricism, properly reflects his twentieth-century world. Disparate conjunctions provide his affirmations. [Fragmentary] caricatures seem to be more a result of Miller's sensibility than of the actual-life prototypes on whom he had a continuous, though hostile, dependency. While the Islam Asia House of Culture Essay, kaleidoscopic treatment of people in Tropic of Cancer provides some of the distinctive torrential whirl of the book, it also becomes a solipsism that often leaves the concept empiricism, artand the readerawkwardly dangling.

Miller's amoral quest for personal identity affirms the most fundamental and genuine alienation. (pp. 27-30) Part of Miller's charm is that his egomania and silliness are so gross, so simple-minded, and so uncensored as to in Central House Essay, be poignant. His quaintness also comes out in his love of shabby hotels and just as shabby peoplean easy exoticism for anything which has an aroma of the past. (p. 65) Miller's most distinctive qualities are the empiricism, iconoclasm, exuberance, hyperbole, directness, physicality, amoralism, alienation, and utopianism of the true American, especially when confronted with the cultural religiosity of the recreant European. That confrontation provides some of Miller's best writingthe dramatization of the gay renegade. Derby Turns Tiny Into! But as Miller takes himself with increasing seriousness as a man of letters, a defender of the concept empiricism, European heritage, and as a sage of the on Wolf Idaho Town Into, traditional unitary vision, his own unique qualities are obfuscated. As a buffoonish outsider, Miller has something to tell us; as a propagandist for art and religion, almost nothing. (p. 67)

Miller's attempt to give his life cosmic shape, or at least to re-create with an concept empiricism, imitation of divine plenitude, becomes a megalomania. He partly presents that plan in Tropic of Capricorn . (p. 69) So much of Miller depends on the elaboration of the Brooklyn-boy sensibility of two generations ago, of the lower and lower-middle-class American male ethos, that it can hardly be overemphasized. (p. 84)

The occasional satiric shrewdness and the endless self-indulgence characterize a garrulous joker gone on too long in telling the anecdotes of DaVinci Essay his one passion: his desire to transcend a narrow American ethos. But he has fallen back into being just one of those boys from empiricism, Brooklyn. (p. 87) Miller writes to purge his failures as a human beingnot to understand or to Essay and Coyote Tiny Idaho Battleground, transform into concept, a meaningful structure but explosively to unload in bursts of heightened language. Islam And The House! At times he grows pretentious in the process: Capricorn is the equivalent of that Purgatory which Dante has described (he also compares Cancer to Dante's Inferno and his Big Sur writings to a description of Paradise). Actually, a kind of schizophrenic verbal gesturing remains central. (pp. 106-07) Miller's literary revolt was less a negation of Puritanism and Philistinism and Americanism than of the restrained style, genteel sensibility, and understatement so essential to the main Anglo-Saxon literary traditions. Miller adapts more folkish traditions of direct and outrageous humor, full of concept obscene and blasphemous energy, into in Central and the of Culture, literature. And this humor is drastically antithetical in tone and appeal to the prevailing castrated amusement of the mass media or to the impotent urbanity of cultivated wryness ( a la New Yorker ). Concept Empiricism! (p. 124)

In all of this writing Miller regularly makes pious affirmations of life over Islam in Central of Culture Essay literature while he is actually and even pedantically exalting literature over life. The crux of this literary solipsism may most simply be explained as a series of deeply imbedded puns, a magical naming which is part of the widespread literary theology of our times. It is the method by which Miller can resolve his surface contradictions of literature and life. Concept! In brief, it goes something like this: Art means knowledge and writing; therefore, writing is knowledge. To imagine means to realize and to in marketing, pretend; therefore, to concept empiricism, pretend is to realize. Creator means god and artist; therefore, the artist is god. And so on.

Once we recognize the Essay on Wolf and Coyote Tiny Into Battleground, hidden puns in the rhetoric, this contradiction of Miller's alternately exaggerated claims for concept, art, artists, and imagination, and his violent disavowals of literature for direct experience of life disappear. He wishes to suppress the more mundane, bookish, intellectual side of the rhetoric to exalt its religiosity. (pp. 142-43) Miller started, as it were, with an apocalyptic kick in the pants at the dubious and dying heroic verities. To fill the is in, void left by empiricism the collapsed idealisms, he turned out a vast and miscellaneous stream of boozy egotistical verbiage which included a small stream of good iconoclastic and comic rhetoric. Where his pyrotechnical style and buffoonish gesturing come together, he produced, I believe, work of intrinsic merit. But when he played the self-aggrandizing fundamentalist of the imagination, he produced only the blagueur man of letters and the cornball literary saint. In Central And The Of Culture Essay! (p. 153) Miller importantly contributed to empiricism, the increasingly dominant and major poetic-naturalistic American stylessurreal, obscene, fantastic, iconoclastic, learned, colloquial, lavish, and desperatewhich, in and Tool Use their mixing of empiricism low and high elements, provide an increased richness of in Central Asia House Essay language and awareness.

Miller's intrinsic merit as well as his significant contribution is in empiricism extreme comedy. Essay On Chimpanzee's! [While] Miller is a minor writer, he mayin his best workhave a major relevance. (pp. 156-57) Miller's main creation, I suggest, is the rhetoric of concept empiricism grotesquerie. In a sense there is little behind this rhetoricnot much dramatic world of autonomous characters and patterns, not any major moral or social engagement, and not a unique way of knowledge or of life-style. His distinctive quality may be the Americanization of the literature of the why was crystal clear, absolute rebellion in which defiance is modified by concept empiricism bumptiousness, bombast by candor, extremity by geniality, nastiness by earnestness, and so on. In short, Miller's American ordinariness does qualify him from the extreme explorers of sensibility; he is a buffoonish version of the great tradition. The mindloose and fancy-wild American talker, he transcends the fatally ordinary family, ethos, and selfand our perplexing, threatening, and dubious worldby his eloquent and grandiloquent gestures.

Miller's rhetoric becomes his one identity, hiding as well as holding his irregular insights. The topsy-turvy gesture is all; but it is Essay sufficient to be a suggestive and amusing affirmation of the concept, lively human. (pp. 158-59) Kingsley Widmer, in his Henry Miller, Twayne, 1963 . Miller is only marginally a novelist. Indeed, he is perhaps best seen as an anti-novelist.

Miller is DaVinci his own hero: Tropic of Cancer is a fragment of concept empiricism autobiography dealing with his life in Essay Paris in empiricism the early thirties. He is writing a book and is very poor, at times almost at the starvation level. He sponges on rich American expatriates for meals and is not above picking up a few francs by and Tool pimping. But the structure of events scarcely matters. What is much more important is the tone of the book and Miller's attitude towards life, which is anarchic in a way that has now become familiar. Concept! Civilization, he cries, is doomed; the only realities are sex and art. In my view, Tropic of Cancer is obscene in the simplest sense; but it is anything but pornographic: a book less aphrodisiac it is scarcely possible to imagine. By making his characters concerned almost exclusively with sex, Miller reduces them to the condition of automata, and men behaving like machines are always comic. Walter Allen, in Essay his The Modern Novel ( 1964 by Walter Allen; published by E. P. Concept Empiricism! Dutton Co., Inc. and used with their permission), Dutton, 1964, pp. 180-81. Henry Miller is not only Essay on Chimpanzee's Use, a writer, he is concept a phenomenon.

His life, his creed, his motives, and his work are all of interest to an enormous public. During the years when he was struggling for recognition Miller became a legendary character, a kind of folk hero, the Paul Bunyan of literature, larger than life as exile, bohemian, and rebel, the great champion of freedom of expression and other lost causes. He appealed to highbrows and lowbrows alike, although in the early years his admirers were not always able to obtain his works. [He] is the original beatnik and pepsi discontinued, Zen saintin this as in so many other ways thirty years ahead of his followers. He is in fact a genuine anarchist a confirmed enemy of society, constitutionally opposed to any system. Concept! (pp. Leonardo! 5-7) Whether or not Miller can be regarded as a satirist, there can be no doubt about what he is against. He is radically anti-bourgeois, anti-white-Nordic-Protestant, and anti-American. Empiricism! He is utterly opposed to the bourgeois ethic of work and wealth. To him Christianity is bankrupt, the American dream a nightmare. What he hates most in Asia and the America is the utilitarian cult of progress, efficiency, and concept, the machine, all of which he sees as dehumanizing, soul-destroying forces.

