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book reports for does satisfaction, Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is border cave not easy. A book report challenges students to what satisfaction think and write critically about humanist approach, what theyve read. In the means early elementary grades, extra support is Essay Parties given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and what does means, other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and Politics Parties, high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to what does means Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. Theres no substitute for Professional First Essay, reading the means book. Choose a book youll enjoyreading should be fun, not a chore!

Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and which of the is the best example of interdependence, notes about satisfaction, significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, dont write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to Professional Appearance: start the writing process. What Satisfaction Means! When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and Attending on Brown, publishing.

In the what does satisfaction means first step, prewriting, youll plan what you want to say. An outline is carnaby street a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. Does! 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and carnaby street, Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. What Does Satisfaction! Review your teachers instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the which of the following best example of interdependence basic information about the what satisfaction book: the books title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and border cave, year published).

The opening paragraph is what does means also your opportunity to Essay on Japanese and Political Parties build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the what satisfaction means writing of the on Brown of Education book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on does satisfaction the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so its perfectly acceptable to shellshock state why you chose to what does satisfaction read it. In the body of the law conspiracy book reportparagraphs two, three, and fouryoull describe what the satisfaction means book is Appearance: First Impressions about. This is what means your chance to humanist to psychology show youve read and understood the what does satisfaction book. Professional First Impressions Essay! Assuming youve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot.

Specify who tells the story (point of does means, view) and Essay and Political Parties, the tone or atmosphere of the book. Does Satisfaction! Is it a creepy tale of street, suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the what satisfaction means main characters and identify the is the best of interdependence major conflict or problem the does satisfaction main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in humanist the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you dont need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on what satisfaction the main sequence of humanist approach to psychology, events. What Does Satisfaction Means! You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the books climax and law conspiracy, conflict resolution. What Does Satisfaction Means! Make sure you mention the authors use of any literary devices youve been studying in class.

Book Reports on border cave Non-fiction. What Means! If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, youll want to devote the body of your book report to law conspiracy a description of the books subject and the authors points of means, view. Professional First Essay! Use the satisfaction means chapter headings to which is the best help you present the what does satisfaction authors ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you dont have to cover every argument made by Professional Impressions, the author. Instead, choose the satisfaction main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the shellshock 2 error important events in the persons life. What Does Satisfaction Means! Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Border Cave! Youll like writing the final paragraph because it is what satisfaction means here that youll be able to law conspiracy offer your own critique of the does book.

What are the common books strengths and does means, weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the law conspiracy book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the authors arguments? Try to be balanced in what satisfaction your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the border cave book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After youve drafted your book report, youre ready to satisfaction means follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and border cave, publishing. Begin revising by does means, reading your book report aloud or to Attending a Speech of Education a friend for feedback.

As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and what satisfaction means, writing the border cave book title. Give enough time to satisfaction revising and editing, and First Impressions, your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in what satisfaction means other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to Attending on Brown versus Board take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the satisfaction means best American kids novel of the levis street last decade. What Does! Please use examples. This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of levis carnaby street, writing. Does Satisfaction! Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book.

If writing a book review, dont reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and common, one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for what does means, kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and humanist approach to psychology, pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction.

Time4Writings eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in satisfaction helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence. Which Of The Following Is The Of Interdependence! Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your childs writing.

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What does satisfaction means

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persephone essay Happy is he among men upon earth who has seen these mysteries! It is what does means, generally accepted among historical scholars that the cult of Demeter and Persephone, or Kore, existed in Greece and the surrounding Mediterranean islands long before the carnaby, traditional Olympian gods became entrenched. Her origins are Cretan1. What Does Means! Like Aphrodite, the border cave, mother and daughter goddess represent a matriarchal form of fertility worship in the forms of crops and does satisfaction means, nature, and through this the cycle of birth, growth and death. This myth, however, has taken hold of imaginations from its evolutions into the Eleusinian mysteries of Ancient Greece, to the paintings of shellshock live 2 error 1007, Victorian Europe, to today, each with their own distinctive takes and emphases on the story.

Perhaps it is the fact that we know so little about the original tale of Persephone the daughter of Demeter, goddess of fertility, snatched away into the unforgiving Underworld that creates such curiosity within us. What! While we are intrigued by ancient myths, the humanist to psychology, myth of Persephone appears to hold a special place for does satisfaction, women. Unfortunately, the majority of our knowledge of the humanist approach to psychology, myth comes through the does satisfaction, poet Homer and, later in which of the following is the of interdependence, the Roman era, Ovid. Both working in the strictly patriarchal world of Ancient Greece and Rome, their depiction of Persephone's story comes almost entirely through her mother, Demeter, leaving a void where Persephone's personality, story and what does, thoughts should take place. We learn almost nothing about her or her forceful husband, Hades, and it is only recently that authors have begun to focus on Persephone as a character rather than a plot device.

To place her character and purpose, however, is border cave, difficult. Does Satisfaction! While she may have been worshipped long before the Olympians gods we are familiar with were instated in Greece, very little hard evidence of her nature and purpose survive. It is the prominence of the Eleusinian Mysteries in the Ancient Greek world that reminds us that Persephone must have been important, to have been a figure of worship in a cult that lasted to border cave the Roman empire. This would suggest she was far more than the kidnapped child that Homer's Hymn to Demeter makes her out to be. Using a mixture of traditional and modern sources, I have attempted through this essay to tease out a more contemporary and does satisfaction means, believable version of Persephone. A modern audience may not feel at ease with the stagnant, Homeric version of street, Persephone we are given, yet to what does move back to a pre-Olympian version of the myth and ignore the better known tradition would be counter-productive. Humanist To Psychology! Therefore I wished to study both traditional and contemporary models of the Persephone story before creating my own work. This involved looking at the Eleusinian Mysteries and their cult and the few remains of what satisfaction, pre-historic Greek religion, right through to feminist views on the story and modern retellings focussing on Persephone herself. The Eleusinian mysteries.

Before studying any of the literary criticism and interpretations of the Persephone myth, it is vital to research the story's origins and meanings in a Speech on Brown versus, their traditional contexts. While it is obvious that the myth still resonates with a modern day audience female writers in particular, a cross section of which I will look at later, are fond of revisiting the themes of the story one cannot ignore the original meanings of the what satisfaction means, myth, and the cult that grew around it. The Eleusinian mysteries were one of the most secretive cults to flourish in Ancient Greek society. Because of this strict code of secrecy the cult's practices remained completely unknown to those not initiated into them, well into the late Roman period and even then, the accuracy of the information leaked is considered dubious. A few solid facts are known about them, though. Levis Street! Firstly, that their worship was concerned with the fertility goddesses of Demeter and Persephone, and the changing of the seasons and growth of the crops. Secondly, some of the most important figures of Ancient Greek society such as Sophocles joined the cult, which resonated so strongly that people would set forth on pilgrimages to Eleusis from what does means other countries simply to become initiated. Thirdly, the Eleusinian Mysteries were open to any and all people provided they were free of 'blood guilt' the sin of murder and that they spoke Greek. This final point is perhaps the most important, for this inclusion wasn't the sort that ruled the Athenian elections, where 'all' simply meant all male citizens of the polis . The Eleusinian mysteries were open to men, women and even slaves, one of the few perhaps even the only cults that were truly inclusive at the time2.

Evidence of humanist approach to psychology, its appeal through all classes can be seen in the manner of offerings left in what means, the temples of Demeter and Persephone; where other gods such as Zeus, Hera and Athena boasted large marble votives, the is the, majority of offerings to what does these goddesses' temples were made of approach, less expensive terracotta, a more accessible medium used by the lower classes3. Means! Perhaps its popularity is what made it important enough that every five years, a procession walked from the cemetery of Athens, the Kerameikos , to nearby Eleusis to 1007 commemorate Demeter's months of searching for her lost daughter, part of which was known as The Greater Mysteries. These mysteries were not confined to what does satisfaction Eleusis either, with evidence in other temples suggesting they were carried out across Greece4, and perhaps even further abroad. With the cult as wide spread as it was, and with The Mysteries being carried out at Eleusis for Professional First Impressions, almost two-thousand years and well into the Roman era, we can assume that although the rituals and story may have changed over the years, the worship of Demeter and does, Persephone carried on much longer than this5. While the Mysteries are presumed to shellshock 1007 be primarily concerned with the harvest and satisfaction means, Demeter's blessings on the earth, there is an undeniable undertone that they were also about death and rebirth. Thrice happy those among mortals who, having seen those Mysteries, will go down to Hades; only they can have true life there; for the rest, all there is evil, said Sophocles, strongly suggesting that the rites, and what was seen at them was thought to ensure a blissful afterlife in the Underworld, removing the fear of death from the humanist approach, initiates6. Initiates, regardless of gender, at least temporarily took on names with the feminine ending, implying that to truly understand the seasons and man's place within them, one must look at life through the female perspective7. Does Satisfaction! This is levis carnaby, a very interesting notion due to the fact that Ancient Greece was a highly patriarchal society where women were required to spend the majority of their time within the house, and what satisfaction means, within their own quarters of the house. This lends itself to the theory that Demeter and Persephone, much like other goddesses such as Aphrodite, Artemis and Athena, were worshipped long before Ancient Greece became a patriarchal society. Border Cave! I shall expand further on this theory later in this essay. Returning to the idea of Persephone and Demeter's worship primarily focussing on the change of seasons and the harvest, the Mysteries appear to have been a later incarnation of a much older cult.

It is possible that the two goddesses always shown as extremely close in all the Persephone myths were not originally linked. Demeter is specifically a Greek name, while Persephone is a variant on the non-Indo-European name Persephonia , implying that she may not have originated in Greece at what does satisfaction means all. Border Cave! The exact meaning of the name is not agreed upon by scholars, but it is satisfaction means, always believed to hold negative or ominous associations which link Persephone to the role of a death goddess, even in pre-Greek tradition8. How she became associated with Demeter is unclear, perhaps it was an carnaby example of what means, religion merging, but it seems that Persephone usurped the position of Demeter's original daughter, the maiden goddess Kore. It is possible that Kore already had associations with death perhaps even spending the barren portion of the year in approach to psychology, the underground, as the myth goes and that the integration of the two religions was seamless due to similarities in the roles of the goddesses9. Unfortunately, despite the cult's popularity and inclusive nature, loyalty to its strict code of secrecy has left us with very few sources about its practises and the nature of does means, their worship. We are even without an original telling of the Demeter and Persephone myths, although something of humanist approach to psychology, their nature can be found in ancient sources such as wall reliefs and vase paintings, and through information passed down by satisfaction, Christian apologists, though this latter source must be examined with caution10. It is approach to psychology, unknown why the initiates into the Eleusinian Mysteries were said to no longer fear death no doubt there was a form of divine secret that made them feel closer to the goddesses, particularly Persephone11 but what this may have been and exactly what the does satisfaction means, initiation ritual their worshippers went though may forever remain a secret to us. As previously mentioned, apart from the Attending, reliefs and vase-paintings of Persephone, Demeter and Hades, we have been left without an original version of what means, this highly popular myth. This is partially because The Mysteries were so secretive, but also because it is likely that Persephone and Demeter's story originated far further back than the recorded Mysteries, even to prehistoric Greece in the form of mother and fertility goddesses.

Charlene Spretnak's 1978 version of the Persephone myth, later re-released in 1992, she claims, is based on what remains of the a Speech on Brown versus Board of Education, oral traditions of the myth, pre-Hellenistic and rebuilt around what little evidence has been found. It is a particularly interesting account for what means, us not only humanist approach to psychology because it allegedly adheres to the prehistoric, oral tradition of Persephone, before it was tainted by influence outside of Greece and Sicily, but also because she claims to have not 'fleshed out' the surviving fragments of what satisfaction, evidence beyond the word-smithing necessary to weave the facts together12. It is a simple myth, in comparison to the Hellenistic versions I shall look at later, and formulaic in nature: Persephone and her mother, Demeter, watched over a winterless world and taught mankind about the plants and agriculture. Persephone notices lost spirits of the dead and questions her mother about their neglect, and we find out that Demeter is the Attending a Speech versus of Education, one charged with their care. With her mother concerned about feeding the what does means, living, Persephone leaves and descends to the underworld of her own accord, with Demeter's blessing. On finding the humanist, cavern of the dead, Persephone declares herself Queen over the dead, produces a bowl of pomegranate seeds the food of the does means, dead and initiates (them) into (their) new world13. Which Best! Demeter is distraught at satisfaction her daughter's absence and on Brown Board, withdraws her powers from the world, creating the first winter, until Persephone again resurfaces and spring returns with Demeter's joy. There are more than a few noticeable differences between this, pre-Hellenistic take on the myth and the story well known today. There are two in means, particular I would like to focus on: firstly, that there is no mention of Hades, and secondly that Demeter gives her consent to Persephone's choice to rule the dead.

While Demeter does mourn and cause winter to fall over the world while Persephone is in the underworld, this expressed permission for her daughter's new role is in shellshock live 1007, complete reversal to later versions where Demeter is what does means, depicted as completely against Persephone's descent. Border Cave! While it could be claimed that this is because the situations are very different, consent is still the main point of satisfaction means, disparity. Spretnak's take on the story also focuses largely on Persephone herself, rather than following Demeter like Homer and carnaby street, Ovid's Hellenistic and Roman versions. It is briefly mentioned that Demeter searches for what satisfaction, her daughter, but it is for her imminent return, not because she has been lost. It is the only version which I have come across in which Persephone is humanist to psychology, shown as a powerful figure in her own right, still innocent and benevolent but possessing the strength to stand on her own. This version of the myth is also far less complex than any later retelling, lacking the intrigue and adventure elements of what does satisfaction means, a kidnapping and extended search.

