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man scp resume duplicity [full|incremental] [options] source_directory target_url. duplicity verify [options] [--compare-data] [--file-to-restore relpath] [--time time] source_url. duplicity collection-status [options] [--file-changed relpath] duplicity list-current-files [options] [--time time] target_url. duplicity [restore] [options] [--file-to-restore relpath] [--time time] source_url. duplicity remove-older-than time [options] [--force] target_url.

duplicity remove-all-but-n-full count [options] [--force] target_url. duplicity remove-all-inc-of-but-n-full count [options] [--force] target_url. duplicity cleanup [options] [--force] [--extra-clean] target_url. If you are backing up the root directory /, remember to dr strangelove bomb --exclude /proc, or else duplicity will probably crash on the weird stuff in Islam Asia, there. duplicity /home/me sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir. If the above is run repeatedly, the first will be a full backup, and subsequent ones will be incremental.

To force a full backup, use the full action: duplicity full /home/me sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir. or enforcing a full every other time via --full-if-older-than time , e.g. a full every month: duplicity --full-if-older-than 1M /home/me sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir. Now suppose we accidentally delete /home/me and want to restore it the way it was at the time of last backup: duplicity sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir /home/me. Duplicity enters restore mode because the URL comes before the bomb, local directory. If we wanted to geothermal uk restore just the file Mail/article in /home/me as it was three days ago into /home/me/restored_file: duplicity -t 3D --file-to-restore Mail/article sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir /home/me/restored_file. The following command compares the latest backup with the current files: duplicity verify sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir /home/me. Finally, duplicity recognizes several include/exclude options.

For instance, the following will backup the root directory, but exclude /mnt, /tmp, and dr strangelove bomb, /proc: duplicity --exclude /mnt --exclude /tmp --exclude /proc / file:///usr/local/backup. Note that in this case the destination is the local directory /usr/local/backup. The following will backup only the /home and Sex discrimination Essays, /etc directories under root: duplicity --include /home --include /etc --exclude ’**’ / file:///usr/local/backup. Duplicity can also access a repository via ftp. If a user name is given, the environment variable FTP_PASSWORD is dr strangelove, read to determine the password: FTP_PASSWORD=mypassword duplicity /local/dir ftp://user@other.host/some_dir. The actions for backup (full,incr) and restoration (restore) can as well be left out "Einstein's Letter", as duplicity detects in what mode it should switch to bomb by the order of target URL and Sex discrimination Essays, local folder. Dr Strangelove Bomb. If the target URL comes before the local folder a restore is in troy, order, is the dr strangelove bomb scene, local folder before target URL then this folder is about to be backed up to the target URL.

If a backup is in order and old signatures can be found duplicity automatically performs an incremental backup. Note: The following explanations explain some but not all options that can be used in connection with that action command. Consult the OPTIONS section for more detailed informations. full folder url Perform a full backup. A new backup chain is started even if signatures are available for an incremental backup. incr folder url If this is requested an incremental backup will be performed. Duplicity will abort if no old signatures can be found. verify [--compare-data] [--time time] [--file-to-restore rel_path] url local_path Restore backup contents temporarily file by file and compare against Analysis "Einstein's Letter", the local path’s contents. Scene. duplicity will exit with a non-zero error level if any files are different. Sex Discrimination. On verbosity level info (4) or higher, a message for each file that has changed will be logged. The --file-to-restore option restricts verify to that file or folder.

The --time option allows to select a backup to dr strangelove bomb verify against. The --compare-data option enables data comparison (see below). collection-status [--file-changed relpath] url Summarize the status of the backup repository by Analysis Essay, printing the chains and sets found, and dr strangelove bomb, the number of volumes in each. list-current-files [--time time] url Lists the files contained in the most current backup or backup at time. The information will be extracted from the energy uk, signature files, not the archive data itself. Thus the whole archive does not have to be downloaded, but on bomb scene the other hand if the how tall, archive has been deleted or corrupted, this command will not detect it. restore [--file-to-restore relpath] [--time time] url target_folder You can restore the full monty or selected folders/files from a specific time. Use the bomb scene, relative path as it is energy uk, printed by dr strangelove, list-current-files . Usually not needed as duplicity enters restore mode when it detects that the URL comes before the local folder. remove-older-than time [--force] url Delete all backup sets older than the Asia and the House, given time. Dr Strangelove Bomb Scene. Old backup sets will not be deleted if backup sets newer than time depend on Analysis of Film Essay them. See the TIME FORMATS section for dr strangelove bomb scene, more information.

Note, this action cannot be combined with backup or other actions, such as cleanup. Note also that --force will be needed to delete the files instead of just listing them. remove-all-but-n-full count [--force] url Delete all backups sets that are older than the count:th last full backup (in other words, keep the last count full backups and associated incremental sets). count must be larger than zero. A value of 1 means that only the single most recent backup chain will be kept. Note that --force will be needed to delete the files instead of just listing them. remove-all-inc-of-but-n-full count [--force] url Delete incremental sets of all backups sets that are older than the count:th last full backup (in other words, keep only in Central and the of Culture Essay old full backups and not their increments). count must be larger than zero. A value of 1 means that only the single most recent backup chain will be kept intact. Note that --force will be needed to delete the files instead of just listing them. cleanup [--force] [--extra-clean] url Delete the extraneous duplicity files on the given backend.

Non-duplicity files, or files in dr strangelove scene, complete data sets will not be deleted. This should only be necessary after a duplicity session fails or is aborted prematurely. Energy. Note that --force will be needed to bomb scene delete the files instead of just listing them. --allow-source-mismatch Do not abort on attempts to use the same archive dir or remote backend to back up different directories. duplicity will tell you if you need this switch. --archive-dir path The archive directory. NOTE: This option changed in 0.6.0. The archive directory is now necessary in order to Sex discrimination Essays manage persistence for bomb, current and future enhancements. As such, this option is now used only to implementation change the location of the archive directory. The archive directory should not be deleted, or duplicity will have to recreate it from the remote repository (which may require decrypting the backup contents).

When backing up or restoring, this option specifies that the local archive directory is to be created in path . If the archive directory is not specified, the default will be to create the archive directory in. The archive directory can be shared between backups to multiple targets, because a subdirectory of the archive dir is used for scene, individual backups (see --name ). The combination of archive directory and and the Essay, backup name must be unique in order to dr strangelove scene separate the data of different backups. The interaction between the --archive-dir and the --name options allows for four possible combinations for the location of the archive dir: 1. Implementation Strategies. neither specified (default) hash-of-url 2. --archive-dir=/arch, no --name /arch/ hash-of-url 3. no --archive-dir, --name=foo. 4. --archive-dir=/arch, --name=foo /arch/foo.

--asynchronous-upload (EXPERIMENTAL) Perform file uploads asynchronously in dr strangelove, the background, with respect to volume creation. This means that duplicity can upload a volume while, at the same time, preparing the next volume for film review, upload. The intended end-result is dr strangelove bomb scene, a faster backup, because the local CPU and film review, your bandwidth can be more consistently utilized. Scene. Use of this option implies additional need for disk space in the temporary storage location; rather than needing to store only one volume at a time, enough storage space is required to store two volumes. --backend-retry-delay number Specifies the in Central Asia, number of seconds that duplicity waits after an scene, error has occured before attempting to repeat the operation. --cf-backend backend Allows the Sex discrimination, explicit selection of a cloudfiles backend. Defaults to pyrax . Alternatively you might choose cloudfiles . --compare-data Enable data comparison of regular files on bomb action verify. This is disabled by default for performance reasons. --copy-links Resolve symlinks during backup. Enabling this will resolve back up the symlink’s file/folder data instead of the symlink itself, potentially increasing the size of the backup. --dry-run Calculate what would be done, but do not.

perform any backend actions. --encrypt-key key-id When backing up, encrypt to how tall is dr jon lapook the given public key, instead of using symmetric (traditional) encryption. Can be specified multiple times. Dr Strangelove Bomb Scene. The key-id can be given in any of the formats supported by GnuPG; see gpg (1) , section HOW TO SPECIFY A USER ID for details. --encrypt-secret-keyring filename This option can only be used with --encrypt-key , and changes the path to the secret keyring for the encrypt key to filename This keyring is not used when creating a backup. If not specified, the is dr, default secret keyring is used which is usually located.

--encrypt-sign-key key-id Convenience parameter. Same as --encrypt-key key-id --sign-key key-id . --exclude shell_pattern Exclude the file or files matched by shell_pattern . Bomb Scene. If a directory is matched, then files under that directory will also be matched. See the FILE SELECTION section for more information. --exclude-device-files Exclude all device files. This can be useful for strategies, security/permissions reasons or if rdiff-backup is not handling device files correctly. --exclude-filelist filename Excludes the files listed in scene, filename, with each line of the filelist interpreted according to the same rules as --include and --exclude. See the FILE SELECTION section for more information. --exclude-if-present filename Exclude directories if filename is present. Allows the user to specify folders that they do not wish to backup by is dr, adding a specified file (e.g. .nobackup) instead of maintaining a comprehensive exclude/include list. This option needs to come before any other include or exclude options.

--exclude-older-than time Exclude any files whose modification date is earlier than the specified time . This can be used to produce a partial backup that contains only recently changed files. See the dr strangelove bomb, TIME FORMATS section for more information. --exclude-other-filesystems Exclude files on file systems (identified by device number) other than the file system the root of the Essays, source directory is on. --exclude-regexp regexp Exclude files matching the given regexp. Unlike the --exclude option, this option does not match files in a directory it matches. Dr Strangelove. See the Essays, FILE SELECTION section for dr strangelove bomb, more information.

--extra-clean When cleaning up, be more aggressive about saving space. For example, this may delete signature files for Sex discrimination, old backup chains. Caution: Without signature files those old backup chains are unrestorable. Do not use --extra-clean unless you know what you’re doing. See the cleanup argument for more information. --file-changed path This option may be given in collection-status mode, causing only path status to dr strangelove bomb be collect instead of the entire contents of the backup archive. path should be given relative to Sex discrimination the root of the directory backed up. --file-prefix, --file-prefix-manifest, --file-prefix-archive, --file-prefix-signature Adds a prefix to dr strangelove all files, manifest files, archive files, and/or signature files. The same set of film review, prefixes must be passed in on backup and restore. If both global and type-specific prefixes are set, global prefix will go before type-specific prefixes.

also A NOTE ON FILENAME PREFIXES. --file-to-restore path This option may be given in restore mode, causing only path to be restored instead of the entire contents of the backup archive. path should be given relative to bomb the root of the directory backed up. --full-if-older-than time Perform a full backup if an energy, incremental backup is scene, requested, but the latest full backup in the collection is older than the given time . See the TIME FORMATS section for more information. --force Proceed even if data loss might result. Duplicity will let the user know when this option is required. --ftp-passive Use passive (PASV) data connections. The default is to use passive, but to fallback to regular if the passive connection fails or times out. --ftp-regular Use regular (PORT) data connections. --gio Use the GIO backend and interpret any URLs as GIO would. --hidden-encrypt-key key-id Same as --encrypt-key , but it hides user’s key id from of Film "Einstein's Letter" Essay, encrypted file. It uses the dr strangelove bomb, gpg’s --hidden-recipient command to is dr obfuscate the owner of the backup.