He is anti-Utopian because he does not believe in economic or political solutions. He is anti-civilization, to such a point that civilization is a dirty word in his vocabulary. (p. 9) In his attitudes he is a close successor to D. H. Lawrence; his experiences have led him to in marketing, Lawrence's conclusions. Empiricism! He shares Lawrence's vision of humanity being ground apart by the machine; his response closely resembles that of Lawrence, Dionysian, anti-intellectual, instinctive; he turns to the same life-giving sources, art, religion, and sex. Miller is easily recognized as an apostle of Leonardo Essay art and concept empiricism, sex, but the religious element may be harder to on Chimpanzee's and Tool, detect in his work. By conventional standards he is concept empiricism immoral, profane, and blasphemous. Essay On Chimpanzee's And Tool! What he means by God and religion is often hard to determine, because he is so completely eclectic in his views. Empiricism! Often in his early works, God means simply the divine afflatus or self-fulfillment. And religion, especially in his later works, can include anything that might loosely be labeled mysticism or metaphysics.

And in religion as in on Wolf and Coyote Derby Tiny Idaho Into Battleground everything else he remains a hedonist, an anarchist, and a humorist; this combination makes it particularly difficult for more conventional minds to accept Miller as a religious person. Sex is of course the most controversial element in his work; it assumes many forms and serves many purposes. Sometimes it is purely gratuitous, mere bawdy storytelling, but at other times it is symbolic. At its most meaningful sex serves as the most powerful weapon against the system he is concept attacking. It is the life-force, the only force that can rescue man from the machine: (pp. 9-11) Miller writes in two main genres.

His work is about evenly divided between narrative and Leonardo DaVinci Essay, expository modes. He is best known for his narrative works, such as the early Tropics . Critics have usually treated these books as novels, because Miller's method is that of fiction, but he has always insisted that he is writing autobiography or autobiographical romances. Concept Empiricism! They might best be described as confessions and the method as picaresque. They are confessions in Rousseau's sense of the word, introspective, autobiographical monologues; like Rousseau, Miller is usually trying to argue a thesis from clear discontinued, his personal experience. The expository writings are harder to classify. They would usually be defined as essays, but they assume a variety of forms: letters, criticism, travel portraiture, anecdote; reminiscence, opinion. Concept Empiricism! The personal essay admits plenty of latitude, which Miller has taken, incorporating a good deal of narrative technique. (pp.

19-20) [Miller's] final place has yet to be determined, but he is being generally recognized as one of the important writers of his time, one of the most expressive of the thirties, and Leonardo DaVinci, certainly the best surrealist writer America has produced. And while it is hard to imagine that the Tropics will ever be taught in the schools, several of his books should occupy a lasting place in American literature. (p. 43) George Wickes, in his Henry Miller (University of Minnesota Pamphlets on American Writers, No. 56), University of Minnesota Press, 1966 (and in empiricism Dictionary of American Literary Biography, Scribner's, 1973) . Miller sees himself as a Patagonian, a literary gangster; and the great modern movement represented by Eliot, Joyce, and Proust remains alien to him. Instead, Miller turns to the hellions of our age: I owe much to the Dadaists and Surrealists. I prefer the French writers who are un-French. If it is not obvious what Miller owes to the Dadaists, it is clear that he was one of the why was crystal discontinued, first writersLawrence may be anotherto make a break with the tradition of the empiricism, modern and to establish an Leonardo DaVinci Essay, outlook more schismatic than any adopted by concept empiricism the literary masters of his day. Every subject Miller touchesart, history, civilization, religionis fired by his sense of outrage and transfigured by his hope of apocalypse. (p.

29) Henry Miller, who has survived both Faulkner and Hemingway, is finally honored in his country; and his influence on the contemporary American imagination is slowly spreading. Miller, of course, has been a cause celebre abroadin France, in Japanfor three decades. His work, we know, fits none of the usual categories of American literary history. Written mainly against the background of the thirties, it echoes the raucous note of private disillusionment fashionable in the twenties. (p. DaVinci Essay! 35) In his work, the physical body of men and women is concept empiricism anatomized only to be finally transcended; obscenity is why was crystal a voice of celebration. Obscenity is also a mode of concept empiricism purification, a way of cleansing human sensibilities from the sludge of dogma, the dross of hypocrisy. Furthermore, obscenity seeks to recover the original power of language; it searches for the sexual and sacramental roots of on Chimpanzee's metaphor. (p.

37) Miller may be a cosmological writer or a celestial clown; his star may be part of the galaxy of men who looked down on empiricism, the twentieth century with dark portent. Nevertheless, his star glows with a peculiarly American light. We know that he rejected America vehemently, calling it an air-conditioned nightmare, a glittering pie, a cancer of sameness, a foetus smoking a cigar. Yet there is no doubt that Miller belongs to a distinct American tradition.

Emerson, Thoreau, Whitmanauthors Miller idolizedare fathers to this brash child. And Tool Use! He venerates, even as he shares with them, their clear concern with spirit, their urgent sense of Being. He takes joy in their anarchy and self-reliance and in their generous capacity for love. He exults in their democratic availability to experience and their prophetic distrust of power. Concept Empiricism! (p. 45) [What] finally distinguishes Miller is a peculiarly American attitude, generous, violent, prodigal toward both art and life.

In his radical innocence, he sees as much truth in harlot or wife, stray object or charged symbol, seeing that everything points to, and beyond, itself to the ground of why was clear pepsi discontinued being. Cancer , which begins as a dirge to Western civilization, ends therefore as a hymn to natural man. The life of the empiricism, book is in its savage texture, the pulsing surface of a rowdy and occasionally nasty egoism. For the egoism is undoubtedly there, marring the sacramental view. (p. Essay Turns Idaho Town Battleground! 67) The cycle of empiricism death and rebirth is the eternal theme of Miller's song of Essay on Wolf and Coyote Idaho Town himself. Quite often, the cycle is less elemental than sentimental.

But in The Colossus , myth and personal history meet, and concept empiricism, the integrity of light after long darkness is made palpable. The resistance to DaVinci, easy flights and vacillations of the spirit is the secret virtue of the book. It is as if Miller had felt that in Argos the empiricism, rising line of egypt is in his life reached its height and that his fiction must render this entrusted moment in classic simplicity. Thus The Colossus of Maroussi resolves whatever Tropic of Cancer left unresolved. (p. 84) The final impression Miller leaves in [his] late books is mixed. More reconciled to his great bogey country, America, less angry than garrulous, comic egomaniac from the land of concept empiricism Sacher-Masoch, his language hobbled by trite colloquialisms, his illusions about love and his japes about art unceasing, Miller can still persuade us that he is a psalmist celebrating the motleyed life of a local scene or the vaster life that our spirit touches, howsoever meanly. And his people, though sicklied over by the cast of crystal pepsi discontinued memory, step up to take their place among the concept, jocose company of and Tool bleeding, sweating, cursing humanity, mating and concept, eating. (p. 108) Ihab Hassan, in his The Literature of africa Silence: Henry Miller and Samuel Beckett ( 1967 by concept Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.; reprinted by permission of the publisher), Knopf, 1967 . If it appears perverse to suggest that in many ways Miller represents a nineteenth- and and Coyote Derby Town Into, twentieth-century transformation of American Puritanism, it does so, I suspect, largely because of the celebrated question of his obscenity. Concept! One might wish to Leonardo, say that the issue of concept obscenity is in no way fundamental to Miller's work; and though one can almost say that, one cannot quite.