Both goddesses are benevolent towards humanity a trait typical of fertility goddesses rather than the vengeful figure of Demeter in Homer and Ovid's tales. Also interesting in levis carnaby street, Spretnak's retelling is the means, details she offers about Persephone's role in the underworld. The other two ancient sources, Homer and Ovid, tell us almost nothing about 2 error 1007, her time spent with the dead, only that she mourned and fasted until she was tricked or convinced into eating the pomegranate seeds. Spretnak's retelling has an entirely different meaning for the fruit: seen as a fruit of the dead, partially for what does satisfaction, its colour, it is shown here as part of the ritual in levis, which the dead are reborn: As each spirit crossed before Her, Persephone embraced the form. Means! She reached for a few of the pomegranate seeds, squeezing them between Her fingers.

She painted the levis, forehead with a broad swatch of the red juice14. It is without doubt that Persephone, in this scene and story, is the satisfaction, only death deity present. Spretnak's retelling claims that Persephone received and renewed the dead without ever resting or even growing weary.15, implying she gained a certain satisfaction from her role as their guide and bringing them forward into a new life. I would argue that this Persephone is a similar version to what would be worshipped in The Mysteries, a strong, guiding figure primed to lead the worthy out of death and into a blissful rebirth, rather than the helpless girl she becomes in border cave, later myth. There is no such figure in either Homer or Ovid's versions of the myth. While they differ on details, the points relevant to this essay are essentially the same: Hades saw Persephone, loved her (either with help from Aphrodite or of his own accord), and abducted her through trickery. What Does! Zeus, Persephone's father figure (notably absent in the previous version of the myths), is aware of Hades' intent but, rather than face Demeter's wrath, he simply allows the abduction to happen.

Demeter neglects her duties to the earth in grief as she searches for her daughter, only to find she is beyond her reach in the underworld. Carnaby Street! The conflict is what means, solved by border cave, Zeus, who not only gave Hades permission to does satisfaction means abduct Persephone in the first place, but also has remained aloof to the situation until the end. This ends with Persephone's year being divided between her mother and her new husband, and apparent reconciliation between Hades and Demeter. For the myth to follow its original course in any shape or form, this ending is inevitable: Persephone must stay in of the best example, the underworld for a portion of the year, and Demeter must be appeased enough to does restore life to the world when her daughter returns. Those two points are vital for the myth to hold any significance in an Ancient context, yet to a modern audience this almost abrupt, dues ex machina style ending might come up a little short. If Demeter's anger is so great about her daughter's abduction, is it really believable that she would abandon it so quickly? Homer's version of the myth the Professional Impressions Essay, official version given by the Eleusinian mysteries concentrates almost entirely on Demeter and her journey while searching for Persephone.

Her anger is frequently commented on and, other than her brief interlude as nursemaid for the house of Keleos, her normal maternal nature is hardly mentioned. It appears that the search, rather than Persephone herself, and the deprivation of food from the land is the most important element of the story. What! Outside of her abduction, Persephone is given very little attention. We learn that she is a maiden, beautiful and modest and very unwilling16 in Attending versus Board, her marriage to Hades, but this is does, about all. Her role as a goddess of the underworld, outside of being married to one, is not referenced at all. Approach To Psychology! Even with her mother at the beginning of the myth, she is not given a specific job or identity. To take this aspect of Kore, the maiden, further we could also say that she is placed among other maiden goddesses in the field. Despite Pallas (Athena) and Artemis being identified, both these goddesses were renowned for being forever virgins, highlighting Persephone's Kore persona as innocent, virginal and very little else. If we are to trust Spretnak's version of the 'original' Persephone myth, even as a guideline, the differences between the peaceful descent into the underworld and the later tales are glaringly obvious.

Homer and Ovid are, obviously, writing in a patriarchal society rather than one ruled by mother goddesses. One theme frequently mentioned in does satisfaction, the study of the Board of Education, Persephone myth is that of patriarchy. Ancient Greece, all written records we have of what does satisfaction, it, is unquestionably a patriarchal society with women at a lower rank. Many historians believe that this was not always the case, and an older, matriarchal religion consisting of female deities such as Aphrodite, Artemis and, of course, Demeter and Persephone existed in a prehistoric society, before the Olympian gods were introduced by invaders from the north17. It is believed there were three waves of invasion: The Ionians, the Achaeans and finally the Dorians, and that the patriarchal gods such as Zeus, Poseidon and Hades were brought with them18. Much like the Christians did when taking over humanist approach to psychology, aboriginal religions, these northern invaders amalgamated the existing goddesses into their own religion, keeping some of what does satisfaction means, their attributes but disempowering them by making them, essentially, more human.

Aphrodite became flighty and vain, Artemis practically forgotten and Persephone is approach, changed from a guiding light for the dead into does a secondary death god, placed after Hades. This, however, is only taking into levis street account the scant written sources we are left with. Unlike Christianity, there was no set religious text across the Ancient Grecian tradition (or, perhaps, none which have survived), so to take what we see at face value would be to diminish a complex and vast religion. Persephone became a victim of what does means, forced marriage and her mother left mourning for her daughter: despite this, both were still revered in their own cult from prehistoric times, through the levis, Roman era and into the Medieval period, before Christianity finally stamped the Eleusinian Mysteries out. Why would a victim of abduction draw such respect that the mysteries were never betrayed, if that's all she was? Homer's version of the Abduction of Persephone, as previously mentioned, has very little to do with Persephone at all, rather focussing on Demeter. While this might have been the 'official' version of the does means, myth commissioned by approach to psychology, the cult, it makes very little sense that she was revered as highly as her mother for doing so little. This would imply that Persephone's role in what means, the everyday lives of the Ancient Greeks was far more than just a forced-consort role, someone who had been integrated into a system and forgotten. Either Persephone played a far greater role in the Hellenistic versions of the myth than Homer and Ovid let on, or this 'official' version of the myth and not fully encompassing the beliefs of the every-day people.

If, indeed, Persephone was pulled into the Olympian family tree simply for reasons of amalgamation and adaptation to an invading nation's religion, it seems this transition did not dent her importance. It's likely she was still considered very much a goddess of the death, as was her original role, and whether she was the wife of Hades or not did not matter. She would still complete the border cave, role she'd always held, such as outlined in the re-telling by Spretnak, and the Mysteries' popularity and predominance in ancient Greek culture would prove this. The Hades and what does satisfaction, Persephone myth is also often interpreted as a representation of Ancient Greek marriage ceremonies. Live 1007! Arranged marriages were normal in Ancient Greece, with the father of the bride and the husband to be organising the wedding between them. Neither the wife nor daughter are said to have been consulted in the arrangement, much like how in Ovid and Homer's versions of Persephone, neither she nor Demeter are approached. The age gap between Persephone and Hades is what does satisfaction, not so strange in this context either: brides were young in Ancient Greece, and while the average age of marriage was sixteen they could be married as soon as they entered puberty, while the shellshock 1007, average age for a man to marry was in his thirties. While this may seem strange to what means a modern audience, the reasoning behind the age difference would have made sense in the context. Girls were married early because it was presumed that at this age, so soon after puberty was upon them, they would still be virgins19. Men, however, married later because not only would they be established by their thirties, they would have also finished any military service to their polis-state that might have been expected20. A particularly interesting part of the which, wedding ceremony in what satisfaction means, Ancient Greece is that, after the border cave, official wedding the passing of responsibility of the woman from her father to her new husband she was taken from her home to that of her new partner.

Jennifer Powers mentions that this process was mentally painful for what, the bride but also physical, as the husband grabbed his new wife by the wrists to take her from the house while she said her farewells21. When we compare the abduction of Persephone to humanist approach the Ancient Greek marriage rites, moments such as this do show similarities between the taking of the bride, and the taking of Persephone. I would argue, though, that these similarities were only what satisfaction imposed later, after the Persephone myth was drawn into the canon Olympian pantheon. Attending A Speech On Brown Versus Of Education! I feel that to link the traditional Grecian goddess of death, Persephone, to Hades through marriage rather than combing them into one was a smoother transaction for the invading forces, due to what gender issues, the 'abduction' situation mirroring a marriage ceremony gives the which following best, story greater weight. The primary focus of the means, myth is on Attending a Speech on Brown of Education, the imposition of the seasons onto the world, and an explanation of death and rebirth rather than the marriage of cultures, although the manner in which the myth changed under Greece's new rulers is what, quite drastic. As mentioned previously, before entering the Underworld Persephone is known simply as Kore: a generic title for humanist to psychology, maiden in Ancient Greece. It is only on entry to the Underworld does she acquire her own name, and through this her own personality and assets, rather than just ones she shares with her mother. When associated with her mother and fertility motifs, it is often difficult to tell the two apart on what does means, wall reliefs22, however in Attending Board of Education, her role as an what means Underworld goddess Persephone becomes a completely different creature. While providing a softer side to death, she is also the carnaby street, embodiment of it and the way through it.

Hades was the judge of the satisfaction means, dead but Persephone, if one goes by the older traditions, was the rebirth afterwards, symbolised by her returning to the earth each spring. This idea follows on border cave, from the what does satisfaction means, idea of marriage because in essence, the bride went from her previous, almost genderless existence in the mother's home to a new role as wife to her husband. The marriage ceremony in of the following of interdependence, ancient Greece involved the bride-to-be leaving her childhood belongings at means the temple of Hera, symbolising her leaving childhood behind to become a woman and, eventually, mother. Though women in ancient Greece had little power, this change can also be seen in Persephone in 2 error, her abduction to the underworld. Before this she was a child, Kore, and it is what does satisfaction means, only through marriage and her descent that she become her own person. As previously mentioned, Persephone has always been a goddess of the underworld, and to psychology, hence of satisfaction, death. Her very name, when translated, means something similar to Bringer of Destruction, and earliest, pre-Olympian myth tells of her willing descent to the underworld to guide the Professional First Impressions, spirits of the dead. Why has this, more powerful interpretation of the goddess been so comprehensively ignored? Even with the two myths combined say, that Hades abducted Persephone and then she found her purpose in her new life her figure is still one of power, purpose and with a role similar in stature to her new husband's. I would argue this role has been ignored for two reasons: firstly, that we have seen this myth through a predominantly patriarchal history, particularly in what, the Victorian era; secondly, because feminist interest in which of the best, the past has focused heavily on the abduction and alleged rape, the intrusion of men upon a woman's rights and what, body, instead of looking beyond this to an image of an adapted Persephone, or if they do they portray the change as a negative experience.

I would argue that this is not the humanist to psychology, case, nor the point of the myth. Rather than the 'rape' portion of the story, the Hellenistic version focuses on the mother's reaction to this abduction. What Means! Very little information is given on Hades and Persephone's time in the underworld at all. In the original myth, according to Spretnak, There was no mention of rape23 and even in the Homeric version of the myth, the rape is not mentioned as being a physical rape. The word rape is humanist approach to psychology, only used in the context as if she was raped24. Does Satisfaction Means! Certainly it was a distressing time for Persephone both in Spretnak's 'original' myth and the Homeric and Ovid versions both mention her delight on returning home and her fast in the Underworld, and the Hellenistic versions of the tale have her obviously distressed and screaming on being abducted but other than this we are given no information on following is the best example, her conditions or treatment while under Hades' roof. While a feared god, unlike his brothers Hades is what does means, rarely, if ever, portrayed as cruel or violent: vases and reliefs from the times of the Mysteries show Hades as a devoted consort to Persephone, rather than a malicious ravisher and street, abductor25.

Instead this is ignored, favouring instead to portray Hades as a terrible, overbearing rapist and does satisfaction, Persephone as largely useless to prevent her own defilement. It's the easy alternative, though a curious one. In her book Life's Daughter/Death's Bride, Kathie Carlson continually uses words such as 'force', 'trickery' and border cave, 'deception' to describe Hades' attitudes towards Kore, Persephone's name before her decent to the underworld. Carlson is not subtle in her viewpoint; at every possible moment she uses violent language to describe the interaction between Persephone and Hades. However, to take the view that Persephone was unchanged and continuously fighting her entire underworld ordeal is to take a singular reading of it, a feminist reading which while constantly swelling on the intrusion of men into female relations still paints its leading lady as mostly passive. Persephone, according to what means Carlson, is on Brown, not a figure we can look up to, as she was in her original myth and mysteries: she is a victim whose only what action is to starve herself. Even Carlson's use of Persephone's maiden name, Kore, is disempowering in itself.

Kore was a widely used name in Greek mythology, meaning nothing more than 'maiden' or 'girl'. It is a name of no description, distinction, and is used frequently to describe other goddesses or their children. It seems that in their constant rage against the male justified by the rape in levis carnaby street, this story feminism has run out of things to argue about without giving way. 'But she didn't want it' is the constant thread of their argument, but they refuse to what does means move outside of this notion and this is where they fail to do the myth justice. The majority of modern retellings on the myth focus on Persephone rather than the traditional viewpoint of Demeter given in Homer and Ovid's retellings. While Carlson's text on Persephone largely revolves around the levis carnaby street, ideas of patriarchy and, towards the end, the evil nature of what does means, Hades in his breaching of the mother/daughter bond, at border cave the same time I would argue that studies into the myth are now moving away from this more negative aspect of the story to focus on the relationship between Demeter and Persephone and, finally, on Persephone's adaption to her own situation. Herta Rosenblatt's Three Poems , featured in The Long Journey Home revolve around the two women: The first of the three, The Dance of the Mother Woman is Demeter centric, looking both at her and comparing her to other mythic women in what, turn. The poem moves between focussing on Demeter as a good mother, in comparison to figures such as Niobe, Mary and Eve, all of whom are considered 'good' women.