On restore, gpg will automatically try all available secret keys in order to bomb decrypt the strategies, backup. See gpg(1) for more details. --ignore-errors Try to ignore certain errors if they happen. Bomb Scene. This option is only intended to allow the restoration of Sex discrimination Essays, a backup in the face of certain problems that would otherwise cause the dr strangelove bomb scene, backup to Sex discrimination Essays fail. It is not ever recommended to use this option unless you have a situation where you are trying to dr strangelove scene restore from backup and implementation strategies, it is failing because of an issue which you want duplicity to bomb scene ignore. "Einstein's Letter" Essay. Even then, depending on the issue, this option may not have an effect. Please note that while ignored errors will be logged, there will be no summary at the end of the operation to dr strangelove bomb tell you what was ignored, if anything. If this is used for and the House of Culture Essay, emergency restoration of scene, data, it is recommended that you run the troy, backup in such a way that you can revisit the backup log (look for lines containing the string IGNORED_ERROR). If you ever have to use this option for reasons that are not understood or understood but not your own responsibility, please contact duplicity maintainers. The need to dr strangelove bomb use this option under production circumstances would normally be considered a bug.

--imap-full-address email_address The full email address of the how tall is dr jon lapook, user name when logging into bomb, an imap server. If not supplied just the review, user name part of the email address is used. --imap-mailbox option Allows you to specify a different mailbox. The default is scene, INBOX. Other languages may require a different mailbox than the film, default. --gpg-binary file_path Allows you to force duplicity to use file_path as gpg command line binary. Can be an absolute or relative file path or a file name.

Default value is bomb scene, ’gpg’. "Einstein's. The binary will be localized via the dr strangelove, PATH environment variable. --gpg-options options Allows you to pass options to uk gpg encryption. The options list should be of the form --opt1 --opt2=parm where the string is quoted and dr strangelove, the only spaces allowed are between options. --include shell_pattern Similar to --exclude but include matched files instead. Unlike --exclude , this option will also match parent directories of matched files (although not necessarily their contents). See the FILE SELECTION section for more information. --include-filelist filename Like --exclude-filelist , but include the Sex discrimination, listed files instead. See the FILE SELECTION section for scene, more information. --include-regexp regexp Include files matching the regular expression regexp . Only files explicitly matched by jon lapook, regexp will be included by this option.

See the FILE SELECTION section for more information. --log-fd number Write specially-formatted versions of output messages to the specified file descriptor. Dr Strangelove Bomb. The format used is designed to energy uk be easily consumable by scene, other programs. --log-file filename Write specially-formatted versions of output messages to the specified file. The format used is designed to be easily consumable by other programs. --max-blocksize number determines the film review, number of the blocks examined for changes during the dr strangelove bomb, diff process.

For files 1MB the blocksize is a constant of geothermal energy uk, 512. For files over 1MB the dr strangelove bomb, size is geothermal, given by: file_blocksize = int((file_len / (2000 * 512)) * 512) return min(file_blocksize, globals.max_blocksize) where globals.max_blocksize defaults to 2048. If you specify a larger max_blocksize, your difftar files will be larger, but your sigtar files will be smaller. If you specify a smaller max_blocksize, the reverse occurs. The --max-blocksize option should be in multiples of 512. --name symbolicname Set the symbolic name of the backup being operated on.

The intent is to use a separate name for bomb, each logically distinct backup. Implementation Strategies. For example, someone may use home_daily_s3 for the daily backup of a home directory to Amazon S3. Dr Strangelove. The structure of the name is up to the user, it is only important that the names be distinct. The symbolic name is currently only used to affect the expansion of --archive-dir , but may be used for geothermal energy, additional features in the future. Users running more than one distinct backup are encouraged to use this option. If not specified, the default value is scene, a hash of the backend URL. --no-compression Do not use GZip to compress files on in Central and the of Culture remote system. --no-encryption Do not use GnuPG to scene encrypt files on remote system. --no-print-statistics By default duplicity will print statistics about the current session after a successful backup. Geothermal Energy Uk. This switch disables that behavior. --null-separator Use nulls (0) instead of bomb, newlines (n) as line separators, which may help when dealing with filenames containing newlines.

This affects the expected format of the files specified by the -- -filelist switches as well as the format of the directory statistics file. --numeric-owner On restore always use the numeric uid/gid from the Essays, archive and not the archived user/group names, which is the default behaviour. Recommended for restoring from live cds which might have the users with identical names but different uids/gids. --num-retries number Number of retries to make on errors before giving up. --old-filenames Use the old filename format (incompatible with Windows/Samba) rather than the new filename format.

--par2-options options Verbatim options to pass to par2. --par2-redundancy percent Adjust the level of redundancy in percent for Par2 recovery files (default 10%). --progress When selected, duplicity will output the current upload progress and dr strangelove bomb scene, estimated upload time. To annotate changes, it will perform a first dry-run before a full or incremental, and then runs the real operation estimating the Islam House, real upload progress. --progress-rate number Sets the update rate at which duplicity will output the upload progress messages (requires --progress option). Default is to dr strangelove bomb scene prompt the Islam in Central Asia and the House of Culture Essay, status each 3 seconds. --rename original path new path Treats the path orig in the backup as if it were the scene, path new. Can be passed multiple times. An example: restore --rename Documents/metal Music/metal sftp://uid@other.host/some_dir. --rsync-options options Allows you to pass options to the rsync backend.

The options list should be of the geothermal uk, form opt1=parm1 opt2=parm2 where the option string is dr strangelove, quoted and the only spaces allowed are between options. Islam Asia House Of Culture Essay. The option string will be passed verbatim to rsync, after any internally generated option designating the remote port to use. Dr Strangelove Bomb. Here is uk, a possibly useful example: duplicity --rsync-options=--partial-dir=.rsync-partial /home/me. --s3-european-buckets When using the Amazon S3 backend, create buckets in Europe instead of the default (requires --s3-use-new-style ). Also see the EUROPEAN S3 BUCKETS section. --s3-unencrypted-connection Don’t use SSL for connections to S3. This may be much faster, at some cost to confidentiality. With this option, anyone who can observe traffic between your computer and S3 will be able to bomb tell: that you are using Duplicity, the name of the Islam in Central and the House Essay, bucket, your AWS Access Key ID, the dr strangelove bomb, increment dates and the amount of data in each increment. This option affects only the connection, not the GPG encryption of the backup increment files. Unless that is Sex discrimination, disabled, an observer will not be able to see the file names or contents.

--s3-use-new-style When operating on bomb scene Amazon S3 buckets, use new-style subdomain bucket addressing. This is Islam, now the preferred method to dr strangelove access Amazon S3, but is not backwards compatible if your bucket name contains upper-case characters or other characters that are not valid in a hostname. --s3-use-rrs Store volumes using Reduced Redundancy Storage when uploading to Amazon S3. This will lower the cost of implementation strategies, storage but also lower the durability of stored volumes to 99.99% instead the bomb scene, 99.999999999% durability offered by Standard Storage on S3. --s3-use-ia Store volumes using Standard - Infrequent Access when uploading to Amazon S3. This storage class has a lower storage cost but a higher per-request cost, and the storage cost is calculated against a 30-day storage minimum.

According to Amazon, this storage is geothermal, ideal for bomb, long-term file storage, backups, and disaster recovery. --s3-use-multiprocessing Allow multipart volumne uploads to geothermal S3 through multiprocessing. This option requires Python 2.6 and can be used to make uploads to S3 more efficient. If enabled, files duplicity uploads to S3 will be split into chunks and uploaded in dr strangelove, parallel. Useful if you want to Essays saturate your bandwidth or if large files are failing during upload.

--s3-use-server-side-encryption Allow use of server side encryption in dr strangelove bomb scene, S3. --s3-multipart-chunk-size Chunk size (in MB) used for geothermal energy uk, S3 multipart uploads. Make this smaller than --volsize to maximize the use of your bandwidth. For example, a chunk size of dr strangelove bomb, 10MB with a volsize of 30MB will result in Sex discrimination Essays, 3 chunks per volume upload. --s3-multipart-max-procs Specify the maximum number of dr strangelove scene, processes to spawn when performing a multipart upload to geothermal S3. By default, this will choose the dr strangelove bomb, number of processors detected on your system (e.g. 4 for a 4-core system). You can adjust this number as required to ensure you don’t overload your system while maximizing the use of your bandwidth. --s3-multipart-max-timeout You can control the maximum time (in seconds) a multipart upload can spend on uploading a single chunk to S3.

This may be useful if you find your system hanging on multipart uploads or if you’d like to control the time variance when uploading to S3 to ensure you kill connections to slow S3 endpoints. --scp-command command (only ssh pexpect backend with --use-scp enabled) The command will be used instead of scp to send or receive files. Troy. To list and delete existing files, the sftp command is used. See also A NOTE ON SSH BACKENDS section SSH pexpect backend . --sftp-command command (only ssh pexpect backend) The command will be used instead of sftp. See also A NOTE ON SSH BACKENDS section SSH pexpect backend . --short-filenames If this option is specified, the names of the files duplicity writes will be shorter (about 30 chars) but less understandable. This may be useful when backing up to MacOS or another OS or FS that doesn’t support long filenames. --sign-key key-id This option can be used when backing up, restoring or verifying.

When backing up, all backup files will be signed with keyid key . When restoring, duplicity will signal an error if any remote file is not signed with the given key-id. Bomb Scene. The key-id can be given in strategies, any of the formats supported by GnuPG; see gpg (1) , section HOW TO SPECIFY A USER ID for details. Dr Strangelove Scene. Should be specified only Analysis of Film "Einstein's Essay once because currently only one signing key is supported. Scene. Last entry overrides all other entries. See also A NOTE ON SYMMETRIC ENCRYPTION AND SIGNING. --ssh-askpass Tells the ssh backend to prompt the user for the remote system password, if it was not defined in target url and no FTP_PASSWORD env var is set. This password is also used for passphrase-protected ssh keys. --ssh-options options Allows you to pass options to the ssh backend. Can be specified multiple times or as a space separated options list.

The options list should be of the form -oOpt1=’parm1’ -oOpt2=’parm2’ where the Analysis of Film "Einstein's Letter" Essay, option string is quoted and the only spaces allowed are between options. The option string will be passed verbatim to both scp and sftp, whose command line syntax differs slightly hence the options should therefore be given in the long option format described in ssh_config(5) . example of a list: duplicity --ssh-options=-oProtocol=2 -oIdentityFile=’/my/backup/id’ /home/me scp://user@host/some_dir. example with multiple parameters: duplicity --ssh-options=-oProtocol=2 --ssh-options=-oIdentityFile=’/my/backup/id’ NOTE: The ssh paramiko backend currently supports only the -i or -oIdentityFile setting. If needed provide more host specific options via ssh_config file. --ssl-cacert-file file (only webdav lftp backend) Provide a cacert file for ssl certificate verification. See also A NOTE ON SSL CERTIFICATE VERIFICATION . --ssl-cacert-path path/to/certs/ (only webdav backend and python 2.7.9+ OR lftp+webdavs and a recent lftp) Provide a path to a folder containing cacert files for ssl certificate verification.

See also A NOTE ON SSL CERTIFICATE VERIFICATION . --ssl-no-check-certificate (only webdav lftp backend) Disable ssl certificate verification. See also A NOTE ON SSL CERTIFICATE VERIFICATION . --tempdir directory Use this existing directory for duplicity temporary files instead of the system default, which is usually the /tmp directory. This option supersedes any environment variable. See also ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES . -t time , --time time , --restore-time time Specify the time from which to restore or list files. --time-separator char Use char as the time separator in bomb scene, filenames instead of colon (:). --timeout seconds Use seconds as the socket timeout value if duplicity begins to timeout during network operations. The default is 30 seconds.

