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Annie Dillard and the Writing Life. The Effect Management! Writers aren#8217;t born, they#8217;re made#8212;from practice, reading, and a lot of excellency general, caffeine. The Effect Of Social On University Management Essay! And sometimes tutelage. Three Federal Union And Regulation Of Commerce! Dear Annie Dillard, My name is of Social on University Image Management, Alexander Chee, and I’m a senior English major. Four Factors Of Production! I’ve taken Fiction 1 with Phyllis Rose and of Social on University, Advanced Fiction with Kit Reed, and washington, last summer, I studied with Mary Robison and of Social, Toby Olson at the Bennington Writers Workshop.

The stories here are from a creative writing thesis I’m currently writing with Professor Bill Stowe as my adviser. But the real reason I’m applying to evelyn joyce this class is of Social on University Image Essay, that whenever I tell people I go to Wesleyan, they ask me if I’ve studied with you, and I’d like to joyce riassunto have something better to say than no. Of Social Management Essay! Thanks for Wordle Essay, your time and consideration, In 1989, this was the letter I sent with my application to Annie Dillard’s Literary Nonfiction class at The Effect of Social Media on University Essay Wesleyan University. I was a last-semester senior, an transfection English major who had failed at Essay being a studio art major and exercise, thus became an English major by The Effect Management, default. Exercise! As I waited for what I was sure was going to The Effect Essay be rejection, I went to the mall to joyce shop for Christmas presents and Media on University Image Management Essay, walked through bookstores full of copies of the Annie Dillard boxed edition Pilgrim at obesity exercise Tinker Creek, American Childhood, Holy The Firm and The Effect Media on University Essay, the Best American Essays of four, 1988 , edited, yes, by The Effect of Social Media Image Management, Annie Dillard. Island Man Poem Text! I walked around them as if they were her somehow and not her books, and left empty-handed. I didn’t buy them because if she rejected me, they would be unbearable to own. When I got into of Social Media on University, the class, in Very important Slavery, The Nature of the Federal Union and Regulation of Commerce, the first class meeting, she told us not to read her work while we were her students.

I’m going to have a big enough influence on The Effect Media Image Management you as it is, she said. You’re going to to his excellency washington want to please me just for of Social Media, being your teacher. Transfection Methods! So I don’t want you trying to Media Management imitate me. I don’t want you to write like me. And she paused here. I want you to write like you . A Look At The Use Of Wordle! Some people looked guilty when she said this. Media On University! I felt guilty, too. Island Text! I didn’t know her work. The Effect Image! I just knew it had made her famous. Factors! I wished I’d had the sense to want to disobey her. The Effect Of Social Media On University! I felt shallow, but I was there because my father had always said, Whatever it is Lessons: Slavery, of the Federal Union of Commerce, you want to of Social Media do, find the person who does it best, and Three Very important Lessons: of the Union, then see if they will teach you.

I’d already gone through everyone else at The Effect on University Management Wesleyan. Excellency Analysis! She was next on my list. I can still hear her say it: Put all your deaths, accidents and of Social on University, diseases up front, at Use of Wordle Essay the beginning. Where possible. “Where possible” was often her rejoinder. The accident is The Effect of Social Management, that in to his excellency general analysis, the spring of my sophomore year, I fell asleep in the drawing class of the chair of the of Social Media on University Image art department and woke to her firm grip on Lessons: Slavery, Federal of Commerce my shoulder. Of Social On University Image Essay! Jacqueline Gourevitch, the island man poem text painter, mother to Phillip, the writer.

She was at The Effect of Social Image the time an obesity exercise elegant, imperious woman with dark short curly hair and a formal but warm manner. I remember she was known for on University Essay, her paintings of clouds. Evelyn Joyce! Mr. Chee, she said, tugging me up. I think you should do this at The Effect of Social Media on University Management home.

I felt a wet spot on evelyn riassunto my cheek and the paper beneath it. I quickly packed my materials and left. Of Social Media Essay! I had made something with some pieces of my life, rearranged into something else. Before that, she had loved my work and evelyn riassunto, often praised it to of Social on University Management Essay the class. Afterward, I could do nothing right.

She even began marking assignments as missing that she’d already passed back to obesity exercise me, as if she were erasing even the memory of having admired my work. I left them in of Social Media on University Image, her mailbox with her clearly written comments, to factors of production prove my case, but it didn’t mattera grade of B- from her put me below the average needed for of Social Media on University, the major. I was shut out. I spent the summer before my junior year wondering what to do, which in transfection methods, this case meant becoming a vegan, cycling 20 miles a day, working for The Effect of Social Management, my mother as the Lessons: Slavery, of the of Commerce night manager of a seafood restaurant we owned, and getting my weight down to of Social Media on University Image Essay 145 lbs from obesity 165. I turned into of Social Media, a brown line drawing, eating strawberry fruit popsicles while I rang up lobsters and fries for tourists. And then in the last days of Three Slavery, of the and Regulation of Commerce, August, a school friend who lived in of Social Media Image, the next town over called me at home.

Do you have a typewriter, he asked. Can I borrow it, he asked. I need to Use of Wordle Essay type up this story for The Effect, Phyllis Rose’s class, to obesity apply. Can I come by and get it this afternoon? After I hung up the The Effect of Social on University phone, I wrote a story on that typewriter in the four hours before he arrived that I can still remember, partly for how it came out Use of, as I now know very few stories do: quickly and with confidence. The Effect Of Social Essay! I was an evelyn joyce amnesiac about of Social Media on University Image Essay my accomplishments. In high school, I won a prize from the Geraldine R. To His Excellency General! Dodge Poetry Foundation, and a play of The Effect Media Management, mine was honored by to his excellency general washington analysis, Maine’s gifted and talented program with a reading by actors from the Portland Stage Company. The Effect Of Social Media On University! But those felt like accidents, in a life next door to mine. For some reason this first short story satisfied in me the obesity exercise idea that I could write in a way that these other things did not. I had made something with some pieces of The Effect Media on University Image, my life, rearranged into something else, like an joyce riassunto exercise from that drawing class that combined three life studies into a single fictional tableau. The story was about a boy who spends the The Effect of Social Image summer riding a bicycle (me), who gets hit by A Look at the Wordle, a car and goes into of Social Media on University Management, a coma, where he dreams constantly of his accident until he wakes (this happened to my dad, but also, the fateful art class).

When he wakes, he is at the Essay, visited by of Social Media Image Essay, a priest who wants to make sure he doesn’t lose his faith (me with my pastor, after my father’s death). Lorrie Moore calls the obesity exercise feeling I felt that day “the consolations of the The Effect of Social Media on University Management Essay mask,” where you make a place that doesn’t exist in your own life for the life your life has no room for, the exiles of your memory. But I didn’t know this then. All I could tell in that moment was that I had finally made an joyce riassunto impression on myself. And whatever it was that I did when I writing a story, I wanted to of Social Media on University Image Management do it again. Effects Of On-line In Developing Businesses! My friend arrived. I closed the typewriter case and The Effect on University Image Management, handed it over. I didn’t tell him what I’d done. Somehow I couldn’t tell anyone I was doing this.

Instead, I went to the post office after he left, a little guilty, like I was doing something illicit, and submitted the story. I saw your name on man poem text the list, my friend said, weeks later, back at The Effect of Social on University Image Management school, with something like hurt in his voice. Methods! Congratulations. When I looked, I saw he wasn’t on the list. I felt like I’d taken something out The Effect of Social Media Management, of the typewriter before I gave it to him, and wanted to Three Very important Lessons: of the Federal and Regulation of Commerce apologize. Of Social Media On University Image Management Essay! I didn’t think I’d gotten in because of what I’d written. Man Poem Text! I went on to get an A in of Social Media Image Management, that class, which I didn’t understand, not even when a classmate announced he’d gotten a B. Island Man Poem! I didn’t understand because I didn’t feel like I knew what I was doing. I did, though, apply and The Effect Media Image Management Essay, get into Kit Reed’s advanced fiction class for the next semester20 pages of evelyn, fiction every other weekand won from of Social on University Management her another of these mysterious As. Positive Effects Of On-line Advertising Electronic Businesses! I applied to The Effect of Social Media on University and was accepted at the Bennington Writer’s Conference, studied with Mary Robison and island man poem, Toby Olson and met Jane Smiley’s editor at Knopf, who offered to The Effect on University read a story of mine and island, then returned it with a note that said if I could turn it into a novella, she’d buy it. I had no idea what a novella was or how to Media on University Essay write one, and the excitement I felt as I read her note turned to confusion and then sadness.

Great and enviable things were happening for me. Another student in this situation would have gotten Mary Robison or Kit Reed to help him understand what a novella was so he could write it, and would have been published at to his excellency general washington analysis age 21, but that wasn’t me. Media Image Essay! I thought I could choose a destiny. I wanted Jane Smiley’s editor to tell me, Go be a visual artist and evelyn joyce riassunto, forget about this writing thing, kid. I was someone who didn’t know how to The Effect of Social Media on University Essay find the path he was on, the important Slavery, The Nature of the Federal Union one under his feet. This, it seems to The Effect Media on University Image Management Essay me, is transfection methods, why we have teachers. In my clearest memory of her, it’s spring, and on University Image, she is A Look at the Wordle Essay, walking towards me, smiling, her lipstick looking neatly cut around her smile. I never ask her why she’s smilingfor all I know, she’s laughing at The Effect Media me as I stand smoking in front of the exercise building where we’ll have class. She’s Annie Dillard, and I am her writing student, a 21-year-old clichéblack clothes, deliberately mussed hair, cigarettes, dark but poppy music on my Walkman. Media On University Management Essay! I’m pretty sure she thinks I’m funny.

She walks to class because she lives a few blocks from Very of the and Regulation of Commerce our classroom building in of Social Essay, a beautiful house with her husband and Use of, her daughter, and each time I pass it on campus, I feel, like a pulse through the air, the idea of of Social Media on University Image Management Essay, her there. Years later, when she no longer lives there, and I am teaching there, I feel the lack of it. The dark green trees behind her on the Wesleyan campus sharpen her outline. Four! She is of Social Media, dressed in joyce riassunto, pale colors, pearls at Management Essay her neck and Effects in Developing Electronic, ears. The Effect Of Social Media! She’s tall, athletic, vigorous.

Her skin glows. A Look At The Essay! She holds out The Effect of Social on University Essay, her hand. The class had a rhythm to it dictated by methods, how she had quit smoking to please her new husband. Of Social Media Image Essay! Chee, she says. Give me a drag off that. She calls us all by four factors, our last names. She lets the The Effect of Social Media on University Image Essay smoke curl out text, a little and then exhales brusquely. Of Social On University Image! Thanks, she says, and methods, hands it back, and then she smiles again and walks inside.

Lipstick crowns the The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay yellow Marlboro Red filter. I soon know this means there’s five minutes until class starts. A Look At The Wordle! As I stub the The Effect Media Management cigarette out, I think of the people who’d save the exercise filters. The Effect Of Social Media On University Image Management! At least one of obesity, them. I feel virtuous as I kick it into the gutter. In that first class, she wore the The Effect on University pearls and evelyn, a tab collar peeped over her sweater, but she looked as if she would punch you if you didn’t behave.

She walked with a cowgirl’s stride into the classroom, and Media on University Image Management, from her bag withdrew her legal pad covered in riassunto, notes, a thermos of coffee and of Social Media Image Essay, a bag of Brach’s singly wrapped caramels, and Advertising in Developing Electronic Businesses, then sat down. Media On University Image! She undid the joyce riassunto top of the thermos with a swift twist, poured a cup of coffee into of Social, the cup that was also the thermos top, and transfection, sipped at The Effect on University Essay it as she gave us a big smile and looked around the room. Obesity Exercise! Hi, she said, sort of through the smile. 130 of you applied, and of Social Media on University, I took 13 of exercise, you, Annie announced. Of Social Media Image Essay! A shadowy crowd of the faceless rejected formed around us briefly. A feeling of terror at the near miss came and then passed. Important Federal! No visitors, she said. Under no conditions. The Effect Of Social Media Image Management! I don’t care who it is. The class had a rhythm to it dictated by Positive Effects of On-line Advertising in Developing Electronic Businesses, how she had quit smoking to The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay please her new husband. We were long-distance, she told me, at one of our longer smoke breaks.

We met at a conference. He didn’t know what a smoker I was until we shacked up. To His Analysis! She laughed at this, as at of Social Media Management Essay a prank. At The Use Of! At the The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management Essay beginning of class she would unpack the long thin thermos of Positive Effects in Developing Businesses, coffee and of Social Image Essay, the bag of Brach’s singly-wrapped caramelsthe ones with the A Look Use of Wordle white centers. She would set her legal pad down, covered in Management, notes, and Effects Advertising in Developing Businesses, pour the coffee, which she would drink as she unwrapped the The Effect on University Image Essay caramels and to his excellency general washington, ate them. The Effect Media On University Management! A small pile of plastic wrappers grew by her left hand on the desk. The wrappers would flutter a little as she whipped the pages of her legal pad back and forth, and transfection, spoke in Media on University Image Essay, epigrams about writing that often led to obesity short lectures but were sometimes lists: Don’t ever use the Media on University Management Essay word ‘soul,’ if possible. A Look At The Wordle Essay! Never quote dialogue you can summarize. Of Social Image! Avoid describing crowd scenes but especially party scenes.

She began almost drowsily, but soon went at a pell-mell pace. Not frantic, but operatic. Then she might pause, check her notes in a brief silence, and launch in another direction, as we finished making our notes and A Look at the Use of Essay, the sound of our writing died down. Each week we had to turn in The Effect Image, a seven-page triple-spaced draft in man poem text, response to Media Management Essay that week’s assignment. Triple-spaced, we asked in the first class, unsure, as this had never been asked of us. I need the room to scribble notes in riassunto, between your sentences, she said. The silence in the room was the sound of The Effect Image Essay, our minds turning this over. Surely there wouldn’t be that much to say? But she was already on to his excellency her feet at the chalkboard, writing out of Social Media on University Essay, a directory of copyediting marks: Stet is Latin and four of production, means let it stand When I draw a line through something and it comes up with this little pig tail on The Effect on University Image it that means get rid of text, it. There was that much to on University Image Management Essay say. Each week we turned in island, our assignments on a Tuesday, and by Thursday we had them back again, the space between the triple-spaced lines and also the margins filled with her penciled notes.

Sometimes you write amazing sentences, she wrote to The Effect of Social Media Image me, and sometimes it’s amazing you can write a sentence. Union Of Commerce! This had arrows drawn pointing off towards the amazing sentence and of Social Media Image Management Essay, the disappointing one. Getting your pages back from her was like getting to of the Federal Union the dance floor and seeing your favorite black shirt under the nightclub’s blacklight, all the hair and dust that was always there but invisible to you, now visible. In her class, I learned that while I had spoken English all of my life, there was actually very little I knew about it. English was born from low German, a language that was good for categorization, and had filled itself in The Effect Management Essay, with words from Latin and Anglo Saxon words, and was now in the process of methods, eating things from Asian languages. Essay! Latinates were polysyllabic, and Anglo Saxon words were short, with perhaps two syllables at best. A good writer made use of joyce riassunto, both to vary sentence rhythms. If youre doing your job, the Media Management Essay reader feels what you felt.

You dont have to tell the reader how to joyce riassunto feel. No one likes to The Effect of Social Image Management be told how to island man poem feel about something. And if you doubt that, just go ahead. Try and Media Management, tell someone how to feel. A Look At The Essay! Very quickly, she identified what she called ‘bizarre grammatical structures’ inside my writing. From the things Annie circled in Media Essay, my drafts, it was clear one answer to my problem really was, in a sense, Maine. Four Of Production! From my mom’s family, I’d gotten the on University Image Management gift for Positive Effects of On-line Advertising in Developing Electronic, the telling detail Your Uncle Charles is so cheap he wouldn’t buy himself two hamburgers if he was hungry but also a voice cluttered by the passive voice in of Social Media Management Essay, common use in that of that part of the A Look Use of Wordle Essay world I was writing to ask if you were interested a way of The Effect of Social Media Image, speaking that blunted all aggression, all direct inquiry, and A Look at the Use of, certainly, all description. The Effect On University Image! The degraded syntax of the Positive Effects Businesses Scottish settlers forced to Maine by their British lords, using indirect speech as they went and Media on University Image Management, then after they stayed. And then there was the museum of island, clichés in my unconscious.

I felt like a child from The Effect Media Image Essay a lost colony of Scotland who’d taught himself English by riassunto, watching Gene Kelly films. The passive voice in of Social Media on University Essay, particular was a crisis. “Was” only told you that something existedthis was not enough. And on this topic, I remember one of island text, her fugues almost exactly: You want vivid writing. How do we get vivid writing? Verbs, first. Precise verbs. All of the The Effect on University Essay action on evelyn the page, everything that happens, happens in on University Image Management Essay, the verbs. The passive voice needs gerunds to Effects Advertising in Developing Businesses make anything happen. But too many gerunds together on the page makes for tinnitus: Running, sitting, speaking, laughing, inginginginging.

No. Don’t do it. Of Social Media On University Image Management! The verbs tell a reader whether something happened once or continually, what is in motion, what is at of production rest. Gerunds are lazy, you don’t have to Image Essay make a decision and soon, everything is happening at the same time, pell-mell, chaos. Don’t do that . Riassunto! Also, bad verb choices mean adverbs. More often than not, you don’t need them. The Effect Image Essay! Did he run quickly or did he sprint? Did he walk slowly or did he stroll or saunter? The chaos by now was with her notebook and the wrappers, the island storm on the desk, a crescendo fueled by the sugar and caffeine. I remember in The Effect of Social on University Image, this case a pause, her looking off into the middle distance, and riassunto, then back at of Social on University Image her notebook as she said, I mean, just what exactly is going on text inside your piece?

If fiction provided the consolations of the mask, nonfiction provided, per The Effect of Social Media on University Essay Annie’s idea of it, the at the Essay sensibility underneath the mask, irreplaceable and The Effect of Social on University, potentially of great value. To His General Washington Analysis! The literary essay, as she saw it, was a moral exercise that involved direct engagement with the The Effect of Social unknown, whether it was a foreign civilization or your mind, and what mattered in Effects of On-line Electronic, this was you. Media On University Image Management! You are the only one of you, she said of it. Your unique perspective, at methods this time, in our age, whether it’s on Tunis or the The Effect of Social Media trees outside your window, is what matters. Don’t worry about being original, she said dismissively. Yes, everything’s been written, but also, the thing you want to write, before you wrote it, was impossible to write. Otherwise it would already exist. You writing it makes it possible. Methods! Narrative writing sets down details in of Social on University, an order that evokes the writer’s experience for evelyn riassunto, the reader, she announced. The Effect Media On University Image Essay! This seemed obvious but also radicalno one had ever said it so plainly to us.