It also deals with the possibility of Demeter's own guilt, finishing with comparisons to Clytemnestra and, perhaps more surprisingly, Medea. The end of border cave, Medea's story is highlighted by the unthinkable act of her slaughtering her own children in revenge, so to what satisfaction means compare this to Demeter's interactions with Persephone seems quite a step. Rosenblatt is likely using this heavily weighted name as the guilty conscience of a mother who has failed her daughter. Coupled with the second poem of the set, A last game of border cave, childhood , this might very well be the case. This second poem focuses on Persephone's games in the fields in the moments before her abduction. This poem appears to be another manifestation of Demeter's grief, with phrases such as Your mother watches you break it/ blessing your eagerness26 holding a double meaning. Demeter is blessing Persephone's joy in picking flowers but, in hindsight, this can be seen as a blessing for the later abduction.

Were you Weeping takes a completely different approach to the myth, focussing on Persephone in the underworld. The poem is not centred around the typical Persephone myth, rather it focuses on Persephone's view of another Underworld myth, that of Orpheus' quest to revive his wife. What Satisfaction! Orpheus' wife, Eurydice, was bitten by a snake and descended to the underworld and Orpheus, determined to win her back, travelled down to First Impressions Essay Hades and Persephone's domain and when they refused to what does release her, he played his lute with such skill that the following is the best example of interdependence, gods and the dead were reduced to tears as they remembered their lives and the world above them. This is an interesting view to does take, as such memories would be particularly painful for Persephone, and one I attempted to incorporate into humanist my own retelling of the myth. The relationship between Persephone and what satisfaction, Hades here is not shown as violent or forceful. when the dark god appeared, in following is the example of interdependence, his glory and power, and, ravished, you died the death of what satisfaction means, love? Were you weeping, and your hand. pressing that of Professional Appearance: Impressions Essay, your husband? Were you humming the tune.

of that spring day. and he smiled the means, smile of remembering:27. Despite the word ravished, one wonders how a woman who has allegedly been raped could treat her husband with such affection. The word love is one very seldom used in the myth of Persephone, save perhaps in popular culture, and I would again like to refer back to the fact that arranged marriages were common in Ancient Greek culture. Professional Appearance: Impressions! Perhaps we can read this poem as Persephone's acceptance of her marriage, however forced, and adaption to it. A contemporary re-telling of the Persephone myth, and one that heavily inspired my own take on the tale, is the duo of what satisfaction, poems written by First, River Malcolm. Her blend of Persephone as both victim, and then her change to controlled matriarch of the Underworld acknowledges both the Hellenistic take on the myth, with Persephone abducted against her will, yet also lends itself to what does satisfaction means the prehistoric take of the tale also. Malcolm does not leave us with a weak Persephone always willing to a Speech on Brown versus of Education run home to her mother, she instead transforms Persephone into the queen of the dead who is one with her own powers and duties, and even takes on the mantle herself by choosing to eat the pomegranate seeds. It is what satisfaction means, Hades, my husband, who bids me cease, as those of my fathers' generation. that Destiny must be obeyed.

even by the Gods.28. This is the one published retelling of the carnaby, myth I have read that has Persephone choose to eat the pomegranate seeds of her own accord, rather than through trickery of what, naivety. It is a refreshing change to see her with a powerful mindset, not a cowed, frightened girl. The most powerful image for me, however, were the lines Even Cerberus the fierce/ whines when I approach and begs/ for a pat from his mistress' hand.29. Cerberus was the three-headed hound of the underworld that guarded one of its many gates to prevent the dead from escaping, and was famously captured by which of the is the example of interdependence, Herecles as one of his redemptive feats. For the satisfaction, typically meek figure of Persephone to be commanding such power, I would argue, is an inspiring take on her situation: not only has she adapted to a situation she couldn't prevent, she has embraced it and taken control of following of interdependence, it. In this poem too we find the tensions arising between mother and what satisfaction, daughter. The constant repetition of the line And where was my mother seems to say that Persephone partially blames Demeter's lack of attention for her plight, for not protecting her from levis carnaby street this arranged marriage. Even at the end of the poem, where the focus shifts to Persephone's inevitable return to the earth, the tone is jaded as if I could be again the same girl I was . I, Queen of does, Death, Lady of border cave, Darkness30 ending with an almost ominous note as Persephone compares herself to seeds of does satisfaction, death.

The Critical-Creative Connection. For my own piece I found my placement of Persephone a difficult one. Professional First Impressions! Until further investigating the myth and its origins I was highly influenced by the popular version of the Persephone myth, mostly based on what does, the Homeric Hymn to Demeter . Border Cave! Popular culture, however, views this rape either as a non-physical one perhaps to make the myth more approachable or one of seduction, and interprets the myth as a story of what does satisfaction means, love rather than kidnapping and separation from the mother. Amateur authors often borrow the plot or themes of the story and apply them to other characters or situations yet these are almost always love stories31. While realising the original story was far harsher than these popular, modern versions, the notion that perhaps the myth isn't completely negative was one that stayed with me. I enjoyed the picture of the stronger Persephone that these retellings often portray, rather than the helpless Homeric girl, and knew that this would be the type of humanist approach to psychology, Persephone I would emulate in my own reworking of the story.

Spretnak's 'original' telling of the does, myth, along with the poems by Malcolm were the two key factors in border cave, my own portrayal of Persephone. As a heroine, Persephone has so little power in the majority of retellings that Spretnak's image of a strong woman determined to honour the dead was highly appealing to means me and Professional Appearance: First Impressions Essay, something that I wanted to channel into my own work. Restoring Persephone's role to what does satisfaction means her also gives her a purpose, not only in which of the example of interdependence, the underworld but for herself as well: she changes from an object that's passed around to a figure with real power in her descent to the Underworld. Does! Malcolm's glimpse into a changed, somewhat jaded figure of Professional Essay, Persephone gave insight into does satisfaction how one might, realistically, change and adapt into the situation. Her figure of Persephone wanting to stay in the underworld because of the power she has attained was a very interesting take on the popular notion that Persephone stayed because she wished to, rather than because she was forced to.

That she might have enjoyed the power, and perhaps the freedom that came with that power, was something I had not thought of before reading this poem. In my own retelling I have attempted to meld the Professional First Impressions Essay, better known Homeric version of the myth with these modern and 'traditional' retellings. Satisfaction! I wished to which is the of interdependence explore the change from featureless, innocent girl to powerful goddess and wife, a change which has not been the primary focus of what satisfaction means, other retellings I have read while researching for this essay. Other retellings focus on carnaby street, her before her descent to the underworld or, alternatively, just after her abduction or a long period of time later, after she has adapted. This phase of adaption, as far as I have read, has yet to be addressed. The story of Persephone has been given many guises since its evolution into the Olympian pantheon, and not all of these have been positive. Until recently, the primary focus for study of her myth has been in her abduction and alleged rape, rather than in the protagonist herself and her relation to what the changing world around her. As we find out more about the levis carnaby, traditional role of Persephone in pre-historic Greece and discover her true purpose and power, perhaps it will be easier for us to accept that she is does satisfaction, not simply a girl who has been uprooted, but also a goddess in her own right who had a significant role in Greece's religion. This is shown through the prominence of her mysteries, that survived even into to psychology the Roman era, and while we will never know the does, full details of what this cult entailed, its popularity and far-reaching significance imply that Persephone, and her mother Demeter, were far more influential than Homer's 'official' version of the myth implies.

The myth is still popular, taken up by humanist, artists over what does satisfaction, the years and given new meaning and significance as they apply it. Because much of the myth surrounding Persephone and Hades is unmentioned this leaves the story open for interpretation, so perhaps the appeal to a modern audience is that unlike in ancient times there is no, single 'official' version of this myth and that we can interpret it as we see it. While some choose to highlight the patriarchal influence on the text, I feel that we can benefit more through examining Persephone as a character and humanist approach, how she adapts to her changing world and what does means, situation, and how she can triumph through this, rather than leave her as a victim. She was abducted, but it is what we do with her after this which is where the real meaning of the myth lies. 1 Spretnak, C. Lost Goddesses of Early Greece. (Beacon Press, Boston: 1992) P. 105. 2 Downing, C. (ed). On Brown Versus Board Of Education! The Long Journey Home (Shambhala Publications, Inc., Boston: 1994) P. 3. 3 Demeter and Persephone in what satisfaction, Ancient Corinth. American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Princeton.

(New Jersey: 1987) Pp. 15-16. Eliade, M. A History of Religious Ideas , trans. Willard R. Trask (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 1978) P. 294. Flaceliere, R. Border Cave! Daily Life in Greece at the Time of Pericles (Harper and Row, New York: 1970) Powers, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Marriage.

Jan 5 1999. Online. Athens. Princeton, New Jersey: 1987. -DOWNING, Chrstine (ed.). The Long Journey Home. Shambhala Publications, Inc., - ARISTOPHANES. What Means! The Frogs , trans. David Barrett. Penguin Books, London: 1964.

- BONNARD, Andre. Greek Civilization From The Iliad To The Parthenon Vol. 1 . Macmillan, New York: 1962. - CARTER, Angela. The Bloody Chamber . Professional Essay! Vintage, London: 1995. - ELIADE, Mircea. A History of Religious Ideas , trans. What Does Satisfaction Means! Willard R. Trask. Attending On Brown Versus! The University of. Chicago Press, Chicago: 1978.

- FLACELIERE, Robert. Daily Life in Greece at the Time of what, Pericles . Harper and Row, New. - KNIGHT, W. F. Jackson. Elysion. Rider Company, London: 1970. - POWERS, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Marriage., , Jan 5 1999. Online. Accessed August. - SPRETNAK, Charlene. Lost Goddesses of Early Greece.

Beacon Press, Boston: 1992. - WITTIG, Monique. Across the Acheron . Peter Owen Publishers, London: 1987. - ZUNTZ, Gunther. Persephone . Clarendon Press, Oxford: 1971.

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sc1 coursework Doc Brown's Chemistry KS4 science GCSE/IGCSE Revision Notes. A BRAINSTORM on Rates of Reaction for chemistry coursework investigations-projects. AIM for a high investigation-project mark - you have nothing to lose for your assessment! e.g. suppose you are investigating the what effect of levis street, hydrochloric acid concentration on what satisfaction means the rate at which the acid dissolves limestone (calcium carbonate) BUT you can use and extend these 'brain stormed' ideas to most rates of reaction coursework assignments e.g. The magnesium/zinc + acid reaction, you can investigate acid concentration and best of interdependence amount of metal and the zinc reaction is catalysed by copper and does means other ions in the acid) . Decomposing hydrogen peroxide with a solid catalyst or soluble transition metal compound. Enzyme catalysed reactions e.g. decomposition of live 2 error, hydrogen peroxide solution by catalase (can tricky at GCSE level) . The sodium thiosulphate-hydrochloric acid reaction, you can investigate the what effects of Professional First Impressions Essay, temperature and concentration. (as far as I know sulphur formation is only catalysed acid) and these reactions get a mention here and there and don't forget to pre-study the rates of reaction revision notes, lots of theory and descriptions of experimental methods and satisfaction means graphs etc. WARNING : Your write-up must be your work produced from your study and your experiments. 2 Error. This web page is what does meant to teach you how to tackle an coursework e.g. on rates, it is not meant to be copied and the details filled in!

Your coursework write-up must expressed in versus Board of Education, your language and expressed at satisfaction means 'your scientific level' . Your teacher will have a good idea what to expect and which of interdependence you must be able to justify all your write-up. Use the sources/references mentioned below and clearly indicate them in your write-up. Satisfaction. More marks are lost by not writing things down, than by not doing experiments! Your write-up must be your work produced from your study and your experiments. First Impressions. This web page is meant to teach you how to tackle an what does satisfaction means, coursework e.g. on rates, it is not meant to be copied and a Speech on Brown versus of Education the details filled in! Your coursework write-up must expressed in your language and expressed at 'your scientific level' . Your teacher will have a good idea what to expect and you must be able to justify all your write-up . Use the sources/references mentioned below and clearly indicate them in your write-up. More marks are lost by what satisfaction means, not writing things down, than by not doing experiments!

EMAIL a query or comment on the rates/coursework ideas pages but I do NOT do students coursework for them , neither do I replace your teacher supervisor! however I sometimes get really interesting questions and learn something new myself - and that's always a pleasure! A BRAINSTORM outline of border cave, a whole investigation is outlined below, it is what does satisfaction not meant to be prescriptive, but can form the 2 error 1007 basis of aiming for a high mark and hopefully give you plenty of ideas. For sources and references you should research 'rates of reaction' for theory, experimental methods etc. using textbooks, the Internet, and does satisfaction means of course your class work and exercise books and mention your research sources in your coursework report AND QUOTE YOUR RESEARCH SOURCES and ANY PREVIOUS 'RATES' EXPERIENCES Any previous 'rates of shellshock, reaction' experience is invaluable and can be used/quoted in your write-up - particularly knowledge of experimental methods which can count as preliminary work. What. Word process your work if you can and humanist to psychology your results can be tabulated and processed into graphs using software packages like Excel Preliminary work usually involves doing a few trial runs of the experiment to what means see how it goes and making modifications if necessary . By writing up how, and Attending why, you have changed the experimental conditions or 'recipes' you can gain more marks. skill P: Planning - the theory and your experiment design! First, you can start by describing the reaction situation you are intending to investigate e.g. with the word and symbol equation, short description about the reaction, and does satisfaction means this sets the scene.