--use-agent If this option is specified, then --use-agent is passed to the GnuPG encryption process and it will try to geothermal connect to gpg-agent before it asks for dr strangelove scene, a passphrase for --encrypt-key or --sign-key if needed. Note: Contrary to review previous versions of duplicity, this option will also be honored by GnuPG 2 and newer versions. If GnuPG 2 is in use, duplicity passes the option --pinentry-mode=loopback to the the dr strangelove scene, gpg process unless --use-agent is specified on the duplicity command line. This has the effect that GnuPG 2 uses the agent only Essays if --use-agent is given, just like GnuPG 1. --verbosity level , -v level Specify output verbosity level (log level). Named levels and corresponding values are 0 Error, 2 Warning, 4 Notice (default), 8 Info, 9 Debug (noisiest). level may also be. a character: e, w, n, i, d. a word: error, warning, notice, info, debug. The options -v4, -vn and bomb, -vnotice are functionally equivalent, as are the mixed/upper-case versions -vN, -vNotice and -vNOTICE.

--version Print duplicity’s version and quit. --volsize number Change the volume size to of Film "Einstein's number MB. Default is 200MB. TMPDIR, TEMP, TMP In decreasing order of importance, specifies the bomb, directory to use for implementation strategies, temporary files (inherited from Python’s tempfile module). Eventually the bomb scene, option --tempdir supercedes any of these. FTP_PASSWORD Supported by most backends which are password capable. More secure than setting it in the backend url (which might be readable in the operating systems process listing to other users on the same machine).

PASSPHRASE This passphrase is Analysis of Film Essay, passed to GnuPG. If this is not set, the user will be prompted for the passphrase. SIGN_PASSPHRASE The passphrase to be used for dr strangelove, --sign-key . Sex Discrimination Essays. If ommitted and sign key is also one of the keys to encrypt against PASSPHRASE will be reused instead. Otherwise, if passphrase is needed but not set the user will be prompted for it. It is dr strangelove scene, not recommended to expose the password on the command line since it could be revealed to anyone with permissions to do process listings, it is permitted however. Islam In Central And The House Of Culture Essay. Consider setting the environment variable FTP_PASSWORD instead, which is used by bomb, most, if not all backends, regardless of it’s name. In protocols that support it, the path may be preceded by a single slash, ’/path’, to represent a relative path to the target home directory, or preceded by a double slash, ’//path’, to represent an absolute filesystem path.

Note: Scheme (protocol) access may be provided by energy, more than one backend. In case the default backend is buggy or simply not working in scene, a specific case it might be worth trying an alternative implementation. Alternative backends can be selected by prefixing the scheme with the name of the alternative backend e.g. How Tall Is Dr Jon Lapook. ncftp+ftp:// and are mentioned below the scheme’s syntax summary. Formats of each of the URL schemes follow: See also A NOTE ON AZURE ACCESS. Cloud Files (Rackspace) See also A NOTE ON CLOUD FILES ACCESS. Copy cloud storage.

Make sure to read A NOTE ON DROPBOX ACCESS first! FISH (Files transferred over Shell protocol) over dr strangelove bomb, ssh. NOTE: use lftp+, ncftp+ prefixes to enforce a specific backend, default is Islam in Central of Culture, lftp+ftp://. NOTE: use pydrive+, gdata+ prefixes to enforce a specific backend, default is pydrive+gdocs://. Google Cloud Storage. See also A NOTE ON HUBIC. IMAP email storage. See also A NOTE ON IMAP. Mega cloud storage. Par2 Wrapper Backend.

See also A NOTE ON PAR2 WRAPPER BACKEND. Rsync via daemon. Rsync over ssh (only key auth) S3 storage (Amazon) See also A NOTE ON EUROPEAN S3 BUCKETS. defaults are paramiko+scp:// and dr strangelove, paramiko+sftp:// alternatively try pexpect+scp://, pexpect+sftp://, lftp+sftp:// See also --ssh-askpass , --ssh-options and A NOTE ON SSH BACKENDS . See also A NOTE ON SWIFT (OPENSTACK OBJECT STORAGE) ACCESS.

alternatively try lftp+webdav[s]:// pydrive://service account’ email address@developer.gserviceaccount.com/some_dir. See also A NOTE ON PYDRIVE BACKEND below. See also A NOTE ON MULTI BACKEND below. See also A NOTE ON MEDIAFIRE BACKEND below. Secondly, the -t , --time , and --restore-time options take a time string, which can be given in any of several formats: 1. the string now (refers to Sex discrimination Essays the current time) 2. Bomb Scene. a sequences of digits, like 123456890 (indicating the time in seconds after the epoch) 3. A string like 2002-01-25T07:00:00+02:00 in datetime format 4. An interval, which is a number followed by implementation, one of the characters s, m, h, D, W, M, or Y (indicating seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, or years respectively), or a series of such pairs. In this case the string refers to the time that preceded the current time by scene, the length of the interval. For instance, 1h78m indicates the time that was one hour and Sex discrimination, 78 minutes ago. The calendar here is unsophisticated: a month is always 30 days, a year is always 365 days, and dr strangelove, a day is always 86400 seconds. 5. A date format of the form YYYY/MM/DD, YYYY-MM-DD, MM/DD/YYYY, or MM-DD-YYYY, which indicates midnight on the day in uk, question, relative to the current time zone settings. For instance, 2002/3/5, 03-05-2002, and bomb scene, 2002-3-05 all mean March 5th, 2002. --include-regexp Each file selection condition either matches or doesn’t match a given file.

A given file is excluded by the file selection system exactly when the first matching file selection condition specifies that the implementation strategies, file be excluded; otherwise the dr strangelove bomb, file is included. duplicity --include /usr --exclude /usr /usr scp://user@host/backup. is exactly the same as. duplicity /usr scp://user@host/backup. because the include and exclude directives match exactly the same files, and the --include comes first, giving it precedence.

Similarly, duplicity --include /usr/local/bin --exclude /usr/local /usr scp://user@host/backup. would backup the /usr/local/bin directory (and its contents), but not /usr/local/doc. The include , exclude , include-filelist , and exclude-filelist options accept some extended shell globbing patterns . These patterns can contain * , ** , ? , and [. ] (character ranges). House Of Culture Essay. As in a normal shell, * can be expanded to any string of characters not containing /, ? expands to any character except /, and [. ] expands to a single character of those characters specified (ranges are acceptable). Dr Strangelove Bomb. The new special pattern, ** , expands to any string of characters whether or not it contains /. Energy Uk. Furthermore, if the dr strangelove, pattern starts with ignorecase: (case insensitive), then this prefix will be removed and Letter", any character in the string can be replaced with an upper- or lowercase version of dr strangelove scene, itself. Remember that you may need to quote these characters when typing them into a shell, so the shell does not interpret the globbing patterns before duplicity sees them. The --exclude pattern option matches a file if: 1. pattern can be expanded into the file’s filename, or. 2. the file is inside a directory matched by of Film "Einstein's Letter", the option. Conversely, the --include pattern matches a file if:

1. pattern can be expanded into the file’s filename, or. 2. the file is inside a directory matched by bomb, the option, or. 3. the file is a directory which contains a file matched by the option. matches e.g. Troy Film Review. /usr/local, /usr/local/lib, and bomb scene, /usr/local/lib/netscape. It is the same as --exclude /usr/local --exclude ’/usr/local/**’. On the other hand.

specifies that /usr, /usr/local, /usr/local/lib, and /usr/local/lib/netscape (but not /usr/doc) all be backed up. Thus you don’t have to worry about including parent directories to make sure that included subdirectories have somewhere to go. would match a file like /usR/5fOO/hello/there/world.py. If it did match anything, it would also match /usr. If there is geothermal energy uk, no existing file that the scene, given pattern can be expanded into, the of Film "Einstein's Letter" Essay, option will not match /usr alone. The --include-filelist , and --exclude-filelist , options also introduce file selection conditions. They direct duplicity to read in a file, each line of which is a file specification, and to include or exclude the matching files.

Lines are separated by newlines or nulls, depending on whether the --null-separator switch was given. Each line in the filelist will be interpreted as a globbing pattern the dr strangelove scene, way --include and --exclude options are interpreted, except that lines starting with + are interpreted as include directives, even if found in a filelist referenced by --exclude-filelist . Film Review. Similarly, lines starting with - exclude files even if they are found within an include filelist. For example, if file list.txt contains the lines: then --include-filelist list.txt would include /usr, /usr/local, and /usr/local/bin. It would exclude /usr/local/doc, /usr/local/doc/python, etc. It would also include /usr/local/man, as this is included within /user/local. Finally, it is undefined what happens with /var. A single file list should not contain conflicting file specifications. Each line in dr strangelove, the filelist will also be interpreted as a globbing pattern the way --include and --exclude options are interpreted. For instance, if the file list.txt contains the Essays, lines:

Then --include-filelist list.txt would be exactly the dr strangelove scene, same as specifying --include dir/foo --include dir/bar --exclude ** on Asia Essay the command line. Finally, the --include-regexp and --exclude-regexp options allow files to be included and excluded if their filenames match a python regular expression. Regular expression syntax is too complicated to explain here, but is covered in Python’s library reference. Unlike the --include and --exclude options, the regular expression options don’t match files containing or contained in matched files. So for instance. matches any files whose full pathnames contain 7 consecutive digits which aren’t followed by ’foo’. Bomb. However, it wouldn’t match /home even if /home/ben/1234567 existed. It uses two environment variables for authentification: AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME (required), AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY (required) A container name must be a valid DNS name, conforming to the following naming rules: 1. Container names must start with a letter or number, and can contain only letters, numbers, and the dash (-) character. 2. Every dash (-) character must be immediately preceded and followed by a letter or number; consecutive dashes are not permitted in implementation strategies, container names.

3. All letters in a container name must be lowercase. 4. Bomb Scene. Container names must be from 3 through 63 characters long. Cloudfiles is Rackspace’s now deprecated implementation of OpenStack Object Storage protocol. Geothermal Energy. Users wishing to use Duplicity with Rackspace Cloud Files should migrate to the new Pyrax plugin to ensure support. The backend requires python-cloudfiles to be installed on the system. See REQUIREMENTS above. It uses three environment variables for authentification: CLOUDFILES_USERNAME (required), CLOUDFILES_APIKEY (required), CLOUDFILES_AUTHURL (optional) If CLOUDFILES_AUTHURL is unspecified it will default to the value provided by python-cloudfiles, which points to rackspace, hence this value must be set in order to use other cloud files providers. Then visit app settings and dr strangelove bomb, just use ’Generated access token’ under OAuth2 section. Alternatively you can let duplicity generate access token itself. Of Film "Einstein's Essay. In such case temporary export DPBX_APP_KEY , DPBX_APP_SECRET using values from app settings page and run duplicity interactively.

It will print the URL that you need to open in bomb scene, the browser to obtain OAuth2 token for the application. Just follow on-screen instructions and then put generated token to DPBX_ACCESS_TOKEN variable. Once done, feel free to unset DPBX_APP_KEY and DPBX_APP_SECRET. 2. some_dir must already exist in the Dropbox folder. Is Dr. Depending on access token kind it may be: Full Dropbox: path is absolute and dr strangelove, starts from ’Dropbox’ root folder. App Folder: path is related to application folder. Dropbox client will show it in.

3. When using Dropbox for storage, be aware that all files, including the ones in the Apps folder, will be synced to all connected computers. You may prefer to use a separate Dropbox account specially for the backups, and uk, not connect any computers to that account. Alternatively you can configure selective sync on all computers to avoid. syncing of backup files. duplicity will create a new bucket the first time a bucket access is scene, attempted. At this point, the bucket will be created in Europe if --s3-european-buckets was given. For reasons having to do with how the Amazon S3 service works, this also requires the implementation strategies, use of the bomb scene, --s3-use-new-style option.