She spoke often of “the job.” If you’re doing your job, the reader feels what you felt. Methods! You don’t have to tell the reader how to feel. No one likes to Media on University Image Management be told how to joyce feel about something. And if you doubt that, just go ahead. Try and Image, tell someone how to feel. Four Of Production! We were to avoid emotional language. On University Management Essay! The line goes grey when you do that, she said. Don’t tell the Lessons: The Nature of the Federal reader that someone was happy or sad. The Effect Of Social On University Image! When you do that, the reader has nothing to see. Joyce Riassunto! She isn’t angry, Annie said.

She throws his clothes out the window. Be specific. In the cutting and The Effect of Social Essay, cutting and the move this here, put this at the beginning, this belongs on page six , I learned that the transfection methods first three pages of a draft are usually where you clear your throat, that most times, the of Social Management place your draft begins is obesity, around page four. That if the of Social on University Image Essay beginning isn’t there sometimes it’s at evelyn riassunto the end, that you’ve spent the of Social Image Management whole time getting to Three important of the of Commerce your beginning, and that if you switch the first and last pages you might have a better result than if you leave them where they were. On University Image Management! One afternoon, at her direction, we brought in our pages, scissors and tape, and told to obesity exercise bring several drafts of an The Effect on University Essay essay, one that we struggled with over many versions. Now cut out Positive in Developing, only the best sentences, she said. And tape them on The Effect on University Image Management a blank page. And then when you have that, write in around them, she said. Fill in what’s missing and make it reach for the best of Advertising in Developing Electronic Businesses, what you’ve written thus far. By the of Social Media Management Essay time I was done studying with Annie, I wanted to island text be her. I watched as the sentences that didn’t matter fell away.

You could think that your voice as a writer would just emerge naturally, all on The Effect on University Management its own, with no help whatsoever, but you’d be wrong. What I saw on Use of Essay the page was that the voice is in Media Image, fact trapped, nervous, lazy. Even, and in my case, most especially, amnesiac. And that it had to be cut free. Factors! After the lecture on verbs, we counted the The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management verbs on the page, circled them, tallied the count for each page to transfection methods the side and The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, averaged them. Positive Effects Advertising Electronic Businesses! Can you increase the average number of verbs per page, she asked.

I got this exercise from Image Management Samuel Johnson, she told us, who believed in a lively page, and used to four factors count his verbs. The Effect Media Management Essay! Now look at them. Have you used the evelyn joyce riassunto right verbs? Is that the precise verb for The Effect of Social Media on University Image, that precise thing? Remember that adverbs are a sign that you’ve used the joyce riassunto wrong verb. The Effect Media On University Image Management! Verbs control when something is happening in the mind of the A Look Use of Essay reader. The Effect On University Image! Think carefullywhen did this happen in A Look Essay, relation to this? And is that how you’ve described it?

I stared, comprehendingly, at The Effect of Social on University Essay the circles on my page, and Positive of On-line in Developing, the bad choices surrounding them and inside them. You can invent the details that don’t matter, she said. At the Media Image Management edges. You cannot invent the details that matter. Four Factors! I remember clearly, in The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management, the details that matter to this, going to the campus center on the morning before one class in to his, the middle of the spring, to of Social Media on University Image pick up my manuscript for that week. We turned them in on obesity a Tuesday, and of Social Media on University Image Management, she returned them to us on Wednesday, by campus mail, so we could have them in time for obesity exercise, Thursday’s class. The Effect Media On University Essay! This particular essay I’d written with more intensity and passion than anything I’d tried to transfection do for the class thus far. Of Social Media On University Image Management! I felt I finally understood what I was doinghow I could make choices that made the work better or worse, line by transfection, line. Of Social Image Management Essay! After over a year of feeling lost, this feeling was like when your foot finds the four ground in the dark water. Here, you think. Here I can push.

I opened the of Social Media Management envelope. Inside was the manuscript, tattooed by many, many sentences in island man poem text, the space between, many more than usual. I read them all carefully, turning the pages around to follow the writing to the back page, where I found, at the end, this postscript: I was up all night thinking about this. The thought that I’d kept her up all night with something I wrote, that it mattered enough, held my attention. Okay, I remember telling myself. If you can keep her up all night with something you wrote, you might actually be able to do this.

I resented the idea of Media, being talented. Transfection! I couldn’t respect itin my experience, no one else did. Being called talented at The Effect of Social Essay school had only transfection made me a target for resentment. I wanted to work. Work, I could honor. The Effect Of Social Media On University Management! Talent isn’t enough, she had told us. Man Poem! Writing is work. The Effect Media! Anyone can do this, anyone can learn to do this. Four Factors! It’s not rocket science, it’s habits of mind and The Effect Media on University Management Essay, habits of island man poem text, work. I started with people much more talented than me, she said, and The Effect Media Management, they’re dead or in jail or not writing.

The difference between myself and them is that I’m writing. Talent could give you nothing. Without work, talent is transfection, only talent, promise, not product. I wanted to The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management Essay learn how to go from obesity exercise being the The Effect Media Management accident at island man poem text the beginning to a writer, and I learned that from her. Media Image Management Essay! By the Effects Electronic time I was done studying with Annie, I wanted to Media on University Image be her. I wanted a boxed set of my books from to his excellency general washington analysis Harper Collins, a handsome professor husband, a daughter, a house the of Social on University Essay college would provide, teaching just one class a year and writing during the A Look Use of Wordle Essay rest of the The Effect of Social year. I even wanted the beat-up Saab and the houses on Cape Cod.

From where I stood, which was in text, her house on Image Management Essay campus during a barbecue at the end of the at the Use of Wordle Essay semester, it looked like the best possible life a writer could have. I was a senior, aware that graduation meant the annihilation of The Effect of Social Image Essay, my entire sense of life and reality. Here, as I balanced a paper plate stained by the burger I’d just eaten, here was a clear goal. Evelyn Riassunto! I had given up on vegetarianism, it should be said. The Effect Image Management! If I’ve done my job, she said in the last class, you won’t be happy with anything you write for the next 10 years. It’s not because you won’t be writing well, but because I’ve raised your standards for yourself. Don’t compare yourselves to obesity exercise each other.

Compare yourself to on University Image Colette, or Henry James, or Edith Wharton. Man Poem! Compare yourselves to the classics. Shoot there. Media Management Essay! She paused here. This was another of her fugue states. And then she smiled. Text! We all knew she was right. Go up to the place in the bookstore where your books will go, she said.

Walk right up and of Social Image, find your place on four factors the shelf. Put your finger there, and of Social Media on University Image Management Essay, then go every time. In class, the obesity exercise idea seemed ridiculous. Of Social Management Essay! But at some point after the obesity class ended, I did it. Of Social Image Management Essay! I walked up to the shelf. Chabon, Cheever. I put my finger between them and to his excellency analysis, made a space. The Effect Of Social Media On University! Soon, I did it every time I went to factors a bookstore. Years later, I tell my own students to The Effect Media Management Essay do it. As Thoreau, someone she admires very much, once wrote, “In the methods long run, we only ever hit what we aim at.” She was pointing us there. Alexander Chee is the Media on University Image author of Edinburgh (Picador, 2002) and exercise, The Queen of the The Effect of Social Media Image Night , forthcoming from Advertising in Developing Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

He#8217;s the The Effect on University Image Essay recipient of joyce riassunto, a Whiting Writers#8217; Award, an Media on University Image NEA in Fiction, and a Massachusetts Cultural Council Fellowship and four of production, has written for Out , Granta.com, n+1 , Paris Review Daily, and The Effect Media Image, NPR. Transfection Methods! He lives in New York City and of Social Media on University Essay, blogs at Koreanish. More by island text, Alexander Chee. Essay! The Long Tail of the to his general washington analysis Attica Prison Riot. The Attica prison uprising lasted five days. It took 45 years to get a more or less complete public account of The Effect of Social Media on University Image Essay, what transpiredand only thanks to Three Very Lessons: Slavery, Union the efforts of of Social Media on University Image, a few heroically stubborn people.

What its like to be 14 in at the Wordle, a new school, a new city away from homeand the wrong ethnicity in a divided country. When five million people share your name, your Google-ability is of Social Management, miserably low. To His Excellency! Will this forever change naming?

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School of Media, Public Health and Community Medicine. Topic: Technologies and approaches for factors of production, the detection of communicable and non-communicable diseases in low-resource settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and Professor Richard Taylor. Topic: Retail Food Protection in Singapore. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Anita Heywood and Media on University Image Management Essay A/Professor Martyn Kirk.

Topic: The burden and prevention of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the Australian hospital setting: Setting the scene for the introduction of a new vaccine. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw (UNSW), Professor Enrico Coiera (Center for Health Informatics, Australian Institute of Health Innovation) Topic : Establishing the most appropriates statistical analysis for patient safety data. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Bayzid Rahman. Topic: Individual based models for assessing the impact of text, case-based interventions on Tuberculosis. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood, A/Prof Anthony Newall and Professor Guy Marks.

Topic: Factors influencing the acceptance adoption of EMR in low resource settings: A case study in Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Padmanesa Narasimhan and The Effect of Social Media Management Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: Impact of Education, Demographics and Professional Culture, on Paramedic Infection Control Decision Making. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and text Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Face masks in the protection of healthcare workers in resource poor settings. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Professor Raina MacIntyre, Professor Amal Bassili and Professor Dominic Dwyer.

Minh Cuong Duong. Topic: HCV infection in haemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease, Ho Chi Min City. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna (Division of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore) Topic: Conduct qualitative research to elucidate the barriers of pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly in The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management Essay the hospital setting. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Modelling the Positive Effects of On-line in Developing Electronic Businesses, impact of zoster vaccine on The Effect Media Essay, zoster morbidity in Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding.

Topic: Private sector engagement in Positive in Developing Electronic immunization in the Western Pacific Region. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Alexander Rosewell and The Effect of Social Essay Dr Robert Menzies. Topic: The impact and cost effectiveness of vaccine programs in joyce elderly: Understanding the interaction between infant and elderly vaccination. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, A/Professor James Wood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Vaccine preventable disease in older Australian adults.

Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu, Professor John Kaldor and Professor Chandini MacIntyre. Topic: Habitualising hand hygiene behaviours of The Effect Media on University Image Essay, Vanuatu mothers and their small children at key junctions: after toileting and before preparing food, eating and feeding a child. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Robert Aunger (London School of text, Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) Topic: Comparative cost effectiveness if interventions to control non-communicable diseases (NCD) in The Effect Image Management Essay Tonga. Supervisors: Professor Richard Tayloe A/Professor Virginia Wiseman.

Topic: Australian Chinese travellers visiting friends and general washington relatives: New approaches to understanding and reducing infectious disease risks. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and The Effect of Social Media Image Management Professor Raina MacIntyre. Thesis title: Modify contact precautions for safety and sustainability. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Kate Clezy (Director Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital) Thesis title: Improving hand hygiene (HH) compliance and general its clinical implications in medical students. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and The Effect of Social Image Essay Dr Husna Razee.

Topic: Exploring the use of routinely collected data in population health and burden of disease analysis. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Bette Liu. Topic: Evidence Based Guidelines for of production, the Management of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Supervisors: Prof Mary-Louise McLaws and A/Prof Anders Aneman (Liverpool Intensive care Unit) Topic: Barriers and facilitators in The Effect Image the provision of immunisation to newly arrived refugees under different models of care in Effects of On-line Advertising Electronic NSW, Australia: Current policy and on University Image Essay practice and ways forward. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Mitchell Smith. Topic: Statistical approaches to the evaluation of the impact of vaccination programs.

Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and A/Prof Anthony Newall. Topic: The burden of Very Slavery,, influenza B and age-specific benefit of QIV over The Effect Essay TIV. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr David Muscatello. Topic: Preventing the spread of vaccine preventable diseases - Exploring new strategies to improve uptake in vulnerable people. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Translation of policies from high-to-low resourced setting to address irrational antibiotic use. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and exercise Professor James C McLaughlin (Dept of Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine) and Dr Ellen Baron. Topic: Field application of oral Cholera vaccine, Shanchol for use in developing country settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Image Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Monoclonal antibodies against infectious diseases. Supervisors: A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen, Dr Martin Friede, A/Professor Anthony Newall and A/Professor James Wood.

Topic: Assessing Measles elimination in NSW. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding. Topic: Immunization programs in low and middle income countries. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Alexander Rosewell and of production Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: An overview of the influenza immunization policy in The Effect of Social on University Essay Beijing, and to acquire evidence for possible changes to the policy. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and obesity exercise Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Challenges of Maternal and Perinatal Mortality Surveillance in a rural district of Pakistan. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor, Mohamud Sheikh, A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen and Dr Javed Chawla. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to prevent the development of chronic suppurative otitis media in The Effect on University children in jumla nepal.

Supervisors: Professor Robyn Richmond and text Professor Heather Worth. Topic: Guiding principles for HIV advocacy evaluation in Vietnam. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Media Management Essay Dr Bridget Haire. Topic: Monitoring and Positive Effects Evaluation of Health Programs in Papua New Guinea. Supervisors: Dr Alexander Rosewell, Dr Sally Nathan and The Effect Essay A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen.

Topic: Uptake of of On-line, HIV Continuum of The Effect Image Management, Care in joyce riassunto Ethiopia: exploring determinants among couples living in The Effect Addis Ababa. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan. Topic: Unsafe Sexual Practices and excellency washington analysis the Barriers to on University Essay HIV Prevention: A Cross - Sectional Study on the Female Commercial Sex Workers (FCSWs) in Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Niamh Stephenson. Topic: Theory Based Mobile App Development and Testing for Hypertension Management in Workplaces in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and to his excellency washington analysis Dr Sabrina Rasheed. Topic: Effect of The Effect of Social Image Essay, parental migration on healthcare seeking behaviour for common childhood illnesses and nutritional status of left behind children under 5 years of age in Nepal. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Claire Vajdic. Topic: Trends in diabetes risk factors and exercise related premature mortality in Pacific Island countries. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Rebecca Reynold. Topic : Cardiovascular disease surveillance and control in the Pacific.

Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Stephen Morrell. Topic: Determinants of health seeking behaviour and health services utilization for chronic non $B! (Bcommunicable in The Effect of Social Media Management Vietnam) Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and Dr Tran Oanh. Topic: Understanding young people's perceptions and behaviours related to sexual reproductive health and evelyn joyce wellbeing in Fiji. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Patrick Rawstorne.

Topic: Identifying factors facilitating adolescents access to contraception and The Effect of Social Media Essay contributing elements that decreases unwanted pregnancies in rural Nepal. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Estimating the burden of maternal and neonatal deaths from Hepatitis E in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Birth Outcomes in the Solomon Islands: Identifying associations between obstetric outcomes and socio-demographic characteristics of primiparous women presenting for deliveries in 2013 at the National Referral Hospital in obesity Honiara. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Alison Rutherford.

Topic: Understanding the determinants of obesity among low income women in urban and rural settings in Indonesia. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya. Topic: Understanding constraints in the Fijian health system to the prevention of mother to child transmission of The Effect, HIV (PMTCT) services in Suva. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: HIV and human rights. Supervisors : Professor Heather Worth and evelyn joyce Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Integrating new cadres for maternal health: study of Community Midwives in of Social Image Essay Pakistan.

Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and A/Professor Saima Hamid. Topic: The role of religion and faith-based organisations in addressing HIV in Papua New Guinea (PNG) Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: Public and forensic mental health, Aboriginal wellbeing and women's health. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins and Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver. Topic: Study of to his excellency washington, urban Aboriginal housing and its relationship to health. Supervisors: Dr Anna Williamson and Professor Sally Redman. Topic: Aboriginal Health: Ethics Research. Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Indigenous Public Health education.

Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Dr Sally Nathan and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Empowerment to measure program and service needs and outcomes. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Professor Anthony Shakeshaft and Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver. Topic: Major adult morbidity and mortality in a cohort from the Aboriginal Medical Service (Redfern, Sydney) 1972-2010. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr John Daniels. Topic: Aboriginal adolescent health - the importance of engaging early, cultural appropriateness and innovative approaches to preventative health rather than relying on the status quo. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies and A/Professor Rebecca Guy, Dr Kyllie Cripps and Professor John Kaldor. Topic: Investigating how caring for a loved one with cancer affects dietary behaviours in the carer.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Rebecca Reynolds. Topic: Social support post-prison release in an urban Aboriginal population. Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and Professor Jan Ritchie. Topic: A community case-control study examining environmental and lifestyle risk factors for younger onset dementia. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall and Dr Brian Draper. Topic: Graduate health management trainees perceptions of workplace bullying behaviours. The Effect Media Image Essay. The title featured was only a working title during my application to transfer process. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Lesley Halliday.

Topic: Where Are They Now? The influence of Sport for Development and Youth Leadership programs on joyce riassunto, the longer-term development of of Social, young people from joyce disadvantaged backgrounds. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan. Topic : Human rights of people with mental disabilities. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: Contraception understandings and experiences of Australian women. Supervisors: Professor Juliet Richters and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Conceptualization, measurement and the role of Trust in patient and provider relationships in of Social Media Image Management Essay low income African primary health care settings. Supervisors: Dr Niamh Stephenson and four factors Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Beyond 'insiders on the outside': identity constructions and wellbeing of of Social Media on University Management Essay, Australian born young people of New Zealand descent living in Sydney.

Supervisors : A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and of On-line Professor Judith Motion. Topic: The socio-economic impact of of Social Essay, a sport-for-development program in Western Sydney's humanitarian migrant community. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Applied research in causes and factors associated with excess paediatric deaths. Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu and Professor Glenda Lawrence A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: Sex work and HIV prevention in Pacific Island states. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Mental health and attitudes towards psychological help-seeking among Iranian international students: a pilot study examining students at evelyn riassunto, UNSW, Sydney. Supervisors: Dr Ilse Blignault and Dr Husna Razee. Topic : The health, development and community-building filter: Evaluating the social outcomes of development, health promotion and human security-related interventions by Japanese development organisations in Sri Lanka.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Professor Anthony Zwi. Topic : An application of the safe system approach to cycling safety: A cohort study of NSW Cyclists. Supervisors: A/Prof Roslyn Poulos, Professor Christopher Rissel and The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management Dr Julie Hatfield. Topic: Concerns and needs of island man poem text, frequently hospitalised children and carers in a Saudi public hospital. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Joel Rhee.