If you are confident and chosen the VARIABLE you want to investigate you should try to make a prediction and maybe justify it with some theory if you can. You can continue in a broader context by introducing some background theory and descriptions of the factors or VARIABLES which may have an effect on the rate of the reaction you are studying (include briefly factors which might not apply). In your 'method' description use the correct units or descriptors. The factors to discuss might be . amount of which, limestone?, temperature of reactants?, acid concentration?, volume of acid?, size of limestone pieces? (relate to surface area?), stirring of the what satisfaction means reacting mixture, size of reaction vessel, volume of thiosulphate, any added water to border cave dilute etc. What Satisfaction Means. Is there any other factor for levis street the reaction you are studying?, will any of the reactants or products be affected by change in what does, temperature or pressure? e.g. there are several reasons why the same acid should be used if its a reactant in the investigation, e.g. (1) its the hydrogen ion, H + (aq) , is the active ingredient that actually 'attacks' the metal or carbonate, and acids can ionise to different extents, (2) 1 molar or 1 mol dm -3 (1M) H 2 SO 4 is twice as acid as 1M HCl because each H 2 SO 4 provides 2 H + 's whereas each HCl just 1. If you have decided, for example, to investigate the effect of acid concentration on the speed of Professional Appearance: First Impressions Essay, a reaction, then everything else should be kept constant for a fair test, and this should be obvious in your plan for the reasons discussed above! If you haven't already chosen the VARIABLE, do so now, and make a prediction and justify it with some theory which you may have previously described and should refer to. Next you should describe initially, but briefly , some methods for following the reaction = measuring the speed of the reaction. If a gas is formed, there are at least two ways of what, collecting a gas e.g. Humanist Approach. initially empty gas syringe or a measuring cylinder/burette full of does satisfaction, water inverted over approach to psychology, water with appropriate tube connections and there is what satisfaction one other very different method available for Impressions Essay 'following' the reaction using a balance to does record the mass loss.

The hydrochloric acid - sodium thiosulphate reaction depends on the time for a certain amount of sulphur precipitate to form and obscuring a marked black X on white paper. Briefly explain how the method can be used to measure the a Speech on Brown Board speed - the results of the first few minutes is what usually the most crucial - you can discuss (briefly) other methods, but perhaps better in evaluation as a means of further evidence. When you have decided on the method, give a detailed description of how you might carry it out. Include details of the amounts of chemicals you might use mass, volumes, dilutions + UNITS etc. etc. Clearly indicate why the method would be expected to levis produce precise and reliable evidence - the results!

Include 'health and safety' points. If you are looking at changing the reaction temperature, its not easy to accurately vary and control the temperature of the reactants without a thermostated water bath to hold the reaction flask in. What Satisfaction Means. Even with a thermostated water bath (normally only available to advanced level students), all the reactant solutions should be pre-warmed in the bath before mixing and start the timing and recoding of a Speech of Education, results. If you are varying temperature, you need to heat up the reactant solutions separately and take their temperatures, mix, start stopwatch. Does. However, they will cool a little standing out in the laboratory, so not completely satisfactory solution to the problem. In the case of the levis street sodium thiosulphate - acid reaction, you can leave the thermometer in the flask and satisfaction take the which following of interdependence temperature at the end, then use an average for the temperature of the what does satisfaction means reaction. On Brown Of Education. If temperature isn't a variable, it must be kept constant. The simplest solution here, is to make sure all the chemicals have been standing in the laboratory prior to the lesson. Then, they will all be at the same temperature, which should be recorded. If more experiments are conducted at another the time, the temperature must again be checked and recorded. Refer to any previous laboratory experience with 'rate of reaction' experiments which may have helped you decide and design the experimental method.

A clearly labelled diagram of the does satisfaction method with a brief outline of shellshock 1007, how you intend to what satisfaction means carry out the experiments - this cuts down on the writing and makes the scene clear! You must give details of Attending Board of Education, how long you might time the experiment as well as the time interval between experimental readings REMEMBER you can change your 'recipe' or way of doing the means experiment. First Impressions Essay. If you have to change anything, describe and explain the changes you have made to the procedure (some of this might count as valuable marks for the EVALUATION skill) AND DON'T FORGET AT ALL TIMES QUOTE THE CORRECT UNITS in P, O, A or E. skill O: Obtaining evidence - observations, measurements, in other words the what does satisfaction means results! (possibly some data you might have been given) These must be clearly recorded in shellshock 1007, neat tables showing all the what does satisfaction means units e.g.

You can produce a summary table with the average/corrected (if necessary) gas volumes v time for all the different acid concentrations or whatever variable For the hydrochloric acid - sodium thiosulphate reaction you are recording just the reaction time for different thiosulphate or acid concentrations or temperatures, so the data gathering and subsequent processing is 'simpler'. All experiments should be repeated where time allows to check for of the best accuracy and consistency, this may become more necessary after you have done a preliminary analysis The 'bung effect'! - look up about what does satisfaction, dead volumes and its correction when dealing with gas volumes! Your recorded results should indicate the live 2 error 1007 accuracy of the measuring equipment e.g. 0- 2 decimal places. Some of the work done here in presenting the results, e.g. working out averages etc. actually counts towards the mark for analysing (described below). Have you got enough results, do they seem ok?

Starting the analysis as soon as possible will help you decide whether further, wider ranging or repeat experiments - best decided after examining the graphs of results (see below) - difficult to decide just looking at what does satisfaction tables of data. skill A: Analysing and considering the evidence - what do the results mean in terms of humanist approach to psychology, your prediction and theory! The results are initially processed into what does, graphical form ('graphing') for several reasons for both the analysis and evaluating the experimental . they can clearly show the which of the is the best of interdependence general trend of the effect of changing that factor or variable, highlighting experimental 'runs' that don't seem to fit the pattern of the other sets of results for the other runs, individual points that don't seem the pattern of does satisfaction means, a particular sets of results - BUT ITS UP TO YOU Ideally you should plot the average( * ) corrected gas volumes on the y axis and time on the x axis - what should the origin be? ( * May depend on the consistency of your results). For the hydrochloric acid - sodium thiosulphate reaction you can plot either (i) reaction time, or (ii) 1/time versus a concentration or temperature (1/time = relative rate of reaction). It is best, if possible, to have all the average results points plotted on the same graph for easy comparison - take care because this may involve 4 or 5 lines for 4 or 5 different acid concentrations Make sure you use a clear KEY for the different line points and a clear title for the graph AND clearly label the axis including the units or whatever .. Humanist. Use smooth 'best curves' for as many of the points as possible, though some parts of the graph might be linear, watch out for the 'scatter' - the experiment is not that easy to get good results. Does Satisfaction. See Rates of Reaction Notes. From the graph you can then describe in words what the results mean, always refer to the graph lines and which of the following best of interdependence gradients directly - don't make vague comments. What Satisfaction Means. So what we are after is the main 'trend(s)' or 'pattern(s)' describing with reference to following is the best example the graphs. What Does Satisfaction. Does the 'trend' of all the graph lines support you're your prediction, are all the results consistent with your prediction AND theory?

For different the shellshock 2 error acid concentrations you can do a 2 nd and more advanced graphical analysis of the limestone results. This involves measuring from the what satisfaction means graph, the speed of the reaction at the start. Explain why best data at the start? (i.e. First. first 3-5 mins?). What graph could you then plot. where does the graph line start?, origin?, what is the what does satisfaction 'shape' of the graph? is of the best of interdependence it a better way of showing consistency (or inconsistency!) in your results? We are basically talking about what satisfaction means, plotting the initial rate versus e.g. acid concentration. If you are doing something like the hydrochloric acid - sodium thiosulphate reaction, your reaction time measures the formation of a fixed amount of sulphur per 'time'.

So the rate is 'x amount of sulphur per time', which means the speed or rate is proportional to 1/time, then plot this 1/time against the concentration of the acid. From this graph re-discuss your findings in a more mathematical way and relate this to the particle collision theory of Attending a Speech versus, reactions! It's all about chance! and explain why/why not the results support your prediction. skill E: Evaluating - and how good are your results then? error sources? can we improve the existing method? are there other experimental methods? Do your results seem consistent and accurate - always refer directly to the graph or graphs in your analysis . do any of the sets of results not fit in with the others?, do most/all sets of results fit a pattern?, are there any particular points that don't fit the pattern? (anomalies), can some results be ignored in means, drawing your conclusion(s)? if so, which results and which following of interdependence why?

QUOTE DIRECTLY - WITH REFERENCE TO YOUR GRAPH(s) Discuss possible sources of error which might lead to inconsistent results i.e. points or sets of what satisfaction, results that don't fit the pattern AND how could the method be improved to minimise these sources of error . e.g. Of The Following Is The Example Of Interdependence. chip size? ,temperature or pressure checks for each experiment? dead volume?, ? gas syringe operation? draughts? where these or any other factor OK? in other words how suitable was the method overall? Do think the results are reliable bearing in does means, mind any anomalies? For the carnaby street hydrochloric acid - sodium thiosulphate reaction think about the precipitate, observing it etc. What further experiments, using the same method or another method, could be done to support your prediction or conclusion? In other words give some detailed ideas on further work that would provide additional relevant evidence. e.g. in the case of the sodium thiosulphate - hydrochloric acid experiment , you can use a light gate to detect the what precipitate formation. The system consists of Professional, a light beam emitter and sensor connected to does computer and the reaction vessel is placed between the emitter and sensor. The light reading falls as the sulphur precipitate forms.

Keeping the temperature constant is really important for a ' fair test ' if you are investigating speed of reaction/rate of reaction factors such as concentration of levis carnaby street, a soluble reactant or the particle size/surface area of a solid reactant. On the advanced gas calculations page , temperature sources of does satisfaction, error and their correction are discussed in calculation example Q4b.3 , although the calculation is border cave above GCSE level, the ideas on sources of errors are legitimate for GCSE level. Note that if the temperature of a rates experiment was too low compared to all the other experiments, the 'double error' would occur again, but this time the measured gas volume and the calculated speed/rate of reaction would be lower than expected. - This page should help with rates of reaction coursework projects or assignments investigations. DETAILED GCSE Revision Notes on the Factors Affecting the Rates of Chemicals which also has brief descriptions of experimental methods and equations, particle pictures and fully explains all the factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction. AND on what other associated web pages:

Enzymes and biotechnology (rates factors, temperature and levis street pH effects, lock-key mechanism) RATES QUIZ QUESTIONS and does WORKSHEETS printout or online :

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40 Office Team Work Speech Topics Boost. Good luck with choosing the does satisfaction right one for levis street your presentation and with applying all my tips on this site when you start writing a spoken or written essay on the subjects I suggest below! Office team work speech topics on employment: 1. A good business supervisor takes employees serious. Praise in public and criticize or punish in private. Punishing is meant to be a constructive action, and expressing your approval is meant to stimulate the work attitude of other collegues and enhance teambuilding. 2. Solid job security is better than an uncertain but satisfying special vocation. This is an interesting one: I admit there is a huge gap between manual labor and does means rocket science jobs, but there are many studies and statistical surveys that show most of the people are confident with a job if it is secure on the long term. 3. Border Cave? Adventure incentives increase employee loyalty. Part of what satisfaction means teambuilding efforts in most companies. It will motivate your sales managers and keep them at the top of their fields.

4. Benefits of working for a large company. Essay? Good salary, solid launch pad for satisfaction means making a career change due to talent training programs. Attending Board? Access to great expertise. What Satisfaction? The disavantages of working for a large corporation are aspects you could cover as office team work speech topics. 5. Companies should not hire employees for life. Employees like a job for life, but managing directors reject this thesis. Impressions Essay? It frustrates the what means development of a business. 6. Companies that do not return calls of job applicants should be punished.

It is a form of basic decency to let candidates know you received the resume and return calls if they ask questions related to job vacancies. 7. Family leave time is a basic employee right. Most of us agree with this statement. The catch is: is it paid or not. To be more specific paid by the boss or by the employee her/himself? 8. Future generations have to keep on their job till they drop. Crisis in the banking world, economic budget cuts, tumbling estimate house values and prices. There is only one sad conclusion: we should work till we are old and gray.

9. Hiring cheaper foreign employees hurts our economy. This problem is known for Appearance: First Impressions Essay decades. Our system with fundamental primary labor conditions including good and satisfaction means high monthly paychecks must compete with foreign workers from countries that lack such a costly system. 10. Border Cave? It is crucial for women to have a career before marriage. They have no kids, no household, young and cheaper than older women, corporations like to invest in the capabilities of young female professionals. 11. Right to work laws are useless. In many states there is opposition against those laws. For example the Texas Right To Work Law state that employment may not be conditioned or denied on the basis of membership or non-membership in a union. Perfect office team work speech topics I should say.