This option turns on subdomain based bucket addressing in S3. The details are beyond the scope of this man page, but it is important to know that your bucket must not contain upper case letters or any other characters that are not valid parts of a hostname. Strategies. Consequently, for bomb scene, reasons of backwards compatibility, use of subdomain based bucket addressing is not enabled by Islam in Central and the of Culture Essay, default. Note that you will need to use --s3-use-new-style for all operations on European buckets; not just upon initial creation. You only need to use --s3-european-buckets upon initial creation, but you may may use it at all times for consistency.

Further note that when creating a new European bucket, it can take a while before the bucket is fully accessible. Bomb. At the time of this writing it is unclear to what extent this is an expected feature of Amazon S3, but in Sex discrimination, practice you may experience timeouts, socket errors or HTTP errors when trying to upload files to your newly created bucket. Give it a few minutes and the bucket should function normally. Filename prefixes can be used in conjunction with S3 lifecycle rules to transition archive files to Glacier, while keeping metadata (signature and manifest files) on bomb S3. Duplicity does not require access to how tall is dr archive files except when restoring from backup. /.boto configuration file. /.hubic_credentials, following this pattern: The from_address_prefix may be specified (and probably should be). The text will be used as the From address in bomb scene, the IMAP server. Then on a restore (or list) command the from_address_prefix will distinguish between different backups.

Order does not matter, however unrecognized parameters are considered an error. mode= stripe This mode (the default) performs round-robin access to the list of backends. In this mode, all backends must be reliable as a loss of one means a loss of one of the archive files. mode= mirror This mode accesses backends as a RAID1-store, storing every file in every backend and reading files from the first-successful backend. A loss of is dr jon lapook, any backend should result in no failure. Dr Strangelove. Note that backends added later will only get new files and may require a manual sync with one of the other operating ones. onfail= continue This setting (the default) continues all write operations in uk, as best-effort. Any failure results in the next backend tried. Failure is reported only when all backends fail a given operation with the error result from the last failure. onfail= abort This setting considers any backend write failure as a terminating condition and reports the dr strangelove, error. Data reading and energy uk, listing operations are independent of this and will try with the dr strangelove scene, next backend on failure. Before restoring, archives will be verified. Corrupt archives will be repaired on Sex discrimination Essays the fly if there are enough recovery blocks available.

Use --par2-redundancy percent to adjust the size (and redundancy) of recovery files in dr strangelove scene, percent. There are two ways to use PyDrive: with a regular account or with a service account. With a service account, a separate account is created, that is only accessible with Google APIs and not a web login. With a regular account, you can store backups in your normal Google Drive. To use a service account, go to the Google developers console at https://console.developers.google.com. Create a project, and implementation, make sure Drive API is enabled for the project. Dr Strangelove Bomb. Under APIs and auth, click Create New Client ID, then select Service Account with P12 key. Download the jon lapook, .p12 key file of the account and dr strangelove scene, convert it to how tall is dr the .pem format: openssl pkcs12 -in XXX.p12 -nodes -nocerts pydriveprivatekey.pem.

The content of .pem file should be passed to bomb GOOGLE_DRIVE_ACCOUNT_KEY environment variable for authentification. The email address of the account will be used as part of Islam Asia and the House of Culture, URL. See URL FORMAT above. The alternative is to dr strangelove scene use a regular account. To do this, start as above, but when creating a new Client ID, select Installed application of type Other.

Create a file with the following content, and pass its filename in the GOOGLE_DRIVE_SETTINGS environment variable: In this scenario, the username and troy film review, host parts of the scene, URL play no role; only the energy uk, path matters. During the first run, you will be prompted to visit an URL in your browser to bomb grant access to is dr your drive. Once granted, you will receive a verification code to paste back into dr strangelove bomb, Duplicity. The credentials are then cached in Essay, the file references above for future use. paramiko pexpect support --use-scp , --ssh-askpass and dr strangelove, --ssh-options . Only the pexpect backend allows to how tall is dr define --scp-command and --sftp-command . SSH paramiko backend (default) is a complete reimplementation of ssh protocols natively in python. Dr Strangelove. Advantages are speed and maintainability. Minor disadvantage is that extra packages are needed as listed in REQUIREMENTS above. How Tall Is Dr. In sftp (default) mode all operations are done via the according sftp commands. Bomb Scene. In scp mode ( --use-scp ) though scp access is used for put/get operations but listing is done via ssh remote shell.

SSH pexpect backend is the legacy ssh backend using the command line ssh binaries via pexpect. Older versions used scp for get and put operations and sftp for strategies, list and delete operations. The current version uses sftp for all four supported operations, unless the --use-scp option is used to revert to old behavior. SSH lftp backend is simply there because lftp can interact with the ssh cmd line binaries. It is dr strangelove, meant as a last resort in Essays, case the dr strangelove scene, above options fail for some reason. Why use sftp instead of scp? The change to Analysis of Film Essay sftp was made in bomb, order to allow the remote system to chroot the backup, thus providing better security and because it does not suffer from shell quoting issues like scp. How Tall Is Dr. Scp also does not support any kind of file listing, so sftp or ssh access will always be needed in addition for this backend mode to work properly. Sftp does not have these limitations but needs an sftp service running on dr strangelove bomb scene the backend server, which is sometimes not an option.

a Note on Ssl Certificate Verification. Newer python 2.7.9+ and recent lftp versions however support the implementation, system default certificates (usually in /etc/ssl/certs) and also giving an dr strangelove bomb, alternative ca cert folder via --ssl-cacert-path . The cacert file has to be a PEM formatted text file as currently provided by the CURL project. See. After creating/retrieving a valid cacert file you should copy it to uk either. Duplicity searches it there in the same order and will fail if it can’t find it. You can however specify the option --ssl-cacert-file file to point duplicity to a copy in bomb scene, a different location. Finally there is the --ssl-no-check-certificate option to Sex discrimination disable certificate verification alltogether, in case some ssl library is dr strangelove, missing or verification is jon lapook, not wanted. Use it with care, as even with self signed servers manually providing the private ca certificate is definitely the safer option. a Note on dr strangelove scene Swift (openstack Object Storage) Access. The backend requires python-switclient to be installed on how tall jon lapook the system. python-keystoneclient is also needed to use OpenStack’s Keystone Identity service.

See REQUIREMENTS above. It uses following environment variables for authentification: SWIFT_USERNAME (required), SWIFT_PASSWORD (required), SWIFT_AUTHURL (required), SWIFT_USERID (required, only for dr strangelove scene, IBM Bluemix ObjectStorage), SWIFT_TENANTID (required, only for IBM Bluemix ObjectStorage), SWIFT_REGIONNAME (required, only for IBM Bluemix ObjectStorage), SWIFT_TENANTNAME (optional, the tenant can be included in how tall is dr, the username) If the user was previously authenticated, the following environment variables can be used instead: SWIFT_PREAUTHURL (required), SWIFT_PREAUTHTOKEN (required) If SWIFT_AUTHVERSION is unspecified, it will default to version 1. Use URL escaping for username (and password, if provided via command line): The destination folder will be created for bomb, you if it does not exist. a Note on Symmetric Encryption and Signing. 1. Setup gpg-agent properly. Use the option --use-agent and enter both passphrases (symmetric and sign key) in the gpg-agent’s dialog. 2. Use a PASSPHRASE for strategies, symmetric encryption of your choice but the signing key has an empty passphrase.

3. The used PASSPHRASE for dr strangelove bomb, symmetric encryption and the passphrase of the signing key are identical. Bad signatures will be treated as empty instead of logging appropriate error message. The files used by uk, duplicity to store backup data are tarfiles in GNU tar format. Bomb. They can be produced independently by Sex discrimination, rdiffdir (1) . Scene. For incremental backups, new files are saved normally in the tarfile. But when a file changes, instead of storing a complete copy of the file, only Islam in Central Asia House of Culture a diff is stored, as generated by rdiff (1) . Bomb. If a file is deleted, a 0 length file is stored in the tar. It is Analysis of Film Essay, possible to restore a duplicity archive manually by using tar and dr strangelove, then cp , rdiff , and rm as necessary.

These duplicity archives have the extension difftar . Both full and incremental backup sets have the same format. Sex Discrimination. In effect, a full backup set is an incremental one generated from an empty signature (see below). The files in bomb scene, full backup sets will start with duplicity-full while the incremental sets start with duplicity-inc . When restoring, duplicity applies patches in order, so deleting, for instance, a full backup set may make related incremental backup sets unusable. In order to is dr jon lapook determine which files have been deleted, and to calculate diffs for changed files, duplicity needs to process information about previous sessions. It stores this information in the form of tarfiles where each entry’s data contains the signature (as produced by rdiff ) of the dr strangelove scene, file instead of the file’s contents. These signature sets have the extension sigtar . Signature files are not required to restore a backup set, but without an Analysis Letter" Essay, up-to-date signature, duplicity cannot append an incremental backup to an existing archive. To save bandwidth, duplicity generates full signature sets and incremental signature sets. A full signature set is generated for dr strangelove scene, each full backup, and an incremental one for each incremental backup. These start with duplicity-full-signatures and duplicity-new-signatures respectively. These signatures will be stored both locally and remotely. The remote signatures will be encrypted if encryption is enabled.

The local signatures will not be encrypted and stored in the archive dir (see --archive-dir ). Some backends also require additional components (probably available as packages for your specific platform): azure backend (Azure Blob Storage Service) Microsoft Azure Storage SDK for Python - https://pypi.python.org/pypi/azure-storage/ boto backend (S3 Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Storage) boto version 2.0+ - http://github.com/boto/boto cfpyrax backend (Rackspace Cloud) and Essays, hubic backend (hubic.com) Rackspace CloudFiles Pyrax API - http://docs.rackspace.com/sdks/guide/content/python.html dpbx backend (Dropbox) Dropbox Python SDK - https://www.dropbox.com/developers/reference/sdk copy backend (Copy.com) python-urllib3 - https://github.com/shazow/urllib3 gdocs gdata backend (legacy Google Docs backend) Google Data APIs Python Client Library - http://code.google.com/p/gdata-python-client/ gdocs pydrive backend (default) see pydrive backend gio backend (Gnome VFS API) PyGObject - http://live.gnome.org/PyGObject. D-Bus (dbus)- http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/dbus lftp backend (needed for ftp, ftps, fish [over ssh] - also supports sftp, webdav[s]) LFTP Client - http://lftp.yar.ru/ mega backend (mega.co.nz) megatools client - https://github.com/megous/megatools multi backend Multi -- store to more than one backend. (also see A NOTE ON MULTI BACKEND ) below. ncftp backend (ftp, select via ncftp+ftp://) NcFTP - http://www.ncftp.com/ OneDrive backend (Microsoft OneDrive) python-requests - http://python-requests.org. (also see A NOTE ON PYDRIVE BACKEND ) below. rsync backend rsync client binary - http://rsync.samba.org/ ssh paramiko backend (default) paramiko (SSH2 for bomb, python) - http://pypi.python.org/pypi/paramiko (downloads); http://github.com/paramiko/paramiko (project page) Python keystoneclient module - https://github.com/openstack/python-keystoneclient/ webdav backend certificate authority database file for ssl certificate verification of HTTPS connections - http://curl.haxx.se/docs/caextract.html.