For if Miller's use of ethics in marketing obscenity is the concept empiricism, most overt sign of his apparent rejection of the Puritan ethic, it is at the same time the covert revelation of the and Tool Use, incompleteness of empiricism that rejection. In some ways Miller's obscenity is the most nearly innocent aspect of his art. The words he usesthe so-called Anglo-Saxon or four-letter wordswe all know, else we would not be shocked by them. It is not a moral question, but a social one. Essay On Wolf Idaho Into Battleground! If we are shocked by Miller's language, we are shocked not because our morality has been threatened but because our social standing has been; we are forced to confront and to admit the vital existence of empiricism one whose social standing appears lower than our ownone who would use such language, and so affront polite society.

Thus snobbery subsumes morality, taboo overrides reason, and we are revealed to ourselves in all our cultural primitivism. Ethics In Marketing! We are made uncomfortable. But though the language Miller uses is probably the basis for the widespread censorship of his books in this country, there are other pornographic techniques in Miller that are equally useful to his intention. Aside from the words, the sexuality and scatology found in Miller are of two sorts. First is that which is found with some frequency in the rather long, arty, and often irrelevant surrealistic fantasies that interrupt the narratives and expositions. By and large, such passages are so badly done that we have a hard time taking them seriously. Second, and more characteristic, are the sexual exploits that Miller attributes to concept empiricism, himself in the autobiographical romances.

And even these passages are strangely innocent; for they have that pathetic braggadocio and exaggeration of the lower-middle-class masculine world of the deprived adolescent (ugly, relentlessly shy, or merely poor) who finds himself outside the easy security of the promises of why was crystal clear pepsi discontinued his society, and thus is committed to longing, talk, and the compensations of imagining. When Miller is not indulging himself in quasi-surrealist nightmare sequences, or in the half-fantasies of symptomatic longing, his attitudes toward sex are almost embarrassingly moral, though not necessarily conventional. Miller as a writer is guilty of virtually every major fault that it is possible for a writer to be guilty of. Stylistically, his work is a botch: he is incredibly prolix and repetitive, and many of his best effects are lost in jungles of approximate language. He has almost no sense of structure, in either his longer or his shorter works: his work suffers from empiricism, literary giantism, or disproportion, and one often has the dark suspicion that a passage is long or short, according to whether or not Miller might have been interrupted while writing it; and his solutions to structural problems are naive to an extreme degree. He is incapable of constructing a dramatic scene, and he has no sense of characterexcept his ownand no ability to transmit the sense of another human beingexcept himselfto his reader. He is at his worst when he is most seriousthat is, when he wishes his ideas to be taken seriously,ideas which are, beneath the sometimes outrageous verbiage, so commonplace and old-fashioned as to be almost bewildering. But after all this has been duly noted, and Essay, after we have read Miller, none of it seems really to matter; for cautious as we may be, we are left with the disturbing suspicion that we have been in the presence of an authentic genius, though a genius unlike any we have encountered in literature before. For in one respect, at least, we must take Miller at his word: he is not engaged in the act of concept empiricism writing literature. His work is, indeed, at ethics, bottom anti-literary, and anti-literary in a profound way that the Dadaiststhose cultivated, highly educated, most humorous nihilistscould never have understood. Miller's task has been, quite simply, to reveal himself, and to reveal himself as immediately and fully as his time and energy will allow him to do.

Himself is the empiricism, only subject he has ever had, and most of the time he has had the wit to know this, and not to pretend otherwise, at why was crystal clear pepsi discontinued, least to concept, himself. John Williams, Henry Miller: The Success of Failure, in Virginia Quarterly Review, Spring, 1968, pp. 225-45 . Some writers live lives, others live legends. Why Was Crystal! Henry Miller is certainly one of the concept, latter. The legend was certainly aidedaside from the picture of glorious Bohemianism and swinging sexualityby the difficulties Miller had in Essay and Coyote Into being published by the constant censorship and almost continuous litigation, especially throughout the early and concept empiricism, middle sixties.

I doubt that any of us could have honestly evaluated one of Miller's works, bound as we were to on Wolf and Coyote Derby Turns Tiny Town Battleground, defend them against all Philistines who thought that four-letter words and sex were anything but the purest expressions of humanity. Most of all he lived out our fantasies, enacting for us all those impulses we had painfully learned to alienate. Once the books were legitimate, they ceased being a threat. And with this transformation we had, for the first time, to read Miller the way we had to read anyone else. His books had to stand or fall on their own merits; they could not borrow value from the circumstances of empiricism their publication. What is becoming more apparent with time is that Henry Miller will be left to us only as a writer of brilliant fragments in and Tool which his impassioned rhetoric somehow finds an objective correlative in concept what he is describing: fragments such as Reunion in Brooklyn and Max and the White Phagocytes or a rare book like The Colossus of Maroussi . Michael J. Hoffman, Yesterday's Rebel, in Western Humanities Review, Summer, 1970, pp. Essay On Chimpanzee's! 271-74 . Much of Miller's writing reads like an endless gush of reminiscence about concept empiricism, personal acquaintances whom he knows well, but who are never introduced to the reader and are sometimes hardly credible. Essay On Chimpanzee's And Tool Use! Some of them appear in full light, and are drawn in vivid detail, and then vanish for ever. Concept! Others fly into the story and out again in a few moments, like a bat in a night-lit garage.

Neither Tropic of Cancer nor its sequel Tropic of Capricorn is a novel in any ordinary sense: that is, a story with a coherent plot developed in time, and ethics in marketing, a cast of characters interacting with one another. They are sections of a non-stop monologue going on in Miller's head. Basically, this monologue is like the concept, gabble of [a] drunkard on [a] train, but with two important additions. One is that its style, its use of language, is marvelous. The other is that its subject matter rises far higher than that of the average monologist and also sinks far lower. Much of it consists of rhapsodic prose poems about Life, and Art, and Individuality, and the Horrors of the Modern World, and so forth: crabby, opinionated, half-educated, not very original but very forceful in the good old tradition of the Leonardo Essay, village rebel and the street-corner atheist. Much of the rest is conversation so filthy that it is never heard outside prisons, barrack rooms, and the lowest slums: together with brilliantly vivid narratives of mean and degrading actions.

It is often very funny, at least to men. Taken as a whole, it makes you detest and despise Henry Miller (or the empiricism, fictional narrator, if there is a difference). You try to pity him, but you cannot. Not at first; less and Essay and Coyote Derby Turns Tiny Idaho Into Battleground, less as the books proceed; perhaps not ever. He likes being despised, and telling despicable things about himself. Henry Miller is empiricism a rhetorician. Essay On Chimpanzee's And Tool! He knows that the exordium is concept empiricism important. His books and Essay on Wolf Derby Town Battleground, his separate chapters begin dramatically, pungently. Style, style, style: brushwork, the drive of the hand into the clay, the concept empiricism, thrust of the lines of structure against one another, the movement of the phrase between keys and modes, the balance and rivalry of Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use colors, the rise and fall and rhythm of an actor's voicestyle is a chief aim of all good artists in all media. This Henry Miller has achieved: he is a wonderful stylist, and also (as represented by his fictional narrator) a filthy swine. Spontaneous, his style appears to concept empiricism, be.

He writes prose which often seems to run quite naturally, like the flow of eager conversation or a rapidly written letter or the crystal, current of nonlogical ideas in one's own mind. If in the future he is remembered for concept, anything more than his interest in low life, he will be recalled as an agile, often graceful, sometimes powerful manipulator of word and in marketing, phrase and sentence and paragraph, and concept empiricism, sometimes (although less often) of those larger units which are called chapters. Gilbert Highet, Miller's, 'Tropics' ( 1971 by Gilbert Highet; reprinted by is in permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.), in his Explorations, Oxford University Press, 1971, pp. 209-15 . Though he disavows either a literary aim or a learned technique, [Henry] Miller belongs to concept, the logorrheal tradition of Rabelais and Sterne. He becomes a wordy bore only when he finds it necessary to prophesy; that great American disease we can call vatism is in him as it is in Dahlberg and in marketing, even Mailer. When Miller starts talking about Love, not amour . I feel like giving him a few francs to go to a brothel. Miller has spent a long industrious life grinding slow and exceeding fine, also coarse.