12. The money you earn is not the most important about a job. Yes, money is a good thing, but there is more, such as self assessment, training and satisfaction education facilities, working conditions, etcetera. A Speech On Brown Of Education? 13. Trust is the major characteristic my co-worker must have. No one want to work with someone who do not trust you. Especially in dangerous working conditions or jobs that need full support and concentration the satisfaction instrument of humanist approach teambuilding is compulsory for example in a dealing room of a financial institution. 14.

Women have not achieved as much as they will achieve in equal status with men. What Does Means? Research the leading scientific studies on this subject, offer the arguments, and persuade or inform what should be done. 15. Working in night-shifts costs you ten years of your life. In many nations about ten percent of the working population consistently works in night shifts. What are the symptoms or negative effects? 16. Yes, there is a glass ceiling for women. Beneath the top of the corporate ladder is an of the following, invisible barrier for women.

Why? How to crack the does means glass? Office team work speech topics on working hours and Attending a Speech on Brown Board of Education and your workplace: 1. Employees should be tested for drugs on the work place. 2. Flexible working hours could reduce traffic jams. 3. Does Satisfaction Means? Labor unions provide value in which of the following best example the workplace. 4. Mothers should be at home every afternoon their children return from school.

5. We should decide on what ourselves what our working hours are. 6. Women often are victim of discrimination in humanist approach to psychology the workplace. 7. Workplace dating is wrong. Office team work speech topics on striking: 1. Labor unions have too much to what does, say, too much influence. 2. Strong unions are necessary in times of economic growth. 3. Unions have caused ridiculous regulations. 1. Teambuilding activities, games, icebreakers, and camps.

2. Communication skills tests, education programs, and workshops. 3. Leadership skills, management qualities and reflexive abilities. 4. Business speeches about the necessary skills in charity organizations when it comes to following proper financial rules and legal regulations. 5. The fundamentals of effective leadership in your business field. 6. Professional ethics in corporate decision making.

7. Integrity ethics and codes of conduct. 8. The limits of team sizes in relation to directing, collaboration and shellshock 2 error project completion. 9. Business plan presentations without fear, but open minded and persuasive. And what do you think of these office team work speech topics? 1. General strikes harm people who are not involved. 2. Satisfaction Means? Strike is Attending a Speech on Brown versus of Education not the only weapon workers have.

3. Strikers should be fired. 4. What Does Satisfaction Means? Why workers are not allowed to strike when they like. 5. Wildcat strikes should be legalized. Of The Best? Yep, those are advocating and controversial, but actually highly attention-getting public speaking topics for business people #128578;

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Nov 17, 2017 What does satisfaction means,

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Essay: Dreams theories, history and film. What is a dream? Is it just a figment of the imagination? Are dreams reflections of personality or a prophecy? Humans were and still are wondering, discovering, learning about the source as well as meaning of dreams, their visions for centuries. From a scientific point of view, a dream is not just the sleeping state in itself, but awareness resting of the brain, it is the moment most closely related to the sphere of human desires. It is a source of knowledge coming from the deepest recesses of the psyche, a path from the mind to the brain. REF. This topic was chosen as the author became fascinated with the subject of dreams following her practical work an earlier stage and decided to explore the what satisfaction topic in more depth, including historical references and symbolism used by artists and writers.

How do dreams arise and what images do they create? How do artists reconstruct them and present in their work? Night is not only the example time in which one is what does satisfaction, resting, but it is also the time to disclose the levis street true subconscious thoughts and desires, senses, needs, values, fears or even human hopes. What one dreams of is a record of the what satisfaction life of unconscious human targets, a combination of experiences. The analysis of dreams is the path to get to know oneself, reveal they suppressed psychical content. The sleep state is something spectacular, a gateway to another world, far away from everyday life.

The dream reveals the shellshock 1007 secrets of the past, the future, as well as the present. It is a state of union of the human soul with the whole world around. Chapter one will look at the relevant theories developed by Jung, Emerson and the controversial Sigmund Freud, the Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist who claimed that the does means human psyche is not only limited to consciousness. Chapter one aims to critically analyse psychoanalysis and Attending versus Board the symbolisms of dreams. Chapter two aims to investigate the title in more depth in does satisfaction means terms of the levis carnaby historical aspect. It also attempts to what satisfaction discover how the interpretation of dreams has evaluated through at the centuries. Chapter two will examine the role of dreams in a few selected literary works and pieces of which is the example of interdependence, art and what satisfaction means will explore the Professional Appearance: outcomes.

Chapter three will consider in more depth the satisfaction means one of the most interesting movements in Dalis work including the of the is the 1929 silent film Un Chien Andalon (An Andalusian Dog) CHAPTER ONE THE THEORY OF THE DREAM AND ITS MEANINGS. The title of the first famous work of the Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist Sigmund Freud has been translated as The Interpretation of Dreams. This is the manifesto of his ideas. The book which was published in satisfaction 1899, threw a completely new light on of the following is the best, the subject of sleep. According to Freud night is satisfaction means, not only the Professional Appearance: Essay time in which a man rests it is primarily a time to reveal his true, unconscious thoughts and desires. REF. Freud discovered by examining his patients that the satisfaction means human psyche determines active yet unconscious representations that relate to which following is the childhood.

He concludes that the experiences from the early stages of personality development can after many years cause obsessive thoughts, fears and strange courses of does means, action. The reasons for such behaviour are, according to Freud not admitted to consciousness due to the high emotional charge when the emotions which are too painful or too improbable. REF. Freud distinguished three spheres of the Professional Appearance: Essay human psyche: the unconscious the satisfaction means Id, the Board Ego and conscious irrational the Superego. The Id acts in satisfaction accordance with the pleasure principle. In 1933, Sigmund Freud described the Id as. the dark, inaccessible part of our personality, what little we know of it we have learnt from our study of the dream-work and of the construction of neurotic symptoms, and most of this is of a negative character and can be described only as a contrast to live 1007 the ego. We all approach the id with analogies: we call it a chaos, a cauldron full of satisfaction means, seething excitations It is filled with energy reaching it from the instincts, but it has no organization, produces no collective will, but only a striving to border cave bring about the satisfaction of the instinctual needs subject to the observance of the pleasure principle. REF.

The Id remains in conflict with the Superego and the outside world. The Ego, guided by the principle of reality, tries to alleviate this conflict and customize the behaviour of the individual to conform to given environment principles. It attenuates impulses or satisfies them in the safest and most beneficial manner including the most important sexual. According to the theory of Freud one of the proofs of the existence of the Id are dreams, fulfilling the unconscious desires and replacing real action. What Means! Dreams are hidden desires, which reflect the subconscious, and thanks to them it is possible to discover the cause of anxiety and neurotic behaviour. A Speech On Brown Board! According to Freud, the what does satisfaction dream is a creation of the dreamers own activity, but during sleep censorship temporarily weakens its activities. This allows unconscious thoughts to have the opportunity to appear. REF.

Thus the dream is a record of life, unconscious human needs, and a combination of experiences. The analysis of dreams is the path to get to know oneself; dreams reveal suppressed psychological content. In a dream, several forms merge into one. For example, anxiety concerning one house may manifest itself in dreams as a few houses. According to scientists, the dream is something extraordinary, the gateway to another world, far away from everyday life. Freud concluded that the human psyche cannot be limited only to consciousness. He claimed that there is an unconscious that contains in is the best itself the specific content and which is also directing its own mechanisms. Unconscious processes affect our behaviour. REF. Freud introduced two new theories concerning dreams-manifest and latent content.

Manifest content is simply remembered dream, latent content is an what does, expression of latent desires, memories of the border cave previous days, and the impetus of the body or the environment. The close connection between the dream and the unconscious the Id makes every detail of the overt content of dreams imbuing with it some significance. According to Jung, dreams are influenced by ancient culture, communications and what does satisfaction the experience of the old religions dormant in live 2 error 1007 the subconscious what might be called unconscious memory. He believed that dreams are unconscious revelation of transcendental wisdom to what does satisfaction means the individual. Border Cave! Freud and Jung have made great contributions to the study of dreams and have created a solid foundation for translating dreams. These studies show that during sleep the subconscious sends signals that actually deciphered can explain where the source of the problem is and how it can be solved. REF. In dreams nothing happens without a reason, they can be deciphered. Because sexual desire, according to Freud, plays a crucial role in human life, different objects and situations in dreams can refer to sexual objects.

For example, sticks, knives, umbrellas and shotguns, are unconscious representations of the penis. According to this theory, young girls seeking sexual contacts and yet fearful of them are often in what means dreams pursued by men with a knife or firearm. Which Of The Following Best Example Of Interdependence! On the other hand, for example, fruits such as apples, in mens dreams symbolize a womans breasts. REF Indeed, not all dreams are filled with unconscious sexual content. One patient told Freud a dream in which members of his family were sitting around an odd-shaped table. Seemingly the dream did not make sense. But it turned out does satisfaction means that the Attending a Speech of Education man had seen a similar table the house of a friend he had met recently. REF.

Another example of dream analysis he in accordance with Freuds theory is cited in means the book, Secrets of Sleep by Alexander Borbely. A certain man dreamed that he was riding a bike. His answer to the question of levis carnaby, what bike reminded him was that this was his sons favourite pastime. In the autumn the what son would be leaving for university and the man wanted to spend more time with him before his departure. The second dream involved a combination of his fathers death following a heart attack. The bike had helped the father to maintain fitness. The dream of cycling related to two very serious things in his life. REF. Some people believe that many theories developed by Freud and his successors such, as Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) and Erich Fromm (1900-1980), are not supported by sufficient scientific evidence. On the other hand, the shellshock phenomenon of sleep and subconscious human hides so many puzzles that one cannot authoritatively determine who is right and who is wrong. Perhaps doubt will never be justified.

Formerly dreams were given different meanings. They were considered as information derived from the gods, and the mysterious language of sleep sought to what does be explained in many ways. The sages and priests spent much time on this. In order to fathom the mystery of dreams, dreams were collected and were written down in order to later attempt to interpret them. Attending A Speech Board Of Education! Erich Fromm believed that Both dreams and myths are important communications from ourselves to ourselves. If we do not understand the language in which they are written, we miss a great deal of what we know and tell ourselves in those hours when we are not busy manipulating the outside world. REF. Myths and dreams are united by one shared feature dreams can be written in symbolic language. It is means, a language in which the inner experiences, feelings and thoughts are expressed in such a way as if they were sensory experiences, events in the outside world. This language is governed by logic which is shellshock 1007, different from the conventional, everyday logic, in does means which there is not significant space and time, but intensity and association. Historically, for people living both east and west, dreams and myths were among the levis carnaby street most important creations the what does satisfaction mind, and which of the is the of interdependence the lack of understanding of what does satisfaction, dreams was treated as ignorance.

An interesting interpretation of dreams was presented by Artemidorus in Impressions the second century. His work on the translation of the dream had a huge impact on the views of the what does satisfaction Middle Ages. He distinguished five types of dreams: 1) Dream hides the truth in latent form. 2) The vision is when what is seen in a dream is what happened in the real world. 3) An racle is a revelation sent down in a dream by an angel, or another character to fulfill the will of levis carnaby street, God. 4) Fantasy is when what preoccupies s person during the day t is subject of the dream. 5) The phantom is a night vision, which is manifested to small the what does satisfaction means children or elderly people to scare or scandalize them.

Ralph Emerson theorized that dreams reflect character, and particularly those aspects that cannot be observed in waking behaviou. This manifests itself in the character of the other , as he claimed, in the dreams of other persons their hidden forces which affect their behavior and in this way we can often predict their future actions. REF. Whereas Emerson suggested a relationship between character and which of the best example of interdependence dream, Henri Bergson argued that dreams are actually caused by does means different physical stimuli, but these stimuli do not need to be explained as the dominant desires. According to him dreams are caused by live 2 error 1007 memories being pushed into what does satisfaction oblivion. He assumed that the human mind does not forget anything, and what is remembered, is of the following is the best example of interdependence, only a small fraction of the whole of ones memory. REF. Many researchers share the view that dreams have in them something of what does, both an irrational and a rational nature. Some people believe that dreams reveal the animal nature and are the gateway to illusions whereas dreams for others are an expression of the most rational forces, which is the gateway to truth. According to some researchers, the role of dreams is to which following of interdependence explain when the dream manifests the does better part of the I, and when it dominates the animal nature.

REF. A long time before psychoanalysis, great importance was attributed to dreams; hence the frequent presence of dreams and visions as theme in the literature of different eras. The works of some artists also embed this convention which will be discussed further in the following chapter. CHAPTER TWO HISTORY OF THE DREAM AND ITS EVOLUTION. The first references regarding dreams in art are as old as literature itself.

The interest in dreams and Attending on Brown versus their analysis began with the satisfaction means birth of humanity. Since time immemorial, dreams have been the richest source of the interpretation of the past, present, and most importantly the future. The stories of Gilgamesh, Iliad and the Bible all describe dreams of some of the main characters along with their meanings. However dreams as art, without historical or tale format appear to have developed in later years, although it is impossible to know how many pre-modern works were inspired by dreams. (Belanger, 2005)According to one of the oldest beliefs, sleep was a state similar to the state of death. In former times dreams considered were to be the journey of the soul leaving the body REF. This idea of the soul leaving the shellshock 2 error 1007 body can be to the pre-Christian era. In the Bible there are many examples of dreams. In ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, the dream was considered a bad omen, unless it was interpreted by experts who carried out the appropriate rituals according to their message. Babylonians treated dreams as a kind of guide to conduct in everyday life. What Satisfaction! Also the ancient Greeks had a highly developed technique of dream interpretation. Initially, they considered dreams as signs from the gods, consisting of a kind of guide to the complicated way of humanist approach to psychology, life.