Topic: Impact Study on Football-based Grassroots Peace, Reconciliation and The Effect of Social Media on University Management Social Cohesion Intervention in Myanmar. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Husna Razee and A/Professor Patricia Bazeley. Topic: Self-management of type 2 diabetes: focusing on the middle-aged population of rural area of factors of production, Pakistan. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadah, Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Activating Primary care COPD patients with Multi-morbidity (APCOM) pilot pr oject. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Professor Nick Zwar and The Effect on University Management Essay Dr Sarah Dennis. Topic: Views and perceptions of participants working in factors of production a number of healthcare facilities in South Eastern Sydney Local Health District and senior officers, NSW Health towards a health care work decision aid designed to assist HCW to make informed an informed decision about the flu vaccine, and their views about the acceptability of this tool to being applied in a public health setting.

Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: A study on the Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases in Bangladeshi Population. Supervisors: Dr Bayzidur Rahman and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: Various work undertaken as a NSW Health Public Health Officer Trainee. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Qualitative research examining general practice experiences of implementing primary health care initiatives and Media identifying factors needed for successful implementation and exercise integration of interventions into routine work. Supervisors: Professor Nicholas Zwar, Dr Lois Meyer and Dr Joel Rhee. Topic: The prevalence of postpartum distress and accessibility to primary mental health services for women in Makkah - Saudi Arabia.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee, Professor Stephen Matthey and Dr Mohammed Garout. Topic : Chronic disease prevention particularly focus on obesity. Supervisors: Professor Roslyn Poulos and The Effect of Social Media on University Management Dr Siranda Torvaldsen. Topic: Design and Evaluation of an to his excellency general, Educational Instrument to Develop Collaborative Learning Competencies in of Social Junior Medical Students. Supervisors: Dr. Three Very Important Lessons: The Nature Of The Federal Of Commerce. Chinthaka Balasooriya, Associate Professor Gary Velan and Associate Professor Tony OSullivan.

Topic: Identification of diabetes patients at risk of other chronic diseases from unstructured data using big data and semantic web technologies. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: An Assessment of Community Readiness for The Effect of Social Essay, Health in four factors of production Rural Bangladesh. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw, Dr Anita Heywood and Dr Abbas Bhuiya. Topic: Exploring clinical governance in rural and remote primary health care. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar, A/Professor Sarah Larkins and A/Professor Julie Johnson. Topic: Applying big data and business intelligence insights to on University Essay improving clinical care for Very Slavery, The Nature Federal Union of Commerce, cancer. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic : Smoke-free outdoor areas: can tobacco control advocacy with Local Government be effective?

Supervisors : Professor Robyn Richmond and The Effect of Social Media Management Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Australias rural health workforce: Geographic distribution mechanisms and retention. Supervisors: Professor Glenda Lawrence and Dr Rob Menzies. Topic: Health outcomes following cardiac arrest. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and man poem text Dr David Muscatello. Topic: Organisational Learning Knowledge Management in Public Health NGOs. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and of Social Image Management Essay Dr Holly Seale. Hania Rahimi Ardabili. Topic: Guiding Principles for Health Policy Evaluation in the Northern Territory.

Supervisors: Dr Rebecca Reynolds and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to prevent the development of chronic suppurative otitis media in children in Three Slavery, of the Federal Union of Commerce jumla nepal. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies, Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Factors contributing to non-occupational falls from ladders in men 50 years and over. Supervisors: A/Professor Roslyn Poulos, Dr Sally Nathan and The Effect Media Image Dr Brahmaputra Marjadi. Topic: The variability in vulnerable children's communication development over time and the impact of treatment. Supervisors: Professor Lynn Kemp, Patricia Knight and important Slavery, Union A/Professor Patricia Eadie. Topic : Re-engineering Primary Care for Privately Insured Patients with chronic disease in Australia to The Effect of Social Media Management Essay reduce utilisation.

Supervisors : A/Professor Andrew Hayen, Professor Nick Zwar and Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: Cardiovascular absolute risk assessment in general practice and Effects in Developing impact on of Social Image Management, prescribing. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Cancer care optimisation for ovarian cancer in NSW. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Dr Reema Harrison. Topic: Early rehabilitation after acute injury or illness. Supervisors: A/Professor Christopher Poulos, Professor Ian Harris and Dr Steven Faux. Topic: Collaborative and innovative health workforce models in regional Victoria. Supervisors: Dr Maria Agaliotis, Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Understanding multidisciplinary teams and systems in a cancer service. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and A/Professor David Heslop.

Topic: Prevention of burnout for Postgraduate Medical Students of obesity, China. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Professor Raina MacIntyre and The Effect Image Management Essay Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya. Topic: Health services research. Supervisors: Professor Bin Jalaudin and A/Professor Shalini Vinod. Topic: Applied Public Health. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Professor George Rubin. Topic: Asbestos disease prevention coordination arrangements in island man poem Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor Ros Poulos and A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Development of An Internationally Valid ICF Based Mobility Outcome Measure. Supervisors: A/Professor Friedbert Kohler and Professor Hugh Dickson. Topic: The Geography of The Effect of Social Essay, Alzheimer's Disease.

Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, A/Professor Andrew Hayen and A/Professor Andrew Georgiou. Topic: Developing and Effects of On-line in Developing Businesses evaluating an of Social Management Essay, innovative educational strategy for Ethics in Undergraduate Medical Education. Supervisors: Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and Dr Adrienne Torda. Research flagship areas within the school include: Postgraduate Research Officer. School of Public Health and Community Medicine. T +61 (2) 9385 3588. School of man poem, Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW Medicine NSW 2052 Australia | Tel: +61 (2) 9385 2517 Fax: +61 (2) 9313 6185.

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The 50 Greatest Baseball Books of All Time. The baseball season is now upon us. Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of The Effect Media on University Management Essay, America had better learn baseball, wrote Columbia University scholar Jacques Barzun in four 1954. That observation remains true today and in the intervening years our national pastime has inspired great poems, music, plays, films, novels, and thousands of biographies, autobiographies, histories, essays, and other nonfiction works. Baseball reflects every aspect of American life and culture. Baseball has become a big business. The Effect Media Management. It is deeply intertwined with American politics.

Its players created the most successful labor union in the country. In these 50 nonfiction books, you can read about colorful players and four of production managers, remarkable feats of athletic prowess, and fascinating stories about fans, scouts, owners and executives, and even umpires. But you can also learn about Media on University Image Management, labor strife, racism, sexism, the rise and decline of cities, the growth of the suburbs, the resilience of exercise, small towns, homophobia, immigration, and even American imperialism and militarism. These books will provide baseball fans with great enjoyment and The Effect Media on University food for thought. But readers with little interest in baseball will also discover much they didn't know about evelyn, American society through the lens of this fascinating sport. I've left out how-to books and compilations of statistics and trivia. Of Social Image Management. I've also excluded fiction, although baseball has inspired some of our greatest novels, including Ring Lardner's You Know Me Al (1916), Bernard Malamud's The Natural (1952), Mark Harris' Bang the four factors of production Drum Slowly (1956), Robert Coover's The Universal Baseball Association, Inc., J. Henry Waugh, Prop. (1968), Philip Roth's The Great American Novel (1973), Eric Rolfe Greenberg's The Celebrant (1983), and Chad Harbach's The Art of Fielding (2011).

Rather than ranking the 50 greatest nonfiction baseball books, I've listed them in alphabetical order by The Effect Media, author. Obesity. Scroll down the list and of Social Essay find books that will entertain and educate. And if some of your favorite baseball books are missing, post a comment and let the rest of Electronic Businesses, us know. 1. Charles Alexander, Our Game: An American Baseball History (1991). This is the best of many one-volume histories of baseball.

Alexander, an academic historian, weaves anecdotes and profiles with analysis of how baseball reflected changes in the larger society, including the rise of cities, immigration, race relations, and other topics. He chronicles the sport's history from the beginning of the The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay professional leagues. Reading this book, and obesity exercise watching Ken Burns' documentary series, provides anyone with the essential Baseball 101. 2. Roger Angell, The Summer Game (1972). Of Social Image. At least once a year, Angell - the longtime fiction editor of The New Yorker - entices readers with an evelyn joyce riassunto essay about baseball.

The Summer Game is the first of several collections of his baseball writings. In this book, he reports on Sandy Koufax, Tom Seaver, Carl Yastrzemski, Willie Mays, Roberto Clemente and other players as well as the decline of the Yankee empire, baseball in Montreal, the pleasures and perils of The Effect of Social Media Image Essay, watching (and playing) baseball inside the Astrodome), the agony of the joyce riassunto miserable Mets of 1962, the growing popularity of other pro sports challenging baseball's hegemony, and of Social Media Image Management Essay other topics. Angell is an expert observer of the baseball world, but his essays are as much about American culture as about the sport itself. 3. Of On-line Advertising Electronic. Jean Hastings Ardell, Breaking into on University Image Management Essay Baseball: Women and important Slavery, The Nature of the Union of Commerce the National Pastime (2005). The growing interest in women's participation in professional baseball began with Kelly Candaele's 1988 documentary film A League of Their Own, based on the experiences of his mother, Helen Callaghan, a left-handed center fielder who played five seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League and won the batting title in 1945. That documentary inspired Penny Marshall to make the 1992 Hollywood version with the same title, starring Tom Hanks, Geena Davis, Madonna, and other stars. Gai Berlage's groundbreaking history of The Effect on University Image Essay, women's baseball -- Women in Baseball (1994) was the first book to mine this untapped history. Several other authors have written books on this subject, but none is as compelling and comprehensive as Ardell's Breaking Into Baseball . She looks at women's involvement in the sport as players (pro and amateur), fans, umpires, front office executives, sportswriters, and what are often known as Baseball Annies (players' groupies - ala Susan Sarandon in Bull Durham).

She managed to find and four factors of production interview many women whose contributions to baseball had been forgotten. She includes profiles of some fascinating individuals, including the Brooklyn Dodgers' bell-ringing super-fan Hilda Chester, owners Effa Manley, Joan Payson, and The Effect of Social Media Marge Schott, and umpire Pam Postema. She writes about the Colorado Silver Bullets, an independent team that barnstormed across the county from several years, and the Philadelphia Bobbies, a team of fourteen women (with a male battery) that played the Northwest and to his excellency washington Japan in 1925. The Effect Of Social Media On University Image. Ardell's thorough research produced a well-written account of this topic. It even comes with 24 illustrations and with a foreword by Ila Borders, the first woman to play more than three seasons of men's professional baseball. Jennifer Ring's A Game Of Their Game (2015) has a narrower focus but is still fascinating. Ring chronicles the American team that traveled to Caracas, Venezuela to represent the U.S. in the fourth Women's Baseball World Cup, a tournament that received very little attention in the American media. Ring includes oral histories of to his analysis, eleven of the teams 20 members, describing how they fell in love with and The Effect Media Image Management Essay learned to play and excel in the sport. 4. Four Of Production. Eliot Asinof, Eight Men Out: The Black Sox and on University Image the 1919 World Series (1965). The fixing of the 1919 World Series by gamblers and eight Chicago White Sox players was baseball's biggest scandal, even more than corked bats and text steroid use. In a you are there style, Asinof vividly describes the unfolding controversy, as the The Effect of Social Media on University Essay White Sox players, angry at their low pay and mistreatment by washington, the team owner, and eager to cash in on this opportunity, threw the series against of Social Media on University Management Essay the Cincinnati Reds.

Asinof takes us behind the four factors of production scenes to The Effect of Social Media Management, meetings between players and gamblers, differences among the players, how the players blew certain plays at four, bat and in the field but tried to cover up their underwhelming performances, the newspapermen who uncovered the fix, the Grand Jury indictment, the amazing 1921 trial, and the controversy over whether some players (especially Shoeless Joe Jackson) who didn't participate in the fix were banished from Media Management, baseball anyway. The so-called Black Sox scandal led to major changes in baseball, including the creation of a new position, Commissioner, to try to redeem the joyce riassunto sport in the public mind at the start of the Roaring Twenties. John Sayles' 1988 film, Eight Men Out, based on the book, is one of the best baseball moves of all time. Sayles hired several young actors with baseball talent - including John Cusack and Charlie Sheen - to play White Sox. 5. Allan Barra, Clearing the Bases: The Greatest Baseball Debates of the Last Century (2002). This is book meant for baseball junkies who like to argue about the greatest (or worst) players, teams, games, seasons, and incidents in the game's history.

Barra combines statistics and common sense. He uses numbers in ways that humanize the game rather than turn it into baseball accounting. He challenges the myth that Babe Ruth was baseball's savior after the The Effect 1919 Black Sox scandal, which he calls an American creation myth. Although I grew up believing (and still believe) that Willie Mays was superior to Mickey Mantle, Barra uses statistics to Effects Advertising in Developing, convincingly challenge that view. No baseball lover will come away from reading this book without having some of his/her cherished beliefs challenged, but as a result will be a much better-informed fan. 6. Billy Bean, Going the Other Way: Lessons from a Life in on University Image Management Essay and out of Major League Baseball (2003). In 1999, former major league outfielder Billy Bean made headlines, not for his play on the field but by coming out of the closet as a gay man. While Bean played for the Tigers, Dodgers, and Padres from 1987 to factors, 1995, he pretended to The Effect Image, date women, furtively went to gay bars, and hid his gay lover from Three Very Lessons: Slavery, Federal and Regulation of Commerce, teammates and fans. In this courageous memoir, Bean (who is often confused with another Billy Bean, the subject of the The Effect of Social Media on University Essay book Moneyball) recounts how Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda constantly made homophobic jokes, even as Lasorda's gay son was dying from AIDS. Bean quit when he could no longer stand living a double life.

When he came out publicly, his story made front-page news in the New York Times , and island he became active in gay rights causes. Bean describes what it was like to be a gay player in a sport where uber-masculinity is admired and anti-gay jokes are common. To keep him sexuality a secret, he dated women and had to Media Management Essay, engage in obesity furtive encounters with other gay men. He takes readers inside the The Effect of Social Media on University clubhouse and onto the playing field, showing the physical and emotional toll that playing pro important Slavery, The Nature and Regulation of Commerce, baseball takes on the players, and the added psychological burden of having to of Social Image Management, hide who he was to all but a handful of close friends. Bean's love for general, the game shines through, and thus his decision to quit in Management order to be honest with himself and to maintain his relationship with his lover is even more excruciating. Bean was the exercise second ex-major leaguer to publicly acknowledge his homosexuality. The Effect Media On University Management Essay. The first was Glenn Burke, who played for the Dodgers and Oakland A's from 1976 to 1979, came out to family and friends in 1975 but lived in fear that his teammates and managers would discover his sexual orientation. In his own 1995 autobiography, Out at Home , published posthumously later that year, Burke -- who died of AIDS in 1995 at age 42 -- revealed that the Dodgers' management offered to pay for a luxurious honeymoon if he would agree to a marriage of convenience to conceal his homosexuality. When he refused, he was traded to the A's. The A's manager Billy Martin made public statements about of On-line Advertising in Developing, not wanting a homosexual in his clubhouse, a clear reference to The Effect on University Image, Burke. Frustrated, Burke retired and kept his homosexuality secret until he cooperated for a 1982 article in Inside Sports magazine.

7. General Washington Analysis. Jim Bouton, Ball Four (1970). The one-time pitching ace of the The Effect of Social Media Management Essay New York Yankees scandalized baseball fans, fellow players and executives with the first insider expose of the daily lives of players, managers, and coaches. Most sportswriters until then treated players as heroic larger-than-life figures and even role models for evelyn, America's youth. Reflecting the rebellious spirit of the Media Management Essay 1960s, Bouton pulled the curtain back - revealing players who pop pills and engage in beaver shooting, among other activities -- leading some sportswriters and the baseball establishment to call him a traitor. Positive Of On-line. Commissioner Bowie Kuhn pressured Bouton (unsuccessfully) to declare the book untrue. By today's standards, Bouton's revelations seem mild, but it is still a fascinating read as well as an historic trendsetter that changed baseball writing forever. 8. The Effect Image Management Essay. Jimmy Breslin, Can't Anybody Here Play This Game?: The Improbable Saga of the New York Mets' First Year (1963). Pulitzer Prize-winning New York newspaper columnist provides a funny, affectionate, and insightful look at the first season of the Amazing Mets, an Three Very The Nature Federal and Regulation of Commerce expansion team with a roster of comprised mostly of The Effect Media on University Essay, has-been veterans and young cast-offs from exercise, other teams. The Effect Image. That year - 1962 - the National League expanded to ten teams and the Mets came in tenth, winning 40 games and losing 120 games for manager Casey Stengel, the colorful former Yankee manager who was the perfect man for the new job.

The team's .240 season batting average was the worst in the league. Having lost the Dodgers and Giants to the West Coast in riassunto 1958, many New York area fans were hungry for another major league team, especially since many of them hated the The Effect Media Essay Yankees, the only team left behind. The Mets were the city's lovable losers. In his introduction to riassunto, the book, Bill Veeck praises Breslin for preserving for all time a remarkable tale of ineptitude, mediocrity, and abject failure. 9. Jim Brosnan, The Long Season (1960).

This book laid the groundwork for of Social on University Management Essay, Bouton's Ball Four a decade later. Brosnan spent nine years in the majors as a so-so relief pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals and Positive Effects of On-line Advertising in Developing Businesses then the Cincinnati Reds. In 1959, he kept a diary, beginning with the winter when he waits to see whether his contract will be renewed, then takes us through spring training in Florida and through the entire season. The bespeckled Brosnan was considered an intellectual by his teammates and indeed his writing is literate and insightful about the lives and personalities of his fellow players. It was not as controversial or scandalous as Bouton's book but it had almost as big an The Effect Media on University Management Essay impact in terms of of production, its influence on baseball writing, anticipating the graceful works by Roger Kahn and The Effect Media Management Roger Angell.

10. Adrian Burgos Jr., Playing America's Game: Baseball, Latinos, and island man poem the Color Line (2007). Until recently, baseball historians routinely ignored the reality that Latinos were a part of professional baseball (including the Negro Leagues) from its early days, beginning with Esteban Bellan, a Cuban who played in the National Association between 1871 and 1873. Using archival materials from the United States, Puerto Rico and Cuba, and Management Essay interviews with major league and Negro League players, Burgos reveals how Latino players negotiated racial barriers. Evelyn. Some Latinos passed for white, and The Effect Media Essay some Black players passed as Latinos, depending on which group was more accepted in obesity particular times and places. He shows how the idea of race is an arbitrary category, subject to changing prejudices and conditions. Of Social On University Management Essay. Some Anglicized their names to avoid discrimination. Some Negro League teams were comprised almost entirely of Three Very important Slavery, Federal of Commerce, Cubans. The Effect Of Social Media On University Management. Some major league teams were more willing than others to recruit Latino players, laying the groundwork for of production, the Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey to of Social Image Essay, sign Jackie Robinson to officially dismantle the Positive Effects of On-line Advertising Electronic Businesses major league color line in 1947.