(also see A NOTE ON SSL CERTIFICATE VERIFICATION ). Most backends were contributed individually. Information about their authorship may be found in the according file’s header. Also we’d like to thank everybody posting issues to the mailing list or on Sex discrimination Essays launchpad, sending in patches or contributing otherwise. Duplicity wouldn’t be as stable and useful if it weren’t for you.

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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in dr strangelove scene Jobseekers. by Randall S. How Tall Jon Lapook? Hansen, Ph.D., and dr strangelove bomb, Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on your Resume. Deals with acting in a responsible and review, fair manner in all your personal and work activities, which is dr strangelove scene seen as a sign of maturity and self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and strategies, committed to bomb, professionalism. Sex Discrimination? Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to dr strangelove bomb, describe this skill on review, your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and dr strangelove, integrity create effective leadership and troy review, optimal business relationships. Dr Strangelove? Deals with openness to new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of a team, and to review, carrying out multiple tasks or projects.

How to describe this skill on dr strangelove scene, your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at it until they solve the problem and get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks. 5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility. There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for their actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to excellence and success. Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and dedicated manager with an excellent work record. 7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and the employees who get promoted are the ones with drive and passion? and who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and of Film, actions. How to dr strangelove scene, describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for unbridled passion for work, sunny disposition, and upbeat, positive attitude. Look at it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in yourself, in your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer?

Be confident in yourself and what you can offer employers. How to describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence. 9.Self-Motivated/Ability to Work Without Supervision. While teamwork is troy film always mentioned as an important skill, so is the ability to work independently, with minimal supervision. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to dr strangelove bomb, learn a new skill or technique. Jobs are constantly changing and in Central Asia Essay, evolving, and dr strangelove bomb scene, you must show an openness to grow and learn with that change. How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and quickly assimilate new concepts.

While there is implementation strategies some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers. Bomb Scene? How to describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is film review possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and cultures. How to describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and bomb, an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe. Also, involves goal-setting.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and energy uk, organizational skills, along with a high degree of detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in dr strangelove one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal. How to film review, describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and personal values are the critical tools and traits you need to dr strangelove, succeed in the workplace? and film, they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over your lifetime. Once you have identified the sought-after skills and values and assessed the degree to which you possess them, begin to scene, market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success.

See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to begin building your own resume! More Information about in Central and the, Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of dr strangelove employers to Analysis "Einstein's Letter", determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek. From the Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from dr strangelove, Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from Sex discrimination Essays, LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Bomb Scene? Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen.

Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the Sex discrimination, oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on bomb scene, the Web, as well CEO of implementation EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the scene, Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.

Hansen is Essays also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. Hes often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at bomb scene the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career.

Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and implementation strategies, The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for bomb, job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the geothermal uk, new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists.

Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and dr strangelove bomb scene, employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of how tall a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to bomb scene, the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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Essay: A Report on dr strangelove E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Following report has been made on the Indian E-commerce Industry. All the data has been collected from the internet, research papers and surveys. The e-commerce is one of the biggest things that have taken the Indian business by storm. It is creating an entire new economy, which has a huge potential and is fundamentally changing the way businesses are done. It has advantages for both buyers as well as sellers and this win-win situation is at the core of its phenomenal rise. Rising incomes and a greater variety of goods and services that can be bought over is dr jon lapook the internet is making buying online more attractive and bomb, convenient for of Film "Einstein's consumers all over dr strangelove bomb scene the country. The report gives information on different aspects of the Indian E-commerce industry.

For simplicity it is divided into various chapters. Chapter 1 Introduces to and the House Essay, the Indian E-commerce industry and defines its importance to the economy. The objective of the study is set in this chapter. Chapter 2 Briefs about the Global and Indian scenario. Dr Strangelove Bomb! Comparison of U.S and Indian E-commerce. Chapter 3 Provides a brief insight into the Structure of the industry with the HHI index the Chapter 4 Has the macro environmental analysis of E-Commerce industry which includes the film review PESTEL analysis.

Chapter 5 Briefs the dr strangelove bomb scene Competitive analysis using Porters 5 Forces. Chapter 6 Performance Analysis using 4 key metrics on major players of E-commerce industry. Also included the Internet users traffic comparison on top 10 e-commerce sites in is dr jon lapook India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Since from few years, Growth of internet has changed the world in terms of expectations of. the consumer and bomb scene, consumer behaviour. Online websites for product purchasing concentrate.

on consumer behaviour pattern and shopping patter with drastic change. Company are now a. days willing to change their marketing strategies as they have understood traditional selling. practices wont work with changing technology world. Buying and selling products online was a new chapter introduced in the internet world in. year 1991. Ebay.com played a significant role to create a revolution in the online ecommerce. Till that time nobody thought that purchasing all kind of products online will become a trend. in world and India will share a good part of success.

In the late 1990s, ReddifShopping.com. and Ebay.com gave a first-hand experience for geothermal Indians towards E-retail. Initially when it use to come for weekly shopping of groceries, clothes, shoes and cosmetics, majority of the people preferred to get into their cars and drive to the supermarket to get the. groceries, shops or malls for other basic products. Now it is becoming common news that. people even buy their groceries online in bomb India. 1.2 Business Model of E-commerce Industry.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 1) Flash Sales Sites: A Flash Sales e-Commerce Website is a B2C type business model. where the website sells the products directly to the end customers. They normally. manage the entire process of the troy e-Commerce lifecycle on their own or through their. partners and the consumer make the dr strangelove payment directly to the business owning and. managing the review website. The consumers take the benefit of huge discounts, which at. times ranges from 50% to 90%, and prefer to bomb, buy the products they always aspired to.

own. They are normally unaware or do not really care even if the product they are. buying from such websites are obsolete or no longer in fashion. 2) Daily Deals Sites: A Daily Deals Website also operates as a B2C website and. typically showcases a very lucrative sale on a single or a set of products for the. customers.

Unlike the strategies Flash Sales website, such a deal is dr strangelove scene time bound (usually for a. day) which compels the user to make immediate decisions for that product purchase. 3) Group Buying Sites: A group buying website is quite a unique B2C business model. where the website invites the buyers to Sex discrimination Essays, buy the dr strangelove bomb products / services at a discounted or. at a wholesale price. Islam House! Like the Daily Deals site, the products advertised on the group.

buying sites are also time bound, but usually not limited to a day. An online subscription website works in a similar manner like an offline subscription. for any kind of service. Such websites showcase the entire catalogue of subscription. options for the users to choose from and subscribe online. There are a number of B2C e-Commerce websites offering a range of products and. services to customers across different brands and categories. Such websites buy the. products from the brands or their distributors and sell to the end customer on dr strangelove bomb scene market.

competitive prices. Islam House! Though their modus operandi is same like a flash sales website, but their business objective is to offer the latest products to bomb, the end customers online. at the best possible prices. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Another business model gaining attracting in India recently is the online marketplace. model which enables the is dr jon lapook buyers get in touch with the dr strangelove sellers and makes a transaction. In this business model, the website owners do not buy the product from the sellers but. act as mediators to facilitate the entire e-commerce transaction.

They do assist the. sellers in various services like payment collection, logistics, etc. but do not prefer to. hold inventory in their own warehouse. 1) C2C Marketplace. A C2C Marketplace or a Consumer to Consumer marketplace means an online. marketplace where individual consumers can sell products to individual buyers. As a seller, even if you do not run a business, you are free to sell your product. through such marketplace to the end customers. 2) B2C Marketplace. A B2C Marketplace or a Business to Consumer marketplace means an online.

marketplace where only business owners can sell their products to the end. customer. The process is Islam in Central and the Essay more or less the same like that of a C2C Marketplace. with the exception that it does not allow individual users to sell their products. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. online. Best example of this kind of a website would be SnapDeal.com which has. now become a B2C Marketplace. 3) B2B Marketplace. In a Business-to-Business E-commerce environment, companies sell their online.

goods to scene, other companies without being engaged in sales to consumers. B2B web. shop usually contains customer-specific pricing, customer-specific assortments and. customer-specific discounts. Indiamart.com and TATA groups tatab2b.com are few. popular sites in India.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Exclusive Brand Stores. This is the latest business model of its kind recently started in India. In this business. model, the various brands setup their own exclusive brand stores online to enable. consumers buy directly from the brand. Analysis Of Film "Einstein's Letter" Essay! A few examples of brands operating through. an Exclusive Online Brand Store are Lenovo, Canon, Timex, Sennheiser, HP, Samsung, Mobilestore.com etc. 1.3 Role of dr strangelove, Internet in energy uk E-Commerce.

Large and small business companies both use internets for promotional activities. Some of. the advantages of E-Commerce are:- 1. Bomb Scene! Availability- The availability of internet is widespread these days and hence is strategies easily. accessible to people which has increased the online purchases of goods and.

2. Dr Strangelove Bomb! Open to implementation, All- Internet open page allows everyone to dr strangelove, access and transact from any. global location. Moreover it provides an extension of product choice to the customers. which in turn is not possible at local retail stores, etc . A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3. Global Presence- Having a global presence it is very easy to access from any world. location just by having a laptop and an internet connection. All such happenings have. encouraged E-Commerce as any commodity is just a step away from oneself. 4. Professional Transaction- Internet allows professional transaction with just one click a. professionalism that consists of review, decision making.

5. Low Cost, More Earn- E-commerce can be easily done with more earnings and less. expenses. The easiest approach is to dr strangelove bomb scene, replace sales person with a well informative and. designed web page that could easily help the customers to have their like items at. their doorsteps with a click of troy film, a mouse. 1.4 Changes due to online shopping in India. According to report BCG (Boston consultancy Group), by 2016, Indian economy will reach. $10.8 trillion. In global chart Indias rank is 8th.

India ranks top in services and china occupies. top position in goods in scene terms of export through internet. As of now, June 2014, India has. user base of uk, about 250.2 million. Bomb Scene! It is Sex discrimination Essays estimated that by 2024-26, e-commerce market in India. will be $260 billion. At an Exponential rate, E-commerce is growing in bomb scene India.

According to recent online retailing. report by Forrester, twenty eight percentage of "Einstein's Letter" Essay, growth is experienced by every retailer year. after year in dr strangelove 2012. As per and the House of Culture Essay the study digital consumers spend alomostaround$1.46 billion on. cyber cafes. This indicated that year after year there will be increasing number of bomb scene, online. users. Consumer behaviour is one of the Essays biggest reasons of e-commerce boom in India. Major reasons for online shopping growth in India. There is increase in scene broadband connection and 3G penetration in India.

Much wider range of Essay, products are available then what is available in brick and mortar. Living standard is rising for middle class people and disposal income is also getting. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Online products are usually available at discount which is less than the products. available in normal shops.

Lack of time and busy lifestyle for offline shopping. Evolution of the dr strangelove online marketplace model with websites like ebay, flipkart, snapdeal. Takes less time for purchasing as there is no need to Analysis of Film Letter" Essay, stand in the queues which usually. done in offline shopping. 1.5 Advantages of E-Commerce. With E-Commerce as an alternative shopping is no longer a barrier for the customers. in terms of time, distance and place as customers can shop at any time and from. anywhere they prefer to. E-Commerce has satisfied and provides certified branded products to the customers. that even typical Indian customers are ready to buy products such as clothes, shoes, etc. without even touching or trying them for fitness.

All extra expenditures that were initially done on labour, etc are avoided and a lot of. funds get saved. Shopping through web is the most feasible options for bomb metro city residents. Transaction time has reduced. Alternative products offered by of Film "Einstein's Letter" Essay, different brands are also availed to the customers if by. chance the bomb scene current product in a particular brand is unavailable.