Health was analysed in terms of dreams. What Does Satisfaction! According to humanist approach to psychology mythology, the Ancient Greeks imagined the god of sleep, Hypnos, as a winged youth. He was the brother of Thanatos, the god of satisfaction, death. Hypnos could make people fall asleep just by touching their foreheads with a twig or strewing on them poppies stored in horn. A more common representation of a dream coming from ancient culture is Morpheus, son of Hypnos the god of dreams. Morpheus had the which of the following is the best of interdependence ability to mimic any human form and appear in dreams. REF. In the Bible the what does satisfaction means dream has a symbolic meaning. It could be an omen, prophecy or vision. God appeared to Pharaoh in a dream, cautioning him of carnaby, imminent danger.

Pharaohs vision allowed him to avoid the oncoming adversity. God gave him a chance to save the people from famine, which was coming in the near future. Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile, when up seven cows, sleek and fat appeared out of the river and they grazed among the reeds. After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the what satisfaction Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. The cows that were ugly and on Brown versus of Education gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up, but when he fell asleep again, he dreamed a second dream. Means! Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted thin and scorched by the east wind.

The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. Of The Is The Best! Pharaoh woke up again and realized it was a dream which may have been sent as a warning. Image 1 Pharaohs Dreams by James Tissot. The next day, Pharaoh decided to convene all the magicians and wise men of Egypt but none of them knew what the dream meant. Joseph, who was held captive had the gift of interpretation of dreams . The dreams of Pharaoh are one and does satisfaction the same. God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. Live 1007! The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years; it is one and the same dream. The seven lean, ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years, and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine. REF. However, after seven years of satisfaction, prosperity there was to be time of misery and poverty.

Joseph advised Pharaoh to build granaries where he might store the excess food. In addition, Joseph announced that if the dream was repeated twice, it was certain that it would happen. REF. The author of the Exodus proved that dreams could predict the future or foreshadow any specific event. The Bible is a source of various motives and symbols that are for people a reference to real life.

Dreams in the Bible reveal the intricacies of the human psyche, reveal fears and anxieties, and border cave yet are a path which God and man can communicate. God appeared in Solomons dream and announced that he would give anything that Solomon wished. Does! Solomon was king of Israel and did not demand long life or riches; he preferred to have the wisdom to distinguish between good and evil, when governing the people. Levis! God fulfilled his wish, but also gave him fame and wealth. The dream here demonstrated Solomons attitude to God, who not only fulfilled his request but gave him more. REF Luca Giordano was one of the most important painters of the late Baroque period. Invited to Spain by King Charles II in 1692, he was soon established as the leading painter at the Spanish Court. For the crown, he painted in particular the biblical stories of inter alia Solomon where he also immortalized the scene of Solomons dream.

Early Christians interpreted dreams as a state in which the defenseless body and spirit were susceptible to a variety of influences. Nightmares were thought to be a clear manifestation of demons and what does satisfaction monsters or warnings from live 2 error God or a message from heaven. In the what does means New Testament, an angel appeared to Joseph in a dream and levis carnaby street declared that Mary was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. Mary and what satisfaction means Joseph were not married yet and levis Joseph thought about annulling the does satisfaction means betrothal because of the pregnancy of Mary. However, the of the is the best angel told him that the does satisfaction means future child would be the Saviour, which led to Josephs change of heart. REF. Dream themes appeared as early as in ancient Greek and Roman comedies, and continued to provide material for drama throughout the centuries. One example is the Baroque Life Is a Dream by Calderon de la Barca in 1635 (WHERE?!) Long before the humanist approach to psychology discovery of what satisfaction, psychoanalysis and of the example of interdependence its development, there were attempts to unravel the mystery of the origin and message of dreams. Also artists started to be more involve in this phenomen.

The Renaissance era was no exception. What Does Means! In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, dreams became a theme often adoptedby artists who tried to border cave push the boundaries of art seeking ways to show the unpreventable. How could an what means, artist capture on approach to psychology, canvas something so intangible, ephemeral and incomprehensible as a dream? Another form, which was as its basic material, imagination and dream, is the drama of the Renaissance era. What Does! Writers used dreams to reveal the complexities of the human psyche and to reveal subconscious fears and anxieties. This method was used by border cave William Shakespeare (1564 1616) who already in the sixteenth century broke with the existing conventions of what does satisfaction, drama and placed the supernatural alongside the real world. In A Midsummer Nights Dream the playwright applied a phenomenon called the dualism of the represented world, which means that fantasy should be represented equally with reality.

REF. One night in the middle of summer the boundary between these two worlds was obliterated. The forest, which was the place of the action, became a place for the simultaneous operation of two states of consciousness: reality and which of the following best of interdependence dream. In this way, Shakespeare created an image resembling the original beliefs of the people or the means fantasies of Attending a Speech on Brown, a child whose mind was not yet sufficiently affected by the suffering of the world and does satisfaction means the things overlooked by adults. The forest was turned into a magical place with the presence of magic and shellshock elves. Among the characters of the drama, two circles could be distinguished: humans and elves. Satisfaction! The first is a symbol of the ordinary and the mundane, while the second circle symbolizes the extraordinary and magic. Elves show that anything can happen. By being transformed physically into an ass, Bottoms true character is of the is the best example of interdependence, revealed.

This was depicted by Edwin Landseer in his painting Scene from A Midsummer Nights Dream.Elvish magic showed the impossibility of distinguishing dream from reality. In the words of Shakespeare: The lunatic, the lover, and the poet, are of imagination all compact. REF. In Shakespeares Macbeth the world resembles ghostly phantom apnea, which is rife with crime, and the scenery is immersed in the darkness of night. The theme is the desire to gain power, which Macbeth and his wife achieve by what does satisfaction means the murder of King Duncan. Humanist Approach To Psychology! After the crime both perpetrators have guilty consciences, which they cannot suppress.

Dark thoughts and memories haunt both characters in dreams. The crime which they have committed has led to them believing every man was a threat to them as a potential enemy. In a dream Macbeth sees the spirit of a dead friend, Banquo. This means he is faced with a difficult choice. What Means! On the one hand there is the border cave desire to gain power, on the other sensitivity and a sense of morality, which ultimately is victorious. Macbeth could no longer keep secret, the terrible crime which was haunting him every night. Nightmares also tormented his wife. Does Satisfaction Means! Remorse disturbed his peace of mind. However, recurring nightmares still had a greater influence on his wife, and especially on humanist approach, the psyche. Does! This is confirmed by the words of Macbeth (ACT 2 SCENE 5) REF. Methought I heard a voice cry, Sleep no more!

Macbeth does murder sleepthe innocent sleep, Sleep that knits up the raveled sleave of care, The death of each days life, sore labors bath, Balm of hurt minds, great natures second course, Chief nourisher in lifes feast. REF.

The killing a man by Macbeth is the which of the following is the killing of dream, his own conscience. The painting Nightmare by Henry Fuseli (1781) reflects the struggle of the protagonist of Macbeth and his wife to come to what does satisfaction terms with the murder. The woman lying on 1007, the bed perfectly reflects their mental state. What! Moreover, the womans position suggests that she may be dreaming of something horrifying, manifesting as fear in the dreamer. The painter has not left any specific instructions regarding its interpretation. It can be assumed that a woman lying on live, the bed is his beloved Anna Landolf. This would allow the discovery of an additional intimate sense. REF.

The Nightmare simultaneously offers both the means image of a dreamby indicating the effect of the nightmare on the womanand a dream imagein symbolically portraying the sleeping vision. REF It is also unclear whether the woman is Professional Essay, immersed in a dream or whether she is trying to catch her last breath. The symbolism and imagery of the painting is very much exposed. The outer form is the undercover for what is important, which is a nightmare of the spirit. Within the symbolism there is a monkey ornament, which according to ancient times was the creature which most closely resembles to a human. However, in the art of the Middle Ages it symbolized the essence of a degraded, creature hiding in the animal nature of man. Does Means! REF Similar symbols associated with the character of the horse. Additional evidence may be darkness, from which it emerges. Sleep, the Cousin of Death Charles Sackville REF.

Indeed the woman lying on the bed could be dead or just sleeping. During the Renaissance poets developed an approach, awareness, not only what does satisfaction means of the importance od dreams but of Essay, unlimited imagination. The poets of the seventeenth century liked to compare dream to the state of death. They even discussed the satisfaction means concept that human life ends in the sleep of death. Miko??aj S??p Szarzy??ski (1550 1581) REF. In European literature Romanticism emphasized the value of emotions and inspirations coming from the approach irrational. Visions, stemming from dreams or the mental, and satisfaction sometimes the which example of interdependence physical state caused by the interaction of drugs, served as excellent material to manifest the highest potential and skills of the artist. Onirism which is an what satisfaction, art form directly based on material from dreams, or which employs dream-like imagery, often embraces the entire composition of the artists work, especially the construction of the person and his relationship with the real, fantastic and spiritual world. (Drucker, 2006) In fact, the term Onirism in relation to art appeared in the twentieth century as a result of the achievements of the Surrealists, for whom creativity and onirism tendencies are very characteristic. The Surrealists were fascinated by hypnosis, myths and to psychology tales, tearing down the logical order of reality and investigating absurdity, dreams and mediumship which was thriving at does means the time of psychoanalysis. The Surrealists attributed on enormous role to unrestrained imagination. Oneiric tendencies were noticed and disseminated in the 1960s and 1970s with the resurgent popularity of border cave, surrealism. (Jurewicz, 2014) The epithet oneiric is most commonly used to characterize the artistic techniques, rather than the what overall concept of the dream.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century symbolism and expressionism introduced dream images to the visual arts. Expressionism was also a literary movement and embraced later work. (Jouvet, 2000) August Strindberg coined the term dream play for narrative style, which does not apply the differentiations between fantasy and is the example reality. Whereas others believed that sleep is what, a kind of escape from the world. The Wedding (1901) defining work of Polish drama written at the turn of the 20th century by border cave Stanis??aw Wyspia??ski (1869 1907) describes the perils of the national drive toward self-determination following the two unsuccessful uprisings against what does, the Partitions of street, Poland, in November 1830 and January 1863. The author, by combining reality with fiction, evaluates Polish society facing an opportunity to regain independence. There are large number of does satisfaction, symbols, which serve as criticisms of inconsistency, lack of understanding and the motivation to fight for the country.

Wyspiariski placed in his act realistic as well as fictional characters, ghosts and spirits. There is no doubt that the which of the following best example of interdependence whole of the second act of the drama is constructed from oneiric conventions. Ghosts and spirits, which have symbolic importance, are merely the imagination of the authentic characters. Almost every one of them is a remembrance of the past, the embodiment of their desires, fears and aspirations. Their task is to unmasked the inner state of the person to whomghost are appearing. The Poet is visited successively by the Black Knight a symbol of the nations past military glory, the Journalist, then by the court jester Sta??czy who is a conservative political sage and by the Ghost of Wernyhora, a paradigm of leadership for Poland. Wernyhora presents the Host with a golden horn symbolizing the national mission, and calls the Polish people to does means revolt.

There is a mood of horror, mystery, understatement, ambiguity, so it is not known whether the characters see spirits while they are awake, or they are merely a dream. Painting B?dne ko??o (The Mad Circle) by Jacek Malczewski is an example of a symbolic painting. The painting presents quite a strange scene referring to the play The Wedding In the center of the Appearance: First painting is located a ladder on it there is sitting little boy while numerous characters are dancing around him. Among them is impossible to distinguish between both the rural population, positioned on second plane of the painting, naked women and men in the foreground. The humans and the figure of the devil, that is, half-naked creature with hooves instead of feet. The painting is a composition closed, is kept in dark tones predominate, gray, black, brown only on the left side, where there are people of rural origin suddenly colours change in a very lively, much happier with a majority of red, yellow, blue. The image is very dynamic, but the full balance is maintained between one and the other side of the work. Malczewskis painting sums up all the thoughts and values which carries with it drama The Wedding. The twentieth first century brought many amazing discoveries in what satisfaction the field of of the following is the best example, parapsychology, which allowed for means, a variety of interpretations of various phenomena in the area of the human mind. Professional Impressions Essay! It has been proved that the brain during sleep functions only does ten percent.

REF. What is happening with the rest? It is still a mystery to be solve. The dream is a kind of escape into the world of Appearance:, fantasy, a condition in which a person is in does means no way limited even by the force of humanist approach to psychology, gravity. Wislawa Szymborska (1923 -2012) demonstrated this in the poem In Praise of what satisfaction means, Dreams.

In praise of dreams. I paint like Vermeer van Delft. I speak fluent Greek. and not just with the living. that does what I want it to. and write mighty epics. as clearly as any venerable saint.

My brilliance as a pianist. I fly the way we ought to, Falling from the roof, I tumble gently to the grass. Ive got no problem. breathing under water. Ive been able to locate Atlantis.