Burgos, a history professor at the University of Image Essay, Illinois, offers captivating profiles of the trials and triumphs of players like Minnie Minoso, Robert Clemente, Orlando Cepeda, and man poem text other Latino pioneers, many of them little-known even by The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay, many baseball fans. 11. Exercise. Robert Cottrell, Two Pioneers: How Hank Greenberg and Jackie Robinson Transformed Baseball -- and America (2012). Greenberg and Robinson were pioneers on and off the baseball field. In confronting anti-Semitism and racism, they not only changed baseball but they also changed American society by challenging stereotypes and speaking out against bigotry. Of Social Essay. Not surprisingly, Greenberg was one of the few white ballplayers who supported and encouraged Robinson when he entered the major leagues in 1947.

The best biography of the Positive of On-line Advertising in Developing Electronic Businesses Jewish slugger is Hank Greenberg with Ira Berkow, Hank Greenberg: The Story of My Life (1989). Berkow began writing the memoir with Greenberg and completed it after Greenberg died. 12. Richard Ben Cramer, Joe DiMaggio: The Hero's Life (2000). After reading this book, you will admire DiMaggio's exceptional athletic feats and his loyalty to his ex-wife Marilyn Monroe, but you will come away thinking that as a human being the Yankee Clipper was an incredibly selfish asshole.

Cramer writes as gracefully as DiMaggio played. The son of a Sicilian immigrant who scratched out of Social Media Essay, a bare living as a San Francisco fisherman, DiMaggio was such a remarkably talented ballplayer (at bat as well as in center field) that he rose quickly from the sandlots to the big leagues. He was soon one of the most popular figures in pro baseball. Three Important Slavery, Of The Federal Of Commerce. He enjoyed his fame but he insisted on his privacy and kept most people at arm's length, although he had his own bevvy of hangers-on, including mobsters, celebrities, sportswriters, and showgirls. He was inarticulate and ashamed of his lack of education.

From his rookie season in 1936, DiMaggio replaced Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig as the idol of Yankee fans, keeping the team consistently in the World Series. Cramer's look at DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak in 1941 may convince you that it is the single most remarkable accomplishment in The Effect baseball history. He was loved and admired by fans but he an unhappy soul. To His Washington. His marriages (including his second marriage to of Social, Monroe) were failures. He had many acquaintances but few real friends. He was not close to his brothers Vince and Dom, both major league outfielders. Obesity Exercise. DiMaggio remained a public figure after he retired - flacking for Mr. Coffee and basking in the applause of crowds at Old Timers game -- but was basically a lonely man. Cramer captures DiMaggio's heroic and of Social on University Essay the tragic side in exercise this highly readable biography. 13. Robert Creamer, Babe: The Legend Comes to The Effect of Social on University Essay, Life (1974).

A veteran writer for Sports Illustrated , Creamer's biography of Babe Ruth is worthy of his extraordinary subject. Factors. Ruth is the most famous player and colorful character in the game's history, but Creamer is The Effect of Social Essay, not awed by the task of revealing the man behind the legend. He examines Ruth's early days in a Baltimore orphanage, his incredible early days in the majors as the Red Sox ace pitcher, his glory days with the exercise Yankees as a home run-hitting slugger and outsize personality, and his rapid decline and humiliation with the Boston Braves and of Social Media Brooklyn Dodgers. The superb biography ranks as one of the best ever written about four factors of production, a baseball player, although Creamer's 1984 bio of Casey Stengel is The Effect of Social on University Image Management, almost as great. 14.

Nicholas Dawidoff, The Catcher Was a Spy: The Mysterious Life of Moe Berg (1994). Berg was a second-string catcher for Advertising in Developing Businesses, several major league teams between 1923 and Media on University Management 1939. As a baseball player, he would hardly rate a full-scale biography. But Berg was a fascinating individual on obesity exercise, many levels and Dawidoff does justice to of Social Media on University Image Essay, the secretive Berg who was a rare college graduate (Princeton) among players of that era as well as one of the few Jewish major leaguers. Berg earned the Medal of Freedom for spying on the German's A-bomb project for to his excellency, the Office of Strategic Services but was later dropped by the CIA. Dawidoff interviewed hundreds of people and mined many archives to uncover Berg's secret life - not only as a spy but as a man whose entire life - including his final two decades as an out-of-work vagabond who mooched on his friends through his charm and wit - was shrouded in of Social Image Management mystery. Dawidoff captures Berg as a multi-lingual genius whose life was both remarkable and tragic. 15.

Robert Elias, The Empire Strikes Out: How Baseball Sold U.S. Foreign Policy and Promoted the Three Lessons: The Nature Union and Regulation of Commerce American Way Abroad (2010). Elias loves baseball but he doesn't like the way it has been used by of Social Media on University Image, American corporations and the U.S. government (including the military) to impose our values on other countries and exploit its natural and human resources. Elias follows the man poem text game from the Revolutionary War to modern times. He documents that baseball has played a role in every U.S. war and every American overseas adventure since the 1800s. During World War 1, a New York Times reporter suggested that The world ought to of Social Media, be made safe for baseball. Island Man Poem Text. Although few have expressed that sentiment so bluntly, Elias demonstrates that baseball has often been a pawn in the game of world politics. Elias' revisionist history examines how Americans exported baseball to Japan, Cuba, Central America, Great Britain, and Western Europe as part of of Social Image Management, its broader aims to gain economic and military advantage. Three Very Lessons: Slavery,. His analysis of baseball's role in the Cuban and Nicaraguan revolution is of Social on University Management, provocative. He notes that, even today, Major League Baseball is unwilling to share power with international baseball federations, the International Olympic Committee, or foreign leagues.

He observes, drawing on the research of other scholars and man poem journalists, that MLB colonialism is The Effect of Social on University Image Management, alive and well in Latin America and elsewhere, exploiting cheap foreign labor trained in plantation-like baseball academies. Elias' extensive research is filled with eye-opening anecdotes and Positive Effects of On-line Businesses tidbits. Did you know that the Media on University Image Management Essay word bullpen originally described an enclosure used by the U.S. cavalry to detain Native Americans? 17. Arnold Hano, A Day in the Bleachers (1955) Hano, one of Three Union, our preeminent sportswriters, takes from the The Effect Media on University Management subway ride to important Slavery, Federal, the ballpark, through batting practice and warm-ups, to the game-winning home run. On an inning by inning basis, it chronicles the opening game of the 1954 World Series which the underdog New York Giants eventually won in four games. But the on University book concentrates on the first game at the Polo Grounds and depicts the most famous catch in baseball history, Willie Mays over-the-shoulder steal of four of production, Vic Wertz's fly ball to center field that, had Mays not caught up to The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay, it, would have certainly been triple (or perhaps even an inside-the-park homer). Hano also describes bleacher fans' thrill when Dusty Rhodes hit the game-winning pinch-hit home run in the 10th inning. Hano takes readers into the stands in order to view the game from the perspective of the ordinary fans. 18. John Helyar, The Lords of the Realm (1995) This a colorful and insightful history of baseball's labor-management relations up through the 1994 strike, but it doesn't read at Advertising Electronic Businesses, all like a book about of Social on University Image Essay, economics.

It is island, filled with fascinating anecdotes, profiles of players, owners, agents, and others. We learn about of Social on University Essay, Danny Gardella, a so-so major league player who jumped to the Mexican League in 1946 and sued when all the joyce riassunto big league owners used the hated reserve clause to blacklist him. (When a Federal Court ruled that his case merited trial, the baseball establishment settled out of court). We learn about how the The Effect of Social Media Management Essay players' union overturned the reserve clause and brought about free agency. We see how Commission Peter Ueberroth and the owners colluded in ways that would make an anti-trust lawyer squirm, even though baseball has a ridiculous exemption from anti-trust laws. We get all sides of the Pete Rose scandal. Most of the owners come off as greedy egomaniacs. Bill Veeck is an four factors exception - a non-greedy egomaniac. The Effect Media Management. Players Association chief Marvin Miller is a hero. 19. Donald Honig, Baseball When the Grass Was Real: Baseball from the Twenties to the Forties, Told by the Men Who Played It (1975). It is easy for baseball writers to island text, fall prey to nostalgia for the good old days.

But Honig resists that temptation while reminding us of how different the game between the The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management two major wars as seen through the evelyn joyce eyes of the on University Management players - including the greats and the not-so-greats. Honig followed in footsteps of Lawrence Ritter, whose 1966 book, The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the obesity Early Days of of Social Image Management Essay, Baseball Told By the Men Who Played It, was Honig's inspiration. Important Lessons: The Nature Federal Union And Regulation Of Commerce. Both writers are oral historians who crisscrossed the country to interview former major leaguers who shared their memories. In Honig's book, we learn about the sport's iconic figures (such as Babe Ruth, Lefty Grove, Ted Williams, Bob Feller, Dizzy Dean, Jackie Robinson, Lou Gehrig, and many others) through stories told by their teammates and opposing players, including Wes Ferrell, Charlie Gehringer, Elbie Fletcher, Bucky Waters, Billy Herman, Cool Papa Bell, Spud Chandler, Pete Reiser, and The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management others. Honig, who eventually wrote 39 books about the national pastime, once explained his method: I began trekking around the country, doing face to face interviews. They are so much better than telephone - you can spend hours, have a drink, relax, really get to know someone. I could have done Ted Williams, but only by phone, so I passed on it. And Ted told me 'we could make an appointment, but chances are, I wouldn't show up.' 20. Jerome Holtzman, No Cheering in the Press Box (1995).

Holtzman, a longtime sportswriter for several Chicago newspapers, gathers together the man poem text reminiscences and reflections from 24 sportswriters -- including Red Smith, Jimmy Cannon, Shirley Povich, Ford Frick -- during the Golden Age of Sports between the Media Image Management Essay two World Wars when newspapers, not TV, re-created the island drama of the boxing ring, the racetrack, and, above all, the baseball field. Originally published in 1974, the revised 1995 edition of the book adds six new names, including Wendell Smith, who was one of the best baseball writers within the African American press and whose name is now better-known thanks to the recent film 42 about The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, Jackie Robinson. In Developing Electronic. This is oral history at its best. Of Social Media On University. This is Holtzman's version of The Boys of Summer , except it focuses on to his excellency analysis, the boys with typewriters and notepads rather than bats and gloves. 21. Roger Kahn, The Boys of Summer (1972). Many baseball aficionados consider this the best book ever written about the game. It tells the story of the of Social Media on University Image men who played on four factors of production, the great Brooklyn Dodger teams of the 1950s - not only during those great seasons but also what happened to The Effect of Social Media Image Essay, them when their glory days were behind them. Kahn's profiles of the players - not only the superstars like Jackie Robinson, Pee Wee Reese, Don Newcombe, Gil Hodges, Roy Campanella, and Duke Snider, but also the second stringers and man poem bench warmers - are beautifully written, filled with warmth, humor, and wit.

There is of Social Media Image Management Essay, much triumph and tragedy, as with any group of Positive in Developing Businesses, human beings. We learn that when Carl Furillo, a great hitter whose rifle arm also made him an outstanding right fielder, ended his playing days he became a construction worker and helped build the World Trade Center, then owned a butcher shop in Queens, and later worked as a night watchman. Kahn writes movingly about Joe Black, who joined the Dodgers from the The Effect Media on University Image Essay Negro Leagues and had one exceptional season - pitching the evelyn joyce riassunto team to the 1952 pennant, winning the Rookie of the Year award - then hurt his arm and was out of the majors three years later. But Black returned to his (and my) hometown in New Jersey, taught school, then became a successful executive with Greyhound and an advocate for former Negro League players. Kahn grew up near Ebbets Field, covered the Dodgers for the Herald Tribune , and writes with amazing grace. 22. Roger Kahn, Good Enough to Dream (1985).

No matter what major league team you support, Kahn's book will have you rooting for of Social Media Management, the 1983 Utica Blue Sox in the New York-Penn League. Excellency. Kahn decided to purchase this lowly minor league team (it came cheap) and writes lovingly and humorously about Media on University Image Management Essay, its players, fans, umpires, and staff as well as about the joyce riassunto tribulations of Media on University Image Management, being an owner who has to decide whether and when to release a young player and has to make sure that the bathrooms in Murnane Field are clean and the toilets are working properly. I could barely believe what I was saying, Kahn writes, I was conducting a seminar on toilet paper. The Blue Sox were not a farm team of any of the major league franchises, so Kahn was in charge of a team filled with free agents whose chances of Three Very The Nature of the Union and Regulation, making the show were slim. But the Blue Sox wound up being in The Effect of Social on University Image Essay a tight pennant race, so there's also a lot of on-the-field drama as his players come together, concerned as much about their team's accomplishments as about their individual careers and four factors of production getting out of the The Effect of Social on University Image Management Essay minor leagues at the bottom of excellency washington, the pro baseball system. Some of The Effect on University Essay, his players, however, were derided as castoffs and as geriatric rejects, but they loved playing baseball, which makes the book a revealing human story as much as a tale about sports.

How good are these guys, Kahn asked his general manager. To His General Washington. They're good enough to dream, was the reply. 23. Kevin Kerrane, Dollar Sign on the Muscle: The World of Baseball Scouting (1984, updated 2013). The Effect Of Social Media Management. Baseball scouts can make or break players' careers. As player salaries (and initial signing bonuses) have dramatically increased, the role of scouts has become even more important. Kerrane take us inside their world, where we learn about their daily lives, how they evaluate players, and the original (and often surprising) scouting reports on some of baseball's greatest players. The scouts who seek out major league prospects are like explorers, wandering the country's amateur diamonds in the hope of Positive of On-line Advertising Electronic, finding a treasure--or a raw talent that can be turned into a treasure.

A lot of what romance remains in baseball centers on this perennial quest, and Kerrane, an English professor at the University of Delaware, captures it in The Effect Media Management Essay this wonderfully affectionate book. -- People magazine. We see baseball from the scouts' perspective, including this great quote from scout Leon Hamilton: I love baseball. Obesity Exercise. I hope to die, when my time comes, in a ballpark. And I just hope that I don't fall on Image Management Essay, the guy next to me while the tyin' or winnin' run is on base and keep him from seein' it. 24. Charles Korr, The End of Baseball as We Knew It: The Players Union, 1960-81 (2002). Historian Korr was the first scholar given access to the files, letters, and correspondence of the Major League Baseball Players Association, including the files of Marvin Miller, the union's brilliant executive director, hired in 1966. Korr also draws on interviews with ballplayers, journalists, and team executives to construct this insider's view of the formative years of the most successful labor union in the country. The book's title comes from former big league manager Paul Richards, who warned that if the owners signed a collective bargaining agreement with the joyce union, it would be the end of The Effect of Social on University Image Essay, baseball as we knew it. He was right. The MLBPA not only changed baseball.

It also changed all American sports, amateur and pro. Baseball players are among the Positive Effects Electronic Businesses most individualistic in major pro sports. Getting them to join forces into The Effect Media on University a union was no easy task, especially when owners kept reminding them that there were plenty of four factors, other athletes willing to take their places. Korr explain how they did it. Among other things, it required a few high profile, and thus irreplaceable players, to take leadership. Korr gives credit to Tom Seaver, Jim Bunning (later a right-wing U.S. Senator!), Ralph Kiner, Robin Roberts, Tim McCarver, Reggie Jackson, Bob Boone, Joe Torre, and Curt Flood. Of Social Media On University Management Essay. Introductions to books by celebrities are usually pretty awful, but Bob Costas' introduction is insightful and entertaining. 26. Chris Lamb, Conspiracy of Three Very important The Nature, Silence: Sportswriters and the Long Campaign to Desegregate Baseball (2012) - Everyone knows that Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color line in 1947. But few people know about the bold inter-racial movement that laid the foundation for The Effect Image, Robinson's achievement.

Progressive and left-wing activists, radical journalists, and the Black press led the effort to general washington analysis, desegregate baseball. The campaign was one of the The Effect of Social on University Image Management Essay most important civil rights stories of the 1930s and 1940s. Most white Americans knew nothing about island, this story because mainstream newspapers said little about the color line and Media Image Management Essay less about the obesity exercise efforts to of Social Media Image Management Essay, end it. Lamb shows how white mainstream sportswriters perpetuated the color line by participating in what their black counterparts called a conspiracy of silence. 27. Exercise. David Lamb, Stolen Season: A Journey Through America and Baseball's Minor Leagues (1991). Lamb needed a break from The Effect on University Management Essay, his job as a political reporter foreign correspondent for the Los Angeles Times, so he spent a summer traveling16,000 miles across America visiting as many minor league towns and stadiums as he could.

Starting in Stockton, California, he watched and talked to the owners, managers, coaches, players, and fans in excellency general washington Arizona, Oklahoma, Texas, Florida, Appalachia, New England, and the Midwest. It is an eye-opening chronicle of hopes and dreams but also a snapshot of the The Effect Media Image Essay towns (many of them in rural areas) that support these teams because they love baseball. Lamb is a sharp-eyed reporter and a baseball fanatic who writes about the evelyn joyce riassunto game and The Effect Image Management the unforgettable characters he meets with humor and warmth. One of the most poignant scenes is Lamb's encounter with his boyhood hero, Eddie Mathews, the former Braves slugging third baseman who was working as a batting coach for the Braves' AA team in Durham, North Carolina. Starting in the 1950s, many minor league teams and leagues collapsed, the result of the rise of television (making major league games accessible to people around the country) and unsustainable economics. But in recent years, minor league teams have made a slight comeback in small towns and big cities alike. 28. Jane Leavy, Sandy Koufax: A Lefty's Legacy (2002). Koufax was the greatest pitcher in major league history, but his career was cut short by injuries and he retired at age 32.

His 1963 season - in which he won 25 games, lost 5, posted a 1.88 earned run average, struck out 306 batters, pitched 20 complete games and 11 shutouts - might be the greatest single season mound performance in riassunto modern baseball history. Few know that in high school Koufax was better at basketball than baseball, earning a hoops scholarship to the University of Media Image Management, Cincinnati. The Dodgers signed this Brooklyn native as the great Jewish hope but his first few years in the majors were a flop. It was only after Koufax took something off his fastball and gained some control over his pitches that he became a super-star. Koufax was not a colorful character, but Leavy manages to make this biography both poignant and entertaining by piercing the Effects in Developing veil of the reclusive Koufax who has always been reluctant - as a player and of Social Media on University Image Management as a former player - to bask in his celebrity. Leavy intersperses chapters about Koufax's life with a riveting and obesity exercise detailed inning-by-inning narrative of his 1965 perfect game, written in the present tense, which gives readers a sense of of Social Management, being at text, the game. She not only reports what is happening on the field but also what is taking place in the locker room, in the press box, among the grounds crew, and among the fans in the seats. She describes the play-by-play of legendary announcing Vin Scully, who by The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, the ninth inning was no longer simply the to his washington voice of the Dodgers. Of Social Media On University Image. He was the narrator of a collective aspiration.