1-Day delivery along with door-door delivery has caught a boom in the market with. the evolution of E-Commerce. 1.6 Disadvantages of geothermal energy uk, E-Commerce. Unprofessionalism has increased as any company gets a chance to make their business. portal out of dr strangelove scene, trust or belief. Customer interaction is very less so the product quality and satisfaction to the. customer remains a matter for concern. Hackers and crackers are day in and day out searching for a chance to Essays, hack into. customer personal details that they share at the time of online payments. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

E-commerce go discouraging for the purchasing of precious items just by having a. glance of them rather than getting a chance to wear them or check product quality. such as jewellery etc. E-commerce concept is under a mess as many online sites do not deliver services as. promised at the time of placing the order. Authenticity for the product is untrustworthy.

1.7 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. To study the global and Indian scenario with respect to the E-commerce Industry. To study the dr strangelove scene structure of the Indian E-commerce industry. To study the macro environmental factors affecting the Indian E-commerce industry. To analyze the industry using Porters 5 Forces. To study the performance of major players in the industry. To compare the U.S and Indian E-commerce industry.

To study the future opportunities and prospective growth in the industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. GLOBAL AND INDIAN. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.1 Status of the global e-commerce industry. Middle class in implementation strategies many of the dr strangelove scene developing countries, including India, is Sex discrimination rapidly embracing. online shopping. However, India falls behind not only US, China and Australia in terms of. Internet density, but also countries like Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Sri Lanka has an internet.

penetration of 15 percent. Better internet connectivity and the presence of an internet-savvy. customer segment have led to growth of e-commerce in scene Sri Lanka with an Essay existing market. size of USD 2 billion. Pakistan, with an internet penetration of 15 percent has an dr strangelove bomb existing. market size of consumer e-commerce of USD 4 billion. Asia And The Essay! Incidentally FDI in inventory-based. consumer ecommerce is bomb scene allowed in both these countries. (IAMAI-KPMG report, September. A.T.

Kearneys 2012 E-Commerce Index examined the top 30 countries in the 2012 Global. Retail Development Index (GRDI). Using 18 infrastructure, regulatory, and retail-specific. variables, the how tall jon lapook Index ranks the top 10 countries by their e-commerce potential. Following are some other major findings of the Index: i) China occupies first place in the Index. The G8 countries (Japan, United States, United.

Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Russia, and dr strangelove bomb scene, Italy) all fall within the how tall is dr Top 15. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ii) Developing countries feature prominently in the Index. Bomb Scene! Developing countries hold 10 of. the 30 spots, including first-placed China. These markets have been able to uk, shortcut the.

traditional online retail maturity curve as online retail grows at the same time that physical. retail becomes more organized. Consumers in these markets are fast adopting behaviors. similar to those in more developed countries. iii) Several small gems are making an impact.

The rankings include 10 countries with. populations of less than 10 million, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Slovakia, New. Zealand, Finland, United Arab Emirates, Norway, Ireland, Denmark, and Switzerland. These. countries have active online consumers and sufficient infrastructure to dr strangelove, support online retail. iv) India is not ranked.

India, the Analysis of Film Letter" Essay worlds second most populous country at 1.2 billion, does. not make the scene Top 30, because of low internet penetration (11 percent) and Islam and the, poor financial and. logistical infrastructure compared to other countries. It is seen that countries making in the top list of the table of bomb, e-commerce have required. technologies coupled with higher internet density, high class infrastructure and suitable. regulatory framework. India needs to work on these areas to realize true potential of ecommerce.

business in the country. 2.2 Comparison of strategies, E-Commerce in US and India. The Indian e-commerce market will reach as high as USD 6 Billion by the year 2015. This. implies that if we compare the e-commerce market with the statistics from the year 2014, there is a substantial growth of 70%. It is evident that India is slowly becoming like the bomb scene US in. the area of e-commerce. It is stated that India has started doing well in the market of e-commerce because of the. growing number of people who have access to mobile Internet.

Broadband usage has. increased by about three times in the last two years (2013 #038; 2014). A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.1 Cash on Delivery (COD) system in film India. Cash on bomb scene Delivery is an Indian thing. US consumers mainly transact online using Credit Cards. or through PayPal.

Indians are known to be price sensitive. Even though with heavy. discounting e-retailers are trying to geothermal energy, lure them to buy online, consumers are still wary of. making prepaid orders. The situation is bomb scene different in US. Even though the discounting games continue, users generally. go with prepayment. This is implementation also because the penetration of credit cards and electronic. payments is highly evolved in that market, while in India, despite the estimated 1.252 billion.

strong population of bomb scene, India, only 18.8 million credit cards existed in the country, with. approximately 331 million debit cards till last year. The popularity of CoD is directly. dependent on the trust issues consumers have on the online retailers. 2.2.2 Offers and excitement created among customers. The trend of mega online shopping festivals started in the West. From offline trends of. Macys Day parade and energy uk, Black Friday to taking these festivals online, and creating further.

new trends like Cyber Monday. India is still naive, even the three editions of the Great Online Shopping Festival have not. been able to make the impact they were expected to. The festive season of Diwali is a time. when Indians indulge in spending, and while the Indian retailers were busy creating their. respective versions of dr strangelove bomb scene, mega sales, US based Amazon was the Sex discrimination Essays first to step on this. opportunity with Diwali Dhamaka Sale. Also, the consumer shopping behaviour is different. in the two countries. The Indian online retails brings up offers and excitement into the consumers, but it is not big. like how it is in US.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.3 Type of dr strangelove, Product that People Buy Online. Nowadays people buying real estate and even automobiles online even in India is implementation becoming. common. But in general, Apparel and electronics remain the most popular categories people. buy online, and the same is seen in the US as well. These two categories dominate both the. An area where India is lacking is dr strangelove bomb online grocery retail. Grocery retail and logistics is highly.

evolved in US. In India, it was a taboo, and wasnt touched for a long time even though the. sentiment was strong. Players are emerging now in this segment, with start-ups like. BigBasket, LocalBanya etc. and mature players like Reliance Fresh taking the lead. The local Indian banya is still stronger than online stores. Of Film "Einstein's Letter"! The unorganised retail in India is. an area where the e-commerce would be able make a difference and eventually take over. 2.2.4 Logistics and Regulations.

The logistics infrastructure is still not up to the mark in India. Scene! While India Post is doing a. great job in helping the e-commerce players, no dedicated e-commerce company has been. able to scale up its operations to Sex discrimination, reach all the postal codes. The penetration of internet in. India is scene 18% as against 87% in US, is a big hindrance. When it comes to technology, site crashes, issues in Analysis "Einstein's ERP systems etc. are commonly heard.

things in India. Whereas in US, the technology is very strong. The Government bodies in India havent yet matured to the online businesses that are. operational. There hasnt been any clear guidelines for FDI until recently, even there the. Government has decided to treat both online and offline retail alike. Some of the other online.

marketplace keeps running into warehousing policy issues. The heavy discounting is another. questionable area, since the Government has clear guidelines for Maximum Retail Price, there is no lower bar set. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. STRUCTURE OF THE. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3.1 HERFINDAHL HIRSCHMAN INDEX. A commonly accepted measure of market concentration. It is calculated by squaring the. market share of each firm competing in a market, and bomb scene, then summing the resulting numbers. The HHI number can range from close to zero to 10,000.

The HHI is expressed as: HHI = S1^2 + S2^2 + S3^2 + + Sn^2 (where Sn is the market. share of the Sex discrimination Ith firm) the closer a market is to being a monopoly, the higher the markets. concentration (and the lower its competition). For the e-commerce industry, the HHI, based on the market share is calculated as follows. Company Sales(in cr) market. Flipkart 2846.13 53.89683186 2904.868484. Jabong 202 3.82525044 14.63254093. Myntra 441.58 8.362148958 69.92553519. Snapdeal 830 15.7176132 247.0433646.

Amazon 168.99 3.20014392 10.24092111. Ebay 107 2.02624652 4.105674961. naptol 460 8.710966349 75.88093474. Yebhi 120 2.272426004 5.163919944. Yepme 80 1.514950669 2.295075531. bewakoof 25 0.473422084 0.22412847. total sales 5280.7 100 3334.38058. The HHI can have a theoretical value ranging from close to zero to 10,000. If there exists. only a single market participant which has 100% of the market share the HHI would be. 10,000.

If there were a great number of market participants with each company having a. market share of almost 0% then the HHI could be close to zero. When the dr strangelove scene HHI value is less than 100, the market is highly competitive. When the HHI value is between 100 and 1000, the market is said to be not concentrated. When the film HHI value is between 1000 and 1800, the market is said to be moderately. When the dr strangelove bomb scene HHI value is geothermal energy uk above 1800, the market is said to be highly concentrated. So the HERFINDAHL HIRSCHMAN INDEX of the dr strangelove bomb E-commerce industry is greater than. 1800. Hence it is highly concentrated.

A Study on Sex discrimination Essays Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1 PORTERS FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from dr strangelove bomb scene, a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they. are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose.

Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to online retail. Also the Essays E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to dr strangelove scene, the consumer to see which. site offers the product in the least price.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they.

are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in of Film "Einstein's Essay this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites.

So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to online retail. Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to dr strangelove, the consumer to see which. site offers the product in the least price. 4.1.2 Bargaining Power of Islam in Central Asia and the of Culture, suppliers. Tens of millions of dr strangelove, sellers list their products on is dr ecommerce marketplaces; hence. their individual bargaining power is limited.

However, sellers can also list their products on multiple platforms and sites, including Amazon, Etsy.com and various international e-commerce sites. Hence, if. eBay introduces policy and pricing changes that are unsatisfactory to sellers, then it. could result in dr strangelove bomb scene lower number of product listings on its marketplace. There are relatively fewer number of postal and delivery services as well as. shipping carriers; hence any pricing change or disruption in implementation their services could. hamper eBays ability to deliver products on time. Bomb Scene! Hence, these carriers hold some. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

The sources that generate traffic on ecommerce site can also be classified as. suppliers. Search engines hold significant leverage as they account for over 20% of. traffic on eBay if we account for "Einstein's Letter" Essay both organic and paid search (according to Similar. Web estimates).

Changes in Google SEO (search engine algorithm) have a negative. impact on traffic. eBay seller marketplace model leads to large amounts of. unstructured data on the site, which is scene detrimental to its SEO efforts. Additionally, several referring sites such as slickdeals.net, dealnews.com and social. networks also bring considerable traffic to ecommerce and troy, any changes in their. policies could adversely affect the companys top-line and profitability. In this industry, suppliers are the manufacturers of finished products like Nike, Dell,

Apple etc. Dr Strangelove Bomb Scene! Online retail companies sell various products ranging from books to. computer accessories to apparels to footwear. Since there are many suppliers for any. particular category, they cant show power on online retail companies.

For example, if you take computers category, there are many suppliers like Dell, Apple, Lenovo, and Toshiba who wants to sell their products through these online retail companies. So, they wont be having power to control the online retail companies. Online. customers can select the products on Islam Asia House of Culture Essay their own and the switching costs in this case is. zero. Dr Strangelove Bomb! It is very difficult for manufacturers of review, finished products to come into this. industry because of challenges in Logistics. Online retail industry is important to. suppliers because it acts as one of the channel to sell the dr strangelove bomb products. Now, with most. of the customers in India purchasing online through online retail companies, they.

cant afford to lose this channel. So, they cant dictate terms with online retail. companies. So, in this industry the supplier power is is dr jon lapook low. 4.1.3 Competitive Rivalry within the Industry. E-commerce faces competition in its marketplaces segment from both offline and dr strangelove, online. players. Customers can buy products from a wide range of retailers, distributors, auctioneers, directories, search engines, etc and hence the competition is intense. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Various factors such as price, product selection and energy, services influence the purchasing.

decision of customers. E-commerce companies frequently engage in price-based. competition to woo buyers, which limits their ability to raise prices. In the payments business, there is competition from sources such as credit and. debit cards, bank wires, other online payment services as well as offline payment. mechanisms including cash, check, money order or mobile phones. Considering the dr strangelove entry of newer players such as Apple Pay and Alibaba, the. competition is expected to heighten in the online payments space. Competition is very high in this industry with so many players like Flip kart, Myntra, Jabong, Snap deal, Amazon, India plaza, Homeshop18 etc.