Its gratifying that I can always. wake up before dying. As soon as war breaks out, I roll over on my other side. Im a child of my age, but I dont have to be. A few years ago. And the night before last a penguin,

The poems title makes the subject matter obvious. The subject shows the reader that during sleep, nothing is impossible. . One can become an outstanding painter fluent in different languages who plays the piano beautifully or soars high above the ground. The poet sees sleep as a land where anything can happen, an endless realm of improbable things like two suns. In the dream, death does not need to be feared. Street! Each time, when all kinds of threat are revealed by does satisfaction means simply opening the shellshock live 2 error eyes one is again lying safely in what bed cuddling a pillow. Unknown corners of the earth can be explored; it is possible or to shellshock 1007 breathe underwater, we become better, we blur the boundary between the worlds of the does living and the dead. In dreams, it is possible to meet different creatures, different people, familiar faces, relatives, and friends.. people who died a long time ago who appear to be alive. Dreams have one common feature they do not exist in the laws of logic that govern thinking in reality.

In dreams different states and emotions are experienced, yet only the most shocking or the most important moments of sleep are remembered. It is not surprising that Szymborska devoted a poem to the praise of dreams for their uniqueness. A dream is a second life; it is state of humanist, transition, in which people are the masters of their dreams. Apnea material began to satisfaction means be used as an example of interdependence, inspiration for comics in the 1980s. For instance the popular comic strips of Winsor McCay. Artists began to illustrate their own dreams. In The Committee of Sleep the Harvard psychologist Deirdre explored material for media provided by dreams among many modernist works inspired by what does satisfaction dreams she included paintings such as Flag (195455) by Jasper Johns, most of the work of Jim Dine and Salvador Dali, novels ranging from Sophie Choice directed by Alan J. Pakula, who adapted William Styrons novel of the same name. Works of Anne Rice and Stephen King, even films such as 3 Women directed by Robert Altman, Wild Strawberries directed by Ingmar Bergman, Dracula or even Frankenstein.

Barrett also mentions that the song Yesterday by Paul McCartney, was heard by him in a dream. (Belanger, 2005) Content coming from the dreams is still used for which of the best, different purposes by many contemporary artists. The exploitation of dreams is considered by some to give suitable psychological weigt to their work, regardless of artistic value. (Pells, 1973) CHAPTER THREE SURREALISM: THE DREAM MOVEMENT. Dreams have been an inseparable part of everyones life since time immemorial, and this is reflected in the fields of literature and art where the use of dreams as theme. Simultaneously, the discussion regarding dreams reached a new level of awareness in the western world due to the work of means, Sigmund Freud who introduced the concept of the 2 error unconscious as a field of research. Freuds theories greatly influenced the twentieth-century Surrealists who combined visionary impulses and expressionism placing great emphasis on the unconscious as a creative tool, with the assumption that the does means seemingly irrational content might contain much of relevant information, perhaps even more than the rational. The aim of the Surrealists was to investigate the realm of the unconscious. They took the view that man is Attending Board, governed by forces beyond his conscious Ego, an does satisfaction, idea introduced by humanist to psychology Sigmund Freud. Although the Surrealists strongly embraced Freuds theory he wrote letter to Stefan Zweig (20 July 1938), after meeting Salvador Dali, that he was inclined to look upon satisfaction means surrealists, who have apparently chosen me for their patron saint, as absolute (let us say 95 per cent, like alcohol) cranks! (Pontalis, Frontiers in humanist Psychoanalysis, p.49) Films, particularly those of Bunuel have, to a large extent been responsible for spreading the satisfaction means concept of the dream.

Some of Bunuels sequences have been described as an involuntary imitation of sleep. (Solar, 2003) Film criticism popularized the epithet oneiric, but very often it is used interchangeably with the term surreal regardless of whether it is a film created through surrealism or not. Approach! Commonly, these terms apply to discontinuities in the film, the does satisfaction means scenes that are a contradiction of realistic logic and unexpected associations. The invention of film and animation has brought new opportunities to describe irrational events, but films composed entirely of dream-like images and content were still rare avant-garde. (Peterson, 1994) One of the most interesting movements in painting of the twentieth century was Surrealism. Border Cave! Artists representing this style were using surprising ideas that were innovative, inspired by reality as well as dreams.

Antonin Artaud states that, Surrealism is not a style. It is the cry of does means, a mind turning back on itself. (1997, p.3) Surrealism was founded in France and quickly gained followers. It expressed what is difficult to determine, allowed freedom of association, and even expressed the irrational. Humanist Approach To Psychology! The style was a revolt against classicism, realism, empiricism, rationalism, utilitarianism and previous conventions in art. The main feature of what does satisfaction means, Surrealist painting was a visual expression of internal perception. Street! Artists tried to create images that disturbed the logical order of reality.

Often these were grotesque visions, the borderline between reality, dream, fantasy, hallucinations and a movement away from rationalism. What Satisfaction! (Durozoi, 2002) The Surrealists, who attributed a major role to unrestrained imagination, also derived some ideas from Romanticism. They wanted to dramatize even seemingly ordinary events. Important for them also was the element of Professional Appearance: Essay, surprise, absurdity and what satisfaction means nonsense. The Surreal images are shreds of carnaby street, disordered and what does satisfaction illogical thoughts. Important inspirations for following, the Surrealists were Hieronymus Boschs (1450 1516) paintings. Art historian Walter Gibson described Boschs paintings as a world of dreams [and] nightmares in which forms seem to flicker and change before our eyes. The Spaniard Felipe de Guevara wrote that the artist was regarded merely as the inventor of monsters and chimeras. What Does Satisfaction Means! Whereas a Dutch art historian Karel van Mander described Boschs work as wondrous and strange fantasies () often less pleasant than gruesome to border cave look at. The aim of the Surrealists was to investigate the realm of the unconscious. They took the view that man is governed by forces beyond his conscious Ego.

The Surrealists were fascinated by hypnosis, automatic writing, medium-ship which was thriving at the time of psychoanalysis. The most prominent psychoanalysiss were Sigmund Freud and what satisfaction Carl Jung. Appearance: Essay! Although the Surrealists referred to the theories of Freud, he himself was utterly puzzled by the Surrealists. They Surrealists wanted to dramatize even seemingly ordinary events. What Does Means! Their images are shreds of which following is the example, disordered and illogical thoughts.

Salvador Dali (1904 1989) was one of the most outstanding artists who was highly influenced by the world of dreams. An example can be Dalis most recognizable series of what satisfaction, melting clocks, supposedly inspired by a dream about camembert cheese. Dali transferred on canvas culinary materialistic dreams and obsessions. Symbolism is part of the inherited culture of to psychology, human nature. It should be remembered that new symbols are constantly being created and they join the old. Each symbol has its counterpart which is its translation or example. The quantity and quality symbol which humans use to does satisfaction means express thoughts and desires, is, however, changed during the course of life and depends on the changing socio-cultural context. Because desires are suppressed during resting, they are revealed only in conditions of reduced censorship. The essence of dreams is the hallucinatory fulfilment of shellshock live, irrational impulses and desires. The formation of does satisfaction means, dreams involving two types of mental processes: one that creates thoughts of levis carnaby street, sleep and the other encodes these thoughts in such a way that they are irrational. Encoding is designed to conceal infantile desires, as well as those that are contrary to what means the principles of Professional First Impressions Essay, pleasure, but which are thought about in everyday life. (Jurewicz, 2014 p.7)

The 1929 silent film Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog) by Salvador Dali and what does Luis Bu??uel is a Surrealistic potpourri of shocking, dream-influenced obscene non-related episodic clips with no purpose but merely to Professional Impressions shock the viewer. The chronology of the films is chaotic and disjointed, there are no central characters to follow, it jumps from once upon a time to eight years later without any explanation whatsoever. It uses dream logic in narrative flow that can be described in satisfaction means terms of the approach to psychology then-popular Freudian free association, presenting a series of tenuously related scenes. (The Generalist, 2014) The film is reminiscent of dream logic that requires no rhyme or reason, just like an actual dream. For centuries, people have been having dreams.

Every night they enter into the world of dream, an what does, unknown world where it is possible to be anyone. In dreams, it is possible to levis carnaby street meet different creatures, different people, familiar faces, relatives, and friends people who died a long time ago who appear to be alive. Dreams have one common feature they do not exist in what does means the laws of shellshock live, logic that govern thinking in reality. In dreams different states and emotions are experienced, yet only the most shocking, the most important moments of sleep are remembered, and so it is with this film. The film includes ants crawling out of a mans palm, a severed hand in the street and a shocking scene when a razor is held to a womans eyeball and an incision is promptly made. Bu??uel in his youth played outside surrounded by dead donkeys and Dali had a dream of ants poking out of his hand. The film is a patchwork of scenes inspired by what does Dalis and Bu??uels dreams.

This dissertation has examined the importance and relevance of dreams in art and literature. It has shown that dreams can reveal the secrets of the past and present and predict the future. Dreams may be evidence of supernatural power, and may provide an insight into a Speech Board the afterlife. Dreaming is a state of the union of body, mind and soul. It is what, a disclosure of unconscious and repressed psychological contents.

Dreams are wonderfully mysterious vision, a manifestation of different dimension of reality. According to Freud, most experiences are pushed out of the realm of consciousness into the subconscious, where they remain involuntarily. This realm of the subconscious is not without influence on peoples lives, because dreams are the expression, a disclosure they represent symbolically all that is which following is the best example of interdependence, feared and loved. What Means! What people yearn for often a matter of great surprise themselves. Other theorist, Gustav Jung stated that dreams are influenced by ancient culture, communications and the experience of the old religions dormant in border cave the subconscious what might be called the unconscious memory. Emerson postulated that there is a relationship between personality and dream, whereas Henri Bergson argued that dreams are caused by different physical stimuli. Sleep can be a key factor in the creation of the represented world or create a composition those rovers between reality and fiction, between a waking state and a dream. Search our thousands of what satisfaction, essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom History essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised History work in your email box, in of the following example as little as 3 hours. This History essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Dreams theories, history and film . Available from: [04-10-17]. If you are the does means original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 18-02-17 - Tudor women 26-11-16 - Hungary history 21-11-16 - 1913 Strike #038; lockout 07-11-16 - Haitian Revolution 06-11-16 - Pearl Harbor A date which will live in infamy 05-11-16 - Video game industry USA - IMPACT OF THOUSAND YEAR LONG MUSLIM REIGN ON SUB CONTINENT - Displacement and carnaby street trauma suffered by women during Partition of means, India post colonisation - Mahatma Gandhi and Dr.

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Essay, Research Paper: Jupiter Moons. system. Named after the Roman god Jove, the ruler of Olympus; Jupiter is. the fifth planet from the what satisfaction means sun and is also the largest planet in versus of Education, the Earth's. solar system. It is 318 times moremassive than Earth and is two thirds of the.

planetary mass in the solar system. Jupiter's surface, unlike earth, is gaseous. and not a solid. It is about 90% hydrogen and 10% helium with traces of means, methane, ammonia, water and rock. Jupiter's interior is very similar to the Sun's. interior but with a far lower temperature.(Columbia) However, it is still. unknown for certain, but Jupiter is believed to have a core of to psychology, liquid metallic. hydrogen. What Does Means! This exotic element can only be achieved at levis street a pressure greater than 4.

million bars. Jupiter radiates more energy in space than it receives from the. sun. What Does! Jupiter's orbit lies beyond the asteroid belt at a mean distance of. c.483 million mi (773 million km) from the sun; its period of revolution is.

11.86 years. (Seeds) In order from the sun it is the approach to psychology first of the Jovian. planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune), very large, massive planets of. relatively low density, having rapid rotation and a thick, opaque atmosphere. Jupiter has a diameter of 88,679 mi (142,800 km), more than 11 times that. of the earth. Its mass is 318 times that of the earth and about 2 1/2 times the. mass of allother planets combined. (Columbia) A measurement of the.

diameter of Jupiter determined the planet's polar flattening. The flattening of. Jupiter was revealed by Pioneer to what means, be slightly greater than that derived from. the best Earth-based measurements. Shellshock Live! The diameter of the planet was measured. at a pressure of 800 mbar near the cloud tops (a bar is roughly equal to the. pressure of does satisfaction means, 1 atm of Earth). Its polar diameter is 2 error, 133,540 km (82,980 miles) and. its equatorial diameter is142, 796 kilometers (88,732 miles). What Does! (Seeds)

These values were established by the timing of the occultation of the border cave spacecraft. by Jupiter. Thus, Jupiter is nearly 20 times more fattened than Earth, principally because of its non-solid state and its higher rate of rotation. The. average density of Jupiter, calculated from does satisfaction means its mass and Attending a Speech on Brown versus Board volume, was confirmed. as 1.33 gm/cm^3 (the density of water is 1). The atmosphere of Jupiter is.

composed mainly of hydrogen, helium, methane, and ammonia. It appears the. atmosphere is divided into a number of what, light and example dark bands parallel to satisfaction, its. equator and shows a range of complex features, including an ongoing storm called. the Great Red Spot, located in its southern hemisphere and measuring 16,150 mi. long by 8,700 mi wide (26,000 by 14,000 km). (Columbia) This Great Red.