She gives due credit to Bob Hendley, the opposing pitcher, who threw a one-hitter. He not only lost the game; his feat has been lost to history, overshadowed by Koufax's perfection. 29. Jane Leavy, The Last Boy: Mickey Mantle and the End of America's Childhood (2010). Mantle arrived to play outfield for the Yankees in 1951 and to replace the iconic Joe DiMaggio. The poorly-educated son of a hard-scrabble zinc miner from rural Oklahoma, Mantle was amazingly strong, fast, good looking, and shy but charming, and played in the nation's media capital. He was probably the most written-about super-star in baseball history.

His talent was obvious. He could hit with power, run the bases with speed, and catch fly balls that most other outfielders wouldn't get near. During his 18-year career, Mantle put up All Star numbers, and won three MVP awards and text a triple crown in Image Essay 1956, despite playing on a crippled leg that slowed him down and was constantly in pain. Factors. But his playing days and his years in retirement were filled with as much tragedy as triumph, a victim of of Social on University Management Essay, injuries, drinking, and a careless attitude about his physical condition. Because Mantle believed he would die as a result of an Very Lessons: The Nature of the and Regulation inherited disease before his reached his prime, he abused his body and his natural talent. Leavy's portrait of Mantle is a literary masterpiece as well as a masterful feat of investigative reporting. She reports that Mantle was sexually abused as a child by of Social Management Essay, a half-sister and neighborhood boys, which had lasting emotional consequences of in Developing Businesses, which Mantle himself was hardly aware. She also tracks down the boy (by then, a 69-year old man) who found the baseball that Mantle drove 565 feet out of Washington's Griffith Stadium in order to dissect the myths and realities of that remarkable blast. Leavy has an eye for anecdotes that reveal a larger reality.

She describes the day in 1969 when an overflow crowd in Yankee Stadium gathered to retire Mantle's uniform number. He had watched Gary Cooper deliver Lou Gehrig's farewell address in 'The Pride of the Yankees.' Now he was standing in the same spot, invoking Gehrig's parting words: 'I always wondered how a man who knew he was going to The Effect Essay, die could stand here and say he was the luckiest man in obesity the world. Of Social Essay. Now I think I know how Lou Gehrig felt.' What was lost in all the huzzahs attendant to the occasion -- the last lap around the stadium in a bullpen cart with hand-painted pinstripes -- was that he cast himself as a dying man. In fact, he was already planning his funeral. Leavy describes Mantle's alcoholic binges, his womanizing (he even hit on Leavy when she first tried to four factors, interview him), and his troubled relationship with his wife and The Effect on University Management children, but she also provides examples of man poem text, Mantle's charitable acts and The Effect Media Image Management kindness, the affection his teammates had for him, and, toward the evelyn end of his life, his growing self-awareness and regrets that led him to acknowledge his failures and of Social Media Management Essay urge youngsters not to follow his example.

By the end of the book, we don't necessarily like him, but we certainly understand him. 30. Michael Lewis, Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game (2003). In 2002, the Very Lessons: The Nature of the Union of Commerce Oakland Athletics had a surprising winning record (103-59) - and even won an The Effect Image incredible 20 consecutive games - despite having the joyce riassunto smallest player payroll of The Effect Media on University, any major league team. Obesity. Lewis followed the team and discovered the The Effect Management secret of the A's success was general manager Billy Beane's use of statistics to evaluate and trade for Positive of On-line Advertising Electronic Businesses, under-appreciated players who didn't command huge salaries but, as a team, were outstanding at producing runs and winning games. Beane was the Media Image first general manager to take seriously the text number-crunching expertise pioneered by Bill James and his annual report, Baseball Abstract. Beane defied conventional wisdom and his own scouts in assembling his team through shrewd trades.

Lewis' book is both a wonderful profile of Beane and a fantastic insider look at the daily life of a major league team. It also explores baseball's business side and reveals how statistics can help us understand the day-to-day accomplishments of both ordinary and extraordinary players. But Moneyball doesn't read like a business book. It is filled with colorful figures, including Beane, who transformed himself from The Effect Essay, a can't miss baseball prospect who never fulfilled his on-the-field potential to a successful sports executive whose assessment of players' talent and obesity exercise character was informed by his own experiences as a player. The film version of Moneyball, released in The Effect Image 2011, is among the best baseball movies ever made. 31. Lee Lowenfish, The Imperfect Diamond: A History of Baseball's Labor Wars (1980, updated 2010). From the introduction of the reserve clause in Advertising Electronic 1879 to the lockout and basic agreement of 1990, baseball players have been engaged in one of the The Effect Media on University longest and most colorful labor struggles in our nation's history. Positive Effects Advertising In Developing. The Imperfect Diamond tells the stories of the players and their opponents, the of Social Essay powerful owners.

We learn how John Montgomery Ward led the Players League Rebellion of 1890, the rise and fall of David Fultz and island man poem text the Baseball Players Fraternity (1912-18) and the hardball regime of the sport's first Commissioner, Kennesaw Mountain Landis, who was brought in to restore the game's credibility after the 1919 Black Sox scandal. Of Social On University Management Essay. Lowenfish explores how the obesity exercise baseball establishment blacklisted players who jumped to the Mexican League for Essay, better salaries and the case of one of those players, Danny Gardella, who sued baseball from infringing on Very Lessons: Slavery, Federal Union of Commerce, his rights as a worker. The Baseball Players Association was founded in 1953 but, as Lowenfish explains, it didn't know how to use its muscle until it hired Marvin Miller as its executive director. Curt Flood, Andy Messersmith, and Dave McNally helped destroy baseball's dreaded reserve clause and create a new era of free agency. Lowenfish explains how the baseball owners persuaded Congress to exempt the pro Image Management, sports from anti-trust laws, how players had to fight for a pension fund for retired players, the 1991 midseason strike, the 1994-95 strike that led to the cancellation of the World Series, and to his players' skyrocketing salaries, and Media the recent steroids controversy. Lowenfish writes clearly and colorfully. His book is not only about baseball, but about capitalism and the persistent struggle between owners and workers. In the case of major league baseball, however, the workers - thanks to their union - eventually won most of the major battles.

Left out of these victories - and out of Lowenfish's otherwise comprehensive account - are the evelyn riassunto minor league players and the workers employed by major league teams as ushers, food vendors, parking lot attendants, and other support staff. 32. David Maraniss, Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball's Last Hero (2006). Roberto Clemente was baseball's first Latino super-star. But his athletic accomplishments didn't stop the racism he faced on and off the The Effect of Social on University Management Essay field, including among teammates, fans, and especially many sportswriters. Like Jackie Robinson, he used his celebrity to speak out on social issues.

During his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates, he won four batting titles and obesity led the of Social on University Management team to championships in 1960 and 1971. He got hits in all 14 World Series games in which he played. He ended his career with exactly 3,000 hits, getting the last one in his final at bat. Island Text. On New Year's Eve 1972, he was killed in a plane crash as he attempted to deliver food and medical supplies to Nicaragua after a devastating earthquake. He and Lou Gehrig are the only players to The Effect Media Management Essay, have the five-year waiting period waived so they could be enshrined in the Hall of Fame immediately after their deaths. Maraniss captures Clemente's life and Three Very Slavery, Federal of Commerce times, his baseball heroics, the obstacles he overcame, and his commitment to helping others. He also uncovered documents that reveal the negligence that led to Clemente's death in The Effect of Social Media on University Image Essay an uninspected, overloaded plane. 33. Marvin Miller, A Whole Different Ball Game: The Inside Story of the Baseball Revolution (2004).

The biggest scandal in baseball history doesn't have to island man poem, do with steroids or fixing games. It is the blacklisting of Marvin Miller from The Effect Image, baseball's Hall of Fame. Year after year, the owners have colluded to change the rules to general, make sure that Miller, the first executive director of the Players Association, doesn't win enough votes to get into Cooperstown. Adding to the scandal is the Players Association's failure to wage a campaign to insist that Miller - who lead the union from on University Image Management Essay, 1966 to 1983 and who died in 2012 at age 95- be voted into that hallowed hall. Three Lessons: The Nature Federal Union. I interviewed Miller for The Nation in 2008; by then, he was resigned to this snub and of Social on University Image Management no longer cared. Miller's 2004 autobiography tells the story of how the Players Association forced owners - who conducted their business like feudal barons and treated their players like serfs - to recognize the union and compensate players based on four, their value to the franchises.

Miller, who had been chief economist and assistant to the president of the steelworkers' union, recounts his experience educating players to think of themselves as workers and union members, while dealing with hostile club owners and sport writers. He gives credit to the players, like Curt Flood and others, who made significant sacrifices for the union and their fellow players. Of Social Media On University Essay. This is a first-hand account by the most influential individual in baseball history. 34. Danny Peary, Cult Baseball Players: The Greats, the Flakes, the obesity exercise Weird and Media on University Image the Wonderful (1990). There are hundreds of baseball books about the best and Positive Advertising Electronic worst players, teams, seasons, and so on. This book is unusual because it focuses on cult players whose greatness isn't necessary defined by batting averages, won-loss records, or similar statistics. Each chapter is an essay written by of Social Image Essay, a different writer about his or her favorite player. Some essays are better than others but a few are outstanding. One of the best is John Schulian's ode to Steve Bilko, perhaps the excellency greatest slugger in the 1950s Pacific Coast League who had a so-so major league career and whose exploits so inspired TV writer Neil Simon that he named Phil Silvers' conniving Army sergeant after him. Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould waxes poetic about the New York Giants' Dusty Rhodes, who had a few remarkable years as a pinch hitter.

Filmmaker John Sayles' elegy for slugger Dick Stuart and newspaper columnist Pete Hamill's ruminations about infielder Eddie Stanky are worth the price of The Effect of Social Image Management Essay, admission. The best, though, is the essay by Ron Shelton (who wrote Bull Durham among other sports films) about Steve Dalkowski, perhaps the fastest pitcher in Effects baseball history whose drinking and wildness kept him from The Effect of Social Media Essay, becoming a major leaguer, much less a star. Perhaps the biggest gap among the thousands of books written about baseball is to his excellency general washington analysis, a biography of Dalkowski, a tale more about tragedy than triumph, but a haunting human story nonetheless. 35. Robert Peterson, Only the of Social Image Management Essay Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams (1970). Over the past three decades, there have been dozens of books written about the Negro Leagues, but Peterson was the pioneer who set the stage for all the others. Former Negro League players are now in the Cooperstown Hall of Fame, the Negro Leagues have their own Hall of Fame in Kansas City, and there are lots of Effects in Developing Businesses, websites where you can learn about the Negro League teams and Image Essay stars. Written and researched in the 1960s - when most of the great Negro League stars were still alive and a few were still in the majors - Peterson relied on news accounts (including the Black press) and interviews to general, compile this remarkable account of on University Image Essay, this fascinating institution that flourished as a result of Jim Crow and then quickly collapsed after Jackie Robinson crossed baseball's color line. We not only learn about Negro League legends like Satchel Paige and four factors Josh Gibson, but also about the of Social Media Image many lesser-known but stellar stars who would have been All Stars in exercise the major leagues if the owners hadn't kept them out. The book includes brief profiles of about 60 of the greatest players in Negro League history. Peterson also writes about how the black and white owners exploited their players at the same time they provided them with an The Effect Media on University opportunity to make a living (and become celebrities within the black community) playing baseball.

Peterson's book is factors, still worth reading even though there are now many books on the topic, among the best of which are John Holway's Voices from the Great Black Baseball Leagues (1975), Donn Rogosin, Invisible Men: Life in Baseball's Negro Leagues (1983), Neil Lanctot, Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Media Essay Ruin of man poem text, a Black Institution (2004), and the magisterial Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and his Legacy by Jules Tygiel (1983). 36. The Effect Of Social On University Management Essay. Jim Piersall Al Hirshberg, Fear Strikes Out (1955). This is one of the most courageous books ever written on any subject. In 1952, Piersall - a 22 year old outfielder for the Boston Red Sox -- had a nervous breakdown. At the four factors time, mental illness was even less understood than it is The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, today, and carried a huge stigma, especially for public figures like athletes and entertainers. During his first full season with the Red Sox, Piersall's erratic behavior - taking bows after catching a fly ball, getting into disputes with fans and umpires and Three important Slavery, The Nature of the Federal of Commerce occasional fights with opposing players - eventually led to The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, spending six weeks at Westborough State Hospital. In his book, Piersall provides a frank and fascinating account of his breakdown and how - with the help of doctors, his wife, and even his teammates - he was able to recover and island text resume his pro career. The Effect Of Social Media Image Essay. The book describes his rise from the sandlots of four of production, Waterbury, Connecticut to the big leagues, but it understandably focuses on his psychological condition and his growing self-awareness. Piersall went on to have an outstanding (though not Hall of Fame caliber) and The Effect of Social Essay colorful playing career with the Red Sox, Indians, Senators, Mets, and Angels. Four. In his 17-year career, he hit .272 and 104 homers, was a two-time All-Star and a great defensive outfielder with a .990 lifetime fielding percentage, among the highest of all-time.

Even after his comeback, Piersall occasionally engaged in odd behavior (like trotting backwards around the bases after hitting his 100th home run) that reminded fans that although he had recovered from of Social Media Image Management Essay, his breakdown, he was still somewhat crazy in popular parlance. He later became a respected baseball broadcaster. Unfortunately, more people have seen the film version of Fear Strikes Out than have read the excellency analysis book. The 1957 film -- starring Anthony Perkins as Piersall and Karl Malden as his domineering father who pushes his son beyond all reasonable limits -- is awful, although it has some heartbreaking and insightful moments. Perkins was unsuited for the role. He overacted and of Social Media on University Essay had no athletic ability. But his tortured acting in Fear Strikes Out must have persuaded Alfred Hitchcock to cast him as Norman Bates in Psycho. 37.

Joshua Prager, The Echoing Green: The Untold Story of Bobby Thomson, Ralph Branca and the Shot Heard Round the Advertising Electronic Businesses World (2008). Bobby Thomson's 9th inning home run off Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca in The Effect of Social Media on University Essay a playoff game at the Polo Grounds on October 3, 1951 that clinched the National League pennant for the New York Giants is probably the obesity single most celebrated event in baseball history. But was Thomson's achievement compromised by a scandal? Prager, a Wall Street Journal reporter, claims that it was. In mid-season, the Giants had installed a telescope in a block of concrete in behind the The Effect Media on University Management Essay centerfield wall in order to steal the opposing catchers' finger signals. The information was relayed to factors, a Giants player in the bullpen who in turn relayed them to the Giants hitters. Prager insists that, as a result, Thomson knew what pitch Branca was going to throw, thus tarnishing his accomplishment. After Prager first exposed this chicanery in the Wall Street Journal in 2001, Thomson denied that he was the beneficiary of the Image Management Essay fix. Others have defended Thomson, saying that even if he did know what pitch to expect, he still had to whack it over the fence for Very important, a home run. Prager recreates that incident in fascinating detail. But his book isn't simply about that incident and about Prager's persistent detective work in pursuing the crime.

It is also about the on University Management dramatic 1951 pennant race and, even more interestingly, the personal trajectories of both Thomson and Branca, whose paths often crossed and who actually became friends for excellency general analysis, years after they had retired from baseball. 38. Arnold Rampersad, Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997). The Effect Of Social Image Management Essay. In 1997, America celebrated Robinson with a proliferation of conferences, museum exhibits, and plays. Major League Baseball retired Robinson's number--42--for all teams. President Bill Clinton appeared with Rachel Robinson at man poem text, Shea Stadium to venerate her late husband. Publishers came out with many books about Robinson that year to cash in on that historical moment. By far the Management Essay best book that year - and the best biography of Robinson yet published - is Rampersad's. Island Man Poem. He had a huge advantage. Robinson's widow, Rachel, selected him to write the The Effect of Social on University Management authorized biography and Positive of On-line in Developing Electronic Businesses gave him unprecedented access to his private papers. No matter how much you know about Robinson's storied life, you will learn many new things in this full-scale biography.

Rampersad provides fresh insights into every aspect of Robinson's story -- family's background in the rural South (he was the grandson of a slave), his upbringing in Pasadena, California, his personal and athletic exploits in junior college and at UCLA, his controversial court-martial during WW2 when he defied local segregation laws in Texas and refused to move to the back of a bus (a decade before Rosa Parks), his days playing pro football and in the Negro Leagues, his tremendous courage and resilience as he broke the major league's color line in The Effect on University 1947 amid death threats and abuse from players and factors fans alike (he was hit by pitches six times in his first 37 games), his brilliant 10-year playing career with the Media Management Dodgers, his willingness to speak out against racism even during his playing days, his deepening involvement with the civil rights movement when his playing days were over (including a regular column in the Amsterdam News that was only one of many platforms to voice his opinions), his business ventures, and the evolving views about politics and factors of production American society, including his frustrations over the slow pace of The Effect Media on University Image Essay, baseball integration on text, the field (especially within the The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management ranks of managers and coaches) and in the executive suites. Robinson is certainly one of the Effects Advertising Electronic Businesses most heroic and influential figures in American history. The Effect Of Social Media On University. Rampersad reminds us, as did the exercise film 42, of the intense physical and emotional abuse that Robinson had to endure not only as a rookie but throughout his playing days and The Effect of Social Media Image Essay even when he retired, including criticism from some younger civil rights activists who called him an Uncle Tom. Rampersad's remarkable accomplishment is to humanize this iconic figure and to put Robinson's life in the context of changes within society and within baseball. We learn about his relationships with his wife and children, fellow players, civil rights leaders (including Paul Robeson, Martin Luther King and Malcolm X) and politicians (including Dwight Eisenhower, John Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, Barry Goldwater, and evelyn Nelson Rockefeller). Robinson, who died in 1972 and age 53, was a principled, passionate, and The Effect of Social Media Management religious man, and man poem text a fierce competitor, who helped change baseball and change America.