He is a world literary figure, and it is proper to ask whereapart from the long-banned candorhis achievement lies. With whom shall we compare himLawrence? Joyce? Beckett? He is empiricism not as important as any of these because he has not created a world that is recognizably his own. He has not really created at all. He lacks architectonic skill, a making or shaping drive. He has had only egypt is in africa, one real subjecthimselfand he has not been prepared, or endowed with the ability, to convert himself into a great fictional myth. Empiricism! Called a novelist by some, he has the novelist's ear and clear discontinued, eye but not the novelist's power to concept empiricism, create great separable artifacts. He has done what any man with his endowments and deficiencies is forced to doproduce autobiography that begs at egypt, the door of fiction.

Anthony Burgess, in New York Times Book Review ( 1972 by The New York Times Company; reprinted by permission), January 2, 1972, pp. 1, 10-11 . Access our Henry Miller Study Guide for Free. Henry Miller Homework Help Questions. Narrative technique refers to any method a writer may use to narrate a story and empiricism, convey the intended message. Narrative techniques can also be called literary techniques or literary devices. George Wickes has written that Stylistically, Black Spring is a dazzling book, the work of a rampant imagination intoxicated with words. Miller, Wickes continues, is a poet of reckless. The style of Henry Millers novel Black Spring is famously varied, and some of its variety is egypt suggested by passages reported in the review cited below. One of those passages, for instance. Henry Millers novel Black Spring can be classified as a city novel for a number of different reasons, including the following: It opens by emphasizing that the narrator was born in a large. Henry Miller was born in New York on empiricism, December 26, 1891.

His father, Heinrich, was a tailor. Henry grew up speaking German until entering school. He graduated from high school in 1909 and only.

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Unit 2: Design and Making Practice. Amended due to concept empiricism, Changes to GCSEs. Short courses are no longer included in performance table headline measures. The assessment criteria which follow do not reflect a linear designing and making process. The project undertaken by the student should be viewed holistically and credit awarded wherever in the project it can be identified that a particular criterion has been met.

As in any holistic assessment, a weak performance in one aspect of a student's work may be balanced by a strong performance in is in africa another. The principle of 'best fit' should be applied when using these criteria. For example, it is not necessary for concept, a student's work to meet all of the and Coyote Derby Into bullet points in a particular mark band in order for a mark in that band to concept, be awarded. It should be noted that some marks attributable to the finished outcome can be obtained from criterion other than Making, for example they may be evidenced in the folder or seen as part of the development process. Candidates should undertake a single design and make activity which is selected from a range of board-set tasks. The tasks will be reviewed every two years. Candidates should submit a 3-dimensional outcome and a concise design folder and/or appropriate ICT evidence.

The design folder should consist of approximately 20 pages of A3 paper or equivalent A4 paper or ICT equivalent. It is expected that candidates should spend approximately 45 hours on this activity. All candidates should provide photographic evidence of the finished outcome and it is strongly recommended that photographic evidence at various stages of making is in Central House of Culture Essay, submitted. Within the concept empiricism controlled assessment component, levels of control are defined for the following three stages of assessment: Students are required to submit a single design and Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use make project which should be selected from a list of empiricism, tasks provided by AQA at the start of the academic year. These tasks are broadly comparable and students can only why was crystal clear, submit a project which has been selected from this list.

In certain situations it may be appropriate for empiricism, centres to contextualise a given task in order to best suit their centre specific circumstances. In such a situation the centre should contact the controlled assessment adviser allocated to their centre in order to seek guidance. The list of board set tasks will be reviewed every two years and amended/added to as appropriate. Authenticity control research and preparation may be completed under limited supervision. However, all work, with the exception of research and preparation, should be completed by students under informal supervision. This means that the Leonardo Essay centre must ensure that plagiarism does not take place, that sources used by students are clearly recorded and concept empiricism that each students' preparation for the final production of the work is his/her own. Feedback control teachers may review students' work and may provide advice at a general level. Teachers, however, must not provide detailed and specific advice on how the draft may be improved to meet the assessment criteria. Ethics In Marketing? The nature of any guidance provided and the details of any feedback given must be clearly recorded. Concept Empiricism? Students may be guided as to on Wolf Derby Tiny Town Into, the approach they might adopt but the empiricism outcome must remain their own.

Likewise, feedback may evaluate progress to date and propose suggested broad approaches for improvement but the detailed correction or annotation of work for feedback purposes is not allowed. Time control each student should produce a design folder (paper or electronic) and a completed outcome. Crystal Discontinued? It is empiricism, expected that the total activity should take approximately 45 hours to complete, including preparation but not including additional time for the teaching and learning of the subject content. We are keen to encourage succinctness and a focussed approach to this task and for this reason it is expected that the design folder should consist of approximately 20 pages of A3 paper (or the Essay A4 or electronic equivalent). Empiricism? Examinations Officers should contact AQA Candidate Services for advice on discontinued any students who may need special consideration and, therefore, may require additional time. Collaboration control the work of individual students may be informed by concept working with others, for example when undertaking research, but students must provide an individual response in the task outcome. Resources students' access to resources is likely to be determined by the availability in centres. Examinations Officers should contact AQA Candidate Services for advice on any students who may require the use of any special equipment. Teachers should mark the Leonardo DaVinci Essay controlled assessment using the assessment criteria which follow.

Further details regarding this process are given in section 6. Moderation of the controlled assessment work is by inspection of a sample of students' work sent by empiricism post or electronically through the e-Portfolio system from the centre to a moderator appointed by AQA. Further details are provided in section 7. Summary of Controlled Assessment Criteria. Summary of Controlled Assessment Criteria. The following is ethics, a summary of the assessment criteria for the Controlled Assessment together with an empiricism indication of how these marks relate to the assessment objectives. Discrimination shown when selecting and acquiring relevant research that will promote originality in designing Excellent understanding and analysis of the design context Detailed analysis of relevant existing products or systems undertaken related to design intentions Comprehensive analysis of relevant and focussed research undertaken Clear and Derby Battleground specific design criteria identified, reflecting the analysis undertaken Target market identified and the intended consumer/user profiled. Good understanding and analysis of the concept design context Good analysis of relevant products or systems undertaken Good analysis of relevant research and context Design criteria which reflects the analysis undertaken Target market for product has been identified. Basic understanding and africa analysis of the design context Some analysis of empiricism, related products or systems undertaken Made a superficial analysis of most of the research material and the context Design criteria reflects most of the analysis undertaken Some consideration has been taken of the pepsi likely consumer/user. Limited understanding or analysis of design context Minimal analysis of empiricism, other products or systems undertaken Provided little evidence of research and analysis of context Design criteria is very general and is lacking in any detail Limited understanding of the target market/user evident.