4.1.4 Threat of uk, New Entrants. Given the nature of the dr strangelove business, there is always a threat of new entrants as it is. relatively less costly to strategies, enter the market and scene, setup operations. There is no additional. cost incurred to implementation strategies, set up any physical stores and dr strangelove bomb scene, locations. In addition, traditional.

established physical stores can easily move into online retailing and bring with them. their substantial consumer base. These stores such as Target or Wal-Mart, already enjoy. economies of scale, have recognizable brands and a strong supply chain. So they do. pose strong competition to Amazon. That said, the Analysis Essay threat from brand new entrants remains low as it would be nearly. impossible for a new company to dr strangelove, match the cost advantages, economies of scale and. variety of offering as Amazon.com.

These advantages will deter most brand new. entrants to jon lapook, the market. Substantial Economies of Scale. Ecommerce like Amazon works with over 10,000 vendors and boasts an impressive 75. percent repeat purchasers. Its market capitalization is substantially ahead of its nearest. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. First Mover Advantage.

As the pioneer online retailer, Amazon , flip kart has the necessary brand awareness and. credibility as a strong reliable presence in dr strangelove bomb the market. Massive product Variety. Way beyond a bookstore now, Amazon.com , Flipkart provides any type of product. there is in its online stores. This means that there is a strong supplier base relationship. that cannot be replicated. In addition, as a bookseller and a provider of other.

entertainment channels such as movies, videos and music, ecommerce has established. relationships with publishers, producers, movie studies and music producers which are. not easy to form and replicate. The e-commerce market is characterized by Essays, low barriers to entry. It is relatively easy. for newer players to enter the dr strangelove bomb market and start selling products. Having said that, its. difficult for newer players to geothermal energy, gain brand recognition and attain high ranking on search. Newer players require significant marketing budgets to compete on bomb scene a large scale and. this restricts entry of newer players to an extent. The online payments market has relatively higher barriers to entry as there is intense.

competition between established players; additionally, security is Islam in Central and the House of Culture a paramount during. online payments and hence newer players which do not have the necessary brand. recognition will find it difficult to attract new customers. However, established players such as Apple, Amazon and scene, Alibaba have the potential. to make a dent in PayPals strong market position. Indian government is Sex discrimination going to scene, allow 51% FDI in multi-brand online retail and. 100% FDI in single brand online retail sooner or later. So, this means foreign.

companies can come and Analysis of Film "Einstein's Letter", start their own online retail companies. There are very less barriers to entry like less amount of bomb scene, money required to start a. business, less amount of strategies, infrastructure required to start business. All you need is. to tie up with suppliers of products and you need to develop a website to display. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. products so that customers can order products, and dr strangelove bomb scene, a tie up with online payment.

gateway provider like bill desk. Industry is also going to grow at a rapid rate. It is going to how tall is dr, touch 76 billion $ by. 2021. Industry is going to experience an exponential growth rate. So, obviously no. one wants to miss this big opportunity. 4.1.5 Threat of substitute products. The threat of substitutes for ecommerce is high.

The unique characteristic Amazon has is. the patented technology (such as 1-Click Ordering), which differentiates them from other. possible substitutes. However, there are many alternatives providing the same products. and services, which could reduce Amazons competitive advantage. Therefore, Amazon. does not have absolute competitive advantage on their product offerings, but they. definitely have the advantage when it comes to the quality of customer service and. There is no technology that can substitute the Internet so far in the market.

Even, analog. signal that use to send the television signal or radio signal are not the bomb scene main threat. The main substitute that exists is the brick and Sex discrimination Essays, motor store, which they change or move. their place to be on the Internet. Therefore, the e-commerce industry has low threat of. substitutions.

When we compare relative quality, relative price of product that he/she. buys online with physical store, both are almost same and in some cases, online discounts. will be available which makes customers to buy products online. A Study on scene Indian E-Commerce Industry. Porters 5 Force Model of E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. This industry analysis, also known as the macro environmental analysis is basically done to. determine the conditions in jon lapook which the dr strangelove industry is strategies operating in. The analysis of these factors. becomes very important for a company operating in that particular industry for scene the growth.

5.1 POLITICAL AND LEGAL FACTORS: E-commerce has introduced many changes in Essays the Indian consumers and customers. Bomb Scene! However, e-commerce in India has also given rise to many disputes by review, the consumers purchasing the. products from e-commerce websites. In fact, many e-commerce websites are not following. Indian laws at all and they are also not very fair while dealing with their consumers. Allegations of dr strangelove scene, predatory pricing, tax avoidance, anti competitive practices, etc have been. levelled against big e-commerce players of India. As a result, disputes are common in strategies India. that is not satisfactorily redressed.

This reduces the confidence in the e-commerce segment. and the unsatisfied consumers have little choice against the big e-commerce players. Dr Strangelove Bomb! At a. time when we are moving towards global norms for e-commerce business activities, the. present e-commerce environment of India needs fine tuning and "Einstein's, regulatory scrutiny. In fact, India is exploring the scene possibility of regulation of e-commerce through either Telecom. Regulatory Authority of Sex discrimination, India (TRAI) or through different Ministries/Departments of Central.

Government in a collective manner. It is obvious that e-commerce related issues are not easy to manage. E-commerce disputes. resolution is even more difficult and challenging especially when Indian Courts are already. overburdened with court cases. Of course, establishment of e-courts in India and use of online. dispute resolution (ODR) in India are very viable and convincing options before the Indian.

Many Indian stakeholders have raised objections about the way e-commerce websites are. operating in India. These websites are providing deep discounts that have been labeled as. predatory by scene, offline traders and businesses. Further, Myntra, Flipkart, Amazon, Uber, etc. have already been questioned by the regulatory authorities of India for violating Indian laws.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.1.1 NEED FOR HUMORIZED TAXATION LAWS: Laws regulating ecommerce in India are still evolving and lack clarity. Favorable regulatory. environment would be key towards unleashing the potential of ecommerce and Letter", help in. efficiency in operations, creation of jobs, growth of the industry, and dr strangelove scene, investments in back-end. infrastructure.

Furthermore, the interpretation of intricate tax norms and complex inter-state. taxation rules make ecommerce operations difficult to manage and to stay compliant to the. laws. With the wide variety of troy, audience the ecommerce companies cater to, compliance. becomes a serious concern. Companies will need to have strong anti-corruption programs for. sourcing and vendor management, as well as robust compliance frameworks. It is bomb important. for the E-Commerce companies to keep a check at every stage and adhere to the relevant.

laws, so as to avoid fines.Myntra, Flipkart and many more e-commerce websites are under. regulatory scanner of Enforcement Directorate (ED) of India for violating Indian laws and. policies. There are no taxation laws for these websites so the products are being sold at huge. discounts in these sites. Some of the major causes not keeping taxation laws over ecommerce. are that the government is not having proper knowledge about the structure of. industry and the limitations that has to be given to the e commerce industry and what are the. rights that should be given to them for selling the product Security of the strategies information. provided during the dr strangelove bomb online transaction is a major concern.

Under section 43A of the implementation I T Act. the Reasonable practices and procedures and dr strangelove, sensitive personal data or information Rules, 2011 have been proposed, which provide a framework for the protection of data in India. A Study on "Einstein's Letter" Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.2 ECONOMIC FACTORS: Mass usage of internet: The usage of internet is increasing rapidly in INDIA, it is said that India is said to be the 3rd. largest internet population country after USA and CHINA. Current India internet users are. 205 millions .The total no of scene, users are expected to geothermal energy uk, be 330-370 millions in just 3 years.

The. internet usage in cities has been increased rapidly. Increased aspiration levels and availability. The aspiration of the Indian youth and middle class while the coming year will be even more. promising both for the consumer as also the entrepreneurs, with average annual spending on. online purchases projected to increase by 67 per dr strangelove bomb scene cent to Rs 10,000 from Rs 6,000 per film person. In 2014, about 40 million consumers purchased something online and number is dr strangelove bomb expected to. grow to 65 million by 2015 with better infrastructure in terms of logistics, broadband and.

Internet ready devices will be fuelling the demand in ecommerce. The smart phones and. tablet shoppers will be strong growth divers, mobile already accounts for 11% of e commerce. sales, and its share will jump to 25% by 2017. Computer and Analysis of Film Essay, consumers electronics as well. eral and accessories account for the bulk of dr strangelove, India retail ecommerce sales will contribute 42% A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Liberal policies (FDI in jon lapook Retail and Insurance) The E-commerce Association of India (ECAI) is dr strangelove looking for a positive response from the. government on strategies critical reforms like permitting FDI for the B2C inventory led model.

This has. been industrys demand for a long-time, especially as many small and medium sized. ecommerce players face obstacles on easy access to capital and dr strangelove bomb scene, technology. The industry has. been hoping that the government would at Analysis of Film Essay, least review a partial opening of the sector to FDI.

In 2015 budget the FDI has been increased to 51 %. So there is a positive response from the. international e commerce industry that is trying to dr strangelove bomb, enter into India. Even allibaba.com is in Central and the of Culture Essay also. trying to enter into India with the help of snapdeal.com. But on the other side the dr strangelove bomb small e. commerce companies are finding it difficult because may face difficulty in the future when. the MNC e commerce companies enter India. Supply chain and Sex discrimination Essays, the productivity growth. The most important impact of ecommerce is dr strangelove bomb scene maintained supply chain and the productivity of. the products. The buying and selling of goodscontinues to undergo changes that will have a. profound impact on geothermal the way companies manage their supply chains.

Simply put, e-commerce. has altered the dr strangelove scene practice, timing, and technology of troy film, business-to-business and business-toconsumer. commerce. It has affected pricing, product availability, transportation patterns, and. consumer behavior in developed economy in India. Business-to-business electronic. commerce accounts for dr strangelove scene the vast majority of total e-commerce sales and in Central and the, plays a leading role in. supply chain network. Scene! In 2014, approximately 21 percent of manufacturing sales and 14.6. percent of wholesales are done in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

From the moment the online order is placed to when it is picked, packed, and shipped, every. step in the process must be handled efficiently, consistently, and cost-effectively. In ecommerce, the distribution center provides much of the customer experience. Simply. delivering the Islam and the House of Culture Essay goods is no longer an dr strangelove bomb adequate mission for the fulfillment centercustomer. satisfaction has to be a critical priority. Asia And The House Essay! The typical e-commerce consumer expects a wide. selection of SKU offerings, mobile-site ordering capability, order accuracy, fast and free. delivery, and free returns. Understanding how online consumers shop and purchase across. channels is critical to the success of online fulfillment.

More consumers are browsing the. Internet for features and selection, testing products at brick-and-mortar stores, acquiring. discounts through social media, and then purchasing the bomb scene product online through the. convenience of in Central Asia of Culture, their mobile device. Dr Strangelove Scene! Some retailers,including those that also sell through. catalogshave been in the direct-to-consumer marketplace for some time.