Rampersad gives us the biography Robinson deserves. 39. The Effect Of Social Media Management. Lawrence Ritter, The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the Early Days of Baseball Told By the Men Who Played It (1966, updated 1984). Ritter was baseball's first great oral historian, creating a genre that many others have since imitated but few (except Donald Honig) have equaled. Ritter brought his tape recorder with him to interview 22 players from the Very of the Federal early 20th century, then later added four more players for an updated 1984 version. Of Social On University. He brilliantly captures the memories of the men who played the game in evelyn joyce riassunto the early days. They describe how the played the game (and how it has changed). They discuss their careers, their teammates, their managers, the of Social Media Image Essay owners, and the fans. Who was the greatest pitcher, the best hitter, or the greatest base runner? Ritter's interviews have different views on these subjects. The topics of many of island, their recollections overlap, providing fascinating glimpses about the same players and events - and each other - from of Social on University Essay, different perspectives.

We learn what it was like to play for manager John McGraw and to play with and against Ty Cobb. Ritter's interviewees include Hall of Famers and utility players, including Sam Crawford, Paul Waner, Fred Snodgrass, Hans Lobert, Rube Bressler, Chief Meyers, Davy Jones, Rube Marquard, Joe Wood, Lefty O'Doul, Jimmy Austin, Goose Goslin, Bill Wambsganss, and Specs Torporcer. Thanks to Ritter's careful editing of his interviews, the four of production book as a you are there feeling, as the The Effect of Social Media Image Management Essay players and their era comes alive with great stories. 41. Ray Robinson, Matty: An American Hero: Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants (1993).

According to Robinson, Mathewson became America's first authentic sports hero. Until Mathewson, according to Robinson, Americans loved baseball but looked down on ballplayers as uncouth, hard-drinking, skirt-chasing ne'er-do-wells. Mathewson changed this attitude, become what today we'd call a role model. He was good-looking, religious, and one of the few pro ballplayers of his era to have gone to college (at Bucknell University, where he was a star pitcher, an ace field-goal kicker in man poem text football, and class president. But none of that would have mattered if Mathewson wasn't also an amazing pitcher with pinpoint control.

In his rookie year with the New York Giants, he pitched a no-hitter. He won at The Effect Image Essay, least 30 games in four seasons and washington analysis 373 games in The Effect Media Image his career. In the 1905 World Series, he threw three shutouts in six days, a feat that has never been equaled. When he died of tuberculosis in to his general washington analysis 1925 at the age of 45, it touched off a wave of national mourning that remains without precedent for The Effect of Social Image, an American athlete. The World Series was underway, and general analysis the game the The Effect of Social Essay day after Mathewson's death took on the trappings of a state funeral: officials slowly lowered the island text flag to half-mast, each ballplayer wore a black armband, and fans joined together in a chorus of Nearer My God to Media on University Management Essay, Thee. Newspaper editorials recalled Mathewson's glorious career but also emphasized his unstinting good sportsmanship and voluntary service in World War I, where he inhaled poison gas that led to the TB that would eventually kill him. Robinson draws on interviews, press clips, and eyewitness accounts, to bring Mathewson, and those early days of major league baseball, to life, including the long train trips (with cramped berths and no air conditioning) between games, the small town ballplayers let loose amidst big city vice; and the two-bit gambling that eventually led to the infamous Black Sox scandal in 1919. The sportswriters who uncovered the scandal relied on man poem text, Mathewson to explain how ballplayers could throw games without being obvious about it. 42.

Robert Ruck, Raceball: How the Media on University Management Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game (2011) After peaking at 27% of all major leaguers in text 1975, African Americans now make up less than one-tenth--a decline unimaginable in other men's pro sports. The number of Essay, Latin Americans, by contrast, has exploded to of On-line Electronic Businesses, over one-quarter of all major leaguers and roughly half of The Effect of Social Image Essay, those playing in the minors. After reading this book, you'll never look at the business of baseball in the same way. Ruck presents the obesity hard facts of Major League baseball's racist history, from its demolition of the The Effect on University Essay Negro Leagues (without providing owners and players adequate compensation) to riassunto, the exploitation of desperate players in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and other Latin countries. He traces the forgotten link between the Media Image great Negro baseball stars, including Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, and their Caribbean counterparts touring outside the U.S. in the 1940s. This is an eye-opening and wonderfully written expose of the American pastime. 43. Alan Schwarz, The Numbers Game: Baseball's Lifelong Fascination with Statistics (2004).

Baseball fans are obsessed with numbers. Effects Of On-line In Developing Electronic. They use them to compare players, teams, games, and Media on University Management Essay seasons, and to relive games they watched and didn't watch. Players and agents use them to Positive Effects of On-line, negotiate contracts. Executives, managers, and The Effect of Social Media Image Essay coaches use them to washington, decide which players to The Effect on University Essay, scout, draft, promote, play, and trade. This infatuation with statistics is nothing new, as Schwarz shows in this book that manages to be so wonderfully readable that even math-phobes will love it. This is not a book of statistics but a book about statistics - specifically, a history of baseball statistics since the sport's early days in the mid-1800s. Actually, it isn't really about baseball statistics but about the fascinating people who invented, used, and popularized them. These include stats pioneer Henry Chadwick, who invented the first box score and persuaded others that some statistics were more important than others. Another is Allan Roth, who persuaded Dodgers president Branch Rickey that the use of statistics could help him improve the team.

In the 1940s, Roth was first full-time statistician ever hired by a major league club. If you saw the general film 42, you know that Rickey traded star player Dixie Walker, a Southern racist, to the Pirates soon after Jackie Robinson joined the team. What the film doesn't tell you is that it was Roth's statistics and diagrams that convinced Rickey that Walker was no longer pulling the ball and was on a downhill trajectory, making his departure from the team less troublesome. We also learn about the founders of the Elias Sports Bureau and STATS Inc., who turned gathering baseball statistics into The Effect of Social on University Image Management Essay profitable businesses. Then there's Bill James, who in 1980, coined the term sabermetrics (in honor of the Three Very The Nature Federal of Commerce numbers-obsessed members of the then-young Society for American Baseball Research) as the search for objective knowledge about baseball and The Effect of Social Media Essay revolutionized baseball by becoming the modern era's Chadwick. One of the best parts of the book is Schwarz's history of the Baseball Encyclopedia and the use of early computer in compiling baseball fans' first comprehensive Bible and the efforts by editors to fix errors in baseball recordkeeping, despite the ongoing resistance of baseball's establishment to change erroneous records. Schwarz devotes an island man poem absorbing chapter to the importance of luck (or random error) in baseball. 44.

Brad Snyder, A Well-Paid Slave: Curt Flood's Fight for Free Agency in Professional Sports (2006). Flood put his career at risk when he challenged baseball's reserve clause under federal antitrust law. He lost his lawsuit against the baseball establishment before the U.S. Supreme Court (Flood v. Kuhn, 1972), but he set the stage for a battle that the players ultimately won, even though Flood's own career was destroyed by his courageous stand. Snyder's biography of Flood reminds us what an of Social Media on University Image outstanding player he was -- 1,861 hits, a .293 lifetime batting average, seven Gold Gloves awards, and a three time All-Star during his 13-year (1958-71) career. Island Man Poem. But those numbers wouldn't merit a full-scale biography without Flood's heroic and tragic battle against baseball's system of indentured servitude. On University Image Management. Flood began his baseball career just as the civil rights movement was gaining momentum and he absorbed its tenets.

Brought up in Oakland, California, Flood was shocked by the Jim Crow segregation he encountered in 1956 as an 18-year rookie assigned by the Cincinnati Reds to its High Point, N.C. Slavery, Of The Federal And Regulation. minor league team. The Effect Media On University Image. Like other black players who joined the majors within a decade after Jackie Robinson's debut in 1947, Flood faced racism by fans, team executives, and white players. In 1969, the island man poem St. The Effect On University Image Essay. Louis Cardinals - with whom he'd excelled for 12 seasons - trade him to Positive Effects of On-line Advertising, the Phillies. The Effect Of Social Media Essay. Because of the reserve clause, Flood had no voice in the matter, but he refused to go.

Flood had a lot to evelyn joyce riassunto, lose. He was making $90,000 a year - a huge salary at the time. But he acted on principle. Media On University Essay. Unlike most ballplayers, he was willing to rock the boat. He had attended an NAACP rally in to his general washington analysis Mississippi, complained about his segregated training camp in Florida, and moved into on University Image Management Essay an all-white neighborhood in the Bay Area. Players union director Marvin Miller didn't think the time was ripe to challenge the reserve clause, but he nevertheless persuaded the union's board to bankroll Flood's lawsuit against MLB and to exercise, hire former Supreme Court justice Arthur Goldberg (a one-time labor lawyer) to of Social, handle the case. On Dec. 24, 1969, Flood wrote a letter to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn that said: After 12 years in the major leagues, I do not feel that I am a piece of property to be bought and sold irrespective of my wishes. Sportscaster Howard Cosell asked Flood: It's been written, Curt, that you're a man who makes $90,000 a year, which isn't exactly slave wages. What's your retort to that? Flood responded: A well-paid slave is nonetheless a slave.

The next year, when the to his excellency case reached the U.S. District Court in Manhattan, two of Flood's key witnesses were Jackie Robinson and Hank Greenberg. Of Social On University. Both super-stars were angry and retired after their long-time employers (the Dodgers and Positive Effects in Developing Electronic Businesses Tigers, respectively) tried to trade when their glory days were over. Not a single active player testified on Flood's behalf. The District Court judge ruled against floor as did the Supremes two years later. Eventually, the union overturned the reserve clause, but it was too late to help Flood. As Snyder recounts, Flood's post-baseball career was a shambles, destroyed by family troubles, alcohol, and The Effect Image Management economic problems. He died in 1997 of throat cancer at age 59. Snyder's book will make you admire Flood the fighter if not Flood the man. It is also filled with mesmerizing stories and colorful figures, including a harsh word for island man poem, the renowned Goldberg, whose oral argument for Flood at the Supreme Court was, according to his co-counsel, one of the The Effect Management worst he'd ever heard.

In 1998, Congress passed and President Clinton signed the Curt Flood Act, which removes baseball's immunity from antitrust laws. But few of today's players, who have benefited enormously from Flood's sacrifice, probably know who he is. Snyder's book, and the 2011 HBO documentary, The Curious Case of Curt Flood, may help to resurrect the memory and reputation of this baseball pioneer. 46. Al Stump, Cobb: A Biography (1994). If all you knew about Ty Cobb was what you learned at the Ty Cobb Museum, located in his hometown of Royston, Georgia, you'd think he was a competitive player, a superlative hitter and base stealer, and a humanitarian. Factors Of Production. I've visited the The Effect Media on University Image Management Essay museum twice and didn't see anything there about his dirty playing, his racism, or his ugly personality that led most of obesity, his fellow players to dislike him. But thanks to Al Stump's biography - and the 1994 Hollywood movie based on the book that starred Tommy Lee Jones as Cobb and Robert Wuhl as Stump - few Americans, including baseball fans, have any illusions about Media Image Management Essay, Cobb's dark and self-destructive personality. To His Excellency Washington. Cobb hired Stump to ghost-write his 1961 autobiography, My Life in Baseball. The Effect On University. While traveling with and interviewing Cobb over a ten month period, Stump discovered that the Georgia Peach was a rotten tomato.

The first book was a cover-up, Stump later admitted. I felt very bad about it. Excellency Washington Analysis. I felt I wasn't being a good newspaperman. No longer beholden to his subject, Stump wrote a second biography that revealed Cobb's racism, violence, cruelty, and egomania. Indeed, Cobb was probably psychotic, and Stump's second biography probes the roots of his troubles as well as his extraordinary talent as a player whose lifetime .367 batting average will never be matched. 48. Bill Veeck (with Ed Linn), Veeck As In Wreck (1962). The Effect Media. -- Veeck, who at different times owned the St. Louis Browns, Cleveland Indians, and Chicago White Sox, was probably the only socialist to evelyn joyce, own a major league baseball team. (He voted several times for Norman Thomas, socialist candidate for president). Of Social On University Image Essay. Veeck was a brilliant entrepreneur and showman who preferred sitting in the bleachers to the box seats. This biography reveals Veeck's battles with his fellow owners and the many innovations (some pretty wacky) he brought to baseball.

Paul Dickson's Bill Veeck: Baseball's Greatest Maverick (2012) is to his washington, a serious and well-written biography of this pioneering baseball figure. 49. George Will, Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball (1990). I hate George Will. I hate his right-wing politics. Of Social Media On University. I hate his elitism and Positive Effects Advertising in Developing Electronic Businesses his disdain for democracy.

I even hate his bow-ties. A political columnist for the Washington Post and frequent guest on TV's political talk shows, Will is a repulsive snob in love with the sound of The Effect of Social Media Image Management, his own voice. Text. So it troubles me to admit that in 1990 Will wrote a marvelous baseball book that has stood the test of time. Of Social Media On University Image Management Essay. He takes readers inside the game through the eyes of players Tony Gwynn, Cal Ripken, and Orel Hershiser, and manager Tony LaRussa. Will shatters the myth that baseball is a slow, dull game. He reveals that at obesity, any given moment, there are hundreds of things happening on the playing field, most of them subtle and invisible, particularly the choices that managers and players have to make to of Social Media on University, deal with the many possibilities they have to consider with each pitch.

The calculations they make - about what pitch to throw, where fielders should be located, whether to anticipate that a runner will try to steal, how the wind and the weather will affect the play, who should be warming up in the bullpen, whether to bring in a pinch hitter or pinch runner, and many more - are based on knowledge, experience, and gut instinct. Will's eye for telling details is remarkable and his prose is to his excellency general washington analysis, even lively. Of Social Media On University. La Russa describes why he moves his outfielders when a particular slugger comes up to island man poem, bat with a runner on second. On University Image Essay. Hershiser, outstanding hurler, tells Will: Control without stuff is far better than stuff without control. And Will, an astute observer, notes: Baseball is not, like basketball or hockey or soccer, a game of steady flows. Rather, it is an episodic game of explosive exertions. Effects Businesses. Two decades before Moneyball, Will put baseball in a whole new light. I still detest him, but I admire his love for and knowledge of baseball. 50. Joel Zoss and John Bowman, Diamonds in on University Essay the Rough: The Untold History of factors of production, Baseball (2004).

Zoss and Bowman are skeptics, but not cynics. They love baseball but they challenge much of its conventional wisdom. With telling anecdotes and a great sense of the game's history, they provide an on University Essay unsentimental, myth-busting, and unsparing look at obesity exercise, our national pastime. They tackle a mind-boggling range of of Social, topics, including baseball's origins, the contributions of minorities and women, the evolution of umpiring, baseball during wartime, baseball's influence on literature and music, substance abuse, on- and off-field tragedy, Abraham Lincoln's ties with baseball, and even Russia's claim to have invented baseball. Peter Dreier teaches politics and chairs the Urban Environmental Policy Department at Occidental College.

His most recent book is four factors of production, The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame (Nation Books, 2012).

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Analysis of Performance GCSE PE Coursework. Extracts from this document. Analysis of of Social on University Image performance coursework I am analysing myself on the position I play in island, football which is centre back. The important skills needed in order to play centre back are: * Power * Balance * Coordination * Agility * Timing * Control These skills are important for: * Power is important so the player is able to strike the ball hard enough to clear it from danger. It is also important so the player can jump high to win headers. * Balance is important so the player is able to stay on their feet whilst landing after jumping for a header and taking on players. * Coordination is important in Media Image Management, order to run and header at the same time and to run and kick at the same time. Factors? * Agility is important so the player is able to take on players whilst coming out of defence. It is also important for the layer so he is able to keep track of Media Image his marker whilst his marker tries to lose him in and out of players. * Timing is important so the player is able to kick and header the ball at the right time to get the best effect. * Control is important in order to able to control high balls. Four Factors? The fitness components that are needed to Media on University Image Management play centre back successfully are: * Speed * Flexibility * Cardiovascular endurance * Speed endurance * Power * Acceleration These fitness components are needed for: * Speed is needed in man poem text, order to keep up with the pace of the game and to keep track of your marker. * Flexibility is useful when playing centre because it helps you to intercept passes and Image Management control high passes with your feet. * Cardiovascular endurance is needed so the player is able to Effects in Developing Electronic Businesses keep moving for the whole length of the match. * Speed endurance is needed so the player is The Effect Image Management Essay, able to keep up with their marker when through balls are played throughout the whole match. . read more. During this time you must be moderately active which means working at to his excellency washington analysis, about 60-80% of your maximum heart rate (MHR). Continuous training is essential for of Social Management everyone who takes part in activities for excellency analysis a long period of time. Of Social Image Management Essay? Fartlek training can simply be modified to general work on improving cardiovascular endurance just by of Social Media Essay making the sessions longer and including more running. My second weakness that I find I have is passing with my left foot, and obesity exercise my third weakness is heading.

These two weaknesses could be combined and improved on Image Management Essay in the same session. Circuit training could be used to improve these two weaknesses and instead of using health based exercises at each station, skill based exercises could replace them. For example at the first station the exercise could be passing the ball onto a wall with your left foot as many times as possible in 45 seconds. Of Production? To judge to see if you are improving you count the number of times you pass the The Effect of Social Media Management Essay, ball successfully and compare with your next set of results. At the second station the to his general washington analysis, same thing could be done but using headers instead.

Another way of improving these weaknesses is by doing a skills training session. Media Image Essay? For this it is four, best to involve other players so they can help you improve. To improve heading there could be three extra players; a goal keeper, someone to cross balls in and a defender. First a player would cross the ball in and I would be trying to of Social Media Image Management Essay win the header and header at goal, the job of the Positive of On-line Advertising Electronic Businesses, defender is to win the ball and the goal keeper's job is Media Image Essay, obviously to man poem save it. This would help me to improve my heading accuracy whilst I go up for corners, it would also get me more used to heading in a game situation. Once about 15-20 balls have been delivered I would then swap with the crosser and then cross balls in with my left foot in order to improve it. . read more. As a result of the six week training programme I would expect to see a good improvement in not only the of Social Media Management Essay, test results but in a competitive match as well. I would hope that I would find it a lot easier running around for the whole match and I would think that I would have improved my weaknesses as well as my strengths. My next steps once I have finished the training programme are to focus on any other weaknesses that could be improved. I will also keep on concentrating partly on my previous weaknesses, but not as intensely because I now have more important weaknesses.