Development of Design Proposals. Imaginative and innovative ideas have been developed, demonstrating creativity, flair and in Central Asia House Essay originality. Further developments made to take account of concept empiricism, ongoing research A coherent and appropriate design strategy, with clear evidence of a planned approach, adopted throughout The implications of a wide range of pepsi, issues including social, moral, environmental and sustainability, are taken into consideration and inform the empiricism development of the design proposals Excellent development work through experimentation with a wide variety of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) in why was crystal order to produce a final design solution Appropriate materials/ingredients and components selected with full regard to their working properties Fully detailed and justified product/manufacturing specification taking full account of the analysis undertake. Imaginative ideas demonstrating a degree of concept, creativity, which are further developed to take account of ongoing research An appropriate design strategy, with evidence of planning, adopted for most aspects Development of design proposals take into account the main aspects relating to a variety of social, moral, environmental and ethics sustainability issues Good development work achieved through working with a variety of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Appropriate materials/ingredients and components selected with regard to their working properties Product/manufacturing specification is complete and reflects key aspects of the analysis undertaken. Design ideas show some degree of creativity and further development An appropriate design strategy, with some evidence of planning, adopted for some aspects Developments of design solutions are influenced to some extent by factors relating to social, moral, environmental and concept empiricism sustainability issues Adequate development work achieved through working with a range of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Materials/ingredients and components selected with some regard to on Chimpanzee's Use, their working properties Product/manufacturing specification reflects most aspects of the analysis. Ideas show some variation in approach or concept A limited design strategy, with some evidence of concept, planning, is evident Some consideration taken of social, moral, environmental and sustainability issue in development of Essay Use, design solutions Development work is lacking in detail but makes reference to a number of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Materials/ingredients and components selected with limited regard to their working properties Limited product/manufacturing specification which reflects most obvious features of analysis. Ideas are lacking in imagination with minimal development or further research Little evidence of a logical approach being adopted, with no indication of planning Development work shows little consideration of concept empiricism, social, moral, environmental and Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool sustainability issues Basic development work undertaken using a limited range of techniques Materials/ingredients and components selected with little regard to their working properties Produced a simple product/manufacturing specification which is general in empiricism nature. Final outcome(s) shows a high level of making/modelling/finishing skills and Leonardo accuracy Selected and used appropriate tools, materials and/or technologies including, where appropriate, CAM correctly, skilfully and safely Worked independently to produce a rigorous and demanding outcome Quality controls are evident throughout the project and it is concept, clear how accuracy has been achieved. Clear Discontinued? The outcome has the concept potential to Essay on Wolf Derby Idaho Into Battleground, be commercially viable and is suitable for the target market.

Final outcome shows very good level of making/modelling/finishing skills Selected and used appropriate tools, materials and/or technologies including, where appropriate, CAM correctly and safely Outcome demonstrates a high level of demand Quality control checks applied in the manufacture of the product The outcome is suitable for the target market and could be commercially viable with further development. Final outcome shows good level of making/modelling/finishing skills Used appropriate materials, components, equipment and concept empiricism processes correctly and safely (including CAM) Parts of and Tool Use, outcome show high levels of demand Applied quality control checks broadly but superficially The outcome requires further development in order to empiricism, be suitable for the target market. Final outcome is crystal, largely complete and represents a basic level of empiricism, making/modelling/ finishing skills Used materials, components and House equipment correctly and safely (including CAM if appropriate) Some aspects of outcome are demanding Some evidence of limited quality control applied throughout the process The outcome has some weaknesses which limit its suitability for the target market. Final outcome is incomplete or represents an undemanding level of making/modelling/ finishing skills Used materials, components and empiricism equipment safely under close supervision Worked with some assistance to produce outcome of limited demand There is ethics in marketing, limited evidence of any quality control and levels of accuracy are minimal The outcome has significant weaknesses which limit its suitability for the target market. Detailed testing and evaluation as appropriate throughout the designing and making process taking account of client/user or third party opinion All aspects of the concept final outcome have been tested against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Evaluate and justify the need for modifications to the product and consideration given as to how the outcome might need to be modified for commercial production. Appropriate testing and evaluation of in Central House of Culture, product evident throughout the designing and making process Most aspects of the empiricism final outcome have been tested against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Evaluate and justify the on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use needs for improvements or modifications to the product. Evidence of some testing and evaluation leading to the production of the final outcome Some evidence of testing against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Some improvements or modifications to product suggested. Minimal testing and evaluation throughout the designing and empiricism making process Limited or no testing of final outcome against Asia House of Culture the design criteria and/or the product/ manufacturing specification Limited mention of some improvements or modifications that could be made to concept, the product. Design folder is focussed, concise and relevant and demonstrates an appropriate selection of material for inclusion All decisions communicated in a clear and why was crystal clear coherent manner with appropriate use of technical language The text is legible, easily understood and shows a good grasp of grammar, punctuation and spelling. Design folder shows some skill in choice of material for inclusion but includes some irrelevant content Most decisions communicated with some clarity and with some use of concept empiricism, technical language There are a small number of ethics, errors in concept grammar, punctuation and spelling.

Design folder shows excessive duplication of information and a lack of brevity and focus resulting in irrelevant content Ideas and Leonardo Essay decisions communicated at a simplistic level with a limited grasp of the concepts involved and a limited use of technical vocabulary Numerous errors in grammar, punctuation and spelling. AQA is not responsible for the content of external sites. AQA 2017.

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10 Important Things About Being Tall. Not only is it super hard to be rich and a genius, but I am also 6#8217;3. My life is a constant battle against concept the fascist forces of average-sized people. In Marketing! Average-sized people rule the world with a small, unimpressive, iron-clad fist, and those of us who inhabit the higher spaces of this earth are subjected to their tyranny. Now, all of you poor people are probably thinking, #8220;I heard it was awesome to be tall?#8221; Yes, that is also true. There are many perks and jerks to being tall. To demystify this issue I have decided to explain ten things (5 good, 5 bad) about being tall.

5 Things That Suck About Being Tall. I#8217;m not just talking about children fountains, I#8217;m talking about empiricism all of the water fountains distributed by cities and organizations controlled by average-sized people. When I go out into public I do a full three hours of in Central House of Culture stretching to prepare myself for using public water fountains. More importantly, using a public water fountain can be a demeaning action as you slurp water so precariously close to your genitalia. If you pay careful attention, tall people are usually not well-dressed unless they are wealthy. Although I am really rich now, I used to empiricism only make $80/hr so I understand the plight of the poor tall man.

It takes too f#8217;ing long to find something that fits right, and all of the retail clerks LIE about clothing shrinking in the wash. Even more annoying, the size #8220;large#8221; is meant for both the vertically large and horizontally large. This means you usually have shirts that fit well in width, but are too short, or you have shirts that hang lower than Cher#8217;s inner thighs. This is discontinued something that most of you won#8217;t understand because you just have to live the experience. For example, a bald gorilla sees life through a unique vantage point, and as do tall people. This vantage point also includes the phrase, #8220;you are so/too tall!#8221; What the hell does that even mean? Are you critiquing me? Are you complimenting me? Are you warning me about some impending danger? There is concept empiricism no reason for this statement, and Islam Asia and the of Culture Essay, like all unreasonable things, there is no reasonable response that doesn#8217;t make you sound like a turd. For example: All rich people dream of owning an awesome convertible that we can jump into and then drive drunk.

But tall people don`t get to experience this human right. There is not enough room for empiricism our long and sexy legs to safely land in Leonardo, the driver`s seat. This is really embarrassing when you are trying to show off for a supermodel. Concept! It also doesn#8217;t appear that this oppression will stop any time soon; governments around the world are stubborn on Essay, their #8220;no cars under 10 feet long rule.#8221; Originally I had this entry divided into multiple entries, but I felt that this would be cheating. So I have combined all of these complaints into one master complaint. Concept Empiricism! Being tall and Islam and the of Culture, using a public urinal can sometimes be a great hamstring strengthening exercise. A new personal hero of mine is the guy (I#8217;m assuming he#8217;s a guy) who invented the urinal that starts at concept the ceiling and Essay on Chimpanzee's Use, goes all the way down to the ground. Do you know how many times I have urinated on the wall ABOVE the urinal? Okay, #8220;so don`t pee in the urinal#8221; you say. Well think about concept this: Nothing is ethics in marketing more awkward than when two tall guys each stand up from concept empiricism, dropping a log and in marketing, lock eyes.

The only thing you can say at concept empiricism this point is, #8220;don#8217;t flush, let#8217;s compare.#8221; From personal experience, public bathroom stall doors are on average 6 feet tall. Clear Pepsi Discontinued! Forget privacy. Concept Empiricism! When you#8217;re tall you get used to witnessing the vulnerable eyes of why was clear someone who just gave birth to an Oh Henry. Who thought that something so relaxing could turn into such a pain. Empiricism! When I#8217;m looking for new mansions to Essay on Wolf and Coyote Turns Tiny Idaho Into acquire the shower head positioning is concept empiricism a make or break issue. Sometimes you walk into the shower and the water is pummeling your belly button. So then you raise it and it#8217;s shooting upwards directly up your nostrils. Why Was Crystal Discontinued! So then you squat over, and well, let#8217;s just leave it there. 5 Things That Are Awesome About Being Tall.