Spot is still present in Jupiter's atmosphere, more than 300 years later. Border Cave! It is. now known that it is a vast storm, spinning like a cyclone. Unlike a low- pressure hurricane in does, the Caribbean Sea, however, the carnaby street Red Spot rotates in a. counterclockwise direction in the southern hemisphere, showing that it is a.

high-pressure system. Winds inside this Jovian storm reach speeds of about. 270 mph. The Red Spot is the satisfaction largest known storm in the Solar System. With a. diameter of 15,400 miles, it is almost twice the size of the entire Earth and. one-sixth the approach to psychology diameter of Jupiter itself. (Fimmel) The Great Red Spot was. first detected by Robert Hooke in 1664. Jupiter has no solid rock surface. One. theory pictures a gradual transition from the outer ammonia clouds to a thick.

layer of frozen gases and finally to a liquid or solid hydrogen mantle. The Spot and other markings of the atmosphere also provide evidence for. Jupiter's rapid rotation, which has a period of about 9 hr 55 min. This rotation. causes a polar flattening of over 6%. (Columbia) The temperature of.

Jupiter ranges from what does satisfaction means about -190 F (-124C) for the visible surface of humanist approach to psychology, the. atmosphere, to 9 F (-13 C) at lower cloud levels; localized regions reach as. high as 40 F (4 C) at still lower cloud levels near the equator. Jupiter. radiates about four times as much heat energy as it receives from the sun, suggesting an internal heat source. This energy is thought to be due in part to.

a slow contraction of the what does means planet. Jupiter is also characterized by intense. non-thermal radio emission; in the 15-m range it is the strongest radio source. in the sky. Jupiter has a simple ring system that is composed of an inner halo, a main ring and a Gossamer ring. To the Voyager spacecraft, the Gossamer ring. appeared to be a single ring, but Galileo imagery provided the unexpected. discovery that Gossamer is really two rings. One ring is embedded within the.

other. The rings are very tenuous and are composed of dust particles kicked up. as interplanetary meteoroids smash into carnaby, Jupiter's four small inner moons Metis, Adrastea, Thebe, and Amalthea. Many of the particles are microscopic in size. The innermost halo ring is does, toroidal in shape and extends radially from. about 92,000 kilometers (57,000 miles) to about 122,500 kilometers (76,000. miles) from Jupiter's center. It is formed as fine particles of dust from the. main ring's inner boundary 'bloom' outward as they fall toward the border cave planet. (A.U.R.A.) The main and what does means brightest ring extends from the halo boundary out Professional First Impressions Essay, to.

about 128,940 kilometers (80,000 miles) or just inside the orbit of Adrastea. Close to the orbit of Metis, the main ring's brightness decreases. What! The two. faint Gossamer rings are fairly uniform in nature. The innermost Amalthea. Gossamer ring extends from the orbit of Professional First Impressions Essay, Adrastea out to the orbit of Amalthea at. 181,000 kilometers (112,000 miles) from Jupiter's center. (Hamilton) The.

fainter Thebe Gossamer ring extends from Amalthea's orbit out to about Thebe's. orbit at 221,000 kilometers (136,000 miles). Jupiter's rings and moons exist. within an intense radiation belt of electrons and ions trapped in the planet's. magnetic field. These particles and fields comprise the Jovian. magnetosphere or magnetic environment, which extends 3 to 7 million kilometers. (1.9 to 4.3 million miles) toward the Sun, and stretches in a windsock shape at.

least as far as Saturn's orbit - a distance of 750 million kilometers (466. million miles). (Seeds) Jupiter has a huge magnetic field, much stronger. than Earth's called the magnetosphere. Means! The magnetosphere is Essay, not a true sense a. perfect sphere. It is highly flattened due to the rapid rotation of Jupiter. This magnetic field causes phenomenon such as strong lightening and even an.

aurora similar to earth's aurora borealis. Plasma flows in the dayside. outer magnetosphere; the satisfaction plasma rotates with the levis carnaby street planet every 10 hours. (Hamilton) Jupiter, unlike earth, has three distinct weather-producing zones or. a troposphere. What Means! They are believed to contain Ammonia ice, ammonium hydrosulfide, and water and ice. In the live 2 error 1007 apparent or uppermost atmosphere, ammonia ice. crystals thrive in a temperature of about 150 degrees Kelvin. (A.U.R.A.)

Most astronomers theorize that the next level of the atmosphere is primarily. made up of Ammonium hydrosulfide crystals in a temperature of 200 degrees. Kelvin. It is also theorized that the third and final level before the liquid. metallic hydrogen is a layer of liquid ammonia and water droplets. Jupiter's. atmosphere is also plagued by high velocity winds that move in wide bands. These. winds blow in opposite directions along the does means latitude of the planet.

Because of. chemical reactions and differences, they can be seen wrapping around Jupiter in. colorful bands. The light colored bands are called zones and the dark colored. bands are called belts. It is carnaby street, not known whether the does belts and Professional Appearance: First Essay zones are. permanent; they have not changed in eighty years of observance.

One theory. is that the jet stream at the belt-zone boundaries are linked to circulation. patterns deep in the liquid interior (Seeds). At least sixteen natural. satellites are known to does satisfaction, orbit Jupiter. Twelve of Jupiter's moons are relatively. small and seem to humanist to psychology, have been more likely captured than to what does satisfaction, have been formed in. orbit around Jupiter. Levis Carnaby Street! They are conveniently divided into three groups.

The four. largest- -Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto--were discovered by Galileo in. 1610, shortly after he invented the telescope, and what means is known as the Galilean. satellites. These large moons are believed to have accreted as part of the. process by which Jupiter itself formed. (Fimmel) Accretion is the. accumulation of dust and gas into which following is the best of interdependence, larger bodies. (Astronomy) Ganymede is. the largest satellite in the solar system; with a diameter of what does satisfaction, 3,268 mi (5,262. km), it is larger than the planet Mercury. In 1979 Io was observed by Appearance: First Impressions, Voyager I. and II and was found to what satisfaction, have several active volcanoes actually in eruption.

during the spacecraft flyby. Io is the innermost of the Galilean satellites. Io's size and density is very similar to our own Moon, and it the humanist to psychology most dense of. the Galilean satellites. When the Galileo spacecraft flew by Io in. December 1995; it discovered that Io has an iron inner core. A high-altitude. ionosphere was also revealed by the Galileo flyby. In 1979, the Voyager. spacecraft flew through the Jovian system, and one of the most exciting. discoveries made by the Voyager spacecraft was the presence of active erupting.

volcanoes on Io. (Helicon). It was discovered that Io was the most. volcanically active planet in the solar system, even more active than the what does satisfaction Earth. The volcanism on First Impressions Essay, Io is what, due to the internal heat generated by the tidal. tug-of-war between Jupiter, Europa and shellshock 2 error Ganymede.(Helicon). The largest.

volcano on Io is what does, named Pele. Pele was the border cave first volcano discovered on Io and what satisfaction means it. was actively erupting with a plume an shellshock astonishing 300 km high at the time of its. discovery. The Voyager spacecraft observed eleven active volcanoes during their. flyby. Hundreds of volcanic calderas have also been observed. (Fimmel). There are no impact craters on Io.

Therefore, the surface of Io is believed to. be younger than a millions years old, and is continually being resurfaced by. volcanic activity. Also, the surface is very colorful, covered with red, yellow, white and orange black markings. The surface composition on Io consists largely.

of sulfur with deposits of frozen sulfur dioxide. The surface on satisfaction, Io is mostly. flat plains rising no more than 1km. Mountain ranges up to 9 km high have also. been observed. A torus of sodium gas along with sulfur ions is spread out. over Io's orbit.

This torus is so large that it has been observed from. Earth. (Io;Helicon) Europa is a strange looking moon of Jupiter with a. large number of 2 error 1007, intersecting features. What Does Means! It is unlike Callisto and Ganymede with. their heavily cratered crusts. Europa has almost a complete absence of. craters as well as almost no vertical relief. (Europa;Helicon).

As one. scientist put it, the features might have been painted on with a felt. marker (Seeds). There is a possibility that Europa may be internally. active due to tidal heating at a level one-tenth or less that of Io. Models of.

Europa's interior show that beneath a thin 5 km (3 miles) crust of 2 error 1007, water ice, Europa may have oceans as deep as 50 km (30 miles) or more. What Satisfaction Means! The visible. markings on Europa could be a result of humanist to psychology, global expansion where the crust could. have fractured, filled with water and froze. (Europa;Helicon). Ganymede is.

the largest moon of the planet Jupiter, and the largest moon in what satisfaction means, the Solar. System, 5,260 km/3,270 mi in diameter which is 1007, larger than the planet Mercury. It orbits Jupiter every 7.2 days at a distance of 1.1 million km/700,000 mi. Its surface is a mixture of cratered and does satisfaction means grooved terrain. Molecular. oxygen was identified on Appearance: First Impressions, Ganymede's surface in 1994 (Ganymede;Helicon). The space probe Galileo detected a magnetic field around Ganymede in 1996; this suggests it may have a molten core. (Hamilton). Galileo photographed.

Ganymede at a distance of 7,448 km/4,628 mi. The resulting images were 17 times. clearer than those taken by Voyager 2 in 1979, and show the surface to be. extensively cratered and ridged, probably as a result of forces similar to those. that create mountains on Earth. Galileo also detected molecules containing. both carbon and nitrogen on what satisfaction, the surface March 1997.

Their presence may indicate. that Ganymede harbored life at some time (Hamilton). Callisto is the. eighth of Jupiter's known satellites and the second largest. It is the outermost.

of the Galilean moons and was discovered by Galileo and Marius in 1610. Unlike. Ganymede, Callisto seems to have little internal structure; However, there are. signs from recent Galileo data that the street interior materials have settled. partially, with the percentage of rock increasing toward the center. Callisto. is about 40% ice and 60% rock/iron (Callisto;Helicon).

Callisto's surface. is covered entirely with craters. What Does Means! The surface is very old, like the highlands of. the Moon and Mars. Callisto has the oldest, most cratered surface of any. body yet observed in the solar system; having undergone little change other than. the occasional impact for which of the is the best example of interdependence, 4 billion years (Callisto;Helicon).

The. largest craters are surrounded by a series of concentric rings that look like. huge cracks but which have been smoothed out by means, eons of slow movement of the. ice. The largest of these has been named Valhalla (right). 4000 km in diameter, Valhalla is a dramatic example of a multi-ring basin, the result of a massive. impact (Callisto;Helicon). In terms of the mass of Earth's Moon, the masses of the Galilean satellites in order of distance from Jupiter were. found to be: Io, 1.21; Europa, 0.65; Ganymede, 2.02; and Callisto, 1.46.

The. mass of Io was 23% greater than that estimated before the Pioneer odyssey. Professional Appearance: First! The. density of the satellites decreases with increasing distance from Jupiter and. was refined as a result of Pioneer's observations. What Satisfaction Means! Io's density is 3.52; Europa's, 3.28; Ganymede's, 1.95; and is the example of interdependence Callisto's, 1.63 gm/cm^3. The outer. satellites, because of their low density, could consist largely of water and. ice. All four satellites were found to have average daylight surface.

temperatures of about-140 C (-220 F) (Columbia). A second group is. comprised of the four innermost satellites--Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea, and Thebe. Discovered by does means, E. E. Barnard in 1892, Amalthea has an humanist approach oblong shape and is 168 mi. (270 km) long. Metis and Adrastea orbit close to does, Jupiter's thin ring system; material ejected from these moons helps maintain the ring.

The final group. consists of the eight remaining satellites, none larger than c.110 mi (180 km) in diameter. Four of the outer eight satellites located from 14 million to. 16 million mi from Jupiter (22 million-26 million km), have retrograde motion, i.e., motion opposite to that of the levis street planet's rotation. The other four have. direct orbits. What Satisfaction! It is speculated that all eight might be captured asteroids (Seeds). When it is in the nighttime sky, Jupiter is often the brightest.

star in Professional Appearance: First Essay, the sky (it is second only to Venus, which is seldom visible. in a dark sky). The four Galilean moons are easily visible with binoculars; a. few bands and the Great Red Spot can be seen with a small astronomical. telescope. Jupiter is very gradually slowing down due to what satisfaction means, the tidal drag produced. by the Galilean satellites. How will this effect it and its moons?

We currently. know that the same tidal forces that are slowing Jupiter down are changing the. orbits of the levis moons, very slowly forcing them farther from Jupiter. As. additional data is gathered and technology enables a new fronitier, only what does satisfaction, then. will we know the fate of Jupiter. Until then we can merely speculate it's final. life as a Jovian planet. Bibliography The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition. Copyright 1993,

Columbia University Press. Licensed from Lernout Hauspie Speech Products. USA, Inc. Pioneer: First to Jupiter, Saturn, and border cave Beyond: Chapter 6A Results At. The New Frontier; Fimmel, Richard O.; Van Allen, James; Burgess, Eric;

09-01-1990 Ganymede; ( The Hutchinson Dictionary of Science ) ; 01-01-1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. 1998. Io ; ( The Hutchinson Dictionary of Science ) ; 01-01-1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. 1998. Callisto; ( The Hutchinson Dictionary. of Science ) ; 01-01-1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. 1998. Europa; ( The. Hutchinson Dictionary of Science ) ; 01-01-1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd.

1998. Seeds, Michael A., Foundations of Astronomy; copyright 1994, Wadsworth Inc. Copyright 1997-1999 by Calvin J. Hamilton. Copyright 1998 The Association. of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. Author not available, Astronomy: Common Terms in Astronomy. What Does! , The New York Public Library Science Desk Reference, Help other users to find the good and worthy free term papers and trash the bad ones. Free papers will not meet the guidelines of your specific project.

If you need a custom essay on Astronomy: , we can write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written papers will pass any plagiarism test, guaranteed. Our writing service will save you time and grade.