These weaknesses are speed endurance and coordination. I will write up an additional training programme in order to improve these other weaknesses. However due to evelyn joyce riassunto the six week training programme I will not yet be good enough at my previous weaknesses in of Social, order to call them my strengths, therefore I will need to carry on working on them but not as often. I will write up another six week training programme and in one of those weeks I will include working on my previous weaknesses, in this week I will carry out the same sort of training methods but do them more intensely as I should be better at them. In the other five weeks I will still include one of those training methods once a week but for the rest of the obesity exercise, week I will concentrate on of Social Media on University Management Essay improving my other weaknesses. To improve my speed endurance I will need to include training methods such as interval training in my programme. I used interval training in my previous programme but in Very important Lessons: Federal, order to aim it specifically at speed endurance I will need to add more sprints in to of Social Media Management Essay it.

To improve my coordination I will carry out a circuit training programme that will include various activities to improve my coordination, then I will repeat them three or four times. . read more. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Exercise and Training essays.

Speed of obesity reaction- when a player hears a call for on University Management the ball, how long it takes for him/her to pass it * Timing-choosing to tackle when the Three Very Lessons: Slavery, The Nature Union of Commerce, ball is away from the opponent's feet. * Speed- getting to the ball before the opposition All of the above are demands which. Strategies/Tactics Strengths: Starts and turns I know this tactic is a strength in my performance because, when I dive into the water I can determine how long I spend gliding in The Effect of Social Image Essay, a streamline position under water. I know this is a good strategy because my coach informs me I have a good streamlined position. GCSE P.E coursework - circuit training. from getting strained. Evelyn? Following this you must prepare yourself mentally. To do this you must do a specific activity - Like in on University Image, football, to prepare yourself mentally, you may do some football shooting, or some heading or maybe some passing of a football. This is my client's 6-week training programme, his main sport is volleyball and he . My muscles started to get tired at the end.

Weights felt lighter than before. Until the third set, I began to feel it become more difficult. Improving my muscular strength and reps. Flexibility Exercise (Stretches) 1-2 minutes My stretches were good. An example of a sport specific training course could be: 1. press ups 2. sit ups 3. squats 4. star jumps 5. chin ups 6. bur pass 7. tricep dips 8. short rest 9. repeat Continuous training requires you to have your oxygen intake to be matched by the body's demand for oxygen.

The first step will be to identify Adamsweaknesses and strengths in Long Jump and four . This increased his balance when running also. Overview of session: * His balance and timing was bad only The Effect of Social on University Image Management, when he was at speed. * Adams potential is great as he can adapt his posture and technique when I ask him. which is Positive Effects of On-line Advertising in Developing Electronic, getting in the way of a pass, and a phase of The Effect Media Management play in evelyn joyce riassunto, the backs may be better than one in the forwards. I need to of Social on University Image Management Essay stay in washington, the rucks and mauls more often that I stand in the line. On University Essay? PEP and performance analysis for rounders. (a) List in detail the strengths of the washington analysis, player/competitor/participant. In Rounders I'm good at hitting the ball when batting; in order for me to of Social Image Management Essay do this I had good hand and eye co-ordination. When batting it is good to have good hand and obesity exercise eye coordination because it determines whether a hit will be good or bad, I think the. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and of Social Media Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to four factors of production read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on of Social Management your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.

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contemplative essay Christian Prayer: Silence Dancing. Between Knowing and Unknowing. William Dyce 'The Garden of Media on University Image Essay, Gethsemane', 1857-60. Sudley House Museum, Liverpool. If God is sometimes depicted in Hebrew scripture as a personal presence with qualities and emotions analogous to human ones, Jesus’s prayers indicate that he was selective in obesity his references to on University Image Hebrew images of God. Most often, his prayers assume that God is a consistent loving presence--not an arbitrary, wrathful, jealous or vindictive One--who will always protect and guide him and never abandon him. Three Important Lessons: Slavery, Of The Federal Of Commerce! Jesus’s prayers assume that he is, in a way, in love with God and that he himself is the of Social on University Management Essay, Beloved of God. His prayers also suggest that he knows himself to be simultaneously at one with God and also distinct from exercise, God. Unfortunately, Jesus did not provide us with a detailed developmental program of prayer. In fact, the only explicit direction he gave is recorded in the Gospel of of Social, Matthew where he emphasizes solitude and a specific focus on God as Creator and Father.

The prayer that begins, “Our Father in heaven” is probably the one prayer that Christians of all denominations have in common. By tradition it is called The Lord’s Prayer: Whenever you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in obesity exercise secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you. Pray then in The Effect Media on University Image this way: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. on earth as it is in island man poem heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And do not bring us to the time of trial, but rescue us from the evil one. (Matthew 6: 6-13) The various practices of Christian prayer began to be articulated more clearly in The Effect of Social Media on University Image Management the third to joyce riassunto the sixth centuries when desert monks and mystical theologians such as Cassian, Evagrius, Origen, St. Antony, St.

Augustine and St. Benedict, and The Effect of Social, many others--such as St. Isaac of Syria, Maximus the Confessor and St. Athanasius--who are claimed as sacred teachers in the Orthodox tradition. These early Christian writers, whose writings are fortunately collected and translated anew in the Paulist Press series, The Classics of Western Spirituality , wove together many wonderful stories, practical suggestions and theological frameworks for prayer, meditation and contemplation. Throughout the history of Christian prayer, there are no firm definitions to distinguish the terms, “prayer”, “meditation” and “contemplation.” Still, we can often think of prayer as vocal prayer, uttered silently or out loud, alone or with others. In prayer we often speak and listen to words of Three important Lessons: Slavery, of the Federal Union and Regulation of Commerce, address--talking with and listening to Media Image Essay God. Meditation has often been used to indicate a kind of heartfelt reflection whereby we turn over in our minds the words of Scripture, an experience of liturgy or the memory of a meaningful interaction or prayer. Island! Meditation requires the The Effect of Social on University, work of in Developing Electronic Businesses, focusing our minds and The Effect of Social Media Management Essay, ruminating on something in evelyn joyce God’s presence. Contemplation is most often used to describe a later developmental stage of prayer and meditation whereby the seeker’s mind and The Effect of Social on University Image Management, heart have become calm and Effects Advertising, open to a deep listening. In contemplation one has stopped “doing” anything and is simply present to God, and Image Management Essay, God is present to that person.

In contemplation, one no longer thinks, meditates, reflects or speaks, but is “all ears” in an ambience of love, a simple “being with” the God of Love. In the first centuries after Jesus’s life and death, most Desert monk/writers were familiar with silence--their own silence, and the silence of God. Quite often, they emphasized “purity of man poem, heart” and a letting go of The Effect Media Image Essay, all thoughts that were not directed to God. They suggested that in order to enter into the light (or the darkness) of God’s presence, one should first focus the mind with a simple prayer. Single lines or phrases from the Psalms were often used for this purpose: “Oh God, come to my assistance, Make haste to help me,” or “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the Living God, have mercy on joyce, me.” Sometimes, the pray-er is counseled to recite the short prayer in a rhythm with each breath. When the mind has become still, St.

Athanasius suggested that one simply “breathe Christ.” Sometimes, these mystical theologians understood the Image Management, letting go of one’s thoughts and emotions as the Three Very of the Federal Union and Regulation of Commerce, “emptying” (Greek: kenosis ), that is mentioned by St. Paul in Philippians 2:5ff, where Christ “emptied himself.” In silence, these mystical theologians sensed a unity with God that cannot be experienced if one is caught up in one’s own thinking about God. Media Image Management Essay! Their spiritual practice is island man poem text sometimes called the of Social Media Image Essay, via negativa or the way of unknowing--versus the exercise, via affirmativa , which proceeds by way of what we can know about God through our senses. Gradually, an implicit architecture of of Social Media on University Image, prayer developed among the Desert Fathers and Mothers and blossomed later in medieval monasteries and convents. In the first step of prayer, Lectio (Latin for “prayerful reading”), we slowly read or recite a passage of Scripture.

In the second step, Meditatio (reflection), we slowly repeat a word or phrase and four factors, let its meanings sink deeply into the soul. In the on University Image, third step, Oratio , we express our spontaneous emotional response to to his general analysis God’s loving presence. In the fourth and final step, Contemplatio , we rest in God’s presence without words, images, or feelings. This last step of prayer is considered a gift; we cannot will ourselves to of Social Media on University experience contemplative silence, but can only receive it. Effects Of On-line In Developing! Contemplative silence honors the The Effect Media, via negativa approach to God who is beyond all words, stories, and images--beyond our control. Over the centuries, monasteries and convents evolved their own favorite methods of man poem text, prayer and meditation, drawing from Scripture, tradition and experience. The Effect On University! Some emphasized silent meditation or contemplation, while others emphasized sacred liturgies and the Eucharist, a prayerful reading of Scripture, repetitive prayer, or prayers of intercession, gratitude and praise.

Some religious orders preferred to walk the via negativa and the via affirmativa simultaneously in their daily offices by including extended periods of silence in joyce riassunto their rich liturgical experiences. The 16th century Protestant Reformation. After the Media Image Management, Reformation in the 16th century, Protestant denominations drew parishioners’ attention almost entirely to the Bible, to sermons and Three important Lessons: Slavery, The Nature Union, vocal prayer, and to of Social Media on University Image Essay the singing of island man poem, hymns. These via affirmativa experiences were also called kataphatic (Greek: with images). Media Image Management Essay! They expressed faith in the possibility that the invisible God makes Himself/Herself available in our real, ordinary experience through sight, smell, touch, hearing and conceptual understanding. The kataphatic dimension of prayer lifts up the ways that our senses and our minds can mediate God’s presence, and the apophatic (Greek: without images) dimension lifts up the ways in which God’s real presence is beyond all sensual and conceptual experience. The Protestant Reformation emphasized the kataphatic dimension of prayer and almost obliterated the apophatic , contemplative and mystical dimensions.

Almost all post-Reformation denominations (except, e.g., the Quakers) focused (and still do focus) on the Word--reading the Bible, listening to sermons and trying to convert others by convincing them that our particular verbal formulations of scripture, of doctrine and of God’s identity are true in themselves. Obesity Exercise! For most Protestant denominations, the The Effect Media on University Management Essay, words of Scripture, doctrine and creeds are themselves identified as holy. These Christian brothers and sisters do not seem to evelyn joyce be interested in contemplative silence or in the possibility that the Triune God can show up between, beneath and The Effect of Social Image Essay, beyond our words and stories--even beyond our sacred words and Very Slavery, The Nature of the Federal Union and Regulation of Commerce, stories. Unfortunately, it is The Effect not unusual to encounter Protestant believers who think that those who enter contemplative silence are opening themselves to the Devil. Apparently, these believers have not taken seriously a fundamental truth of our faith, that God is in all things, that Jesus himself sought out the silence of the desert to simply “be” with God and four factors of production, that Christ may be seeking us in silence. Apparently, such believers do not take seriously St. The Effect On University! John’s pronouncement in Very important Lessons: Slavery, and Regulation John 1 (2-5) that. Christ was in the beginning with God, All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came into being.

What has come into being in him was life, and the life was the light of all people. Of Social Media On University Management Essay! The light shines in obesity exercise the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it. Silence and the darkness of the desert are part of the created world, a world created by our God. By John’s testimony all things, including, we presume, contemplative silence, came into being through Christ. The Effect Of Social Media On University Image! By John’s sacred testimony we can therefore assume that Christ is present to all creation, and present in silence. There is no place, including silence, that God is not . So, it is unfortunate that the man poem, Catholic and of Social Media on University Image Essay, Orthodox love for obesity silent meditation and The Effect of Social Image Management Essay, contemplative prayer was almost entirely rejected by Protestant churches during and after the Reformation. Text! Perhaps there were good reasons for this spiritual re-focusing at on University that time in history, but the loss of the the via negativa , the apophatic , and the contemplative dimension in prayer was a major loss for Protestant Christianity. When the exercise, Protestant emphasis on the words of Scripture and on vocal prayer is not balanced with a contemplative letting go of all words and meanings for God’s sake, it is of Social Media on University Image too easy to miss God’s presence between our words and evelyn joyce, theories, and to of Social Media Essay become attached to one’s own verbal propositions about God. Without the contemplative dimension, it is easy to slide into a fanatical fundamentalism in which we become convinced that our ideas and excellency general washington analysis, propositions about God are the best and only interpretation of the Divine--and that those who disagree with us are wrong or evil. We need contemplative silence to stay in touch with our humility, lest we become like the The Effect of Social on University Image Essay, Bible Belt school board that garnered a brief mention in the New York Times years ago when, under pressure to teach Spanish in the public schools, declared “If English was good enough for Jesus, it’s good enough for us.”

Contemplative Prayer Interfaith Dialogue. The Empty Bell approach to Christian prayer seeks to honor both the apophatic and the kataphatic dimensions of the spiritual life. To borrow from the sacred language of the great 4th century Councils, we believe that the fullest expression of Christian prayer dances (Greek: perichoresis , a dance-around) between that which we can know, sense, say or sing, and that which is a Mystery in general washington God. To pray and meditate in the Christian tradition is to dance the The Effect Management Essay, boundary between knowing and unknowing. Important Lessons: Slavery, The Nature Federal Union And Regulation Of Commerce! In this dual emphasis we perceive more space for interfaith dialogue--especially with Asian spiritual paths such as Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism--than one finds in a purely kataphatic Christian spirituality. Contemplative prayer provides us with a disciplined practice that helps us to be light on our feet with regard to what we can know about God, and so allows us more inward spaciousness to learn from those who follow other spiritual paths. In this respect, we at the Empty Bell believe that because we live in community with people of other faiths, dialogue with those who follow other religious traditions should be held up as an essential part of our social and ethical lives.

Therefore, we applaud the ecumenical spirit of the Roman Catholic Church’s Second Vatican Council, which, in 1965, distributed a document entitled Nostra Aetate (Declaration on the Relationship Of The Church To Non-Christian Religions). Nostra Aetate declared, Ever aware of its duty to foster unity and charity among individuals, and even among nations, it reflects at the outset on what people have common and what tends to bring them together. The Effect Media Image Essay! Humanity forms but one community. This is so because all stem from the one stock which God created to people the entire earth (see Acts 17:26), and also because all share a common destiny, namely God. . . . So, too, other religions which are found throughout the world attempt in different ways to overcome the restlessness of people's hearts by outlining a program of life covering doctrine, moral precepts and sacred rites. To His Excellency General Analysis! The Catholic Church rejects nothing of what is true and holy in The Effect Media Management these religions.

It has a high regard for man poem text the manner of life and conduct, the precepts and doctrines which, although differing in many ways from its own teaching, nevertheless often reflect a ray of that truth which enlightens all men and women. . . . Let Christians, while witnessing to The Effect Image Essay their own faith and way of life, acknowledge, preserve and encourage the spiritual and moral truths found among non-Christians, together with their social life and culture. At the Empty Bell, we believe that the official Christian canon describes, in obesity inspired language, a sacred story that can be salvific for anyone, but we also believe that the Holy Spirit of Jesus is free and Management, larger than any human--even Christian--understanding. The Holy Spirit “blows where it wills”, sparking love, compassion and mercy among people of different cultures and religions. The practice of contemplative silence helps us to listen to island man poem this creative, life-giving, and often surprising, Holy Spirit. The Empty Bell’s contemplative style of prayer roots itself in what we can know about the Trinity from the Bible, from the tradition, from our own experience and Media on University Image Essay, from the experience of Christians throughout the ages. And we also root ourselves in what one medieval Christian writer called “The Cloud of Unknowing” (William Johnston, ed., The Cloud of Unknowing [14th c.], New York: Doubleday, 1973, 1996). There are things about God that we can confidently claim to know, and things about God that we do not know and can never know.

At the Empty Bell, we hope that Christians will eventually become comfortable with this dance between knowing and to his washington analysis, unknowing. Because of this dual emphasis, the Empty Bell is more aligned with the Roman Catholic and Orthodox denominations than with the Protestant ones, but we see no essential contradiction between ourselves and the spiritual vision of all major Christian churches and denominations. We like to think of ourselves as part of the Body of The Effect Media on University Essay, Christ, even if our Body includes members with whom we disagree. And we believe that this Body of Christ has relatively open boundaries, allowing us to washington analysis learn spiritual insights and on University Image Essay, wisdom from non-Christians. with other Contemplative Communities. Two internationally known Roman Catholic organizations currently sponsor retreats, organize local prayer groups and offer website education: Contemplative Outreach, led by Trappist Fr. Thomas Keating, and Three Very important Slavery, of the and Regulation, the World Community for The Effect on University Management Christian Meditation (WCCM), led by Benedictine Fr. Laurence Freeman. Their websites are bountiful resources for educating oneself in the history and practice of the Roman Catholic contemplative path. Please see www.contemplativeoutreach.org and www.wccm.org. Both of these organizations are keenly aware of the importance of the apophatic tradition and both teach meditative practices that are consistent with this emphasis.

Practically speaking, both Fr. Thomas Keating and Positive Effects of On-line in Developing, Fr. Laurence Freeman are more interested in silent meditation than in The Effect of Social on University Image Essay traditional Christian vocal prayer and the communal singing of hymns. Both men invite contemplative Christians to the meditation cushion to bring awareness to what is going on Effects of On-line Electronic, in the mind, emotions, and body. There, in the silence, followers are instructed to repeat a sacred word or mantra in order to quiet the mind and passions and to Media on University Essay seek God in the gaps between thoughts and momentary feelings. The goal of these contemplative practices is simply to be, to dwell in the unknowing of God’s Mystery. The Empty Bell community believes that the contemplative approach of Frs. Keating and Freeman is making a huge contribution to Christian communities in this country and around the world. Here in the U.S., those who are poor languish in unfulfilling lives that are dominated by the economic demands of daily survival. Those in the middle classes often live frenzied, pressured lives, multi-tasking from excellency general, early morning until late at night.

A significant number of people in America must hold two or three jobs to support their families. Of Social Management! Meanwhile, those who are wealthy may feel burdened by possessions and wonder how to assuage the inner emptiness that material goods cannot fill. Most Americans experience very little inner peace, for most of us have no time simply to general analysis be, no time even to notice what we are thinking or feeling, much less what is driving our thoughts and actions. The Effect Of Social Essay! For many young Americans, traditional Christian language seems strange and quaint, a holdover from pre-modern culture and irrelevant to their fast-paced, technologically saturated lives. To all these groups of people, the Christian contemplative tradition has much to offer. Unfortunately, most Christian churches do not draw their parishioners’ attention to or help them to interpret their actual inner experience. Four Of Production! Parishioners who want to learn to pray may find that they have nowhere to turn. As a result, many parishioners may conclude that they have to The Effect Media Image Management settle for hearing and four factors, talking about God a poor substitute for actually experiencing God.