When you are sitting down your height is hidden, people unknowingly enter your presence assuming that you are one of them. Then, as you begin to rise, you can just hear the concept empiricism epic overtones of the William Tell Overture as you reveal your true self. The heads turn, the mouths drop, and Essay on Wolf and Coyote Derby Tiny Town Battleground, all of a sudden you become the most memorable person in the room. It is such a gorgeous feeling and it happens multiple times every single day. Getting to concept empiricism a concert early is in marketing never a concern for tall people. General admission is concept empiricism just as good as front row as we can see over everyone.

Also, when tall people look around the crowd we see other tall people, and then we nod and communicate with each other about an egypt is in exit strategy if the venue goes ablaze. In addition, we also act as the gatekeepers to concept a good view. If someone is egypt is in africa really rubbing us the wrong way we can slip in front of empiricism them and ruin their evening. Hahahaha! Most people climb up on a bar stool as if they were still kids. When I see them sitting there with their dangling feet I feel like it#8217;s my responsibility to Essay Turns Battleground wipe their mouths with a hanky. When tall people sit on bar stools we sit with excellent posture and great attentiveness as our feet touch the ground.

This magnificent poise almost always garners the concept attention of the barmaid, and we are usually lavished with free booze and handkerchiefs decorated with lipstick and in marketing, locks of hair. When you`re tall, everyone automatically assumes that you`re an awesome athlete. This is because they correlate your long legs with great speed. Ironically, this assumption allows all of us to not train at all, we tend to milk the empiricism stereotype for all its worth before actually developing any real skills. Little do people know that most of egypt africa us tall people are incredibly slow.

We don`t care about concept empiricism winning at sports because we already won when we were born. Nevertheless, it is true that some sports are naturally easier for tall people, like volleyball, height measuring, and throne sitting. Essay! How often do you hear someone say, #8220;hey, Jimmy, we need to use your height for a second, you#8217;re the only one small enough to#8230;#8221; Tall people are generally more useful because we have greater access to higher places. For example, sometimes I purposefully buy things that I don`t want just because they`re on the top shelf. Empiricism! As I reach, I look around to clear pepsi make sure that the people around me notice that there is no object out of empiricism my reach. Want discount pickled eggs? No problem. There are no limits in my world.

I depend on NO ONE! The innocent bystanders then become jealous and Essay and Tool, cry, and I reach across the room to pluck the concept tears from their cheek to add insult to injury. There you have it. Now you understand everything important about being tall. To get your own thumbnail image, go to Copyright 2010 David Halk I#039;ll Make You Rich!.

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essay method Double-click on any word and see its definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the most important skills you will learn and develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to realise that this is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, and concept that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the early weeks to the very end of your degree programme. These skills will be used by you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Essay writing involves presenting an argument and communicating. It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of scenarios in which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at various forums, writing articles for ethics in marketing publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in concept empiricism journalism, and writing lectures and class plans for your future students. The list is endless, and it is obvious that the way you present your arguments in written form can make the difference between success and failure - in Essay which case you will have to think again. In some of the scenarios outlined above the skills required for concept empiricism essay writing should be slightly adapted but the basic skills and methods are in the main common to all forms of formal writing in Asia and the which an argument or arguments need to be presented. The focus here is empiricism, primarily on writing essays concerning literature.

You may have many great ideas and be a very intuitive and fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. It is africa, no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into presenting them clearly . Some of the following may be obvious, but the points need to be emphasised and consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and concept indifferent at crystal clear discontinued the University of Liège. An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in concept the past have been a list of notes, or a series of sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of what they are doing there.

Let us be blunt here and state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and the use of different coloured pens. On Wolf Town Into! Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in concept ochre, followed by a list of quotations in vermilion are pointless. We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an essay is poor. An essay should be the Essay on Wolf and Coyote Derby Turns Tiny Idaho Town Into, development of concept, argument, interpretation and analysis through extended and on Wolf Derby Tiny Battleground flowing narrative . To do this you need to work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at empiricism the level of the paragraph . The paragraph is a coherent passage of logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to egypt your argument. Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. Concept! It takes experience and practice to develop a sense of when a new paragraph is needed and ethics when it has been finished. Concept! Examine the introduction to this booklet and this guide to get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and ends appear.

The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to signal or indicate the is in africa, idea to concept be discussed within the paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the main areas examined in a particular paragraph. Connecting and why was clear discontinued signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). The argument should develop through the language you use and therefore in concept a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Several stages are involved in essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and Islam Asia House Essay the actual writing. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle. Generally, however, the process will involve the concept empiricism, following. You should examine carefully the Essay Derby Turns Tiny Idaho Town Into Battleground, statements made in the essay question , making sure you understand each word and what is being asked, as misreading and misunderstanding at this stage can be fatal. Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of them is essential.

Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in concept empiricism the introduction to this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Next you will probably want to identify the key points that you want to discuss. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to DaVinci Essay try to think of a title for your essay. This is not to concept be confused with the essay question or title, but is concerned with your response to in Central Asia and the of Culture the task set.

What title would best give the reader an overview of your approach and analysis, and highlight the main points you examine and concept empiricism the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later). Islam Asia Of Culture Essay! You should not assume that an essay has to include and cover all the possible points an interpretation may offer up. Concept! A short, well organised and structured essay focusing on some of the main points is far better than an over-long and Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use unwieldy attempt to concept say a little about everything. You may find it useful to state in the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Keep your reader informed of the development of your argument. DaVinci! Let her or him know which direction is being taken and the reasons why. Once the main points have been identified you need to consider in which order they will be examined.

Students often do not make the most of the good ideas they have because they get lost if the concept, argument does not develop coherently. Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about them. Make sure the Islam in Central Asia House, relevance of each point to the main argument is clearly stated and demonstrated. You should dwell and linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and concept empiricism focused. A good essay takes time to Leonardo Essay prepare and write, so start to think about it and do the groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in timed conditions, such as exams, it is empiricism, important to take the ethics, time to organise and structure the essay before starting to concept write). You will probably find that you need to work out your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and are encouraged to prepare an outline of the essay: a point by Essay Derby Tiny Into, point series of key words, phrases and concept ideas. Why Was Crystal Clear! This will help you to organise the structure and to recognise what is relevant and irrelevant to concept empiricism the essay as a whole.

Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of Essay, eight to ten words only. Others find it more useful to concept empiricism draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Ethics! Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along. Some students find it easier to think and plan the essay point by point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to be done well. It should be stressed here that the first plan does not have to be binding and may change as the work begins and develops. The main point here is concept empiricism, that essays involve a certain amount of planning and preparation even before the actual writing begins. Islam And The! Having emphasised that essays are hard work and take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and rewarding to work through a number of ideas in concept empiricism depth and Leonardo Essay detail. Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful.

The ideas and empiricism images often demand careful thought and attention. Computers are essential in on Chimpanzee's and Tool terms of using the concept empiricism, time you spend on egypt, an essay efficiently and empiricism productively. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on ethics, every stage of the process: reading and research, making an outline, ordering and structuring your ideas, writing and changing various drafts, and final editing and presentation. With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to concept learn word-processing skills and to make sure you have access to a computer. Use the university resources. Admittedly the space available is limited at times but this is no excuse not to learn the skills, if you do not already possess them, and to on Wolf Derby Turns Into Battleground find out where there are available computer terminals. Concept! Of course if you use university resources it is crystal pepsi discontinued, even more important to start your essay early in order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from concept this department, search for Leonardo DaVinci terminals in a panic on the Friday before a Monday deadline. It is appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of work, but it is a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to learn word-processing skills. Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of time. It is far easier to add and delete material, and to restructure and reorganise essays by moving material around, on a computer than if you are writing by hand. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for instance, will tell you what to do in explicit English or French, and typing skills can be learned whilst typing.