These companies. have fulfillment facilities established and film, information technologies in place to manage orders. with speed and efficiency, doing it well and profitably. But to scene, many distribution executives, online fulfillment poses a significant challenge to their existing knowledge, experience, and. 5.3 SOCIAL FACTORS: A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

Better comfort level and trust in online shopping: Consumers feel easy to access the ecommerce sites 24?7 support. Customer can do. transactions for geothermal the product or enquiry about any product/services provided by a company. anytime, anywhere from any location. Here 24?7 refers to 24 hours of each seven days of a. E-Commerce application provides user more options and quicker delivery of products. E-Commerce application provides user more options to compare and select the cheaper and. A customer can put review comments about a product and can see what others are buying or.

see the review comments of other customers before making a final buy. E-Commerce provides option of virtual auctions. Readily available information. Bomb! A customer can see the relevant detailed information within. seconds rather than waiting for days or weeks. Advantages to the society: Customers need not to strategies, travel to shop a product thus less traffic on road and low air pollution. E-Commerce helps reducing cost of products so less affluent people can also afford the.

E-Commerce has enabled access to services and products to dr strangelove bomb scene, rural areas as well which are. otherwise not available to them. E-Commerce helps government to deliver public services like health care, education, social. services at reduced cost and in improved way. E-Commerce increases competition among the organizations and troy review, as result organizations. provides substantial discounts to customers.

A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.4 Technological factors: Cloud computing in bomb e commerce: According to analysts, within 10 years time 80% of all computer usage worldwide, data. storage and Sex discrimination Essays, e-commerce will be in the cloud. It is called the bomb scene third phase of the Essays internet.

During the first phase software and operating systems were combined to bomb, create a simple flow. of communication through for instance email. The second phase brought the user to the. World Wide Web, where he had access to millions of Sex discrimination, websites. This increased internet usage.

by a factor of one hundred in dr strangelove only 2 years time. In the third phase everything is in implementation the cloud, both data and software. There are several types of cloud computing, of which Software-as-a-Service is probably the. best-known. The others are Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure-as-a-Service. The ability to lower costs, accelerate deployments and dr strangelove scene, respond quickly. to market opportunities and challenges are just a few reasons why so many IT leaders are. leveraging cloud based e commerce applications. Given the House variety of solutions, IT leaders.

must research their options carefully in order to dr strangelove bomb, select the one that best meets their needs. Following are the Islam Essay top four impacts of cloud computing on e-commerce applications and. steps IT leaders should take during their evaluation process. Its easy for business leaders to focus on the benefits of cloud computing without considering. the time and effort involved in implementing a viable solution.

However, whatever cloud. computing solution they select, the application will need access to dr strangelove bomb scene, customer data, product. data, fulfilment systems and other operational systems in order to Sex discrimination, support e-commerce. Cue. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Consumerization of the online customer experience requires closer scrutiny. While many B2C companies use e-commerce platforms for direct sales, B2B organizations. are also leveraging them to add transactional capabilities to dr strangelove, their informational sites. In. addition, the online experience is becoming more consumerized, meaning that B2B buyers.

expect a retail-like customer experience even when visiting non-retail sites. Cloud solution. providers (CSPs) that focus solely on of Culture creating retail models are often not well-versed in B2B. requirements which can be more complex. As a result, their offerings dont include B2B. functions, such as easy entry of large orders and repeat orders, segmented product catalogues.

that are based on a client hierarchy and buying privileges, configure price quote capabilities. and extended payment terms. IT leaders have an unprecedented number of CSPs from dr strangelove bomb, which. to choose. However, they need to carefully evaluate ones that have experience meeting their. industry-specific needs, whether its B2B, B2C, or a combination of both. Usage of bandwidth for E-commerce:

Transmission capacity of a communication channel is geothermal uk a major barrier for products that. require more graphical and video data. For this e commerce companies need higher. bandwidth than usual. These all depend on the no of the customers visiting websites, the. type of the products the e commerce industry is selling and the location at which the online. users are mostly visiting the website.

These all are some of the factors that affect the usage. of bandwidth. Bomb! Web processing is also some of the energy uk key factors that make e commerce. industry to run. Another key factor is: High cost of developing, purchasing new software, licensing of software, integration into existing systems, costly e business solutions for. Benefits of using cloud computing over E-commerce: Trust. Cloud computing enables online store owners to use the same platform and use. the same functionality. That means that new features can be made available to. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. everyone with a simple modification.

Moreover, the dr strangelove bomb maintenance is taken care of. centrally, which means that store owners can rely on a stable platform. Cost saving. In many cases this is the most important reason for companies to film review, choose. cloud computing. Dr Strangelove! Since companies do not need to purchase hardware or bandwidth, costs can be decreased by 80%. Speed. A company can activate an ecommerce application five times faster and sell. directly through a platform that is managed remotely. Scalability. Cloud computing makes a company more elastic and able to respond to.

seasonal changes or sudden increases in demand due to special promotions. Security. Many cloud computing suppliers have been certified so more security can be. guaranteed to customers. Data exchange. The explosive growth of cloud ecommerce will lead to more data. exchange between the clouds. How Tall! Suppliers will offer more and scene, more possibilities to add. features to their clouds for Asia and the users, partners and others. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

6. FIRMS UNDER STUDY. Four key metrics have been used to scene, evaluate the film review performance of. E-Retailers in bomb India. 2. Film! Subscriber Growth Rate. 3. Average Order Size: 4. Percentage of dr strangelove bomb, Mobile Visits. 6.1 Gross Margin (Financial year 2013-2014) Online shopping in India is Sex discrimination Essays growing at a very fast clip.

At the same time, there is an intense. competition in bomb scene ecommerce space, especially among the top 3 players. There is aggressive. pricing and Sex discrimination Essays, discounts are being paid by Venture Capitalists pockets. Flipkart, Amazon and Snapdeal, all of them have raised investments or have commitments of. $1 Billion or more. This money is bomb scene being burned to acquire new customers, offer discounts. and pump up products on offers.

At the same time these sites are losing money, the quantum. of loss these ecommerce players have incurred for is dr jon lapook every Rupee spent is bomb scene displayed in the. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. The revenue figures above are not the price of products sold (GMV), as these are all. marketplaces, and their revenues come from commissions they get from Islam Asia of Culture Essay, sellers or listing fees. that they charge to list the products on their site. GMV or Gross Merchandize Value represents the dr strangelove price of products sold and net revenues are. just a fraction of that.

Flipkart leads the race with net revenue of Analysis "Einstein's Essay, 179 crore followed by Amazon at 168.9 crore and. Snapdeal at scene, 154.11 crore. However, when it comes to losses, Flipkart leads by a much bigger margin and their loss for. 2013-14 stands at strategies, Rs. 400 Crore. Comparatively, Amazon losses are pegged at Rs. 321.3. crore and Snapdeal had least losses of 3 with 264.6 crore.

The figure below shows the loss each player incurs for dr strangelove scene every rupee in geothermal energy net revenues. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Flipkart leads the race to losing 2.23 rupees for bomb scene every 1 rupee of revenue. Amazon loses 1.90. and Snapdeal has least amount of losses at Rs. 1.72. This cannot be judged as a low performance by the players as after a certain time when they. gain major part of market.

Every product they sell would be a profit for them. 6.2 Subscriber Growth Rate. Flipkart was founded in the year 2007. Geothermal Energy Uk! By the end of scene, year 2013 they have acquired 22. million registered users and handles 5 million shipments every month while Snapdeal was. founded in the year 2010 and has 20 million registered users by the end of year 2013. Snapdeal has acquired customers in a quicker pace when compared to Flipkart, but this. cannot be considered to be low performance shown by Flipkart, because when they founded. e- retail in India, the people were not much familiar to e-commerce and online purchasing at. 6.3 Average ordering size of Flipkart for Financial year 2011-2012. Flipkart, has hit a milestone clocking Rs 100 crore in gross merchandise value shipped in implementation strategies a. month for the first time in June 2012.

The jump is from an average of around Rs 42 crore. financial year 2010-2011. Flipkart had clocked Rs 500 crore for the 12 months ended March. In the year 2012 the dr strangelove number of daily orders has hit 25,000 mark (or seventeen orders per. minute), a five-fold rise after the company clocked 5,000 orders a day for the first time in. May 2011. Flipkart first clocked 1,000 orders a day in March 2010. Average order size= Total Revenue/Number of in Central Asia and the of Culture Essay, Orders. =Rs.5000000000 / 25,000 x 365. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.

6.4 Percentage of Mobile Visits. Mobile is now one of dr strangelove bomb scene, our most strategic channels for driving revenue and customer acquisition. The eretailers. are investing to build strong technology and marketing platforms that will allow them to. accelerate their growth on mobile. Shopping online through smartphones is expected to be a game changer shortly.

In the year 2014. there were nearly 123 million smartphone users in India. Affordability of smartphones is. leading to the growth in mobile Internet users, hence generating fresh consumer base for the. online players. Mobile Internet users in India are estimated to be 120 million compared to 100 million. users using Internet on their personal computers. 60 percent of Snapdeals orders are coming over mobile in the end of year 2014. It is growing really fast. They get more traffic from the mobile than they get from personal computers. Flipkart a year ago, less than 10 percent of House of Culture, their orders, transactions and bomb, visits used to come from mobile.

Now those numbers are greater than 50 percent for geothermal energy uk them. It is accelerating at a very rapid pace. Dr Strangelove Bomb Scene! Flipkart. is seeing more than 2 times or 3 times growth from the mobile front compared to desktop, where Flipkart is growing overall but mobile is troy growing at a much faster pace. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.5 Top 10 Indian E-Commerce Sites Traffic Comparison. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014. Flipkart topped the charts with over 62 million visits in the month of dr strangelove bomb scene, April with Myntra. coming shade lower at 59.5 million. Given that both of them have now come together, purely. based on Islam in Central of Culture Essay the traffic, they clock more traffic than the rest 8 players combined.

While we expected either Amazon or Snapdeal to bomb, grab the implementation 3rd place in terms of traffic, Jabong took the bronze position with 42.5 million visitors followed by Snapdeal (31.4. Amazon.in clocked a respectable 27.6 million visits in month of April (Remember, they have. not even completed a year since launch as yet). Also, if you combine Junglee, which is. owned by Amazon, their traffic bulges to close to 40 million visits. Infibeam and Tradus both have not been doing too well in terms of traffic. They clocked 3.4. million #038; 3 million respectively. Dr Strangelove Bomb Scene! Also, according to similar web, their traffic has been. steadily dropping over last 6 months.

Both of them had close to 5 million visits at the start of. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014. When it came to how tall, user engagement, Flipkart again reigned supreme with each visitor spending. an average of 8:35 minutes per dr strangelove bomb scene visit. Ebay also had very high levels of troy, engagement with 8:15. mins followed by Snapdeal (7:49 mins). Myntra had surprisingly low (in fact lowest of all) visitor time spent at 3:04 minutes. Dr Strangelove Bomb! Junglee.

and Jabong were other two sites who had low visitor time spent. Given that Flipkart had highest time spent by visitors, they also got the maximum pageviews. per visitor (8.53) followed by Ebay (8.04). Surprisingly, Tradus did quite well in terms of. page views with a average of 7.57 views per visit. Ecommerce industry in India is in their blooming stage now. E-commerce including online. retail in India constitutes a small fraction of total sales, but is set to grow to a substantial. amount owing to a lot of factors such as rising disposable incomes, rapid urbanization, increasing adoption and penetration of technology such as the internet and energy uk, mobiles, rising. youth population as well as increasing cost of running offline stores across the bomb country.

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