Thus, we at the Empty Bell welcome the work of Frs. Keating and Freeman, who are teaching a theological vision and sharing spiritual practices that connect Christians to the earliest Christian communities and that alert us to the ways that Christ’s presence is immediately available to each person, just beneath the surface of our anxious and frenetic lives. Their work reminds us that God is The Effect Media on University Management Essay as close to obesity us as our own breath and The Effect on University Image, that God is four present within the interstices of our thoughts and memories, whether or not we are thinking about God. Their teachings remind us that God is present --sometimes in subtle ways--everywhere and in all things--even when we feel that our minds are “a tree full of monkeys”, as the Buddhists say. The Empty Bell community shares the goals of Contemplative Outreach and the World Community for Christian Meditation. However, we also notice two apparent distinctions between our approach to the contemplative Christian life and Media on University Image, theirs. Noticing these distinctions is not meant to important Slavery, of the of Commerce be a criticism of their approach so much as an invitation to dialogue with them. We hope they will respond, and we will share their responses on this website. First , we feel that both organizations may overemphasize wordless silence and underemphasize other important kataphatic ways to experience God and to be “doing God’s will”. We believe that the Trinitarian Christian way is Image Management essentially a relational spirituality that invites us to find God anywhere, anytime--sometimes in Effects Advertising Businesses silence and The Effect of Social Media on University Essay, sometimes in action or conversation, sometimes in of On-line Advertising calm meditation, but sometimes in a tumultuous encounter with secular political authorities.

Ours is a spirituality of both unity and distinction where we are often invited out of our peaceful sense of unity with God into a desert or a city of encounters with sometimes strange and challenging people, animals or locations in nature or with a God who surprises and of Social Media on University Management Essay, disturbs us. We should be careful not to imply that God is most powerfully present in contemplative prayer. To His Excellency General Washington Analysis! God may be present in our ideas and Media, words, and God may be present when we let go of our ideas and man poem text, words. God is everywhere and we have no control over of Social Media on University Image Management Essay where or how God shows up. Second , we feel that both the WCCM and Contemplative Outreach overemphasize a possible contemplative unity with God and others, and give insufficient attention to the “I-Thou” dimension of our lives. If, for example, I am in disagreement or conflict with another, I am called not only to sit quietly with my unsettled or angry feelings, to factors of production “let them go” and to seek God’s unifying, wordless presence. On University Image Management! Rather, I may be called to actually pick up the phone and invite the evelyn riassunto, other person to Media Management have a conversation about the four factors, situation. Dialing that number may be more important than bringing awareness to a mantra or my breathing. If we perceive a problem in our lives--emotionally, spiritually, or materially--we should not think that contemplative silence is always the most appropriate way to deal with the issue.

Very often, God calls us to creative engagement in conversation or action with others in community. Knowing whether to seek contemplative silence or active engagement is a matter of moment-to-moment discernment. In this I-Thou (and I-It) category of The Effect Media Image, experience we are inspired by the work of Martin Buber (See his I and Thou [ Ich und Du ], Ronald Gregor Smith, trans., New York : Collier Books, 1958). If contemplative prayer emphasizes simply “being with” God in wordless unity, then the I-Thou and I-It dimensions draw our attention to the importance of connecting, subject to island man poem subject, with others, and even with ourselves. Sometimes, it is The Effect of Social on University Image Management Essay more important to island reach out to ourselves and others in love, to work creatively with them, to of Social on University Image help them or to be helped by them, than it is to Effects of On-line sit in meditative silence with God. We feel that some contemplative Christian traditions give insufficient attention to the discipline of discernment in the I-Thou dimension and to The Effect of Social Management possible courses of action in the external world. We also feel that one who prays should be alert to the possibility that a sacred “I-Thou” invitation may occur between oneself and of production, one’s own memories, worries or thoughts, or any other “waveform” or voice that emerges from our unconscious.

I once heard the Roman Catholic writer, Ewert Cousins, say that God’s presence within us is like a Someone who is saying to us, “I see you, I know you, and I love you.” We should always expect to hear this voice of the Beloved right here, within the flow of our thinking and feeling, even as these movements emerge from our unconscious. In this emphasis we seem to Media Image differ with Fr. Thomas Keating, who perceives everything in our unconscious to be expendable. We do not mean to Positive Advertising Electronic Businesses criticize these traditions and organizations so much as to Media on University Image Essay alert ourselves to the limits of their ministries. We assume that every ministry, including ours at the Empty Bell has both something to offer and limitations. The Limits of Contemplative, Unitive Prayer. Those of us who value contemplative silence should remember that Jesus did not teach wordless, contemplative prayer explicitly and he did not direct people to the meditation cushion, as Buddha did centuries before Jesus was born. Yes, Jesus did pray alone, often going into the desert for factors solitude, and we can infer from his life and teaching that he learned about himself, his mission and God in silence. But contemplatives should not ignore the fact that Jesus ‘s spirituality was thoroughly relational. Media Image Management! Jesus discerned God’s personal presence as he studied Hebrew scripture, and he preached. The Gospel writers tell us that God’s presence was conveyed powerfully through Jesus’s words.

Jesus’s ministry tells us that very often the Good News is spoken, one to another, and the effect on the listener may be more powerful, meaningful and factors, redemptive than if that listener had sat in meditation or contemplative prayer. Jesus suggested solitary prayer (Matthew 6:6), but his ministry and the New Testament scriptures demonstrate that sometimes our healing and redemption may come from Jesus himself, from the Holy Spirit or from another person who is blessed in the Spirit (Luke 10; Mark 5:8; Mark 5:27-28; Romans 15:9; 1Corinthians 12:9 28-30). Jesus modeled the power of sacred interpersonal contact by saying a word of blessing, and by performing miraculous healings, including raising people from the dead. Sometimes, he reached out and healed others with a simple, prayerful touch, and some were healed when they touched him. His ministry was lively, behaviorally dynamic and The Effect of Social Image Management Essay, connecting. He spoke of a spiritual power going out of him to others, and obesity, he declared that after his death he would send a living spiritual presence and power--the Holy Spirit--to his disciples and friends and to the world. For Jesus, salvation did not come only through a reformation of our individual awareness via the discipline of silent meditation. He demonstrated the The Effect of Social on University Essay, truth that very often, healing comes through connecting with God and others over time. The Gospel of John makes it especially clear that for Jesus, there was always an “other”, a Thou, who he was in relation to. In fact, we can assume that inwardly, he was in continuous contact with God as beloved other and with the presence of people and creation as “other”. Yes, Jesus’s spiritual life sprang from his unity with the man poem text, first Person of the Trinity, the The Effect Media Image Management Essay, Divine Mystery, and to his, from simply “being one with” God in a contemplative unity, but it also blossomed forth from a continuous, inward giving and receiving in relation to the otherness of God, people and creation.

Many readers have been inspired by the work of the on University Image Essay, early 20th c. writer, E.M. Riassunto! Forster, and some of us have quoted his phrase from the novel Howard’s End , “Only connect.” Of course, Forster was referring to of Social on University Image Management a prevalent disconnect between prose and passion in the English literature of his time. But this phrase points to a larger truth, a truth that Jesus embodied. One has only to read Jesus’ss great farewell discourse in obesity the Gospel of John, chapters 13-17: From beginning to end it is a discourse of connection. Jesus sensed God’s presence like a loving father and he knew that he had come from God and was going to God. He washed his disciples’ feet, blessing his friends with touch. And most strikingly, he espoused a rich theology and spirituality of connection.

For example, Jesus tells his friends, Whoever receives one whom I send receives me; and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. (John 13:20) I give you a new commandment, that you love one another. The Effect Of Social Media! Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another. (13:34-35) In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to Effects Businesses prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also. (14:2-3).

Do you not believe that I am in of Social on University Image Management the Father and the Father is in obesity exercise me? The words that I say to Media Image Management Essay you I do not speak on my own; but the Father who dwells in me does his works. (14-10) I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate, to be with you forever. This is the Spirit of excellency analysis, truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, because he abides with you, and he will be in you. I will not leave you orphaned; I am coming to you. In a little while the of Social Image Management, world will no longer see me, but you will see me; because I live, you also will live. To His Excellency Analysis! On that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in of Social Media on University me, and I in you. They who have my commandments and Three Very Lessons: Slavery, The Nature of the Federal Union and Regulation, keep them are those who love me; and those who love me will be loved by my Father, and The Effect on University Essay, I will love them and reveal myself to Three Very important The Nature of the Federal Union and Regulation them. (14:16-21) Clearly, Jesus espoused relationality and connection as essential elements of the spiritual life. His was the language of intimacy and love.

He was comfortable with the phrase, “I love you” and even asked his friends, “Do you love me?” (John 21:15-17). Jesus’ss spirituality spotlighted “the between” where we meet others as friends or enemies. For him, this is where much of our spiritual work takes place. The Effect On University Image Management! And this is the very place that can get lost on contemplative paths that overemphasize the obesity exercise, individual work of meditation. Quite often in The Effect Media on University Management contemplative circles, the interpersonal, social and man poem text, political dimensions of our lives are seen as a distraction from “my practice.” Too often, those who cannot connect well and appropriately with others choose the Media Management, path of individual meditation as an attractive alternative to the challenges of interpersonal, social and political engagement. Too often, an imagined unity of oneself with the Divine substitutes for friendship, partnership and island man poem text, community. We at Management the Empty Bell affirm the factors of production, “overlap” of our individual consciousness and awareness with Christ: See e.g., 1 Corinthians 2:16; 1 Corinthians 16:10; Philippians 2 (verses 5ff), and especially St. Paul’s “now not I, but Christ in me” in Galatians 2:20. We affirm the The Effect of Social Media on University Management Essay, possibility of in Developing Electronic, living--feeling, thinking, perceiving and acting--from the perspective of our Higher Self in Christ. We simply assert that this transformation of our own awareness into Christ’s awareness cannot come about merely by focusing one’s attention on Essay, one’s own awareness and obesity, cultivating purity there. Christian meditation and contemplation must always be balanced with appropriate ethical behavior and connecting well with others in intimate relationships and in community.

Some attention to the cultivation of the Mind of Christ in one’s individual awareness is essential, but it is not sufficient. As Jesus said, there is The Effect of Social on University Image Essay no greater love than to give our lives for our friends (John 15:13). Positive Of On-line Advertising Electronic Businesses! This declaration places connection to others and loving action at the center of our spiritual lives, whether or not we have attained to purity of The Effect of Social on University Image Management, awareness. Evelyn Joyce! Yes, we can work on our “monkey minds” and rid our awareness of all impurities, but sometimes the deeper and more challenging practice is to speak words of loving commitment such as “I love you” and then to follow through on The Effect of Social Management Essay, the implications of that commitment over time. Obesity Exercise! Sometimes, the most redemptive thing we can do is to go “out” of ourselves in empathetic engagement with others and to seek the love of Christ and the mind of Christ right there, in The Effect of Social Media Image the “between”.

We at the Empty Bell believe that individual meditation and Three Very important Federal Union and Regulation, prayer should not take priority over connecting with others in creative engagement and in on University Management Essay love. We believe that sometimes, revelations of God’s presence that happen in the midst of action are as salient, as meaningful and as powerful as when they happen on exercise, the meditation cushion. In any given moment, should one meditate on a sacred word or should one connect with another through words or with loving, respectful touch? This question can only be answered by each person in the moment, as one of the The Effect Image Essay, disciplines of sacred discernment. In some contemporary approaches to contemplative prayer, there seems to be a de-emphasis on the interpersonal analogy--the I-Thou language of the second Person of the Trinity--in relation to the Triune God, to obesity exercise others, to creation and to oneself.

There seems to be an over-emphasis on individual meditation practices that are directed to the first Person of the Trinity, to Media on University Management Essay the unitive experience of the Three Very Lessons: Slavery, The Nature of the and Regulation of Commerce, apophatic , wordless Mystery of God. We at the Empty Bell believe that those who are drawn to the contemplative path should be careful not to over-emphasize simple presence in The Effect Media on University Image the field of one’s own awareness and thereby de-emphasize connecting to others in love, or touching others through the God-given power of action or speech. We sense in factors some contemplative approaches a preference for cultivating a purity of The Effect of Social Media Image, individual awareness rather than simply helping others or joining with them in creative, justice-enhancing and joyce, joyful projects. Sometimes God’s grace is expressed through us, even if our minds are unclear in the moment. We are capable of perceiving the world continuously in the Mind of Christ, but God does not need us to be wholly within that sacred consciousness in order for God to use us.

Of course, it would be nice to of Social on University have enough time to both make time for silent meditation--to get a handle on our “monkey minds” while simultaneously connecting with others to create a more sustainable and man poem, just world. Management! We can all get better at this. But sometimes, there isn’t enough time and we need to act and to connect even though our minds are a mess. At the Empty Bell we take the moderate position that one should seek to connect to others, and to factors of production God, in love in each moment, and to assert that “connecting” can take place deeply and on University, authentically in both silent meditation and in live interaction with others. In any given situation, one must discern how to bring one’s own will into alignment with God’s will, and there is no “cookie-cutter” agenda or paradigm of spiritual practice that will get us off the hook. In the Empty Bell we value the Contemplative Outreach (CO) and World Community for Christian Meditation (WCCM) emphasis on silent meditation and evelyn joyce riassunto, the use of a mantra to help the mind settle down. Most of the time, this inward flow of information and self-talk sounds like a radio that is attuned to a random station. There is actually little of value in it, as it is mixed up with various anxieties and fears.

Unfortunately, this inward static can influence behavior in negative ways that we don’t even notice, and it is of Social on University Image Management Essay deadly with respect to prayer. Contemplative awareness first shows us to how chaotic our minds are--that’s the bad news--but if we continue to practice, a feeling of factors of production, spaciousness and inner peace gradually arises and we may become more available to receive the really Good News. Once we’ve attained some inward spaciousness or detachment from the inward chatter, we should not seek to separate ourselves completely from the flow of memories, thoughts, fears and future-planning. All these things might be good for us and for others, and ways of connecting with ourselves, others and even God’s will. We should not practice meditation to leave this world or our actual experience! In fact, contemplative silence sometimes quiets our minds enough for us to see that that the flow of memories and thoughts already has more depth than we imagined. After all, any of our inward experiences may be iconic--a gateway to The Effect Image Essay God’s presence or to God’s message for me or the community. Yes, along with CO and WCCM we ask, “How can one dwell in God’s presence if our minds are so hopping with thoughts, worries, problem-solving and analyzing that we feel we’re living in evelyn joyce riassunto a tree full of monkeys.” But memories and images, for on University Management example, are not always a distraction.

Sometimes, God may speak to us or call our communities to a new action or identity through a memory or image. CO and excellency general washington analysis, WCCM tend to of Social Media Image Management emphasize letting go of all conceptual thinking, inward story-telling and the flow of feelings and images, whereas the Empty Bell community advises that we sometimes pay close attention to what messages these inner experiences might bring from God. All thoughts are not classifiable as mere “thoughts”, and so we must continuously discern which ones are irrelevant flotsam and jetsam, useful, creative or iconic and inspired. In this, we disagree with Fr. Keating who argues in his book, Open Mind, Open Heart: The Contemplative Dimension of the Gospel ( Amity, New York: Amity House, 1986), that one should let all thoughts and feelings pass through the island, mind while meditating and that one should not focus on Media, any particular memory or emotion. Four Of Production! According to Fr.

Keating, we should treat the flow of inner experience as so much garbage that arises chaotically from the individual’s unconscious and should be “unloaded” (pp. 93ff). He writes, for example, During the unloading process [of the unconscious] you may want to figure out where a particular smile, itch, pain, or strong feeling is coming from in your psyche and to identify it with some earlier period in your life. That's useless. The nature of the unloading process is that it does not focus on any particular event.

It loosens up all the The Effect of Social Management, rubbish, so to four factors of production speak, and Media on University Management, the psychological refuse comes up as a kind of compost. It's like throwing out the garbage. . . .Do not resist any thought, do not hang on to any thought, do not react emotionally to any thought. To His Excellency General Washington Analysis! . . . The Effect On University Image! during prayer if you notice tears falling, lips smiling, eyes twitching, itches, and pains--treat them like any other thought and let them all go by. Gently return to the sacred word. . . Three Lessons: Federal! .Thoughts, moods, or feelings of depression that might last for several days are ways the psyche has of evacuating the undigested emotional material of The Effect of Social Media Essay, a lifetime. Three Lessons: Slavery, The Nature Of The Union And Regulation Of Commerce! When these pass, you psychological insides will feel much better. (pp. 97-100). It is worth noting that this approach to Media Image Management Essay meditation is almost exactly the same as Vipassana (or Insight) Buddhist meditation as taught, e.g., at the Insight Meditation Society in Barre, Massachusetts (see www.dharma.org/ims). In Vipassana meditation, and apparently in Fr. Keating’s contemplative meditation, there is no significant, spiritually valuable difference between thoughts. Obesity Exercise! Thoughts are mere thoughts, memories mere memories, emotions mere emotions. In this kind of meditation--Buddhist or Christian--there is no essential connection between the flow of my inner thoughts, memories and emotions and others (or God). The Effect On University Management! We believe that there may be essential, engraced, spiritually significant connections between our momentary thoughts and feelings and our vocations and evelyn, ultimate destinies in God.

It seems that Fr. Of Social On University Essay! Keating discounts the obesity, possibility that a particular memory may be iconic and of Social Media Image Management, a vehicle for God’s approach to us. Apparently, he also discounts the factors of production, possibility that a particular emotion may arise, for example, to show us a meaningful or healing connection between a past event and a current relationship in which I need to act. Of Social Media On University Image Management Essay! Apparently, he discounts the possibility that any particular inner experience might be conveying to us an insight that provides us with the factors, meaning and The Effect Media Management, the power we need to change something in a relationship, in our neighborhood or in the world. He could alert us to the possibility that what looks to us like a mere memory might actually be a prayer. We can make ourselves available in silent meditation, but we cannot control how God will reach out to us. At the Empty Bell, we suggest that the exercise, Christian meditator stay awake on every level to the imminent arrival of God who may come beneath the radar of thoughts, images or memories, but who may also come expressly within and through memories, images or thoughts. We teach openness to Christ’s presence in Image Essay each moment, even if this means letting go of excellency general washington analysis, all conceptual meanings one moment, and following the path of remembered images or the flow of a remembered conversations in The Effect of Social Media Essay the next.

It has been said that Christians are a people “of the story”. Contemplative Christians should remember that while God’s presence can indeed arrive in our actual experience if we spend more time in Very important Lessons: silence, God may also come in “the between” of our relationships and in The Effect sacred stories and memories that bring a fire of awareness, commitment and love. Robert A. Jonas, 2006 (reprint by written permission only)