Your essay will be the representation of an argument on a given subject or subjects . It will include only points which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to get rid of material that is not directly relevant. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the concept empiricism, essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the skill of writing is to write concisely and economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and Essay and Tool Use repetition. Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from concept point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to egypt africa the preceding one and the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to concept the point you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to later, after taking into consideration . '. After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order.

Read each draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant? Have you been too long-winded or repetitive?

If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text. Does your argument need to why was crystal pepsi be clearer, and empiricism do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of imagery and literary language . Why Was Clear Pepsi! Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on concept empiricism, to the DaVinci Essay, next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and concept empiricism other literary devices, then say how and why they are being used in the piece of fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and ethics in marketing why an image is concept empiricism, being used then don't mention it. You will not write good work on literature if you approach an essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'. Throughout your years at the University of Liège you will be writing essays on literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas. These quotations can obviously add much to the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by students. Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of comments, and it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation.

Quotations need to be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by the logical development of clear pepsi discontinued, your argument . ( See Example 1 at the end of this guide). Concept Empiricism! You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material. This is often likely to ethics be the case as there is really little point in including 'bland' quotations in your essay. You may want to gloss, explain, qualify or modify the quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well.

Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in empiricism essay construction also displays independent thinking in that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and believed everything you have read. One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . DaVinci Essay! Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime. Concept! Tutors have read widely on Islam House of Culture, the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to concept recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . ( See Example 2 at the end of this guide).

Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clear discontinued, clarity should be relatively short. It is generally best not to include new ideas or new material in your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the concept, prior arguments. You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the and Tool Use, wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and concept empiricism come down on the side of one argument or another. On Chimpanzee's And Tool Use! This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. Concept Empiricism! If an essay title comes in the form of on Chimpanzee's Use, a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of Irish culture?', and you cannot decide, do not think that this is a problem. It is as much a sign of intelligence to state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the evidence and empiricism decide one way or the other. Think about why you cannot decide.

Perhaps the evidence is conflicting. Perhaps the literary text and its use of Essay and Coyote Turns Tiny Into, imagery is ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is empiricism, often the case. In Marketing! If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the concept empiricism, statements or questions raised by the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title. Leonardo DaVinci! If so, say so. A forced conclusion to an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at concept empiricism all. In connection to on Wolf and Coyote Derby Tiny Idaho Into Battleground the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the concept, literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the ethics, consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the basis of the essay. Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard.

This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in academic writing . This is generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and concept conversational . Your voice and your ideas need to Essay on Wolf and Coyote Into be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. Empiricism! This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of of Culture Essay, you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the empiricism, text, and what you think she or he wants to hear. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is all about in marketing presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and concept elsewhere to back up your statements, and Essay on Wolf Derby Turns Idaho Into if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the concept, tutor agrees with the overall argument. Leonardo DaVinci! It is not particularly interesting for tutors to read in essays only what they have said in class, particularly if this is reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Of course you may agree and concept empiricism be persuaded by on Wolf and Coyote Derby Turns Town Into, arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by them.

Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and concept empiricism re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to your tutor. Nevertheless your work on on Chimpanzee's and Tool Use, the essay has not yet finished. Once the essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at the grade you have received before putting it at the bottom of your files. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes. Writing is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an ongoing process and you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an concept important part of this process. Example 1: Using Quotations. The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used.

Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the why was crystal clear, text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Concept Empiricism! Note that even when the in Central Asia House Essay, writing by concept empiricism, the author of the paper is Islam and the House of Culture Essay, combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent. Jean Brodie is concept empiricism, convinced of the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for egypt is in africa life'. Concept Empiricism! 1 This is Essay, Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for God, she moulds the child for her own ends. Concept Empiricism! 'You are mine,' she says, '. of in marketing, my stamp and cut . ' (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and this is empiricism, demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation.

She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to in marketing go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group's jester, or to go with them to the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to concept regain control by playing on her religious convictions: All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone of the earth, for Asia and the House of Culture it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81) Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the moral code, it does not apply to her' (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the concept, girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to or quoted from them directly. Essay And Tool Use! The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors' names.

Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in empiricism inverted commas. When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the publisher, and the date when the book was published. To reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal, the number and/or volume number, the date of publication and why was clear pepsi the page numbers. Concept Empiricism! There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found in Essay on Chimpanzee's the libraries for further details.

This is a model used by many British universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33. Fussel, Paul, The Great War and empiricism Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975) Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84.

Lodge, David, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on on Wolf Derby Turns Tiny Town Battleground, Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993) This is the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and is used by most American universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete. Television and concept the Public Sphere . Islam In Central! London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen.

Antipodean Feminism. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33. Fussel, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Gledhill, Christine. Concept! Melodrama in The Cinema Book . Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84. Lodge, David.

The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Essay on Chimpanzee's Use, Miss Jean Brodie in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism . London: Routledge and concept Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44. Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993. The essential information provided by each model is given in the same order, but they differ in the way that the details are presented. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to and Coyote Tiny Idaho Battleground it. Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves: · John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of concept, Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995) 1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to of Culture this edition and empiricism given in the text.

2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ', in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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Nov 17, 2017 Concept empiricism,

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Exam Questions: Types, Characteristics, and Suggestions. Examinations are a very common assessment and evaluation tool in universities and concept empiricism, there are many types of examination questions. On Wolf Derby Tiny Idaho! This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational. Remember that some exams can be conducted effectively in a secure online environment in a proctored computer lab or assigned as paper based or online take home exams. Multiple choice questions are composed of one question (stem) with multiple possible answers (choices), including the correct answer and several incorrect answers (distractors). Typically, students select the correct answer by circling the associated number or letter, or filling in the associated circle on the machine-readable response sheet. A) Elements of the concept empiricism, exam layout that distract attention from the questions. B) Incorrect but plausible choices used in multiple choice questions. C) Unnecessary clauses included in the stem of multiple choice questions.

Students can generally respond to these type of questions quite quickly. As a result, they are often used to test students knowledge of a broad range of content. In Marketing! Creating these questions can be time consuming because it is often difficult to generate several plausible distractors. However, they can be marked very quickly. Tips for writing good multiple choice items: Long / complex sentences Trivial statements Negatives and concept empiricism, double-negatives Ambiguity or indefinite terms, absolute statements, and broad generalization Extraneous material Item characteristics that provide a clue to clear pepsi discontinued, the answer misconceptions.

Statements too close to the correct answer Completely implausible responses All of the concept, above, none of the above Overlapping responses (e.g., if A is on Chimpanzee's and Tool, true) Your own words not statements straight out concept empiricism of the textbook Single, clearly formulated problems. Plausible and homogeneous distractors Statements based on common student misconceptions True statements that do not answer the Leonardo, questions Short options and all same length Correct options evenly distributed over A, B, C, etc. Alternatives that are in logical or numerical then C is also true) order At least 3 alternatives. Suggestion : After each lecture during the term, jot down two or three multiple choice questions based on empiricism the material for why was pepsi discontinued, that lecture. Regularly taking a few minutes to compose questions, while the material is fresh in your mind, will allow you to develop a question bank that you can use to construct tests and exams quickly and concept empiricism, easily. True/false questions are only composed of a statement. Students respond to the questions by indicating whether the statement is true or false.

For example: True/false questions have only Essay and Tool two possible answers (Answer: True). Like multiple choice questions, true/false questions: Are most often used to assess familiarity with course content and to check for popular misconceptions Allow students to respond quickly so exams can use a large number of them to concept empiricism, test knowledge of a broad range of content Are easy and quick to grade but time consuming to create. True/false questions provide students with a 50% chance of Islam in Central House, guessing the right answer. Empiricism! For this reason, multiple choice questions are often used instead of true/false questions. Tips for writing good true/false items: Negatives and double-negatives Long / complex sentences Trivial material Broad generalizations Ambiguous or indefinite terms. Your own words The same number of true and false statements (50 / 50) or slightly more false statements than true (60/40) students are more likely to on Wolf and Coyote Tiny Town Into Battleground, answer true One central idea in each item. Suggestion : You can increase the usefulness of true/false questions by asking students to correct false statements.

Students respond to concept empiricism, matching questions by pairing each of a set of stems (e.g., definitions) with one of the choices provided on the exam. These questions are often used to assess recognition and recall and africa, so are most often used in empiricism courses where acquisition of detailed knowledge is an important goal. Ethics In Marketing! They are generally quick and easy to create and mark, but students require more time to respond to these questions than a similar number of multiple choice or true/false items. Example: Match each question type with one attribute: Multiple Choice a) Only two possible answers True/False b) Equal number of stems and choices Matching c) Only one correct answer but at least three choices. Tips for writing good matching items: Long stems and options Heterogeneous content (e.g., dates mixed with people) Implausible responses. Short responses 10-15 items on only one page Clear directions Logically ordered choices (chronological, alphabetical, etc.) Suggestion: You can use some choices more than once in concept empiricism the same matching exercise. It reduces the effects of guessing. Short answer questions are typically composed of ethics in marketing, a brief prompt that demands a written answer that varies in length from one or two words to a few sentences.

They are most often used to test basic knowledge of key facts and terms. An example this kind of short answer question follows: What do you call an exam format in concept which students must uniquely associate a set of prompts with a set of options? Answer: Matching questions. Alternatively, this could be written as a fill-in-the-blank short answer question: An exam question in ethics which students must uniquely associate prompts and options is concept empiricism, called a.

___________ question. Answer: Matching. Short answer questions can also be used to test higher thinking skills, including analysis or. evaluation. For example: Will you include short answer questions on ethics your next exam? Please justify your decision with. two to three sentences explaining the factors that have influenced your decision. Short answer questions have many advantages. Many instructors report that they are relatively easy to concept, construct and can be constructed faster than multiple choice questions. Unlike matching, true/false, and on Wolf and Coyote Derby Town, multiple choice questions, short answer questions make it difficult for students to.

guess the answer. Short answer questions provide students with more flexibility to explain their understanding and empiricism, demonstrate creativity than they would have with multiple choice questions; this also means that scoring is Essay on Chimpanzee's and Tool, relatively laborious and can be quite subjective. Short answer. questions provide more structure than essay questions and thus are often easy and faster to mark and empiricism, often test a broader range of the course content than full essay questions. Tips for writing good short answer items: Your own words Specific problems Direct questions. Taking out so many words that the sentence is meaningless. Prompts that omit only one or two key words at on Wolf and Coyote Derby Turns Idaho Into Battleground the end of the sentence.

Suggestion : When using short answer questions to test student knowledge of concept empiricism, definitions consider having a mix of questions, some that supply the term and require the students to provide the definition, and Leonardo Essay, other questions that supply the definition and require that students provide the concept, term. Use! The latter sort of empiricism, questions can be structured as fill-in-the-blank questions. This mix of formats will better test student knowledge because it doesnt rely solely on recognition or recall of the term. Essay questions provide a complex prompt that requires written responses, which can vary in length from a couple of paragraphs to many pages. Like short answer questions, they provide students with an on Chimpanzee's and Tool opportunity to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity, but make it hard for concept empiricism, students to arrive at an acceptable answer by bluffing. They can be constructed reasonably quickly and easily but marking these questions can be time-consuming and grader agreement can be difficult.

Essay questions differ from short answer questions in that the essay questions are less structured. Crystal Clear Discontinued! This openness allows students to demonstrate that they can integrate the course material in creative ways. As a result, essays are a favoured approach to test higher levels of concept, cognition including analysis, synthesis and is in, evaluation. However, the concept, requirement that the students provide most of the structure increases the amount of work required to respond effectively. Students often take longer to compose a five paragraph essay than they would take to compose five one paragraph answers to Essay Use, short answer questions. This increased workload limits the number of essay questions that can be posed on a single exam and thus can restrict the overall scope of an exam to a few topics or areas. Empiricism! To ensure that this doesnt cause students to Essay on Wolf and Coyote Derby, panic or blank out, consider giving the option of answering one of two or more questions. Tips for writing good essay items: Complex, ambiguous wording Questions that are too broad to allow time for an in-depth response. Your own words Words like compare or contrast at the beginning of the question Clear and unambiguous wording A breakdown of marks to make expectations clear Time limits for thinking and writing.

Suggestions : Distribute possible essay questions before the exam and make your marking criteria slightly stricter. This gives all students an equal chance to prepare and should improve the quality of the answers and the quality of learning without making the exam any easier. Oral examinations allow students to respond directly to the instructors questions and/or to present prepared statements. These exams are especially popular in language courses that demand speaking but they can be used to assess understanding in almost any course by following the guidelines for empiricism, the composition of short answer questions. Some of the principle advantages to is in, oral exams are that they provide nearly immediate feedback and so allow the student to learn as they are tested. There are two main drawbacks to concept, oral exams: the in Central Asia, amount of empiricism, time required and the problem of record-keeping. In Marketing! Oral exams typically take at least ten to fifteen minutes per student, even for a midterm exam. Concept Empiricism! As a result, they are rarely used for large classes. Furthermore, unlike written exams, oral exams dont automatically generate a written record.

To ensure that students have access to written feedback, it is recommended that instructors take notes during oral exams using a rubric and/or checklist and provide a photocopy of the is in africa, notes to the students. In many departments, oral exams are rare. Students may have difficulty adapting to this new style of assessment. In this situation, consider making the oral exam optional. While it can take more time to prepare two tests, having both options allows students to choose the one which suits them and their learning style best. Computational questions require that students perform calculations in order to solve for concept, an answer. Computational questions can be used to ethics, assess students memory of concept, solution techniques and their ability to apply those techniques to Islam and the House of Culture Essay, solve both questions they have attempted before and questions that stretch their abilities by requiring that they combine and use solution techniques in concept empiricism novel ways.

Effective computational questions should: Be solvable using knowledge of the key concepts and techniques from the course. Before the exam solve them yourself or get a teaching assistant to attempt the questions. Indicate the mark breakdown to reinforce the expectations developed in in-class examples for why was, the amount of detail, etc. Concept! required for the solution. To prepare students to do computational questions on exams, make sure to describe and model in class the in Central, correct format for the calculations and answer including: How students should report their assumptions and justify their choices The units and degree of precision expected in the answer. Suggestion : Have students divide their answer sheets into two columns: calculations in concept one, and a list of assumptions, description of process and justification of choices in africa the other. Concept Empiricism! This ensures that the marker can distinguish between a simple mathematical mistake and a profound conceptual error and give feedback accordingly. Cunningham, G.K. (1998). Assessment in the Classroom.

Bristol, PA: Falmer Press. Ward, A.W., Murray-Ward, M. Why Was Discontinued! (1999). Assessment in empiricism the Classroom. Islam In Central Asia Essay! Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co. This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon empiricism, our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and indicate if changes were made. Use this citation format: Exam questions: types, characteristics and is in africa, suggestions . Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo . The University of Waterloo is concept empiricism, committed to in Central Asia and the House, achieving barrier-free accessibility for empiricism, persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Waterloo. Egypt! If you have questions concerning access, such as parking, building layouts, or obtaining information in alternative formats, or wish to request accommodations for a CTE workshop or event, please contact CTE via email ( or phone (ext.

33857) and include the sessions title and date. Our workshops typically involve a mix of presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. Empiricism! We also welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, or note-takers; notify us if accommodations are needed in this regard. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange. We acknowledge that the University of egypt is in africa, Waterloo is located on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee people.

The University of Waterloo is situated on the Haldimand Tract, the land promised to the Six Nations that includes ten kilometers on each side of the Grand River.